A comparison of samples from Australia, the UK, and the Netherlands
Human values have been measured in the European Social Survey since its start in 2002 and provide a way to explain differences in beliefs between people and countries.
The inclusion of Australian respondents in 2020 provides an important comparative benchmark for Australia and an important regional addition for Europe.
In this presentation, Julie Lee (University of Western Australia) and Hester van Herk (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) will discuss differences in beliefs (e.g., about trust in institutions and about attitudes toward gays and lesbians) within and across countries and explain these using human values and religiosity.
They found differences in value-religiosity relationships at both the individual and country levels when comparing the samples from Australia, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands.
In all three countries, more conservative values determine the beliefs examined over and above religiosity (despite the positive relationships between conservative values and religiosity).
Furthermore, using quantile regression, they will show that when beliefs are stronger (i.e. at the 60th and 80th percentiles of the distribution of beliefs) the relationships between conservative values/religiosity and beliefs are much stronger than when these beliefs are weaker (i.e., at the 20th and 40th percentiles of the distribution of beliefs), at least in Australia.
Differences and similarities between countries will be discussed.
About the speakers
Professor Julie Anne Lee is the Director of Research and Research Training at the University of Western Australia Business School.
She is also the Founding Director of the Centre for Human and Cultural Values at The University of Western Australia. Her recent research focuses on values theory and measurement, and on how values influence behaviour in adults and children.
Professor Dr. Hester van Herk is a multidisciplinary researcher and full professor of Cross-Cultural Marketing Research at Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.
Her recent research focuses on antecedents and consequences of personal and cultural values of consumer behaviour in developed and emerging markets and on research methodology providing insight into differences and similarities between survey responses from different nations and cultural groups.
Several of her scientific and practice-oriented publications in which cross-national comparisons are made uses the European Social Survey.