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  1. Arts and Social Sciences
  2. Sociology
About City

Athina Caraba



PhD Topic

Reports are coming in: A multidisciplinary study of the exceptional crime of mass murder in the United Kingdom


2013-now: PhD Sociology (Centre for Law Justice and Journalism - City, University of London)

MA Criminology (City University London)

BA (Hons) Criminology with Psychology (Middlesex University)

The study

Athina’s research is concerned with the phenomenon of mass murder (or mass public shooting) in the United Kingdom. It aims to provide the first comprehensive analysis of the three key mass shootings that occurred in the country (Hungerford, 1987; Dunblane 1996; Cumbria, 2010) and of the alleged planning of a fourth for which a teenager stood trial twice in 2013 and 2014 before being eventually cleared.
The project examines the different aspects and elements of these ‘exceptional’ crimes and their impact, prior to the commission of the crime (offender’s history, circumstances and environment), during the commission of the crime (enabling / facilitating factors, emergency responses) and in its aftermath (mediatisation / news media construction of the event, official responses, community responses, coping strategies and legislative and policy changes). The study uses the sociological theory into the aetiology of rampage school shootings proposed by Newman et al (2004) and will attempt to develop and adapt it to events perpetrated by adults.


Professor Eugene McLaughlin
Professor Howard Tumber

Research interests

  • Interpersonal violence / Homicide
  • ‘Lone Wolf’ attacks
  • Criminal Justice responses to ‘Lone Wolf’ threats
  • Mental Health issues and crime
  • Social constructions of violence


2015. ‘A view from the gallery: The trial of Michael Piggin’. Counsel, February 2015


2015: ‘Shooting up Loughborough: the case of a UK adolescent school shooter/terrorist’. Paper presented at the Eurocrim2015 annual conference of the European Society of Criminology, September 2-5.