1. European Social Survey
  2. Crime & Justice Research
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  4. Food Policy
  5. Jeremy Tunstall Global Media Research Centre
  6. Law, Justice & Journalism
  7. Work, Class & Gender
  8. City Q-Step Centre

Centre for Food Policy

Welcome to the Centre for Food Policy


Welcome to the Centre for Food Policy! We are one of the very few places in the world dedicated to studying, teaching and influencing food policy. Established in 1994, the Centre pioneered what was then a new approach to food policy, an approach that brings together policies that affect food production and consumption, supply chains, processing, retail, marketing and the impacts on environment and livelihoods, health and nutrition and so on. This holistic, food systems approach is the core of who we are and what we do.  It’s the way we will find solutions to so many problems in the world today.

We share our thoughts on the world of food policy on our blog: Dispatches from the Centre for Food Policy – sharing what we learn from listening to the world of food policy. Read the latest posts and subscribe here.

We have also brought together the work the Centre for Food Policy has done to date - 1994-2016 in a report published in December 2016. Read about our history of teaching, researching and influencing food policy over the years here.

Our perspective is global. While people experience their food system at a local level, what happens in the food system in one place is affected by what goes on elsewhere. What happens in wealthier countries affects low and middle income countries and vice versa. Better policies are needed at the local, national and global levels to leverage these connections and influence change.

This integrated approach is at core of our unique Masters programme. We educate students from all over the world. The aim is to equip these decision-makers of tomorrow with food systems thinking as a practical skill they can use in the real world of food and food policy.  That our students come from such a variety of backgrounds -- many disciplines, many professions -- mean we learn from our students, and they learn from each other.

Our students also have access to the pioneering IFSTAL (Innovative Food Systems Teaching and Learning) initiative which we co-manage with four other universities which is building a cohort of professionals with new food systems thinking skills for the workplace.

We are very proud of our alumni. Our employability stats -- the highest of our School -- reflect the range of opportunities available to our graduates. For example, our alumni run NGOs and progressive food businesses, work in government and UN agencies, and have established great careers in journalism in academia.

The scope of our research is wide, with projects ranging from cooking skills, sustainable diets,  city food policies and the role of media. Our PhD students work all over the world -- from Ireland to India -- looking for the answers that only a food lens can provide.

We aim to make a difference. Based on a history of engaging with the NGO community, our Food Research Collaboration works to encourage effective collaboration between academics and NGOs. We connect with the policy community at all levels. We run seminars that provoke creative thinking. We bring what we learn into our research and into our teaching.

This an exciting and challenging time to be working in food policy and we look forward to working in partnership with others to take this important agenda forward.

Our website provides more information about us and you can download an overview of the Centre and what we offer here.  If you have any questions, do not hesitate to get in touch.

null Professor Corinna  Hawkes
Director, Centre for Food Policy

Our people

Our Academic Staff

Professor Corinna Hawkes

nullProfessor Corinna Hawkes is Director of the Centre for Food Policy. She joined the Centre in January 2016 bringing with her a diversity of international experience at the interface between policy and research. She has worked with international agencies, governments, NGOs, think tanks and universities at the  international level, as well as nationally and locally in the UK, United States and Brazil. A regular advisor to governments, international agencies and NGOs, her specialism is the role of food systems policies in what we eat and how they can be levered for positive impact. Corinna serves as Co-Chair of the Independent Expert Group of the Global Nutrition Report, an international report tracking progress in malnutrition in all its forms across the globe. She sits on the EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems, the Lancet Commission on Obesity and the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).

See Professor Corinna Hawkes full staff profile

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Dr Claire Marris

null Dr Claire Marris joined the Centre for Food Policy in January 2016 and is Programme Director for the MSc in Food Policy. She initially trained as a plant molecular biologist before realising she was more interested in how science and policy shape our world than conducting research in the laboratory. Since 1992, she has conducted research in the field of Social Studies of Science, with a focus on the use of genetic modification techniques in food and agriculture. She is interested in the relationship between scientific evidence and policy making, notably in the area of risk assessment for crops and foods. Her work explores links between science and democracy, and advocates the inclusion of a broader range of stakeholders in decision-making.

See Dr Claire Marris's full staff profile

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Professor Martin Caraher

Martin CaraherMartin is professor in food and health policy at Centre for Food Policy at City University London. He originally trained as an environmental health officer in Dublin. After working in the north west of Ireland he developed an interest in the public health and health promotion aspects of the work. He spent some time working in the Irish and the English health services managing health promotion and public health services respectively.

See Professor Martin Caraher's full staff profile

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Professor Tim Lang

nullTim Lang has been Professor of Food Policy at City, University of London's Centre for Food Policy since 2002. He founded the Centre in 1994. After a PhD in social psychology at Leeds University, he became a hill farmer in the 1970s in the Forest of Bowland, Lancashire which shifted his attention to food policy, where it has been ever since. For years, he's engaged in academic and public research and debate about its direction, locally to globally. His abiding interest is how policy addresses the mixed challenge of being food for the environment, health, social justice, and citizens. What is a good food system? How is ours measured and measuring up?

See Professor Tim Lang's full staff profile

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Our Visiting Fellows

Professor Jane Dixon

null Associate Professor Jane Dixon is Senior Fellow at the Research School of Population Health, Australian National University. For 15 years, she has been conducting research at the intersection of sociology and public health, with a focus on the cultural, social and health impacts of food system transformations. Prior to this research track she was national coordinator of the Health Inequalities Research Collaboration, helping to establish the International Society for Equity in Health and Australia21, an innovative agenda-setting organisation. During the 1980s and 1990s she held academic teaching and consultancy positions.

Her fieldwork has taken place mainly within Australia and Thailand. In recent applied research, she has been an advisor to the WHO Western Pacific Regional Office and has served the International Union of Health Promotion and Education in two capacities: membership on their Global Working Group on the Social Determinants of Health and drafting their Food Systems Position Paper.

During 2016-2017 she is based at the Centre for Food Policy as Leverhulme Trust Visiting Professor. She has current associations with the International Institute for Global Health, United Nations University, Kuala Lumpur and the Charles Perkins Centre Health Food Systems Project Node, Sydney University.


Her most recent books include: Health of People, Places and Planet:  Reflections based on Tony McMichael’s four decades of contribution to epidemiological understanding (ANU Press 2015), When Culture Impacts Health (Elsevier 2013) and The Weight of Modernity (Springer 2012). She is the co-editor of two special symposia for Agriculture & Human Values: ‘Food Regimes Theory’ (2009) and ‘The changing role of supermarkets in global supply chains: from seedling to supermarket: agri-food supply chains in transition’ (2013). She has written the entry on “Food Systems” for the Oxford Bibliographies of Public Health, OUP DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199756797-0151Dr Dixon sits on the editorial boards of Agriculture & Human Values and World Food Policy.

See Jane Dixon's full staff profile

Our Food Research Collaboration Staff

Mary Atkinson

null Mary has been the Coordinator for the Food Research Collaboration since it began in 2014.  Prior to her current position, she worked as a Food Security, Livelihoods and Nutrition Specialist for a number of INGOs in the international humanitarian sector for 14 years, including British Red Cross, Oxfam and Medecines Sans Frontiers, as well as the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Food Programme.  Before this, Mary worked as a nutritionist in the UK, mostly in academic research and teaching at Glasgow University and King’s College London but also for the Department of Health, International Obesity Task Force and as a volunteer for Sustain.  She taught Nutrition at the University of Malawi after completing her MSc in Nutrition, from 1989 to 1991.

2010 – 2012: MSc in Food Policy, City University London (Distinction)
1988 – 1989: MSc in Nutrition, King’s College London
1982 – 1985: BSc in Food Science, Food Economics & Marketing, University of Reading

Dr Victoria Schoen

Victoria trained as an agricultural economist and has worked more widely in the fields of agri-food marketing and value chain analysis for various academic, UN, charitable and commercial organisations. She completed her PhD on the impact of agricultural policy change on households in Jordan before moving to an EU Framework Project at University College London on farm diversification. She has worked at home and overseas on a number of food-related consultancy projects including a review of the evidence on the impact of a shift to more healthy diets in the UK (for DEFRA) and a scoping study for the design of a tool for monitoring environmental impact in agri-food value chains (for UNIDO). She is also an online tutor for SOAS in research methods and still undertakes consultancy work related to the objectives of the Food Research Collaboration.

PhD Agricultural Economics, Wye College, University of London
MSc Agricultural Economics (Marketing) Wye College, University of London
BSc Agricultural Economics, University College Wales, Aberystwyth

See Victoria Schoen's full staff profile

Our Teaching Fellows for IFSTAL

Dr Rebecca Wells

Rebecca is a Teaching Fellow on the IFSTAL (Innovative Food Systems Teaching and Learning IFSTAL) project at City's Centre for Food Policy. She shares this post with Annabel de Frece and both are based in the Centre for Food Policy. IFSTAL is a postgraduate, multi-disciplinary, inter-university project which aims to promote food systems thinking in order to address the global food crisis. A former BBC radio producer and a food journalist for some 15 years Rebecca is currently writing up her PhD which looks at the interaction between food policy and the UK media. Her thesis takes as a case study UK Department of Health recommendations on red and processed meat consumption and cancer. Her research interests include food policy, food in the media, food poverty, food banks and food security.

See Dr Rebecca Wells' full staff profile

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Annabel de Frece

Annabel is a Teaching Fellow on the IFSTAL (Innovative Food Systems Teaching and Learning IFSTAL) project at City's Centre for Food Policy. She shares this post with Rebecca Wells and both are based in the Centre for Food Policy. IFSTAL is a postgraduate, multi-disciplinary, inter-university project which aims to promote food systems thinking in order to address the global food crisis. Annabel’s background is in agricultural livelihoods and the links between policy, the environment and social and cultural systems. Her doctoral research in the Yucatán, Mexico explored local meanings attached to the milpa and the interactions between farmers, development interventions and environmental narratives.

She has taught on both undergraduate and post graduate courses in the fields of development studies and gender. Her interests include knowledge systems relating to the environment, development and inequality, teaching methods and pedagogy. She has conducted research in Ghana and India and she is also a distance learning tutor and course author at CEDEP/SOAS teaching gender and social inequality.

See Annabel de Frece's full staff profile

Our Current PhD Students

Ceyhun Gungor

PhD work

Learning and knowledge transfer processes of non-competitive collaborative groups and their role in shaping food sustainability policy.


  • 2014 – present: PhD Candidate, Centre for Food Policy (City University London)
  • 2012 – 2014: MA (distinction) Human Geography and Global Studies (Eberhard Karls University Tubingen / Germany)
  • 2009 – 2012: BSc Geography (University of Augsburg / Germany)

See Ceyhun Gungor's full profile

Karl-Axel Lindgren

PhD work

A food policy analysis of the Indian National Food Security Act, and its potential impact on the urban poor.


  • 2014-present: PhD Candidate, Centre for Food Policy (City University London)
  • 2012-2013: MSc Food Policy (City University London)
  • 2009-2012: BA Sociology (University of York)

See Karl-Axel Lindgren's full profile

Jannie Armstrong

PhD work

Competing Claims in a Changing World: An Interpretive Analysis of Food Security Discourse in Lao PDR.


  • 2010-present: PhD Candidate, Centre for Food Policy, School of Health Sciences, City University London
  • 2007-2009: City University, London, Master of Sciences, with distinction, Food Policy
    Awarded the Worshipful Company of Farmers prize for food policy and agriculture, 2009
  • 1990-1994: Vassar College, New York, United States
    Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude

Hannah Brinsden

PhD work

A critical analysis of NGO advocacy in UK nutrition policy: What is its role, impact and effectiveness?

Education and Experience

  • BSc (Hons) Nutrition & Food Science, The University of Reading
  • Worked at Consensus Action on Salt and Health for 3 years, working on and taking forward the UK's salt reduction policy.
  • Hannah has since taken a research post with The International Association for the Study of Obesity/International Obesity Taskforce (IASO/IOTF), where she will be researching and developing their advocacy programme.

See Hannah Brinsden's full profile

Harvey Ells

PhD work

Street food markets and consumer wellbeing: a study of developed urban city centres


  • Part-time PhD research student, Centre for Food Policy, City University London
  • MA Learning and Development, University of Brighton
  • MSc Food Policy, City University London

See Harvey Ells' full profile

Sharon Noonan-Gunning

PhD work

Critical policy analysis exploring the meanings of social class in context of food-related obesity policy, focusing on experiences and solutions of working class parents.


  • Bsc (Hons) Nutrition and Dietetics (London Metropolitan University)
  • Post Graduate Diploma Epidemiology  (London School Hygiene Tropical Medicine)

Daphne Page

PhD work

Exploring the Perceived Link between Urban Agriculture and Sustainability in Municipal Urban Food Strategies within the United Kingdom’s Sustainable Food Cities Network.


  • 2014 - Present PhD Food Policy
  • 2012 - 2014 MA Environmental Applied Science & Management, Ryerson University, Canada
  • 2010 BA Environmental Studies & Geography, Bishop’s University, Canada

See Daphne Page's full profile

Kelly Parsons

PhD work

Constructing a National Food Policy: policy integration and co-ordination pathways and challenges in Australia and the UK.


  • 2012-present: PhD Candidate, Centre for Food Policy (City University London)
  • 2009-2012: Project Officer, Sustain: the alliance for better food and farming
  • 2010-2011: MSc Food and Nutrition Policy (City University London). Awarded the Worshipful Company of Cooks Dissertation Prize
  • 1997-2010 Journalist specialising in law and policy and - more recently - food law, policy, and sustainable food.  Former correspondent for the Informa journal EU Food Law
  • 1994-1997: BSc (Hons) Sociology (London School of Economics and Political Science) . Awarded the Hobhouse Memorial Prize for academic achievement

See Kelly Parson's full profile

Rosalind Sharpe

PhD work

The social dimension of sustainability, as it is being interpreted and implemented in food supply chains


  • Currently PhD research student, Centre for Food Policy, City University London
  • MA Food Policy, Thames Valley University
  • MA (Hons) English Language and Literature, Oxford University

Amanda McCloat

Laurie Egger

PhD Topic

Impact of Food Assistance on Food Insecurity and Nutrition in Young Children in the US and the UK.


  • MSc in Food Policy, City University London
  • MBA with emphasis in Finance and Accounting, New York University
  • BA in Political Science, Williams College, Williamstown, MA

See Laurie Eggar's full profile

Natalie Neumann

PhD topic

What is policy’s role in supporting farmers’ markets in Europe: are they reaching all levels of society and creating equality in access to locally farmed and nutritious food?


  • 2016-present: PhD Candidate, Centre for Food Policy, City, University of London
  • 2011-2012: MSc Global Health and Development, University College London
  • 2009-2011: MSc Clinical Molecular Medicine (Distinction), University of Maastricht
  • 2006-2009: BSc Molecular Life Science, University of Maastricht, Netherlands

See Natalie Neumann's full profile

Our Honorary Research Fellows

Dr Rachel Carey

Dr Rachel Carey is a qualitative research specialist with a background in consumer research. She has a Masters degree in Food Policy from the Centre for Food Policy, City University London and a PhD from Manchester University.

She is a Research Fellow at the Food Alliance in the Food Policy Unit at Deakin University (Melbourne, Australia) and also at the Centre for Commercial Law and Regulatory Studies at Monash University (Melbourne, Australia). Her research interests focus on food policy analysis, food systems planning and sustainability, city food systems and water and food security.

Dr Charlie Clutterbuck

nullDr Charlie Clutterbuck has been a Research Fellow in Food Policy at City University London since May 2003. Having graduated with three degrees in agricultural science, he worked in the 1970s for British Society for Social Responsibility campaigning against pollution at work, in the environment and food. He founded Hazards Bulletin (now Hazards) in the mid 1970s. He then worked for twenty years as a Senior Lecturer in trade union education at Blackburn College, Lancashire, focussing on the work environment. For over ten years, he has run his own business developing web-based learning materials to encourage people at work to improve health and the environment.

Professor John Coveney

John Coveney is Professor in the Discipline of Public Health and Associate Dean in the School of Medicine at Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. He has worked in clinical nutrition, and community and public health in Papua New Guinea, Australia and UK.

Professor Jane Dixon

Dr Jane Dixon is Senior Fellow at the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University. For much of 2016 she is based at the Centre for Food Policy as a Leverhulme Trust Visiting Professor. For 15 years, she has been conducting research at the intersection of sociology and public health, with a focus on the cultural, social and health impacts of food system transformations. Prior to this research track she was national coordinator of the Health Inequalities Research Collaboration, helping to establish the International Society for Equity in Health. Her current research centres on: whether competition law can be used to regulate supermarkets for community welfare objectives; the relationship between food consumption trends and producer livelihoods; how labour market timescapes influence health practice timescapes. In recent applied research, she has been an advisor to the WHO Western Pacific Regional Office and has written a Food Systems Position Paper for the International Union of Health Promotion and Education. She is a Visiting Research Fellow with the International Institute for Global Health, United Nations University, Kuala Lumpur.

Recent publications include:

Dixon, J. (2015) Food systems. Oxford Bibliographies of Public Health

See Professor Jane Dixon's full staff profile

Dr Michael Heasman

Dr Michael Heasman has worked in the area of food and nutrition policy for more than 25 years as a social science researcher, teacher, writer, and consultant in the European Union, U.S., Canada, Japan, Australia, and China for business, public, and civil society organizations.

Professor Mark Lawrence

Mark is a Professor in Public Health Nutrition at Deakin University, Australia. He has 30 years experience working in food policy at local, state, national and international levels. Mark's research interests focus on food systems and sustainability, and the science and politics of policy-making associated with protecting and promoting public health nutrition. Mark teaches at postgraduate level in food policy and food regulation, and is the coordinator of the University's postgraduate public health nutrition programme.

See Professor Mark Lawrence's full staff profile

Dr Geof Rayner

nullDuring the 1970s and 1980s, Dr Geof Rayner worked in various academic positions including London University and City University London, New York. From 1985 to 1992 he was Manager of the Lambeth Health Liaison Unit, a joint body of the London Borough of Lambeth and the West Lambeth and Camberwell Health Authorities. From 1992 to the present, Dr Rayner has been a consultant specialising in public health policy. He is currently a contractor for the European Commission on a two year project examining food industry governance in the 27 countries of the EU. Alongside his links with City University London he is Professor Associate in Public Health at Brunel University. He is a director of a farm in the Midlands and chair of several commercial and not-for-profit companies, including Photofusion Photography Centre, in London.

Our courses and alumni

Multi-disciplinary postgraduate teaching

We run two education programmes: the MSc in Food Policy and the MPhil/Phd in Food Policy. Our courses draw extensively not just on academic experts but on leading practitioners in the field we study, ensuring that they remain at the leading edge of current developments.

Our Food Policy MSc

Discover how to change the food system for the better on our unique MSc in Food Policy at City. The MSc is for people who care about food and want to gain a strong and critical grasp of both the theoretical and empirical aspects of food policy. Full details can be found on the course pages.

Our Food Policy PhD / MPhil

Our PhD / MPhil in Food Policy at City educates students wanting to gain deeper insights into food policy - the way it is made, how it is designed, and its effects. It is an advanced route into academic work in food policy as well as other professions. It will help you acquire the skills to become a professional researcher; explore a topic of interest to you in depth, and contribute original work which will extend the current knowledge base to influence and change food policy. Full details can be found on the course pages .

Our Alumni

Our alumni from our Masters and PhD programme run NGOs and progressive food businesses, work in government and UN agencies, and have established great careers in health advocacy, journalism and academia. Find out more about Kawther Hashem who lives in London and studied her master’s in food policy at City University London.

Global food policy insight with Professor Corinna Hawkes

Our research and scholarship

The Centre for Food Policy has built a tradition of policy research on key food issues since it began in 1994. This body of work is reflected in our formal academic publications and reports. See our Publications page for details. Our work covers the entire food system from farm to fork, paddock to plate, boat to throat. We are multi and inter-disciplinary. We conduct research that helps decision-makers make better policy choices to improve the food system and its outcomes.

We are interested in:

  • where policies exist, what they are, what they do or do not achieve, and for whom
  • how policies are developed and made and the factors that drive successful policy development
  • how decisions are made about food policy -- the governance of food
  • the interests that shape policy, make it work or fail, and how
  • how policies to improve the food system could be designed more effectively

Issues we have covered include: changes in governance; food inequalities; food’s impact on the environment and public health; the clash of policy perspectives at local, national, regional and global levels; the nature of skills in the modern food economy; policy differences in developing and developed countries; the role of the place of the local in the global food system, food skills/food literacy; food democracy public health and planning related to food.

Four key areas have been:

  • Cooking skills and food literacy. The work of the Centre has focussed on how food literacy can contribute to a broader knowledge of the food system and empower individuals and civil society to take action
  • Food poverty, food access and food banks. The research conducted at the Centre led us to be invited to give evidence to the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Hunger in the United Kingdom in 2014. Our work has been taken up and replicated by colleagues in Italy, Ireland and Australia.
  • Multi-level food system governance. For example, the Centre researched English local government urban food strategies as part of the EU 7th Framework Purefood Marie Curie project, 2010 to 2014.
  • Approaches to food system sustainability. Research by the Centre has shown that sustainability requires capacities not just for production but also for environmental and social capacities. Most recently, the Centre played a lead role in an EU seventh framework programme completed in 2016, Global and local food assessment: a multidimensional performance-based approach (GLAMUR), which assessed whether global or global food supply chains were more sustainable .

We work from the global to the local collaborating with academics, civil society and policy makers groups at all levels. The output of our research is published in peer-reviewed journals, reports prepared for policy makers and NGOs and books. As part of our research we also undertake consultancy projects, offer advice for policy makers and NGOs and contribute to institutional reports.

Current Projects
Projects different staff are involved with include the following:

  • Working in partnership with Flinders University Australia, a project on trust in food systems and on the UK ‘horsegate scandal’. This is part of a larger Australian Research Council (ARC) project which examines the links between policy makers, the food industry and the media in reporting media scares and scandals.
  • An intervention on cooking skills led by Queens University Belfast on the island of Ireland as part of the Safefood Irl, an all-island implementation body set up under the British-Irish Agreement with a general remit to promote awareness and knowledge of food safety and nutrition issues. This includes a review of cooking which informed an intervention with 140 adults in 4 different conditions to address which technologies are useful in developing food literacy.
  • The Global Nutrition Report, an annual stocktake of the state of global nutrition, including the policies designed to address it. Read the 2017 Global Nutrition Report: Nourishing the SDGs.
  • A project with the World Health Organization on political commitment to implementing nutrition policy, with the Australian National University
  • The policy component of the EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from sustainable food systems.

PhD Research
Our PhD students cover a wide range of food policy topics. Current PhD students are exploring the role of advocacy in advancing food policy, policies on street food markets, parent perceptions of obesity policy in the UK, and analysis of the National Food Security Act in India. You can find out more about their research here.

While the Centre for Food Policy welcomes students from the food industry and engages in dialogue with food companies and other private businesses, the Centre does not accept industry money for research.

Our events

Our Events


A seminar series featuring speakers concerned with the possibilities and challenges of integrated food policy.

Food Thinkers December 2017
A Christmas Special Panel Debate: What will get people cooking again? The role of public policy.

With guest panellists::

Rosie Boycott, Chair of the London Food Board
Professor Martin Caraher, Professor of Food and Health Policy, Centre for Food Policy
Amanda McCloat, Head of Home Economics, St. Angela's College, Sligo
Catherine Maxwell, Founder & Director, The Any Body Can Cook Community Interest Company

Marjon Willers, Specialist Dietician for Schools and Early Years, Islington Health and Wellbeing Team

Chaired by Professor Corinna Hawkes, Director, Centre for Food Policy

Cooking and the lack of cooking skills are often put forward as one of the reasons for the decline in nutrition and the rises in obesity. On a broader level cooking skills are often put forward as the solution to many social problems such as 'broken families', food poverty, eating together and sustainable eating.

While there is a lot of support for the concept of teaching people to cook, the public policy world has not been supportive of cooking, for example, the demise of home economics and cooking in school curricula has raised concerns among food policy advocates. What constitutes cooking skills is the subject of many newspaper and academic articles and changes in technology and lifestyles have a bearing on how we construct our concept of 'cooking'.

So, while agreeing that cooking is important the panel explored from their different perspectives the importance and limitations of cooking as a solution to problems and how public policy can support existing initiatives and develop new ones.Then followed by a debate and Q&A with the audience about the extent to which public policy at the national and local level should prioritise cooking skills as a solution to health and social problems.

View the recording of the debate: What will get people cooking again? The role of public policy.  

Food Thinkers November 2017: Addressing hunger in America - cheap food or food with values?

For our November Food Thinkers we were joined by Andy Fisher, leading US expert on community food security and author of Big Hunger: The Unholy Alliance between Corporate America and Anti-Hunger Groups.

The US federal government spends roughly $85 billion on 15 nutrition programs annually - on school meals, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and others. Just the SNAP program alone makes up roughly 10% of the amount that Americans spend on groceries. These programs are integrally linked through the work of government, food industry, and anti–hunger groups in what Andy Fisher terms the “hunger industrial complex."

The “front end’ of these programs is working well, helping recipients to become more food secure. The “back end” of these programs however remains tied to big food processors and retailers.  Is there an alternative?  Could these nutrition programs support a more sustainable and regionalized food economy? Could they be linked to agriculture programs to create a more holistic framework for a food system based on “food with values,” rather than "cheap food.”

Timed to coincide with his new book, Big Hunger, Andy Fisher's talk discussed the politics of this hunger industrial complex, and provided three examples of programs that seek to modify federal nutrition programs to promote a more integrated vision of food sovereignty, health, and sustainability.

Listen to the recording of the seminar: Addressing hunger in America - cheap food or food with values?

Food Thinkers September 2017: Addressing the global burden of obesity and undernutrition through integrated systems thinking and policy coherence

For September 2017's Food Thinkers we were delighted to have with us two visitors from Australia and New Zealand who are are exploring integrated approaches to improving nutrition globally. Professor Boyd Swinburn has been one of the world’s leading scholars of obesity prevention for decades and Dr Anne Marie Thow is producing some of the most innovative work on food policy for nutrition today. In their talks, they explored frameworks that can facilitate a more integrated approach to addressing the problem of the co-existence of obesity and undernutrition in the world today.

At the global level, the concept of ‘malnutrition in all its forms’ is gaining currency as a way to integrate efforts around obesity and undernutrition. However, this has not yet been translated into understanding what this means operationally at the global, national or community levels.

Professor Swinburn explored the potential of systems concepts, methods and tools, used in other disciplines for decades, to better understand the problems and better devise actions.
View Professor Swinburn's presentation slides.

Dr Thow looked specifically at food systems. She explored how incoherent policy incentives throughout the food system undermine efforts to improve both obesity and undernutrition and what is required to re-orient food policy to improve nutrition.
View Dr Thow's presentation slides.

View the recording of the seminar: Addressing the global burden of obesity and undernutrition through integrated systems thinking and policy coherence.

Food Thinkers June 2017: The intersectoral approach to food and nutrition security in Brazil - how it was built and where we stand today

Our June seminar welcomed guest speaker Renato Maluf,  Professor at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Visiting Professor at the Centre for Food Policy, City, University of London, who shared his experience of building a National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security in Brazil.

Professor Maluf (CPDA/UFRRJ), former President of the National Council on Food and Nutrition Security (CONSEA) in Brazil, described how the intersectoral and participatory approach to food and nutrition security in Brazil was built. He focused on the processes that enhanced civil society participation (through CONSEA) and intergovernmental working (through the Inter-Ministerial Chamber for Food and Nutrition, CAISAN), the challenges of political coherence, and provided insights into the guidelines orienting the national plan and the performance of its main programmes. He assessed the current situation in the context of the dramatic political changes in Brazil in 2016 and shared learnings for the UK context.

View the recording of the seminar: The intersectoral approach to food and nutrition security in Brazil - how it was built and where we stand today.

View previous Food Thinkers and Food Bites on our YouTube channel.


City Food Symposium 2016

The Centre for Food Policy held its sixth City Food Symposium on 12th December 2016 which considered how to develop, design and deliver food policies more effectively in the 21st century and in the wake of Brexit.

City Food Symposium 2015

The Centre for Food Policy held its fifth City Food Symposium on 14th December 2015 focusing on the food and agricultural implications of the UK potentially leaving the EU.

City Food Symposium 2014

The Centre for Food Policy held its fourth City Food Symposium on 15 December 2014 focusing on Sustainable Diets, kindly supported by the Worshipful Company of Cooks.

City Food Symposium 2012

The Centre for Food Policy held its third City Food Symposium on 12 December 2012 focusing on the state of food policy in local practice, kindly supported by the Worshipful Company of Cooks.

City Summer Food Symposium: Ecological Public Health (June 2012)

This mini-symposium discussed whether ecological public health - which proposes that human and eco-systems health are co-dependent - needs to be the central policy framework. The event was chaired by Dr Fiona Sim and incorporated presentations from Dr Caroline Lucas, Dr John Middleton, Dr David Pencheon, and Dr Geof Rayner.

Our initiatives

Food Research Collaboration (FRC)

The Food Research Collaboration (FRC) is an initiative hosted by the Centre for Food Policy to facilitate joint working by academics and civil society organisations (CSOs) to improve the UK food system.

The FRC works with academics across disciplines and with civil CSOs across sectors to:

  • Encourage research that meets civil society needs
  • Share food evidence and thinking to improve coherence and “voice”
  • Encourage longer-lasting collaborations between and within academic departments and civil society organisations.

The FRC is was founded by Professor Tim Lang, who remains a Special Advisor. It is now chaired by Professor Corinna Hawkes. The Secretariat based at the Centre for Food Policy is staffed by Mary Atkinson and Victoria Schoen.

The FRC also organises the Centre for Food Policy’s Food Thinkers series . You can find out about all the other FRC activities and publications on works on its dedicated website.

Innovative Food Systems Teaching and Learning (IFSTAL)

Innovative Food Systems Teaching and Learning (IFSTAL) is a collaborative and cross-university food systems training programme. IFSTAL fosters transdisciplinary and systems thinking learning amongst postgraduate students (Masters and PhD level) from any discipline working on food issues to improve human, animal and environmental health.

The project brings together expertise and experience of scholars and existing postgraduate students across seven Higher Education institutions:

  • City University London
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Reading
  • University of Warwick
  • The Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH), comprising researchers from the Royal Veterinary College, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and the School of African and Oriental Studies.

IFSTAL also organises public events and works closely with a growing network of workplace partners from civil society organisations, government and industry. The Centre for Food Policy hosts IFSTAL staff, Rebecca Wells, led by Professor Martin Caraher.

For more details on IFSTAL, please visit IFSTAL’s dedicated website or contact: City postgraduate students can self-enroll free of charge by searching for IFSTAL on Moodle.

Find out more about IFSTAL in our video


Marris, C. (2018). Genomic technologies in the bioeconomy: Introduction. In: S. Gibbon, B. Prainsack, S. Hilgartner & J. Lamoreaux (Eds.), Genomic technologies in the bioeconomy: Introduction. . UK: Routledge.

Hawkes, C., Baker, P., Thow, A. M., Parkhurst, J., Walls, H., Wingrove, K. & Demaio, A. (2018). What drives political commitment for nutrition? A review and framework synthesis to inform the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition. BMJ Open,

Wells, R. & Caraher, M. (2017). From Food Advertising to Digital Engagements: Future Challenges for Public Health. In: K. LeBesco & P. Naccarato (Eds.), The Bloomsbury Handbook of Food and Popular Culture. (pp. 245-259). London: Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9781474296243

Lang, T. & Mason, P. (2017). Sustainable diet policy development: implications of multi-criteria and other approaches, 2008-2017. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, doi: 10.1017/S0029665117004074

Hawkes, C., Alderman, H., Chaloupka, F., Harrison, J., Kumanyika, S., Smed, S., Story, M., Swinburn, B. & Willett, W. (2017). Principles behind evaluations of national food and beverage taxes and other regulatory efforts. Obesity Reviews, 18(11), pp. 1374-1375. doi: 10.1111/obr.12594

Lang, T., Wu, M. & Caraher, M. (2017). Meat and Policy: Charting a Course through the Complexity. In: J. d’Silva & J. Webster (Eds.), The Meat Crisis: developing more sustainable and ethical production and consumption. (pp. 317-334). Adingdon, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9781138673298

Lang, T., Millstone, E. & Marsden, T. (2017). A Food Brexit: time to get real – A Brexit Briefing. Brighton, UK: University of Sussex Science Policy Research Unit.

Surgenor, D., Hollywood, L., Furey, S., Lavelle, F., McGowan, L., Spence, M., Raats, M., McCloat, A., Mooney, E., Caraher, M. & Dean, M. (2017). The impact of video technology on learning: A cooking skills experiment. Appetite, 114, pp. 306-312. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2017.03.037

Lavelle, F., Hollywood, L., Caraher, M., McGowan, L., Spence, M., Surgenor, D., McCloat, A., Mooney, E., Raats, M. & Dean, M. (2017). Increasing intention to cook from basic ingredients: A randomised controlled study. Appetite, 116, pp. 502-510. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2017.05.024

Smith, R, Marris, C., Berry, D, Sundaram, L & Rose, N (2017). Synthetic Biology Biosensors for Global Health Challenges. London, UK: King's College London.

Caraher, M., Begley, A. & Allirot, X. (2017). Guest editorial. British Food Journal, 119(5), pp. 970-972. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-03-2017-0123

Caraher, M. & Perry, I. (2017). Sugar, salt, and the limits of self regulation in the food industry. BMJ (Online), 357, doi: 10.1136/bmj.j1709

Reed, K., Collier, R., White, R., Wells, R., Ingram, J., Borelli, R., Haesler, B., Caraher, M., Lang, T., Arnall, A., Ajates Gonzalez, R., Pope, H., Blake, L. & Sykes, R. (2017). Training Future Actors in the Food System: A new collaborative cross-institutional, interdisciplinary training programme for students. Exchanges: the Warwick Research Journal, 4(2), pp. 201-218.

Hawkes, C., Thow, A. M., Jones, A., Ali, I. & Labonte, R. (2017). Nutrition Labelling is a Trade Policy Issue: Lessons From an Analysis of Specific Trade Concerns at the World Trade Organization. Health Promotion International, doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw109

Hawkes, C., Demaio, A. R. & Branca, F. (2017). Double-duty actions for ending malnutrition within a decade. The Lancet Global Health, 5(8), e745-e746. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30204-8

Lavelle, F., McGowan, L., Hollywood, L., Surgenor, D., McCloat, A., Mooney, E., Caraher, M., Raats, M. & Dean, M. (2017). The development and validation of measures to assess cooking skills and food skills. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 118.. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0575-y

McGowan, L., Caraher, M., Raats, M., Lavelle, F., Hollywood, L., McDowell, D., Spence, M., McCloat, A., Mooney, E. & Dean, M. (2017). Domestic Cooking and Food Skills: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57(11), pp. 2412-2431. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2015.1072495

Lavelle, F., McGowan, L., Spence, M., Caraher, M., Raats, M., Hollywood, L., McDowell, D., McCloat, A., Mooney, E. & Dean, M. (2016). Barriers and facilitators to cooking from 'scratch' using basic or raw ingredients: A qualitative interview study. Appetite, 107, pp. 383-391. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.115

Haddad, L., Hawkes, C., Webb, P., Thomas, S., Beddington, J., Waage, J. & Flynn, D. (2016). A new global research agenda for food. Nature, 540, pp. 30-32.

Lavelle, F., Spence, M., Hollywood, L., McGowan, L., Surgenor, D., McCloat, A., Mooney, E., Caraher, M., Raats, M. & Dean, M. (2016). Learning cooking skills at different ages: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 119.. doi: 10.1186/s12966-016-0446-y

McGowan, L., Pot, G. K., Stephen, A. M., Lavelle, F., Spence, M., Raats, M., Hollywood, L., McDowell, D., McCloat, A., Mooney, E., Caraher, M. & Dean, M. (2016). The influence of socio-demographic, psychological and knowledge-related variables alongside perceived cooking and food skills abilities in the prediction of diet quality in adults: a nationally representative cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 111.. doi: 10.1186/s12966-016-0440-4

Hawkes, C., Jaime, P. C., Rugani, I. C. & Brasil, B. G. (2016). How to engage across sectors: Lessons on leveraging agriculture for nutrition from the Brazilian school meal program. Revista de Saúde Pública, 50, doi: 10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050006506

Caraher, M., Lloyd, S., Mansfield, M., Alp, C., Brewster, Z. & Gresham, J. (2016). Secondary school pupils' food choices around schools in a London borough: Fast food and walls of crisps. Appetite, 103, pp. 208-220. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.04.016

Lindberg, R., Lawrence, M. & Caraher, M. (2016). Kitchens and Pantries—Helping or Hindering? The Perspectives of Emergency Food Users in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, doi: 10.1080/19320248.2016.1175397

Hawkes, C., Brazil, B. G., Castro, I. R. & Jaime, P. C. (2016). How to engage across sectors: lessons from agriculture and nutrition in the Brazilian School Feeding Program. Revista de Saúde Pública, 50, p. 47. doi: 10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050006506

Bailey, A., Lang, T. & Schoen, V. (2016). Does the CAP still fit?. UK: Food Research Collaboration.

Wells, R. (2016). Mediating the spaces of diet and health: A critical analysis of reporting on nutrition and colorectal cancer in the UK. Geoforum, doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.05.001

Brunori, G., Galli, F., Barjolle, D., Broekhuizen, R. V., Colombo, L., Giampietro, M., Kirwan, J., Lang, T., Mathijs, E., Maye, D., Roest, K. D., Rougoor, C., Schwarz, J., Schmitt, E., Smith, J., Stojanovic, Z., Tisenkopfs, T. & Touzard, J-M. (2016). Are Local Food Chains More Sustainable than Global Food Chains? Considerations for Assessment. Sustainability, 8(5), .449.

Rose, N., Angliss, W., Lindberg, R. & Caraher, M. (2016). The Human Right to Food. Parity, 29(2), pp. 13-15.

Smith, J., Lang, T., Vorley, B. & Barling, D. (2016). Addressing Policy Challenges for More Sustainable Local–Global Food Chains: Policy Frameworks and Possible Food “Futures”. Sustainability, 8(4), 299-.. doi: 10.3390/su8040299

Lang, T. & Schoen, V. (2016). Food, the UK and the EU: Brexit or Bremain?. UK: Food Research Collaboration.

Pollard, C., Booth, S., Begley, A., Kerr, D., Mackintosh, B., Janice, J., Campbell, C., Whelan, J., Milligan, R., Bergström, J., Fisher, B. & Caraher, M. (2016). Working in Partnership with the Charitable Food Sector to Better Meet the Food Needs of People in Perth. Parity, 29(2), pp. 39-40.

Ajates Gonzalez, R. (2016). Agricultural cooperatives: promoting or hindering fairer and more sustainable food systems? The case of Spain and the UK. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)

Balmer, A., Calvert, J., Marris, C., Molyneux-Hodgson, S., Frow, S., Kearnes, M., Bulpin, K., Schyfter, P., Mackenzie, A. & Martin, P. (2016). Five rules of thumb for post-ELSI interdisciplinary collaborations. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 3(1), pp. 73-80. doi: 10.1080/23299460.2016.1177867

Kraak, V., Vandevijvere, S., Sacks, G., Brinsden, H., Hawkes, C., Barquera, S., Lobstein, T. & Swinburn, S. (2016). Progress achieved in restricting the marketing of high-fat, sugary and salty food and beverage products to children. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 94(7), pp. 540-548. doi: 10.2471/BLT.15.158667

Lang, T. & Schoen, V. (2016). Horticulture in the UK: potential for meeting dietary guideline demands. UK: Food Research Collaboration.

Lindberg, R., Caraher, M. & Wingrove, K. (2016). Implementing the right to food in Australia. Victorian Journal of Home Economics, 55(2), pp. 25-29.

Macdiarmid, J. I., Lang, T. & Haines, A. (2016). Down with food waste. BMJ, 352, i1380. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i1380

McCloat, A. & Caraher, M. (2016). Home Economics as a food education intervention: lessons from the Irish secondary education context. Education and Health, 34(4), pp. 104-110.

Marris, C., Balmert, A., Calvert, J., Molyneux-Hodgson, S., Frow, E., Kearnes, M., Bulpin, K., Schyfter, P., Mackenzie, A. & Martin, P. (2015). Taking roles in interdisciplinary collaborations: Reflections on working in post-ELSI spaces in the UK synthetic biology community. Science and Technology Studies, 28(3),

Santos, S., Vilela, S., Padrão, P. & Caraher, M. (2015). Sex-related dietary changes of Portuguese university students after migration to London, UK. Nutrition and Dietetics, 72(4), pp. 340-346. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12154

Rayner, G. & Lang, T. (2015). What is the point of public health in the 21st century?. Public Health, 129(10), pp. 1309-1313. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.09.001

Brinsden, H. & Lang, T. (2015). Reflecting on ICN2: Was it a game changer?. Archives of Public Health, 73, p. 42. doi: 10.1186/s13690-015-0091-y

Wallinga, D., Rayner, G. & Lang, T. (2015). Antimicrobial resistance and biological governance: explanations for policy failure. Public Health, 129(10), pp. 1314-1325. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.08.012

Lang, T. & Rayner, G. (2015). Beyond the Golden Era of public health: charting a path from sanitarianism to ecological public health. Public Health, 129(10), pp. 1369-1382. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.07.042

Anand, S.S., Hawkes, C., de Souza, R., Mente, A., Dehghan, M., Nugent, R., Zulyniak, M.A., Weis, T., Bernstein, A.M., Krauss, R.M., Kromhout, D., Jenkins, D.J.A., Malik, V., Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A., Mozaffarian, D., Yusuf, S., Willett, W.C. & Popkin, B.M. (2015). Food Consumption and its Impact on Cardiovascular Disease: Importance of Solutions Focused on the Globalized Food System A Report From the Workshop Convened by the World Heart Federation. Journal of The American College of Cardiology, 66(14), pp. 1590-1614. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.07.050

Lawrence, M., Burlingame, B., Caraher, M., Holdsworth, M., Neff, R. & Timotijevic, L. (2015). Public health nutrition and sustainability. Public Health Nutrition, 18(13), pp. 2287-2292. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015002402

Trieu, K., Neal, B., Hawkes, C., Dunford, E., Campbell, N. C., Rodriguez-Fernandez, R., Legetic, B., McLaren, L., Barberio, A. & Webster, J. (2015). Salt Reduction Initiatives around the World – A Systematic Review of Progress towards the Global Target. PloS One, 10(7), e0130247. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130247

Caraher, M. (2015). The European union food distribution programme for the most deprived persons of the community, 1987-2013: From agricultural policy to social inclusion policy?. Health Policy, 119(7), pp. 932-940. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2015.05.001

Hawkes, C. & Popkin, B. (2015). Can the sustainable development goals reduce the burden of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases without truly addressing major food system reforms?. BMC Medicine, 13(143), doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0383-7

Carey, R., Caraher, M., Lawrence, M. & Friel, S. (2015). Opportunities and challenges in developing a whole-of-government national food and nutrition policy: lessons from Australia's National Food Plan. Public Health Nutrition, 19(1), pp. 3-14. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001834

Schoen, V. & Lang, T. (2015). Should the UK be concerned about sugar?. UK: Food Research Collaboration.

Caraher, M. & Cowburn, G. (2015). Guest Commentary: Fat and other taxes, lessons for the implementation of preventive policies. Preventive Medicine, 77, pp. 204-206. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.006

Lang, T. (2015). Sustainable Diets: another hurdle or a better food future?,. Development, 57(2), pp. 240-256. doi: 10.1057/dev.2014.73

Caraher, M., Smith, J. & Machell, G. (2015). To co-op or not to co-op: a case study of food co-ops in England. Journal of Co-operative Studies, 47(2), pp. 6-19.

Hawkes, C. (2015). Diet, Chronic Disease And The Food System: Making The Links, Pushing For Change. Global Alliance for the Future of Food.

Hawkes, C. (2015). Enhancing Coherence between Trade Policy and Nutrition Action. United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition.

Hawkes, C. (2015). Nutrition in the trade and food security nexus. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Marris, C. (2015). The construction of imaginaries of the public as a threat to synthetic biology. Science as Culture, 24(1), pp. 83-98. doi: 10.1080/09505431.2014.986320

Marris, C., Jefferson, C. & Lentzos, F. (2014). Negotiating the dynamics of uncomfortable knowledge: The case of dual use and synthetic biology. Biosocieties, 9(4), pp. 393-420. doi: 10.1057/biosoc.2014.32

Seed, B., Lang, T., Caraher, M. & Ostry, A. (2014). Exploring Public Health's roles and limitations in advancing food security in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 105(5), e324-e329. doi: 10.17269/cjph.105.4414

Wells, R. & Caraher, M. (2014). UK print media coverage of the food bank phenomenon: From food welfare to food charity?. British Food Journal, 116(9), pp. 1426-1445. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-03-2014-0123

Jefferson, C., Lentzos, F. & Marris, C. (2014). Synthetic biology and biosecurity: challenging the "myths". Frontiers in Public Health, 2(115), doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00115

Webster, J., Trieu, K., Dunford, E. & Hawkes, C. (2014). Target Salt 2025: A Global Overview of National Programs to Encourage the Food Industry to Reduce Salt in Foods. Nutrients, 6(8), pp. 3274-3287. doi: 10.3390/nu6083274

Caraher, M. (2014). The European Union Food Distribution programme for the Most Deprived Persons of the community, 1987-2013: From agricultural policy to social inclusion policy?. Health Policy, 119(7), pp. 932-940. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2015.05.001

Ashton, J. R., Middleton, J. & Lang, T. (2014). Open letter to Prime Minister David Cameron on food poverty in the UK. LANCET, 383(9929), p. 1631. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60536-5

Gatley, A., Caraher, M. & Lang, T. (2014). A qualitative, cross cultural examination of attitudes and behaviour in relation to cooking habits in France and Britain. Appetite, 75, pp. 71-81. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2013.12.014

Friese, C. & Marris, C. (2014). Making de-extinction mundane?. PLoS Biology, 12(3), e1001825. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001825

Caraher, M. (2014). Cooking crisis: What crisis?. The IFAVA Scientific Newsletter(86 Feb), p. 4.

Lang, T. & Ingram, J. (2014). Food Security Twists and Turns: Why Food Systems need Complex Governance. In: T. O'Riordan & T. Lenton (Eds.), Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future. (pp. 81-103). British Academy Scholarship. ISBN 9780197265536

Caraher, M. & Cavicchi, A. (2014). Old crises on new plates or old plates for a new crises? Food banks and food insecurity. British Food Journal, 116(9), doi: 10.1108/BFJ-08-2014-0285

Caraher, M. & Dowler, E. (2014). Food for Poorer People: Conventional and "Alternative" Transgressions. In: M. Goodman & C. Sage (Eds.), Food Transgressions: Making Sense of Contemporary Food Politics. (pp. 227-246). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754679707

Caraher, M., Lloyd, S. & Madelin, T. (2014). The “School Foodshed”: schools and fast-food outlets in a London borough. British Food Journal, 116(3), pp. 472-493. doi: 10.1108/BFJ-02-2012-0042

Hawkes, C., Ahern, A. L. & Jebb, S. A. (2014). A stakeholder analysis of the perceived outcomes of developing and implementing England’s obesity strategy 2008–2011. BMC Public Health, 14(1), .441. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-441

Jefferson, C., Lentzos, F. & Marris, C. (2014). Synthetic Biology and Biosecurity: How scared should we be?. London, UK: King’s College London.

Kapetanaki, A. B., Brennan, D. R. & Caraher, M. (2014). Social marketing and healthy eating: findings from young people in Greece. International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing, 11(2), pp. 161-180. doi: 10.1007/s12208-013-0112-x

Lloyd-Williams, F., Bromley, H., Orton, L., Hawkes, C., Taylor-Robinson, D., O'Flaherty, M., McGill, R., Anwar, E., Hyseni, L., Moonan, M., Rayner, M. & Capewell, S. (2014). Smorgasbord or symphony? Assessing public health nutrition policies across 30 European countries using a novel framework. BMC Public Health, 14, 1195.. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1195

Panjwani, C. & Caraher, M. (2014). The Public Health Responsibility Deal: brokering a deal for public health, but on whose terms?. Health Policy, 114(2), pp. 163-173. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.11.002

Panjwani, C. & Caraher, M. (2014). Response to Petticrew and colleagues. Health Policy, 119(1), pp. 98-99. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.08.008

Vilela, S., Santos, S., Padrão, P. & Caraher, M. (2014). Length of migration and eating habits of Portuguese university students living in London, United Kingdom. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 53(4), pp. 419-435. doi: 10.1080/03670244.2013.834818

Wilson, A. M., Henderson, J., Coveney, J., Meyer, S., Webb, T., Calnan, M., Caraher, M., Lloyd, S., McCullum, D., Elliott, A. & Ward, P. (2014). Media actors' perceptions of their roles in reporting food incidents. BMC Public Health, 14(1), p. 1305. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1305

Hawkes, C., Jewell, J. & Allen, K. (2013). A food policy package for healthy diets and the prevention of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases: the NOURISHING framework. Obesity Reviews, 14(S2), pp. 159-168. doi: 10.1111/obr.12098

Seed, B., Lang, T., Caraher, M. & Ostry, A. (2013). Integrating food security into public health and provincial government departments in British Columbia, Canada. Agriculture and Human Values, 30(3), pp. 457-470. doi: 10.1007/s10460-013-9426-x

Marris, C. & Jefferson, C. (2013). Workshop on ‘Synthetic biology: containment and release of engineered micro-organisms’ held on 29 April 2013 at King’s College London: Scoping Report. London, UK: King's College London.

Marris, C. & Jefferson, C. (2013). Workshop on ‘Synthetic biology: containment and release of engineered micro-organisms’ held on 29 April 2013 at King’s College London: Summary of Discussions. London, UK: King's College London.

Marris, C., Heams, T., Kepes, F., Campos, L., Monsan, P., Toussaint, J-F., Benoit-Browaeys, D., Haiech, J., Alix, J-P. & Fellous, M. (2013). Measuring an open and responsible culture discussion. Medecine Sciences, 29, pp. 23-25. doi:

Marris, C. (2013). Social sciences and synthetic biology: opportunities and constraints. Medecine Sciences, 29, pp. 61-68. doi: 10.1051/medsci/201329s216

Cairns, G., Angus, K., Hastings, G. & Caraher, M. (2013). Systematic reviews of the evidence on the nature, extent and effects of food marketing to children. A retrospective summary. Appetite, 62, pp. 209-215. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.04.017

Lang, T. & Barling, D. (2013). Nutrition and sustainability: an emerging food policy discourse. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 72(1), pp. 1-12. doi: 10.1017/S002966511200290X

Caraher, M. (2013). Food habits and nutrition globalization and its implications in 'Culinary Arts and Sciences: global, local and national perspectives' . In: S. Rodrigues, H. Marques & F. D. Dias (Eds.), Culinary Arts and Sciences: global, local and national perspectives. (pp. 18-21). Association of Portuguese Nutritionists. ISBN 978-989-8631-08-4

Caraher, M. (2013). A global perspective: towards a healthy, fair and sustainable food system. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 20(3), pp. 9-12.

Caraher, M., Carey, R., McConell, K. & Lawrence, M. (2013). Food Policy Development in the Australian State of Victoria: A Case Study of the Food Alliance. International Planning Studies, 18(1), pp. 78-95. doi: 10.1080/13563475.2013.750939

Caraher, M., O'Keefe, E., Lloyd, S. & Madelin, T. (2013). The planning system and fast food outlets in London: lessons for health promotion practice. Revista Portuguesa de Saude Publica, 31(1), pp. 49-57. doi: 10.1016/j.rpsp.2013.01.001

Caraher, M., Wu, M., Seeley, A. & Lloyd, S. (2013). When chefs adopt a school? An evaluation of a cooking intervention in English primary schools. Appetite, 62, pp. 50-59. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.11.007

Lang, T. & Barling, D. (2013). UK Food Policy: Can we get it on the right track?. Food Ethics, 8(3), pp. 4-7.

Verstraeten, R., Caraher, M., Raats, K., Penalvo, J. L., Gomes, F., Miller, R. & Matthys, C. (2013). Creative thinking as an innovative approach to tackle nutrition in times of economic crises. Paper presented at the The 20th International Congress of Nutrition, 15th - 20th September 2013, Granada, Spain.

Wilson, A. P. R., Coveney, J., Henderson, J., Meyer, S., Calnan, M., Caraher, M., Webb, T. E. F., Elliott, A. & Ward, P. (2013). Trust makers, breakers and brokers: building trust in the Australian food system. BMC Public Health, 13, p. 229. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-229

Lang, T. & Barling, D. (2012). Food security and food sustainability: reformulating the debate. The Geographical Journal, 178(4), pp. 313-326. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2012.00480.x

Hawkes, C. & Webster, J. (2012). National approaches to monitoring population salt intake: a trade-off between accuracy and practicality?. PLoS One, 7(10), doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046727

Lang, T. & Rayner, G. (2012). Ecological public health: the 21st century's big idea? An essay by Tim Lang and Geof Rayner. BMJ, 345, e5466. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e5466

Marris, C. & Rose, N. (2012). Let’s get real on synthetic biology: The seeing watchmaker. New Scientist, 214(2868), pp. 28-29.

Pottage, A. & Marris, C. (2012). The cut that makes a part. BioSocieties, 7(2), pp. 103-114. doi: 10.1057/biosoc.2012.1

Bock, B. B. & Caraher, M. (2012). Integrating health, environment and society-introducing a new arena. In: A. M. Viljoen & J. S. C. Wiskerke (Eds.), Sustainable food planning: evolving theory and practice. (pp. 173-180). Wageningen Academic Pub. ISBN 9086861873

Caraher, M. & Machell, G. (2012). Defining food co-ops. In: A. M. Viljoen & J. S. C. Wiskerke (Eds.), Sustainable food planning: evolving theory and practice. (pp. 223-232). Wageningen Academic Pub. ISBN 9789086861873

Lang, T. (2012). Public health and nutrition: where do we go?. World Nutrition, 3(4), pp. 92-118.

Nestle, M., James, W. P. T., Annan, R., Margetts, B., Geissler, C., Kuhnlein, H., Schuftan, C., Cannon, G., Yngve, A., Popkin, B., Uauy, R., Jonsson, U., Rayner, G. & Lang, T. (2012). Looking into the future, what do we see?. World Nutrition, 3(4), pp. 119-163.

Machell, G. & Caraher, M. (2012). The role of municipal markets in urban food strategies: a case study. In: A. M. Viljoen & J. S. C. Wiskerke (Eds.), Sustainable Food Planning: evolving theory and practice. (pp. 127-136). Wageningen Academic Pub. ISBN 9086861873

Alder, J., Barling, D., Dugan, P., Herren, H. R., Josupeit, H. & Lang, T. (2012). Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Foundation of Food Security through Sustainable Food Systems. A UNEP Synthesis Report. UNEP.

Clarke, L., Adams, J., Sutton, P., Bainbridge, J. W., Birney, E., Calvert, J., Collis, A., Kitney, R., Freemont, P., Mason, P., Pandya, K., Ghaffar, T., Rose, N., Marris, C., Woolfson, D. & Boyce, A. (2012). UK: TSB Technology Strategy Board.

Rayner, G. & Lang, T. (2011). Is nudge an effective public health strategy to tackle obesity? No. BMJ, 342, d2177. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d2177

Caraher, M. (2011). Food Austerity: a lifestyle choice for whom!. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 18(2), pp. 17-25.

Caraher, M. & Carey, D. (2011). Issues On Food Sustainability In Australia – Part 2. Nutridate, 22(2), pp. 2-5.

Lloyd, S., Lawton, J., Caraher, M., Singh, G., Horsley, K. & Mussa, F. (2011). A tale of two localities: Healthy Eating on a restricted income. Health Education Journal, 70(1), pp. 48-56. doi: 10.1177/0017896910364837

Zhang, J., Marris, C. & Rose, N. (2011). The Transnational Governance of Synthetic Biology: Scientific uncertainty, cross-borderness and the ’art’ of governance (Report No. 4). London: BIOS (Centre for the Study of Bioscience, Biomedicine, Biotechnology and Society), ISSN 1759-0620.

Marris, C. & Rose, N. (2010). Open Engagement: Exploring Public Participation in the Biosciences. PLoS Biology, 8(11), e1000549. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000549

Lang, T., Caraher, M. & Wu, M. (2010). Meat and Policy: Charting a Course Through the Complexity. In: J. D'Silva & J. Webster (Eds.), The Meat Crisis: Developing More Sustainable Production and Consumption. (pp. 254-274). Routledge. ISBN 9781844079032

Lang, T. & Rayner, G. (2010). Corporate responsibility in public health. BMJ, 341, c3758. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c3758

Caraher, M., Lloyd, S., Lawton, J., Singh, G., Horsley, K. & Mussa, F. (2010). A tale of two cities: A study of access to food, lessons for public health practice. Health Education Journal, 69(2), pp. 200-210. doi: 10.1177/0017896910364834

Lang, T. (2010). From value-for-money to values-for-money: Ethical food and policy in Europe. Environment and Planning A, 42(8), pp. 1814-1832. doi: 10.1068/a4258

Rayner, G. & Lang, T. (2010). A healthy choice?: Geof Rayner and Tim Lang examine whether the public health white paper can deliver what it promises in England. Primary Health Care, 21(1), p. 10.

Lang, T. (2010). Crisis? What Crisis? The Normality of the Current Food Crisis. Journal Of Agrarian Change, 10(1), pp. 87-97. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0366.2009.00250.x

Barling, D. & Lang, T. (2010). Food Policy in the UK: Reflections on Food 2030 before and after. Food Ethics, 5(2), pp. 4-7.

Caraher, M. & Carey, D. (2010). Issues On Food Sustainability in Australia. Nutridate, 21(4), pp. 2-6.

Caraher, M. & Lloyd, S. (2010). Fish and chips with a side order of Trans fat: The nutrition implications of eating from fastfood outlets: a report on eating out in east London (Report No. 9781900804424). London: Centre for Food Policy, City University London.

Caraher, M. & Seeley, A. (2010). Cooking in schools: Lessons from the UK. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 17(1), pp. 2-9.

Caraher, M., Wu, M. & Seeley, A. (2010). Should we teach cooking in schools? A systematic review of the literature of school-based cooking interventions. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 17(1), pp. 10-18.

Caraher, M. & Wu, M. (2009). Evaluation of Good Food Training for London: Final Report December 2009. London: Centre for Food Policy School of Community and Health Sciences, City University.

Lang, T. (2009). Reshaping the Food System for Ecological Public Health. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 4(3-4), pp. 315-335. doi: 10.1080/19320240903321227

Lang, T. (2009). What President Obama can do in the world. Public Health Nutrition, 12(4), pp. 581-583. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009005436

Bowyer, S., Caraher, M., Eilbert, K. & Carr-Hill, R. (2009). Shopping for food: lessons from a London borough. British Food Journal, 111(4-5), pp. 452-474. doi: 10.1108/00070700910957294

Caraher, M., Crawley, H. & Lloyd, S. (2009). Nutrition policy across the UK: Briefing Paper. London: The Caroline Walker Trust.

Caraher, M., Lloyd, S. & Madelin, T. (2009). Cheap as Chicken: Fast Food Outlets in Tower Hamlets (Report No. 2). London: Centre for Food Policy, City University.

Caraher, M., Wu, M. & Seeley, A. (2009). ACA chefs adopt a school: An evaluation (Report No. 9781900804431). London: Centre for Food Policy, City University.

Gabriel, Y. & Lang, T. (2008). New Faces and New Masks of Today's Consumer. Journal of Consumer Culture, 8(3), pp. 321-340. doi: 10.1177/1469540508095266

Keller, I. & Lang, T. (2008). Food-based dietary guidelines and implementation: lessons from four countries - Chile, Germany, New Zealand and South Africa. Public Health Nutrition, 11(8), pp. 867-874. doi: 10.1017/S1368980007001115

Caraher, M. (2008). Food and health promotion: Lessons from the field. Health Education Journal, 67(1), pp. 3-8. doi: 10.1177/0017896907086155

Caraher, M., Cowburn, G. & Coveney, J. (2008). Project mangement. In: M. Lawrence & T. Worsley (Eds.), Public Health Nutrition: From Principles to Practice. (pp. 389-422). Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9780335223206

Caraher, M., Lloyd, S., Horsley, K., Lawton, J., Mussa, F. & Peters, J. (2008). A Tale of two Cities: A study of access and attitudes to food in the Deepdale and Ingol areas of Preston. London: Centre for Food Policy, City University.

Barling, D., Lang, T. & Sharpe, R. (2008). Addressing the challenges of UK national food security. Living Earth, 234(Spring), pp. 22-27.

Barling, D., Lang, T. & Sharpe, R. (2008). Food Capacity: the root of the problem. Royal Society of Arts Journal, CLIV(5533),

Caraher, M. (2008). Sustainability- considering the pillars of sustainability as a theoretical paradigm. In: D. Pendergast (Ed.), Home economics: referencing the past; creating the future. Proceedings of the XXI International Federation for Home Economics World Congress, July 26-31, 2008, Lucerne, Switzerland. (pp. 55-66). IFHE Switzerland. ISBN 3981239318

Caraher, M. & Drummond, C. (2007). The imperative for consultation and involvement in child nutrition research: Adding perspectives from qualitative research. In: L.V. Carter (Ed.), Child nutrition research advances. (pp. 111-130). Hauppauge NY: Nova Science Pub Inc. ISBN 1600218490

Caraher, M. & Dowler, E. (2007). Food projects in London: Lessons for policy and practice - A hidden sector and the need for 'more unhealthy puddings ... sometimes'. Health Education Journal, 66(2), pp. 188-205. doi: 10.1177/0017896907076762

Caraher, M. & Richards, L. (2007). An evaluation of the Community Nutrition Assistant Training Programme Camden. London: Centre for Food Policy, City University London.

Wrieden, W. L., Anderson, A. S., Longbottom, P. J., Valentine, K., Stead, M., Caraher, M., Lang, T., Gray, B. & Dowler, E. (2007). The impact of a community-based food skills intervention on cooking confidence, food preparation methods and dietary choices - an exploratory trial. Public Health Nutrition, 10(2), pp. 203-211. doi: 10.1017/S1368980007246658

Caraher, M., Landon, J. & Dalmeny, K. (2006). Television advertising and children: lessons from policy development. Public Health Nutrition, 9(5), pp. 596-605. doi: 10.1079/PHN2005879

Caraher, M. & Cowburn, G. (2005). Taxing food: implications for public health nutrition. Public Health Nutrition, 8(8), pp. 1242-1249. doi: 10.1079/PHN2005755

Bertrand, A., Joly, P-B. & Marris, C. (2005). L’experience francaise de l’evaluation technologique interactive des recherche sur les vignes transgeniques. Ethique Publique, 7(1), pp. 186-194. doi: 10.4000/ethiquepublique.2006

Caraher, M. & Lang, T. (2005). Food, Health and Globalisation: Is Health Promotion Still Relevant? In: A Scriven & S Garman (Eds.), Promoting Health: Global Perspectives. (pp. 90-105). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1403921377

Caraher, M. & Reynolds, J. (2005). Sustainability-considering the pillars of sustainability as a theoretical paradigm. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 12(2), pp. 2-15.

Caraher, M., Baker, H. & Burns, M. (2004). Children's views of cooking and food preparation. British Food Journal, 106(4), pp. 255-273. doi: 10.1108/00070700410529537

Stead, M., Caraher, M., Wrieden, W. L., Longbottom, P. J., Valentine, K. & Anderson, A. S. (2004). Confident, fearful and hopeless cooks: Findings from the development of a food-skills initiative. British Food Journal, 106(4), pp. 274-287. doi: 10.1108/00070700410529546

Caraher, M. & Coveney, J. (2004). Public health nutrition and food policy. Public Health Nutrition, 7(5), pp. 591-598. doi: 10.1079/PHN2003575

Caraher, M. & Cowburn, G. (2004). A survey of food projects in the English NHS regions and Health Action Zones in 2001. Health Education Journal, 63(3), pp. 197-219. doi: 10.1177/001789690406300302

Millstone, E., van Zwanenberg, P., Marris, C., Levidow, L. & Torgersen, H. (2004). Seville, Spain: European Commission.

Dowler, E. & Caraher, M. (2003). Local food projects: The new philanthropy?. The Political Quarterly, 74(1), pp. 57-65. doi: 10.1111/1467-923X.00512

Joly, P-B. & Marris, C. (2003). Les Américains ont-ils accepté les OGM ?: Analyse comparée de la construction des OGM comme problème public en France et aux Etats-Unis. Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies, formerly Cahiers d’Economie et Sociologie Rurales, pp. 11-45.

Joly, P-B., Marris, C. & Hermitte, M-A. (2003). À la recherche d’une « démocratie technique ». Enseignements de la conférence citoyenne sur les OGM en France. Nature Sciences Societes, 11(1), pp. 3-15. doi: 10.1016/S1240-1307(03)00003-7

Barling, D., Lang, T. & Caraher, M. (2002). Joined-up food policy? The trials of governance, public policy and the food system. Social Policy & Administration, 36(6), pp. 556-574. doi: 10.1111/1467-9515.t01-1-00304

Caraher, M., Dixon, P., Carr-Hill, R., Hayton, P., McGough, H. & Bird, L. (2002). Are health-promoting prisons an impossibility? Lessons from England and Wales. Health Education, 102(5), pp. 219-229. doi: 10.1108/09654280210444092

Marris, C. (2001). Public perceptions of transgenic products: the influence of the behaviour of laboratory scientists. Paper presented at the OECD Workshop on Molecular Farming, 3rd - 6th September 2000, La Grande Motte, France..

Joly, P-B., Marris, C. & Marcant, O. (2001). La constitution d'un "problème public" : la controverse sur les OGM et ses incidences sur la politique publique aux Etats-Unis. Ivry-sur-Seine: INRA.

Marris, C. (2001). La perception des OGM par le public: remise en cause de quelques idées reçues. Economie Rurale, 266(1), pp. 58-79. doi: 10.3406/ecoru.2001.5276

Marris, C. (2000). Swings and roundabouts: French public policy on agricultural GMOs since 1996. Notizie di Politeia, rivista di etica e scelte pubbliche, 16(60), pp. 22-37.

Robinson, N., Caraher, M. & Lang, T. (2000). Access to shops: The views of low-income shoppers. Health Education Journal, 59(2), pp. 121-136. doi: 10.1177/001789690005900202

Joly, P.B., Marris, C., Assouline, G. & Lemarie, J. (1999). Quand les ’candides’ evaluent les OGM... Nouveau modele de ’democratie technique’ ou mise en scence du debat public?. Annales des Mines, 14, pp. 12-21.

Caraher, M. & Lang, T. (1999). Can't cook, won't cook: A review of cooking skills and their relevance to health promotion. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 37(3), pp. 89-100.

Caraher, M., Dixon, P., Lang, T. & Carr-Hill, R. (1998). Access to healthy foods: Part I. Barriers to accessing healthy foods: Differentials by gender, social class, income and mode of transport. Health Education Journal, 57(3), pp. 191-201. doi: 10.1177/001789699805700302

Marris, C. & Langford, I. (1996). No cause for alarm Claire Morris and Ion Longford. New Scientist, 151(2049),

Marris, C., Langford, I.H. & Riordan, T.O. (1996). Integrating sociological and psychological approaches to public perceptions of environmental risks: detailed results from a questionnaire survey (Report No. CSERGE Working Paper GEC 96-07). University of East Anglia, ISSN 0967-8875.

Ajates Gonzalez, R. Fighting the cooperative corner and creating third spaces of cooperation in food and farming. Paper presented at the The XXVI European Society for Rural Sociology Congress. Places of Possibility? Rural Societies in a Neoliberal World, 18-21 Aug 2015, Aberdeen, Scotland.