1. Academic experts
  2. Research students
  3. Students
  4. Alumni
  5. Senior people at City
  6. Non-academic staff
  7. Honorary graduates

Alexander Gilder

Alexander Gilder

Alexander’s thesis will uncover whether UN peace operations pursue human security under their mandates

PhD Title: Entrenching the individual in collective security: UN peace operation mandates and human security

Supervisors: Dr Ioannis Kalpouzos and Dr Mauro Barelli



Alex’s thesis investigates the UN’s implementation of the human security concept, as espoused by the UNDP’s 1994 Human Development Report and the Commission on Human Security’s 2003 Human Security Now Report. The research project looks at the operationalisation of human security in UN-led peace operations and the consequential effects on the mandating of missions under the UN Charter. He has a particular interest in UN stabilization operations, particularly MINUSMA and MINUSCA, and how they impact the law of UN peace operations.

Alex is a recipient of a Graduate Teaching Assistantship from The City Law School to undertake his research. He received his LLB (Hons) (First Class) from the University of Lincoln and his LLM (cum laude) in Public International Law, with a specialisation in International Human Rights Law, from Utrecht University. In 2017, Alex was awarded a merit-based scholarship to attend the Summer Course on Public International Law at The Hague Academy of International Law.

Alex has previously served as the Editorial Assistant for the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (Routledge) and as an Executive Editor for the Utrecht Journal of International and European Law (Ubiquity Press).


Journal articles

  • ‘The effect of ‘stabilization’ in the mandates and practice of UN peace operations’ (2019) Netherlands International Law Review 66(1) 1-27.
  • ‘Bringing occupation into the 21st century: The effective implementation of occupation by proxy’ (2017) Utrecht Law Review 13(1) 60-81.
  • ‘Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity - Has it been breached?’ (2015) Legal Issues J. 3(2) 23-40.

Book reviews

  • ‘Stephen Hopgood, Jack Snyder and Leslie Vinjamuri (eds), Human Rights Futures’ (2018) Human Rights Law Review 18(2) 390-396.
  • ‘Dorothy Estrada-Tanck, Human Security and Human Rights under International Law: The Protections Offered to Persons Confronting Structural Vulnerability’ (2017) J Conflict Security Law 22(3) 553-556.

Other publications

  • ‘Why using UN troops to make countries more stable can be a risky business’ (The Conversation UK and Africa, 1 July 2018)
  • Steven van Dalen, Alexander Gilder, Eric Hooydonk, Marc Ponsen, ‘System Risk Indication: An Assessment of the Dutch Anti-Fraud System in the Context of Data Protection and Profiling’ (Report completed for the Public Interest Litigation Project of the Nederlands Juristen Comité voor de Mensenrechten, Utrecht University, 31 March 2016).
  • Steven van Dalen, Alexander Gilder, Eric Hooydonk, Marc Ponsen, ‘Data Protection, Profiling and Anti- Fraud Systems: A Comparative State Practice Report’ (Report completed for the Public Interest Litigation Project of the Nederlands Juristen Comité voor de Mensenrechten, Utrecht University, 31 March 2016).

Conference attendance & contributions

  • ‘Uncovering human security in UN stabilization operations’, 8th Annual Istanbul Human Security Conference, Kadir Has Üniversitesi, Coventry University, and the UN Human Security Unit, 17-19October 2018 (speaker).
  • The UK and UN peace operations after Brexit Workshop, BISA Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Associate Working Group, UNA-UK, and the Royal United Services Institute, 7 September 2018 (discussant).
  • ‘Threats to international security and how bottom-up engagement can mobilise young people’, The International Development House IGNITE 2030 Programme, 11 June 2018 (invited speaker).
  • ‘Entrenching the individual in collective security: UN peace operations and human security’, The City Law School Annual PhD Forum, City, University of London, 11 May 2018 (speaker).
  • ‘The human security lens: A response to the 21st century challenges faced by international law’, The Revolution of Law, University of Strathclyde Postgraduate Law Conference, 20th October 2017 (speaker).
  • The Hague Academy of International Law, Summer Course on Public International Law, 10-28th July 2017 (attendee).
  • ‘Advancing the human security narrative as a global value of public international law’, Contemporary International Law Issues in Context, Canterbury Christ Church University, 20-21st June 2017 (speaker).
  • ‘Human security: a saviour or ineffectual effort in the international legal order?’, Law in Times of Crisis, Woolf College, University of Kent, 18-19th March 2017 (speaker).
  • 'Human Security & International (Human Rights) Law: To what extent has UNMIK/KFOR advanced human security?’, Challenges of Europe: Building and Promoting Human Security, Inter University Centre Dubrovnik, 18-22nd April 2016 (speaker).
  • International Criminal Court Summer School, National University of Ireland, Galway, 15-19th June 2015 (attendee).


  • Alex has taught Criminal Law/Foundations of Criminal Law (LLB1) since 2016 and will also lead workshops for Contract Law in Practice (LLB1) in the 2018/19 academic year.
  • As a Visiting Lecturer, Alex has undertaken duties on other modules such as Legal Method (LLB1) and Justice, Law and History (LLB3).
  • Alex is also pursuing a Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice (PgCAP) at City

Research Interests

  • Public International Law
  • Human Security
  • UN peace operations
  • International Human Rights Law
  • International Humanitarian Law


  • Higher Education Academy (Associate Fellow)
  • International Law Association (Student Associate)
  • Society of Legal Scholars