- Musi, E., Carmi, E., Reed, C., Yates, S. and O’Halloran, K. (2023). Developing Misinformation Immunity: How to Reason-Check Fallacious News in a Human–Computer Interaction Environment. Social Media + Society, 9(1), pp. 205630512211504–205630512211504. doi:10.1177/20563051221150407.
- Birdsall, C. and Carmi, E. (2022). Feminist avenues for listening in: amplifying silenced histories of media and communication. Women's History Review, 31(4), pp. 542–560. doi:10.1080/09612025.2021.1944345.
- Musi, E., Aloumpi, M., Carmi, E., Yates, S. and O’Halloran, K. (2022). Developing Fake News Immunity: Fallacies as Misinformation Triggers During the Pandemic. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 12(3). doi:10.30935/ojcmt/12083.
- Carmi, E. (2021). A feminist Critique to digital consent. Seminar.net, 17(2). doi:10.7577/seminar.4291.
- Gillespie, T., Aufderheide, P., Carmi, E., Gerrard, Y., Gorwa, R., Matamoros-Fernández, A. … Myers West, S. (2020). Expanding the debate about content moderation: Scholarly research agendas for the coming policy debates. Internet Policy Review, 9(4). doi:10.14763/2020.4.1512.
- Carmi, E. (2020). Rhythmedia: A Study of Facebook Immune System. Theory, Culture & Society, 37(5), pp. 119–138. doi:10.1177/0263276420917466.
- Yates, S.J., Carmi, E., Lockley, E., Pawluczuk, A., French, T. and Vincent, S. (2020). Who are the limited users of digital systems and media? An examination of U.K. evidence. First Monday. doi:10.5210/fm.v25i7.10847.
- Carmi, E., Yates, S.J., Lockley, E. and Pawluczuk, A. (2020). Data citizenship: rethinking data literacy in the age of disinformation, misinformation, and malinformation. Internet Policy Review, 9(2). doi:10.14763/2020.2.1481.
- Carmi, E. and Yates, S.J. (2020). What do digital inclusion and data literacy mean today? Internet Policy Review, 9(2). doi:10.14763/2020.2.1474.
- Carmi, E. (2019). The hidden listeners: regulating the line from telephone operators to content moderators. International Journal of Communication, 13, pp. 440–458.
- Carmi, E. (2019). Weaving the Dark Web: Legitimacy on Freenet, Tor, and I2P by Robert Gehl (review). Information and Culture: A Journal of History, 54(2), pp. 245–247.
- Sinnreich, A. and Carmi, E. (2019). Sonic Publics| Introduction and Audio Transcript. International Journal of Communication, 13, pp. 359–382.
- Sinnreich, A. and Carmi, E. (2019). Introduction and Audio Transcript. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION, 13, pp. 359–382.
- Carmi, E. (2017). Review: Cookies – More than Meets the Eye. Theory, Culture & Society, 34(7-8), pp. 277–281. doi:10.1177/0263276417736367.
- Carmi, E. (2017). Regulating behaviours on the European Union internet, the case of spam versus cookies. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 31(3), pp. 289–307. doi:10.1080/13600869.2017.1304616.
- Carmi, E. (2017). It’s a Question of Trust: Halt and Catch Fire’s Third-Season Review. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 39(4), pp. 10–11. doi:10.1353/ahc.2017.0038.
- Carmi, E. (2015). Taming Noisy Women. Media History, 21(3), pp. 313–327. doi:10.1080/13688804.2015.1045468.
London EC1V 0HB
Dr. Elinor Carmi is a Lecturer in Data Justice and Social Justice at the Sociology & Criminology Department at City University, London, UK. Dr. Carmi is a digital rights advocate, feminist, researcher and journalist who has been working, writing and teaching on data politics, data literacies, feminist approaches to media and data, data justice and internet governance.
Currently Dr. Carmi works on: (1) CO-I on the Nuffield Foundation project "Developing a Minimum Digital Living Standard". (2) POST Parliamentary Academic Fellowship working with the UK's Digital, Culture, Media & Sport Committee on the project I proposed: "Digital literacies for a healthy democracy". (3) CO-I on the UKRI Trustworthy Autonomous Systems hub project "Trustworthy Autonomous Recommender Systems on Music Streaming Platforms". She recently worked on: (1) PDRA on the Nuffield Foundation project - Me and My Big Data: Developing Citizens Data Literacies. (2) CO-I on the UKRI project "COVID-19: Being alone together: developing fake news immunity".
Dr. Carmi's work contributes to emerging debates in academia, policy, health organisations and digital activism. In February 2020, Dr. Carmi was invited to give evidence on Digital Literacy for the House of Lords Committee on Democracy and Digital Technologies. Her insights were included in the final report: “Digital Technology and the Resurrection of Trust”. In July 2020, Carmi was invited by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an expert on data literacy and disinformation to the first scientific discussion on infodemiology. In addition, her work has been included in reports by NGOs like UN, Good Things Foundation, Demos and Coding Rights. Dr. Carmi works with digital rights NGOs such as Amnesty International and Accountable Tech.
For the past decade Carmi has been organising events around data politics, digital rights and digital literacy. In 2019, she has organised the Digital Inclusion Policy and Research Conference (DIPRC), and has organised the next edition in 2021. Furthermore, together with Professor Simeon Yates she has been the academic research collaborator of the Digital Leaders network.
Before academia, Elinor worked in the electronic dance music industry for various labels. She was also a journalist writing on night life and electronic dance music for Time-Out Tel Aviv, was a radio broadcaster and a music television editor for almost a decade. In 2013, she published a book about the Israeli Psytrance culture titled "TranceMission: The Psytrance Culture in Israel 1989-1999" (Resling Publishing). She also published an accompanying booklit called The Flyer Memoir, which curated Israeli Psytrance party flyers from 1989-1999.
- PhD, Goldsmiths University of London, United Kingdom, Sep 2012 – Nov 2017
- M.A., Tel Aviv University, Israel, Sep 2008 – Sep 2012
- B.A., College of Management Academic Studies, Israel, Sep 2004 – Sep 2007
- Postdoc Research Associate in Digital Media & Society, University of Liverpool, Sep 2018 – Aug 2021
- Teaching Fellow, Royal Holloway, University of London, Sep 2017 – Aug 2018
- Visiting Lecturer, London South Bank University, Sep 2016 – Aug 2017
- Associate Lecturer, University of the Arts London, Sep 2015 – Aug 2017
- Associate Lecturer, Goldsmiths University of London, Jan 2014 – Aug 2016
- Teaching Assistant, College of Management Academic Studies, Sep 2011 – Sep 2012
- Parliamentary Academic Fellowship, The UK's Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Jan 2021 – Jan 2022
English (can read, write, speak, understand spoken and peer review), German (can understand spoken), Hebrew (can read, write, speak, understand spoken and peer review) and Spanish; Castilian (can understand spoken).
Publications by category
- Carmi, E. (2020). Media Distortions Understanding the Power Behind Spam, Noise, and Other Deviant Media. Peter Lang Incorporated, International Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4331-6691-4.
- Carmi, E. (2013). TranceMission: The Psytrance Culture in Israel 1989-1999. Israel: Resling.
- Yates, S. and Carmi, E. (2023). Citizens’ Networks of Digital and Data Literacy. The Palgrave Handbook of Media Misinformation (pp. 191–205). Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-031-11975-0.
- Carmi, E. (2022). Don't Be Antisocial: The Politics of the “Anti-Social” in “Social” Media. The Social Media Debate: Unpacking the Social, Psychological, and Cultural Effects of Social Media (pp. 38–52). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-367-76751-8.
- Carmi, E. (2021). Deviant Media: Thinking Beyond Noise to Understand It. In Groth Krog, S. and Mansell, J. (Eds.), Negotiating Noise: Across Places, Spaces and Disciplines (pp. 49–55). Sound Environment Centre, University of Lund, Sweden. ISBN 978-91-987117-0-7.
- Yates, S., Townsend, L., Whitty, M., Rice, R. and Carmi, E. (2020). ESRC Review: Health and Well-Being. In Yates, S. and Rice, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Digital Technology and Society Oxford: Oxford University.
- Yates, S., Ling, R., Robinson, L., Brooks, C., Joinson, A., Whitty, M. … Carmi, E. (2020). ESRC Review: Communication and Relationship. In Yates, S. and Rice, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Digital Technology and Society Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Yates, S., Hepburn, P., Rice, R., Wessels, B. and Carmi, E. (2020). ESRC Review: Economy and Organizations. In Yates, S. and Rice, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Digital Technology and Society (pp. 323–342). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Yates, S., Robson, L., Rice, R. and Carmi, E. (2020). ESRC Review: Data and Representation. In Yates, S. and Rice, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Digital Technology and Society (pp. 501–524). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Yates, S., Jones, G., Dutton, W. and Carmi, E. (2020). ESRC Review: Governance and Security. In Yates, S. and Rice, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Digital Technology and Society (pp. 605–627). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Carmi, E., Lockley, E. and Yates, S. Inclusive digital focus groups – lessons from working with citizens with limited digital literacies. In Skopek, J. (Ed.), Research Handbook of Digital Sociology Edward Elgar.
- Musi, E., O’Halloran, K., Carmi, E. and Yates, S. Developing Misinformation Immunity in a Post-Truth World: Human Computer Interaction for Data Literacy. In Schirrmacher, B. and Mousavi, N. (Eds.), Trust Me! Truthfulness and Truth Claims Across Media Palgrave Macmillan.
- Musi, E., O’Halloran, K., Carmi, E., Humann, M., Jin, M., Yates, S. … Pal, G. Mapping polylogical discourse to understand (dis)information negotiation: the case of the UK Events Research Programme. In Maci, S., Demata, M., Seargeant, P. and McGlashan, M. (Eds.), The Routledge Book of Discourse and Disinformation
- Yates, S. and Carmi, E. Developing citizens data literacy: A short guide. In Yates, S. and Carmi, E. (Eds.), Digital Inclusion - International Policy and Research Palgrave Macmillan.
Internet publications (10)
- Yates, S. and Carmi, E. (2021). Don’t know how your data is used, or how to protect it? You’re not alone – but you can improve your data literacy.
- Carmi, E. and Ben-Meir, S. (2021). "Through which glasses do you want to examine Facebook?" (in Hebrew).
- Carmi, E. (2021). Nick Clegg and Silicon Valley’s myth of the empowered user.
- Carmi, E. (2021). 'It's machine learning, you wouldn't understand': How Facebook engineers our minds (In Hebrew).
- Carmi, E. (2021). "It’s not you, Juan, it’s us”: How Facebook takes over our experience.
- Carmi, E. (2020). The Organic Myth: There’s no type of content that is natural to social media.
- Carmi, E. (2020). With Giphy's purchase Facebook continues to crumble democracies across the world (in Hebrew).
- Carmi, E. (2019). We don't need no education? Informing the misinformed.
- Carmi, E. (2018). Do you agree? What #MeToo can teach us about digital consent.
- Carmi, E. (2018). It’s personal, isn’t it? What personalization mean for internet research methods.
Journal articles (17)
- Yates, S., Carmi, E., Lockley, E., Wessels, B. and Pawluczuk, A. (2021). Me and My Big Data: Understanding Citizens Data Literacies - Final report..
- Abad, N., Ahmed, N., Amponsa-Achiano, K., Azlan, A., Arcos, R., Ayodele, J. … Zhou, Y. (2021). WHO Public Health Research Agenda for Managing Infodemics. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240019508: World Health Organisation.
- Pawluczuk, A., Yates, S., Carmi, E., Lockley, E. and Wessels, B. (2020). Data citizenship framework: exploring citizens’ data literacy through data thinking, data doing and data participation..
- Yates, S., Carmi, E., Pawluczuk, A., Wessels, B., Lockley, E. and Gangneux, J. (2020). Understanding citizens data literacy: thinking, doing & participating with our data..