1. European Social Survey
  2. Crime & Justice Research
  3. Culture & the Creative Industries
  4. Food Policy
  5. Jeremy Tunstall Global Media Research Centre
  6. Law, Justice & Journalism
  7. Cultural Sociology
  8. Work, Class & Gender
  9. Q-Step Centre

European Social Survey HQ

Welcome to the European Social Survey.


The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven survey using the highest methodological standards headquartered at City, University of London.

Since 2002/03, the ESS has provided cross-national data measuring public attitudes, beliefs and behaviour. Every two years, up to 40,000 face-to-face interviews are conducted across Europe on a wide range of subjects.

Funded through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 grants and membership fees from countries who take part, the ESS was made a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) in 2013. It is currently the first ERIC to be hosted in the United Kingdom.

The involvement of the United Kingdom, and the extra costs of hosting an ERIC, are funded through the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

ESS data is available completely free of charge for non-commercial use - all results from 2002/03 can be accessed and analysed online or downloaded for use in statistical software such as SPSS, Stata or R.

For more information, visit the ESS website.


As well as the HQ based at City, the ESS consists of many colleagues based in different areas of Europe.

Find out more about the people who are part of ESS HQ:

Dr. Rory Fitzgerald, Director of the ESS ERIC
Dr. Eric Harrison, Deputy Director of the ESS ERIC and Deputy Co-ordinator of the City Q-Step Centre
Dr. Sarah Butt, Research Fellow
Dr. Salima Douhou, Research Fellow
Claire Harding, Administrator
Mary Keane, Administrator
Virginia Ros, Researcher
Dr. Lorna Ryan, Research Manager
Luca Salini, Researcher
Elena Sommer, Researcher
Dr. Henk Stronkhorst, ESS ERIC Membership Development Adviser
Stefan Swift, ESS ERIC Media and Communications Officer
Dr. Ana Villar, Research Fellow


The European Social Survey (ESS)

The award-winning and academically driven cross-national survey project collects data biennially measuring citizens’ attitudes and public opinions on a variety of topics across Europe.

Every two years, a questionnaire is conducted in up to 30 European nations. The face-to-face interview lasts an hour, and includes questions from a core questionnaire asked in every round. In each iteration of the survey, two specially selected modules are included following a worldwide call for proposals from external academics.

Among other things, the ESS asks question about:

  • Crime
  • Democracy and politics
  • Human values
  • Immigration
  • Media use
  • National and ethnic identity
  • Perceived discrimination
  • Religion
  • Social exclusion
  • Social trust/trust in institutions
  • Subjective wellbeing
  • Socio-demographics

All data and documentation is available on the ESS website, including an online tool that allows registered users to view, weight and analyse ESS data. Since 2002, the project has seen over 100,000 people register to use the data - to sign up for free, visit the ESS website.

Fieldwork for Round 8 (collected in late 2016 and early 2017) will be published in autumn 2017.  This current round’s specialist modules include a range of questions on attitudes towards welfare provision and energy use and climate change. A copy of the Round 8 questionnaire is available.

Follow the ESS on Twitter.


The ESS-SUSTAIN (Project volume: €2.3 million) project has been funded by the European Commission through Horizon 2020. It aims to develop a strategy to significantly increase ESS membership, to lower the costs of participation in the ESS, and to enhance the quality of the ESS datasets. The overarching goal is to strengthen and sustain the ESS infrastructure.

The key aims of the project are as follows:
  • Ensuring long-term commitment of the ESS ERIC members and observers
  • Provision of guest membership and/or full membership for transitioning countries
  • Expansion of  the ESS coverage including new countries
  • Establishing partnerships with other cross-national social surveys
The grant will support a number of activities including an impact case study in member countries, the appointment of ESS ambassadors to promote the study, investigation about accessing structural funds to finance membership and enhanced communications to highlight the output arising from the survey.

Find out more about the ESS SUSTAIN project on the ESS website.

European Research Infrastructures in the International Landscape (RISCAPE)

RISCAPE brings together a consortium of organisations to undertake analysis of international research infrastructures for the use of European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), European Commission (EC), OECD and national or regional funding agencies.

The objective of the RISCAPE project is to provide a peer-reviewed report on the position of the major European research infrastructures in an international context.

RISCAPE will establish close links with a panel representing the main user groups of the report and cooperate with European research infrastructures to build on the ESFRI landscape report (2016).

For more information, visit the RISCAPE website.

Synergies for Europe's Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences (SERISS)

The SERISS project develops strategies to ensure that Europe’s social science data infrastructures play an effective role in addressing the key challenges facing Europe today. It supports national and European policy makers by providing them with high-quality input on citizens’ attitudes, experiences, and behaviours.

SERISS is funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020 (Project volume: €8.4million). The project has collaborative links between the ESS, the Survey for Health Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA), the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), European Values Study (EVS), and the Wage Indicator Survey.

With the support of these partners, the project is able to address key challenges in cross-national data collection, to overcome the barrier across research infrastructures, and to embrace the future of social science exploring new ways of data collection. For more information see the SERISS website.

For more information see the SERISS website.

Follow SERISS on Twitter


The ADDResponse project analyses Nonresponse Bias by looking at auxiliary data. The ESRC funded project holds strong ties with the ESS. ADDResponse matches small-area administrative, commercial, and geo-coded data to the ESS data collected in the UK in Round 6. The goals of ADDResponse are threefold:

  1. Evaluation of the data quality and identification of benefits and challenges of using different kinds of auxiliary data with special consideration for confidentiality
  2. Analysis of non-response bias with the help of the auxiliary information
  3. Development of corrective models and weighting procedures for non-response bias

Find out more about the ADDResponse project from their blog.

Making Well-being Count for Policy

Making well-being count for policy is an ESRC funded research project build to sustain public and political interest in the use of well-being data and to explore pathways how to best employ these data for policy recommendations. The project holds strong ties with the ESS relying on well-being questions collected by its core questionnaire as well as special modules.

The project builds on four core areas of research in the field of well-being:

  • Designing accessible indicators to communicate progress and change in well-being based on survey data
  • Analysing subjective well-being nationally and cross-nationally
  • Exploring the well-being of societies as a whole
  • Studying the challenges of using of subjective well-being data for policy recommendations

Find out more about Making Well-being Count for Policy on their website.

CROss-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS)

Part of the European Social Survey (ESS) led work package of SERISS, a Cross-National Online Survey Panel (CRONOS) has been established to explore the possibilities of using the Internet to collect survey data in future.

There remains serious challenges to obtaining accurate data using the internet, especially for cross-national studies of the general population. These include a lack of email listings to select and contact respondents, different internet penetration rates across countries, low participation rates and an increasing number of survey completion requests.

CRONOS has used respondents from Round 8 (2016/17) of the ESS to recruit respondents for a 12-month web panel. The CRONOS panel will run for one year, and respondents will be asked to complete a 20-minute web survey every other month, which respondents can complete at a time convenient to them, within a two month period.

The surveys are programmed and administered using Questback-EFS, one of the leading software solutions for online survey panels. The surveys contain topics from prestigious surveys like the European Value Study, ESS, and European Quality of Life Survey. Respondents will be offered a small token of appreciation for their participation in each survey.

For more information, visit the SERISS website

Past projects


The ADDResponse project analysed Nonresponse Bias by looking at auxiliary data. The ESRC funded project held strong ties with the ESS. ADDResponse matched small-area administrative, commercial, and geo-coded data to the ESS data collected in the UK during Round 6 (2012/13). It aimed to: identify benefits and challenges of using different kinds of auxiliary data confidentially; analyse non-response bias with the help of auxiliary information; and develop corrective models and weighting procedures for non-response bias. Find out more about the project on the ADDResponse blog.

Making well-being count for policy

The ESRC funded research project aimed to sustain public and political interest in the use of well-being data and explore how best to employ this data for policy recommendations. The project holds strong ties with the ESS relying on well-being questions collected in the core questionnaire and in special modules. The project built on four core areas of research in the field: Designing well-being indicators based on survey data; analysing subjective well-being nationally and cross-nationally; exploring the well-being of societies; and studying the challenges of using subjective well-being data for policy recommendations. Read the final report - Looking through the Well-being Kaleidoscope.


CCSS represented at ESRA 2017 with 4 (!) Sessions

We are pleased that the CCSS is represented at the general conference of the European Survey Research Association 2017. In total, the members of the CCSS team were able to secure 4 sessions!

Rainer Schnell, Director of the CCSS, is hosting a session on "Linking Big Data and Surveys in Practice: Solutions for Respondents Privacy Protection". Kathrin Thomas, Research Associate in the CCSS, and Rainer are organising a session on "Comparative Survey Research Methodology using the European Social Survey". Salima Douhou, Research Fellow with the ESS ERIC, and Kathrin are collaborating with Gabriele Durrant and Olga Maslovskaya, both University of Southampton, and Joel Williams, TNS BMRB, convening a session called "It's the Interviewers! New developments in interviewer effects reseracher". Finally, Eric Harrison, Deputy Director of the ESS Eric, is hosting a session on "Measuring and Coding Complex Items: (Semi-) Automated Solutions".

You can find full details of the proposal and all information about the conference on the ESRA webpage.

If you have papers related to these topics, please consider submiting to one of our sessions. Feel free to share our call widely!


Launch of Stats Help Desk for Students and Staff

Stuck with the numbers? Need help with your research design? Stats software gives you weird error messages and you have no idea what they mean or how to solve the issue? General Error 040?

There is hope and there is help in the CCSS!

We have just launched a stats help desk for students and staff to support you with methodological advice on your research projects, stats trouble shooting, and tips and tricks for data analysis.

Drop-in sessions are held every Thursday in DG20, Rhind Building, between 2pm and 4pm.

Bring your research design, code, problem and we will do our very best to help you solving the issue.


Johann, D. & Thomas, K. (2017). Testing the Validity of the Crosswise Model: A Study on Attitudes Towards Muslims. Survey Methods: Insights from the Field,

Simpson, A., Coffey, M., Hannigan, B., Barlow, S., Cohen, R. L., Jones, A., Faulkner, A., Thornton, A., Všetečková,, J., Haddad, M. & Marlowe, K (2017). Cross-national mixed methods comparative case study of recovery-focused mental health care planning and coordination in acute inpatient mental health settings (COCAPP-A). Health Services and Delivery Research,

Kuha, J., Butt, S., Katsikatsou, M. & Skinner, C. (2017). The Effect of Probing "Don't Know" Responses on Measurement Quality and Nonresponse in Surveys. Journal of the American Statistical Association,

Mercea, D., Karatas, D. & Bastos, M. T. (2017). Persistent Activist Communication in Occupy Gezi. Sociology, doi: 10.1177/0038038517695061

Cohen, R. L. & Wolkowitz, C. (2017). The Feminization of Body Work. Gender, Work and Organization,

Barnes, M., Stares, S., Wood, C., Vibert, S. & Lord, C. (2017). Poverty in Perspective: A typology of poverty in Scotland. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government, ISSN 2045-6964.

Thomas, K., Johann, D., Kritzinger, S., Plescia, C. & Zeglovits, E. (2017). Estimating Sensitive Behavior: The ICT and High-Incidence Electoral Behavior. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 29(1), pp. 151-171. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edw002

Schnell, R., Noack, M. & Torregoza, S. (2017). Differences in General Health of Internet Users and Non-users and Implications for the Use of Web Surveys. Survey Research Methods,

Puschmann, C., Bastos, M. T. & Schmidt, J-H. (2017). Birds of a feather petition together? Characterizing e-petitioning through the lens of platform data. Information, Communication & Society, 20(2), pp. 203-220. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2016.1162828

Villar, A. & Fitzgerald, R. (2017). Using mixed modes in survey data research: Results from six experiments. In: M. Breen (Ed.), Values and Identities in Europe: Evidence from the European Social Survey. (pp. 273-310). Routledge. ISBN 9781138226661

Allum, N., Allansdottir, A., Gaskell, G., Hampel, J., Jackson, J., Moldovan, A., Priest, S., Stares, S. & Stoneman, P. (2017). Religion and the public ethics of stem-cell research: Attitudes in Europe, Canada and the United States. PLoS One, 12(4), e0176274. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176274

Butt, S., Schneider, S. & Heath, A.F. (2016). Developing a measure of socio-cultural origins for the European Social Survey (Report No. 2016/16). GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN 2364-3773.

Dieckhoff, M., Gash, V., Mertens, A. & Romeu Gordo, L. (2016). A stalled revolution? What can we learn from women’s drop-out to part-time jobs: A comparative analysis of Germany and the UK. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 46(B), pp. 129-140. doi: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.09.001

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. & Dykes, J. (2016). Supporting Theoretically-grounded Model Building in the Social Sciences through Interactive Visualisation. Neurocomputing,

Schnell, R. (2016). Randomized Response and Balanced Bloom Filters for Privacy Preserving Record Linkage. Paper presented at the 16th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshop, ICDMW 2016, 12-15 Dec 2016, Barcelona, Spain.

Bastos, M. T. (2016). Digital Journalism and Tabloid Journalism. In: B. Franklin & S. Eldridge (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Digital Journalism Studies. . Routledge. ISBN 113888796X

Coffey, M., Cohen, R. L., Faulkner, A., Hannigan, B., Simpson, A. & Barlow, S. (2016). Ordinary risks and accepted fictions: how contrasting and competing priorities work in risk assessment and mental health care planning. Health Expectations, doi: 10.1111/hex.12474

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). The UK Supreme Court's latest look at State Immunity. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 3(1), pp. 149-161.

Eikemo, T., Bambra, C., Huijts, T. & Fitzgerald, R. (2016). The first pan-European sociological health inequalities survey of the general population: the European Social Survey (ESS) rotating module on the social determinants of health. European Sociological Review, doi: 10.1093/esr/jcw019

Simpson, A., Bannigan, B., Coffey, M., Barlow, S., Cohen, R., Jones, A., Všetečková,, J., Faulkner, A., Thornton, A. & Cartwright, M. (2016). Recovery-focused care planning and coordination in England and Wales: a cross-national mixed methods comparative case study. BMC Psychiatry, 16(147), doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0858-x

Harrison, E. K. & Smart, A. (2016). The under-representation of minority ethnic groups in UK medical research. Ethnicity and Health, doi: 10.1080/13557858.2016.1182126

Bastos, M. T., Zago, G. & Recuero, R. (2016). A endogamia da Comunicação: redes de colaboração na CSAI. Revista FAMECOS: mídia, cultura e tecnologia, 23(2), 21459.. doi: 10.15448/1980-3729.2016.2.21459

Winstone, L., Widdop, S. & Fitzgerald, R. (2016). Constructing the Questionnaire: the Challenges of Measuring Views and Evaluations of Democracy Across Europe. In: M. Ferrin & H. Kriesi (Eds.), How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy (Comparative Politics). (pp. 21-42). UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-876690-2

Barlow, S., Simpson, A., Hannigan, B., Coffey, M., Jones, A., Cohen, R. L., Všetečková, J. & Faulkner, A. (2016). Cross-national comparative mixed-methods case study of recovery-focused mental health care planning and co-ordination: Collaborative Care Planning Project (COCAPP). HS&DR journal, 4(5), doi: 10.3310/hsdr04050

Butt, S., Lahtinen, K. & Brunsdon, C. (2016). Using geographically weighted regression to explore spatial variation in survey data. Paper presented at the GISRUK 2016, 30th March - 1st April 2016, London, UK.

Blom, A. G., Bosnjak, M., Cornilleau, A., Cousteaux, A. S., Das, M., Douhou, S. & Krieger, U. (2016). A Comparison of Four Probability-Based Online and Mixed-Mode Panels in Europe. Social Science Computer Review, 34(1), pp. 8-25. doi: 10.1177/0894439315574825

Turkay, C., Slingsby, A., Lahtinen, K., Butt, S. & Dykes, J. (2016). Enhancing a Social Science Model-building Workflow with Interactive Visualisation. Paper presented at the The European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks (ESANN 2016), 27-29 Apr 2016, Bruges, Belgium.

Thomas, K. (2016). Democratic Support and Globalization. In: J. Vowles & G. Xezonakis (Eds.), Globalization and Domestic Politics: Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion. (pp. 209-234). UK: Oxford Univeristy Press. ISBN 9780198757986

Schnell, R. & Noack, M. (2016). Stichproben, Nonresponse und Gewichtung für Viktimisierungsstudien. In: N. Guzy, C. Birkel & R. Mischkowitz (Eds.), Viktimisierungsbefragungen in Deutschland. (pp. 8-75). Germany: Bundeskriminalamt (BKA).

Harrison, E. K., Quick, A., Abdallah, S., Ruggeri, K., Garcia Garzon, G., Maguire, Á., Huppert, F. A., Saini, R. & Zwiener, N. (2016). Looking into the Wellbeing Kaleidoscope: Results from the European Social Survey. London: New Economics Foundation.

Kroll, M. & Schnell, R. (2016). Anonymisation of geographical distance matrices via Lipschitz embedding. International Journal of Health Geographics, 15(1), doi: 10.1186/s12942-015-0031-7

Mercea, D. & Bastos, M. T. (2016). Being a Serial Transnational Activist. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 21(2), pp. 140-155. doi: 10.1111/jcc4.12150

Reece Thomas, K. (2016). State Immunity. Insight,

Schnell, R. & Noack, M. (2016). Reliability and Stability of the Standard Fear of Crime Indicator in a National Panel Over 14 Years. Survey Research Methods, 10(3), pp. 253-264.

Cohen, R. L. (2015). Towards a quantitative feminist sociology: the possibilities of a methodological oxymoron. In: L. McKie & L. Ryan (Eds.), An End to the Crisis of Empirical Sociology?: Trends and Challenges in Social Research. Sociological Futures. . Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 9781138828674

Schnell, R. (2015). Privacy-preserving Record Linkage. In: K. Harron, H. Goldstein & C. Dibben (Eds.), Methodological Developments in Data Linkage. (pp. 201-225). UK: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 1118745876

Thompson, P.M., Andreassen, O.A., Arias-Vasquez, A., Bearden, C.E., Boedhoe, P.S., Brouwer, R.M., Buckner, R.L., Buitelaar, J.K., Bulayeva, K.B., Cannon, D.M., Cohen, R.A., Conrod, P.J., Dale, A.M., Deary, I.J., Dennis, E.L., de Reus, M.A., Desrivieres, S., Dima, D., Donohoe, G., Fisher, S.E., Fouche, J.P., Francks, C., Frangou, S., Franke, B., Ganjgahi, H., Garavan, H., Glahn, D.C., Grabe, H.J., Guadalupe, T., Gutman, B.A., Hashimoto, R., Hibar, D.P., Holland, D., Hoogman, M., Pol, H.E., Hosten, N., Jahanshad, N., Kelly, S., Kochunov, P., Kremen, W.S., Lee, P.H., Mackey, S., Martin, N.G., Mazoyer, B., McDonald, C., Medland, S.E., Morey, R.A., Nichols, T.E., Paus, T., Pausova, Z., Schmaal, L., Schumann, G., Shen, L., Sisodiya, S.M., Smit, D.J., Smoller, J.W., Stein, D.J., Stein, J.L., Toro, R., Turner, J.A., van den Heuvel, M.P., van den Heuvel, O.L., van Erp, T.G., van Rooij, D., Veltman, D.J., Walter, H., Wang, Y., Wardlaw, J.M., Whelan, C.D., Wright, M.J., Ye, J. & ENIGMA Consortium, (2015). ENIGMA and the individual: Predicting factors that affect the brain in 35 countries worldwide.. Neuroimage, doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.11.057

Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Striving for quality, comparability and transparency in cross-national social survey measurement: illustrations from the European Social Survey (ESS). (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

Da Silva Zago, G., Da Cunha Recuero, R. & Bastos, M. T. (2015). Quem Retuita Quem? Papéis de ativistas, celebridades e imprensa durante os #protestosbr no Twitter. Observatorio, 9(3), pp. 67-83. doi: 10.7458/obs932015800

Johann, D., Steinbrecher, M. & Thomas, K. (2015). Persönlichkeit, politische Involvierung und politische Partizipation in Deutschland und Österreich. In: T. Faas, C. Frank & H. Schoen (Eds.), Political Psychology. (pp. 65-90). Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. ISBN 9783848713608

Simpson, A., Hannigan, B., Coffey, M., Jones, A., Barlow, S., Cohen, R. L., Všetečková, J., Faulkner, A. & Haddad, M. (2015). Study protocol: cross-national comparative case study of recovery-focused mental health care planning and coordination (COCAPP).. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1), p. 145. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0538-2

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). State Immunity. Insight,

Barnes, M., Lord, C. & Chanfreau, J. (2015). Child poverty transitions: exploring the routes into and out of poverty 2009 to 2012. UK: Department for Work and Pensions.

Reece Thomas, K. (2015). Enforcing against state assets:the case for restricting private creditor enforcement and how judges in England have used "context" when applying the "commercial purposes" test. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2(1),

Bastos, M. T. & Mercea, D. (2015). Serial Activists: Political Twitter Beyond Influentials and the Twittertariat. New Media and Society, doi: 10.1177/1461444815584764

Recuero, R., Zago, G., Bastos, M. T. & Araujo, R. (2015). Hashtags Functions in the Protests Across Brazil. SAGE Open, 5(2), doi: 10.1177/2158244015586000

Dieckhoff, M. & Gash, V. (2015). Unemployed and alone? Unemployment and social participation in Europe. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 35(1/2), pp. 67-90. doi: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2014-0002

Dieckhoff, M., Gash, V. & Steiber, N. (2015). Measuring the effect of institutional change on gender inequality in the labour market. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 39, pp. 59-75. doi: 10.1016/j.rssm.2014.12.001

Bastos, M. T. (2015). Shares, Pins, and Tweets: News readership from daily papers to social media. Journalism Studies, 16(3), pp. 305-325. doi: 10.1080/1461670X.2014.891857

Puschmann, C. & Bastos, M. T. (2015). How Digital Are the Digital Humanities? An Analysis of Two Scholarly Blogging Platforms. PLoS One, 10(2), e0115035. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115035

Geurs, K. T., Thomas, T., Bijlsma, M. & Douhou, S. (2015). Automatic trip and mode detection with move smarter: First results from the Dutch Mobile Mobility Panel. Transportation Research Procedia, 11, pp. 247-262. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2015.12.022

Bastos, M. T., Mercea, D. & Charpentier, A. (2015). Tents, tweets, and events: The interplay between ongoing protests and social media. Journal of Communication, 65(2), pp. 320-350. doi: 10.1111/jcom.12145

Dieckhoff, M., Gash, V., Mertens, A. & Romeu-Gordo, L. (2015). Female atypical employment in the Service Occupations: a comparative study of time trends in Germany and the UK. In: W. Eichorst & P. Marx (Eds.), Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets: An Occupational Perspective. (pp. 353-377). UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781781001714

Lahtinen, K., Slingsby, A., Dykes, J., Butt, S. & Fitzgerald, R. (2015). Informing Non-Response Bias Model Creation in Social Surveys with Visualisation. Paper presented at the VIS 2015, 25-10-2015 - 30-10-2015, Chicago, USA.

Schnell, R. & Borgs, C. (2015). Building a national perinatal database without the use of unique personal identifiers. Paper presented at the IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, 14-11-2015 - 17-11-2015, Atlantic City, USA.

Niedermeyer, F., Steinmetzer, S., Kroll, M. & Schnell, R. (2014). Cryptanalysis of Basic Bloom Filters Used for Privacy Preserving Record Linkage. Journal of Privacy and Condentiality, 6(2), pp. 59-79.

Recuero, R., Bastos, M. T. & Zago, G. (2014). Narrative and violence: the Brazilian Autumn coverage on Twitter. Matrizes, 8(2), doi: 10.11606/issn.1982-8160.v8i2p191-217

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. & Prestage, Y (2014). A Versatile tool? Applying the Cross-national Error Source Typology (CNEST) to triangulated pre-test data. Lausanne: FORS.

Braghiroli, S. & Salini, L. (2014). How Do the Others See Us? An Analysis of Public Opinion Perceptions of the EU and USA in Third Countries. Transworld(33), pp. 1-19.

Callegaro, M., Villar, A., Krosnick, J. & Yeager, D. (2014). A Critical Review of Studies Investigating the Quality of Data Obtained With Online Panels. In: M. Callegaro, R. Baker, J. Bethlehem, A. Goritz, J. Krosnick & P. Lavrakas (Eds.), Online Panel Research: A Data Quality Perspective. (pp. 23-53). UK: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-119-94177-4

Schoua-Glusberg, A. & Villar, A. (2014). Assessing Translated Questions via Cognitive Testing. In: K. Miller, S. Willson, V. Chepp & J. L. Padilla (Eds.), Cognitive Interviewing Methodology. (pp. 51-67). Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118383544

Dolezal, M., Haselmayer, M., Johann, D., Thomas, K. & Ennser-Jedenastik, L. (2014). Negative Campaigning. In: W. Müller, S. Kritzinger & K. Schönbach (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 99-111). Vienna, Austria: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

Bastos, M. T., Recuero, R. & Zago, G. (2014). Taking tweets to the streets: A spatial analysis of the Vinegar Protests in Brazil. First Monday, 19(3), doi: 10.5210/fm.v19i3.5227

Barnes, M. & Lord, C. (2014). Child Poverty Transitions – early findings report. London, UK: Department for Work and Pensions.

Barnes, M. & McKnight, A. (2014). Understanding the behaviours of households in fuel poverty: A review of research evidence. UK: Department of Energy and Climate Change.

Cohen, R. L. (2014). Playing with numbers: Using Top Trumps as an ice-breaker and introduction to quantitative methods. Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences, 6(2), pp. 21-29. doi: 10.11120/elss.2014.00030

Fitzgerald, R., Winstone, L. & Prestage, Y. (2014). Searching For Evidence of Acculturation: Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Among Migrants Moving From Eastern to Western Europe. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 26(3), pp. 323-341. doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edu021

Glantschnigg, C., Thomas, K. & Zeglovits, E. (2014). Wählen gehen? Und wen wählen? Entscheidungsfindung im Wahlkampf. In: W. Müller, S. Kritzinger & K. Schönbach (Eds.), Die Nationalratswahl 2013. Wie Parteien, Medien und Wählerschaft zusammenwirken. (pp. 159-176). Vienna: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3205795360

Recuero, R., Zago, G. & Bastos, M. T. (2014). O discurso dos #ProtestosBR: análise de conteúdo do Twitter. Galáxia (São Paulo), 14(28), pp. 199-216. doi: 10.1590/1982-25542014217911

Schnell, R. (2014). The Accuracy of Pre-Election Polling of German General Elections. MDA - Methods, Data, Analysis, 8(1), pp. 5-24. doi: 10.12758/mda.2014.001

Schnell, R. (2014). An efficient Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage Technique for Administrative Data and Censuses. Statistical Journal of the IAOS, 30(3), pp. 263-270. doi: 10.3233/SJI-140833

Schnell, R., Trappmann, M. & Gramlich, T. (2014). A Study of Assimilation Bias in Name-Based Sampling of Migrants. Journal of Official Statistics, 30(2), pp. 231-249. doi: 10.2478/jos-2014-0015

Villar, A., Callegaro, M. & Yang, Y. (2013). Where Am I? A Meta-Analysis of Experiments on the Effects of Progress Indicators for Web Surveys. Social Science Computer Review, 31(6), pp. 744-762. doi: 10.1177/0894439313497468

Ryan, L., Cooper, P. & Drey, N. (2013). University Research Ethics Committees as learning communities: Identifying and utilising collaboratively produced knowledge in decision-making. Research Ethics, 9(4), pp. 166-174. doi: 10.1177/1747016112437688

Cohen, R. L. (2013). Femininity, Childhood and the Non-Making of a Sporting Celebrity: The Beth Tweddle Case. Sociological Research Online, 18(3), doi: 10.5153/sro.3193

Mejlgaard, N. & Stares, S. (2013). Performed and preferred participation in science and technology across Europe: Exploring an alternative idea of "democratic deficit". Public Understanding of Science, 22(6), pp. 660-673. doi: 10.1177/0963662512446560

Gaskell, G., Stares, S. & Fischler, C. (2013). Have GM crops and food a future in Europe? In: Successful Agricultural Innovation in Emerging Economies: New Genetic Technologies for Global Food Production. (pp. 331-347). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139208475

Cohen, R. L., Hardy, K., Sanders, T. & Wolkowitz, C. (2013). The Body/Sex/Work Nexus: A Critical Perspective on Body Work and Sex Work. In: C Wolkowitz, RL Cohen, T Sanders & K Hardy (Eds.), Body/Sex/Work: Intimate, embodied and sexualised labour. Critical Perspectives on Work and Employment. (pp. 3-27). Basingstoke: Palgrave. ISBN 9781137021908

Bastos, M. T. (2013). A cultural form for the technological society. MATRIZes, 7(1), pp. 183-195. doi: 10.11606/issn.1982-8160.v7i1p193-195

Cohen, N. R., Brennan, P. J., Shay, T., Watts, G. F., Brigl, M., Kang, J., Brenner, M. B. & ImmGen Project Consortium, . (2013). Shared and distinct transcriptional programs underlie the hybrid nature of iNKT cells. Nature Immunology, 14(1), pp. 90-99. doi: 10.1038/ni.2490

Barnes, M., Cullinane, C., Scott, S. & Silvester, S. (2013). People living in bad housing: Numbers and health impacts. UK: Shelter.

Barnes, M. & Lord, C. (2013). Poverty, economic status and skills: What are the links?. UK: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Bastos, M. T. & Zago, G. (2013). Tweeting News Articles Readership and News Sections in Europe and the Americas. SAGE Open, 3(3), doi: 10.1177/2158244013502496

Douhou, S. & van Soest, A. (2013). Explaining subjective well-being: The role of victimization, trust, health, and social norms. Applied Econometrics, 31(3), pp. 52-78.

Lord, C., Lloyd, J. & Barnes, M. (2013). Understanding Landlords: A study of private landlords in the UK using the Wealth and Assets Survey. London, UK: Strategic Society Centre.

Schnell, R. (2013). Efficient private record linkage of very large datasets. Paper presented at the 59th World Statistics Congress of the International Statistical Institute, 25-30 Aug 2013, Hong Kong.

Schnell, R. (2013). Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage and Privacy-Preserving Blocking for Large Files with Cryptographic Keys using Multibit Trees. Paper presented at the Joint Statistical Meeting, 3-8 Aug 2013, Montreal, Canada.

Schnell, R., Gramlich, T., Bachteler, T., Reiher, J., Trappmann, M., Smid, M. & Becher, I. (2013). Ein neues Verfahren für namensbasierte Zufallsstichproben von Migranten. MDA - Methoden, Daten, Analysen, 7(1), pp. 5-33. doi: 10.12758/mda.2013.001

Douhou, S., Magnus, J. R. & van Soest, A. (2012). Peer Reporting and the Perception of Fairness. De Economist, 160(3), pp. 289-310. doi: 10.1007/s10645-012-9192-y

Barnes, M., Bazalgette, L. & Lord, C. (2012). A Wider Lens. UK: Demos.

Bastos, M. T., Travitzki, R. & Puschmann, C. (2012). What Sticks with Whom? Twitter Follower-Followee Networks and News Classification. Paper presented at the The Sixth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 12), 4 Jun 2012, Dublin, Ireland.

Gash, V., Mertens, A. & Romeu-Gordo, L. (2012). The Influence of Changing Hours of Work on Women’s Life-Satisfaction. The Manchester School, 80(1), pp. 51-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9957.2011.02255.x

Ryan, L. (2012). "You must be very intelligent...?": Gender and Science Subject Uptake. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 4(2), pp. 167-190.

Stares, S., Deel, S. & Timms, J. (2012). Bordering on the unknown: approaches to global civil society data. In: M. Kaldor, H.L. Moore & S. Selchow (Eds.), Global Civil Society 2012: Ten Years of Critical Reflection. (pp. 184-202). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-36787-6

Jackson, J., Bradford, B., Hough, M., Kuha, J., Stares, S., Widdop, S., Fitzgerald, R., Yordanova, M. & Galev, T. (2011). Developing European indicators of trust in justice. European Journal of Criminology, 8(4), pp. 267-285. doi: 10.1177/1477370811411458

Cohen, R. L. (2011). Time, space and touch at work: Body work and labour process (re)organisation. Sociology of Health and Illness, 33(2), pp. 189-205. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01306.x

Cohen, R. L., Hughes, C. & Lampard, R. (2011). The methodological impact of feminism: A troubling issue for sociology?. Sociology, 45(4), pp. 570-586. doi: 10.1177/0038038511406599

Fitzgerald, R., Widdop, S., Gray, M. & Collins, D. (2011). Identifying sources of error in cross-national questionnaires: Application of an error source typology to cognitive interview data. Journal of Official Statistics, 27(4), pp. 569-599.

Twigg, J., Wolkowitz, C., Cohen, R. L. & Nettleton, S. (2011). Conceptualising body work in health and social care. Sociology of Health and Illness, 33(2), pp. 171-188. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01323.x

Barnes, M., Butt, S. & Tomaszewski, W. (2010). The Duration of Bad Housing and Living Standards of Children in Britain. Housing Studies, 26(1), pp. 155-176. doi: 10.1080/02673037.2010.512749

Mejlgaard, N. & Stares, S. (2010). Participation and competence as joint components in a cross-national analysis of scientific citizenship. Public Understanding of Science, 19(5), pp. 545-561. doi: 10.1177/0963662509335456

Broom, M., Crowe, M. L., Fitzgerald, M. R. & Rychtar, J. (2010). The stochastic modelling of kleptoparasitism using a Markov process. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 264(2), pp. 266-272. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.01.012

Cohen, R. L. (2010). When it pays to be friendly: employment relationships and emotional labour in hairstyling. The Sociological Review, 58(2), pp. 197-218. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-954X.2010.01900.x

Cohen, R. L. (2010). Rethinking 'mobile work': Boundaries of space, time and social relation in the working lives of mobile hairstylists. Work, Employment and Society, 24(1), pp. 65-84. doi: 10.1177/0950017009353658

Gash, V. & Cooke, L. P. (2010). Wives’ part-time employment and marital stability in Great Britain, West Germany and the United States. Sociology, 44(6), pp. 1091-1108. doi: 10.1177/0038038510381605

Olsen, W., Gash, V., Vandecasteele, L., Walthery, P. & Heuvelman, H. (2010). The gender pay gap in the UK 1995-2007: research report number 1. UK: Government Equalities Office.

Stares, S. (2009). Using latent class models to explore cross-national typologies of Public engagement with Science and technology in Europe. Science, Technology and Society, 14(2), 289 329. doi: 10.1177/097172180901400205

Gash, V. (2009). Sacrificing their Careers for their Families? An Analysis of the Family Pay Penalty in Europe. Social Indicators Research, 93(3), pp. 569-586. doi: 10.1007/s11205-008-9429-y

Cohen, R. L. (2008). Work relations and the multiple dimensions of the work-life boundary: Hairstyling at home. In: C. Warhurst, D. R. Eikhof & A. Haunschild (Eds.), Work less, live more? Critical Perspectives in Work and Employment. (pp. 115-135). London, UK: Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 9780230535602

Gash, V. (2008). Bridge or trap? To what extent do temporary workers make more transitions to unemployment than to the standard employment contract. European Sociological Review, 24(5), pp. 651-668. doi: 10.1093/esr/jcn027

Gash, V. (2008). Constraints or Preferences? Identifying Answers from Part-time Workers’ Transitions in Denmark, France and the United-Kingdom. Work, Employment and Society, 22(4), pp. 655-674. doi: 10.1177/0950017008096741

Low, N., Butt, S., Ellis, P. & Davis Smith, J. (2007). Helping out: a national survey of volunteering and charitable giving. London: Cabinet Office.

Barnes, M.R. (1977). Form finding and analysis of tension space structures by dynamic relaxation. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

Butt, S. & Lahtinen, K. Using auxiliary data to model nonresponse bias The challenge of knowing too much about nonrespondents rather than too little?. Paper presented at the International Workshop on Household Nonresponse 2015, 02 Sep 2015 - 04 Sep 2015, Leuven, Belgium.

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City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.