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Annabel Beales

Annabel is studying the suitability of interests-based and values-based approaches to FPIC consultation.

PhD Title: The suitability of interests-based and values-based approaches to FPIC consultation

Affiliation: International Law and Affairs Group


Research Supervisors: Dr Mauro Barelli, Dr Grietje Baars and Professor Carl Stychin

Annabel's research relates to FPIC (free, prior and informed consent) consultations which are required when States intend to carry out resource extraction activities on indigenous lands, in accordance with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and International Labor Organization Convention No. 169. 

The thesis will evaluate the extent to which the existing legal framework protects indigenous peoples' rights; analyse the potential of interest-based negotiation as a strategy being put forward for successful FPIC consultation; and propose an alternative, values-based paradigm for consideration. Throughout the research, indigenous and western conceptions of justice and conflict resolution will be explored. 

Annabel read Psychology, Philosophy and Physiology at the University of Oxford, graduating in 2005. From 2005 to 2007, she was Executive Assistant to the President of Rights and Humanity, an international not-for-profit organisation which advocates realisation of human rights and responsibilities as a tool for sustainable development.

Annabel also worked from 2005 - 2013 at the MLM Group (a multidisciplinary engineering consultancy). Initially employed to negotiate service contracts, Annabel went on to build a new in-house legal team and helped to establish a joint-venture partnership to provide consultancy advice on sustainable construction in Brazil. Whilst working at MLM, Annabel attained a Postgraduate Diploma in Construction Law and Arbitration from The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen (with distinction).

Annabel is a Member of the UK Environmental Law Association and Chatham House. She was a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators from 2009 to 2013 and served on their East Anglia Branch Committee and on a Working Group at CIArb International Headquarters for Post-Fellowship Career Progression. She has also practised as a community mediator for Common Ground, a charity based in East London.

Research interests

Annabel's main interests are narrative and non-western models of alternative dispute resolution; the rights of indigenous peoples, particularly those relating to consultation and free prior and informed consent; international regulation of multi-national companies; and international environmental law.