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portrait of Dr Alfredo Camara

Dr Alfredo Camara

Lecturer in Structural Engineering

School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering, Civil Engineering

Contact Information


Visit Alfredo Camara

CG30, Tait Building

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



Dr Alfredo Camara is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Structural Engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering at City University London. He received his MEng (Hons) and PhD in Bridge Engineering from the Technical University of Madrid (UPM). He has almost 2 years professional experience in structural engineering, where he was involved in the design of singular bridges and other structures.

Dr Camara has been Research Associate working on vehicle-structure interaction and advanced composite materials at Tongji University (Shanghai) and the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) respectively. From 2013 to 2015 he held a fixed-term lectureship in Structural Engineering at Imperial College London.


  1. PhD, Technical University of Madrid, Spain, Oct 2006 – Dec 2011
  2. Chartered Engineer (MCICCP), Spanish Institution of Civil Engineers (Colegio de Ingenieros de Caminos Canales y Puertos), Spain, Oct 2006
  3. MEng (Hons) in Civil Engineering (6-course degree), Technical University of Madrid, Spain, Oct 2000 – Jul 2006

Postgraduate training

  1. Research Visitor, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Aug – Oct 2012
  2. Research Associate, Tongji University, Shanghai, China, Feb 2012 – Aug 2015
  3. Research Assistant, University of East London, London, United Kingdom, Apr – Oct 2010
  4. Research Assistant, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, Jan 2009 – Jan 2013
  5. Research Assistant, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, Mar 2008 – Jan 2009


  1. Lecturer, City University London, Jan 2015 – present
  2. Lecturer (maternity cover), Imperial College London, Jul 2013 – Dec 2014
  3. Research Associate, Eduardo Torroja Institute for Construction Science (CSIC), Jan – Jul 2013
  4. Chartered Engineer, Pedelta Ltd., Sep 2006 – Mar 2008


English and Spanish; Castilian.



Dr Camara's research interests are related to bridge engineering and structural dynamics, seismic design, nuclear structural engineering and the vibration suppression by means of optimum passive, semi-active and active devices.

Research Students

Walid Azzi

Attendance: Mar 2017 – present, part-time

Thesis title: Structural limits of super-long span cable-stayed bridges

Role: 2nd Supervisor

Konstantinos Kalfas

Attendance: Mar 2017 – present, full-time

Thesis title: The strength and stability of steel reinforcement cages in their temporary state

Role: 2nd Supervisor

Ioannis Thomaidis

Attendance: Oct 2016 – present, full-time

Thesis title: Rocking isolation for bridges with tall piers

Role: 2nd Supervisor

Rebin Mohammad

Attendance: Sep 2015 – present, part-time

Thesis title: The effectiveness of TRM and FRCM systems used to strengthen concrete members at ambient and elevated temperatures

Role: 2nd Supervisor

Eleftheria Efthymiou

Attendance: Feb 2015 – present, full-time

Thesis title: Pushover methods for the seismic response prediction of cable-supported bridges accounting for spatial variability effects

Role: 1st Supervisor


Conference papers and proceedings (27)

  1. Thomaidis, I., Kappos, A. and Camara, A. (2019). Dynamics and seismic stability of planar symmetric rocking bridges. 2nd International Conference on Natural Hazards and Infrastructure (ICONHIC) 23-26 June, Greece.
  2. Stroumpouli, C., Camara, A. and Jagadeesh, C. (2019). An aerostatic approach to include the effect of adaptable wind barriers in wind-vehicle-bridge interaction analysis. UKACM Conference London.
  3. Camara, A., Jagadeesh, C., Husain, S., Polec, P. and Bush, S. (2018). Driving stability in the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge under high winds. 13th UK Conference on Wind Engineering 3-4 September, Leeds (UK).
  4. Efthymiou, E. and Camara, A. (2018). Spatial variability effects on long-span cable-stayed bridges. 16th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering 18-21 June, Tessaloniki (Greece).
  5. Thomaidis, I., Camara, A. and Kappos, A. (2018). Simulating The Rocking Response Of Rigid Bodies Using General-Purpose Finite Element Software. 16th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering 18-21 June, Tessaloniki (Greece).
  6. Kalfas, K.N., Camara, A. and Mckinley, B. (2018). Numerical analysis of wired connections of the reinforcement bars of steel cages: The Slash-tying Technique.
  7. Camara, A. and Efthymiou, E. (2018). Optimum deck and tower configurations for the transverse seismic response of cable-stayed bridges.
  8. Thomaidis, I.M., Camara, A. and Kappos, A.J. (2017). Simulating the Response of Free-Standing Rocking Rigid Blocks using Abaqus/Standard. Abaqus Users' Meeting 18-19 October, Cheshire, UK.
  9. Fonseca, J. and Camara, A. (2017). Using advanced statistical tools to better understand students’ expectation of teaching. HEA Annual Conference 4-6 July, Manchester.
  10. Efthymiou, E.C. and Camara, A. (2017). The effect of multi-angle, spatially variable seismic motions on cable-stayed bridges.
  11. Efthymiou, E. and Camara, A. (2017). Effect of spatial variability of earthquakes on cable-stayed bridges.
  12. Efthymiou, E. and Camara, A. (2016). Spatially variable seismic ground motions and their effect on cablestayed bridges: The role of the tower.
  13. Kavrakov, I., Camara, A. and Morgenthal, G. (2016). Influence of model assumptions of aerodynamic models on the wind-vehicle-bridge interaction. IABSE-2016 International Symposium Stockholm.
  14. Kavrakov, I., Morgenthal, G. and Camara, A. (2016). Influence of aerodynamic model assumptions on the wind-vehicle- bridge interaction.
  15. Efthymiou, E. and Camara, A. (2015). Spatial variability effects of the seismic action in cable-stayed bridges and modelling techniques. IABSE International Symposium 20 September, Geneva.
  16. Efthymiou, E. and Camara, A. (2015). Spatial variability effects of the seismic action in cable-stayed bridges and modelling techniques.
  17. Zauft, D., Galant, J.A.L., Madrazo-Aguirre, F. and Camara, A. (2015). Iabse: An opportunity for Young Engineers to develop their social skills.
  18. Camara, A., Stafford, P.J., Nguyen, K. and Ruiz-Teran, A.M. (2014). Comfort in slender bridges subjected to traffic loading and hammering effects.
  19. Astiz, M.A. and Camara, A. (2013). Study on the seismic behaviour of cable-stayed bridges. Sixth Colombian Congress on Earthquake Engineering Bucaramanga (Colombia).
  20. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2011). Linear and non-linear seismic behaviour of cable-stayed bridges: design and seismic
    Fifth International Congress of Structures (ACHE) Barcelona (Spain).
  21. Camara, A., Ruiz-Teran, A.M., Stafford, P.J. and Ciupala, M.A. (2011). Non-Linear Seismic Behaviour of Under-Deck CableStayed Bridges. IABSE-IASS-2011 International Symposium London (United Kingdom).
  22. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2011). Seismic response of cable-stayed bridges: consequences of project decisions and use
    of seismic devices.
    IABSE-IASS-2011 International Symposium London (United Kingdom).
  23. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2011). Typological study of the elastic seismic behavior of cable-stayed bridges.
  24. Camara, A., Ruiz-Teran, A.M., Stafford, P.J. and Ciupala, M.A. (2011). Seismic behaviour of under-deck cable-stayed bridges. Research Conference: University of East London London (United Kingdom).
  25. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2009). Simulation of the seismic behaviour of cable-stayed bridges. International Congress of Numerical Methods in Engineering (METNUM 09) Barcelona (Spain).
  26. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2009). Strategies for the numerical simulation of the elastic seismic response of cable-stayed bridges. ABAQUS Users Meeting Barcelona (Spain).
  27. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2008). Seismic behaviour of cable-stayed bridges. ABAQUS Users Meeting Madrid (Spain).

Journal articles (18)

  1. Camara, A., Kavrakov, I., Nguyen, K. and Morgenthal, G. (2019). Complete framework of wind-vehicle-bridge interaction with random road surfaces. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 458, pp. 197–217. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2019.06.020.
  2. Zhao, Z., Dai, K., Camara, A., Bitsuamlak, G. and Sheng, C. (2019). Wind Turbine Tower Failure Modes under Seismic and Wind Loads. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 33(2). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CF.1943-5509.0001279.
  3. Camara, A. (2018). Seismic behavior of cable‒stayed bridges: a review. MOJ Civil Engineering, 4(3), pp. 161–169. doi:10.15406/mojce.2018.04.00115.
  4. Nguyen, K., Camara, A., Rio, O. and Sparowitz, L. (2017). Dynamic Effects of Turbulent Crosswind on the Serviceability State of Vibrations of a Slender Arch Bridge Including Wind-Vehicle-Bridge Interaction. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 22(11). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0001110.
  5. Camara, A., Cristantielli, R., Astiz, M.A. and Málaga-Chuquitaype, C. (2017). Design of hysteretic dampers with optimal ductility for the transverse seismic control of cable-stayed bridges. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 46(11), pp. 1811–1833. doi:10.1002/eqe.2884.
  6. Dai, K., Sheng, C., Zhao, Z., Yi, Z., Camara, A. and Bitsuamlak, G. (2017). Nonlinear response history analysis and collapse mode study of a wind turbine tower subjected to tropical cyclonic winds. Wind and Structures, An International Journal, 25(1), pp. 79–100. doi:10.12989/was.2017.25.1.079.
  7. Sadowski, A.J., Camara, A., Málaga-Chuquitaype, C. and Dai, K. (2017). Seismic analysis of a tall metal wind turbine support tower with realistic geometric imperfections. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 46(2), pp. 201–219. doi:10.1002/eqe.2785.
  8. Camara, A., Vázquez, V.F., Ruiz-Teran, A.M. and Paje, S.E. (2017). Influence of the pavement surface on the vibrations induced by heavy traffic in road bridges. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 44(12), pp. 1099–1111. doi:10.1139/cjce-2017-0310.
  9. Camara, A. and Efthymiou, E. (2016). Deck–tower interaction in the transverse seismic response of cable-stayed bridges and optimum configurations. Engineering Structures, 124, pp. 494–506. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.06.017.
  10. Shen, X., Camara, A. and Ye, A. (2015). Effects of seismic devices on transverse responses of piers in the Sutong Bridge. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 14(4), pp. 611–623. doi:10.1007/s11803-015-0049-7.
  11. Camara, A. and Ruiz-Teran, A.M. (2015). Multi-mode traffic-induced vibrations in composite ladder-deck bridges under heavy moving vehicles. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 355, pp. 264–283. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2015.06.026.
  12. Camara, A., Astiz, M.A. and Ye, A.J. (2014). Fundamental mode estimation for modern cable-stayed bridges considering the tower flexibility. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 19(6). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000585.
  13. Camara, A., Nguyen, K., Ruiz-Teran, A.M. and Stafford, P.J. (2014). Serviceability limit state of vibrations in under-deck cable-stayed bridges accounting for vehicle-structure interaction. Engineering Structures, 61, pp. 61–72. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.12.030.
  14. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2014). Analysis and control of cable-stayed bridges subject to seismic action. Structural Engineering International: Journal of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), 24(1), pp. 27–36. doi:10.2749/101686614X13830790993762.
  15. Cámara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2014). Applicability of the strategies for the elastic seismic analysis of cable-stayed bridges. Revista Internacional de Metodos Numericos para Calculo y Diseno en Ingenieria, 30(1), pp. 42–50. doi:10.1016/j.rimni.2012.10.001.
  16. Camara, A., Ruiz-Teran, A.M. and Stafford, P.J. (2013). Structural behaviour and design criteria of under-deck cable-stayed bridges subjected to seismic action. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 42(6), pp. 891–912. doi:10.1002/eqe.2251.
  17. Camara, A. and Astiz, M.A. (2012). Pushover analysis for the seismic response prediction of cable-stayed bridges under multi-directional excitation. Engineering Structures, 41, pp. 444–455. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2012.03.059.
  18. Oliva, J., Antolin, P., Camara, A. and Goicolea, J.M. (2011). Análisis estructural de algunas obras de Félix Candela mediante modelos de elementos finitos. Hormigon y Acero, 62(260), pp. 61–76.


Dr Alfredo Camara is actively involved in teaching and supervision at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.