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Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics

PhD / MPhil
Research degrees are available in Aeronautics Engineering, Air Transport Engineering, Air Transport Operation, Safety and Maintenance, Automotive Engineering, Energy Engineering and Mechanical Engineering

Research Groups or Centres

Key Information

Start date

Research students may commence their studies on 1st October or 1st February.

Duration

Full-time: 2-4 years

Part-time: 3-7 years

Maximum registration periods include any time spent in writing-up mode.

Fees

UK/EU

Full-time: £4,500 per year

Part-time: £2,250 per year

Non-EU

Full-time: £9,600 per year

Part-time: £4,800 per year

Overview

There are six research routes available within the Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering:

  • Aeronautics Engineering PhD / MPhil
  • Air Transport Engineering PhD / MPhil
  • Air Transport Operation, Safety and Maintenance PhD / MPhil
  • Automotive Engineering PhD / MPhil
  • Energy Engineering PhD / MPhil
  • Mechanical Engineering PhD / MPhil

The Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department has strong expertise in the area of Fluids Engineering. Research can be performed in topics related to:

  • Computational and experimental fluid dynamics and their applications to IC engines
  • Compressors and turbines
  • Various fluid machinery (injectors, pumps, propellers, fly wheels, marine systems)
  • Flow control
  • Boundary layer drag reduction
  • Supersonic flow
  • Energy conversion systems.

In the area of CFD expertise exists in the development of numerical methods and physical models for multi-phase flows and cavitation, turbulence modelling (LES and DNS), fluid-structure interaction, flow control, boundary layer drag reduction, phase-change processes (cavitation and vaporisation), liquid sprays and combustion processes. In the area of experimental fluid dynamics expertise exists in laser diagnostics (LDV, PDA, PIV, LIF among other) and instrumentation of various sensors for recording the performance of various machines.

Requirements

Entry requirements

Applicants should have a record of high academic achievement. The minimum requirement is a good first undergraduate MEng degree or MSc in a relevant subject from a UK university, or a recognised equivalent from an overseas institution.

In exceptional cases, we will consider applications from individuals who has a BEng degree in a relevant discipline but with a first class honours and relevant work experience. We will also consider applications from individuals with extensive professional experience in the area of their proposed research.

English requirements

Proof of English language proficiency is required for applicants whose first language is not English. We require a minimum IELTS score of 6.5.

Please note that the UK Border Agency currently requires us to confirm that you are at level B2 or above in all components of English before issuing visa documents.

Please note that due to changes in the UKVI's list of SELTs we are no longer able to accept TOEFL as evidence of English language for students who require a CAS as of April 2014.

Visa requirements

If you are not from the European Economic Area / Switzerland and you are coming to study in the UK, you may need to apply for a visa or entry clearance to come to the UK to study.

The way that you apply may vary depending on the length of your course. There are different rules for:

  • Students on courses of more than six months
  • Students on courses of less than six months
  • Students on a pre-sessional English language course.

If you require a Tier 4 student visa to study in the UK, you cannot undertake any City courses on a part-time basis.

For more information see our main Visa page.

Structure

The Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics has strong expertise in the area of Fluids Engineering and with its multidisciplinary roles has made major impact on engineering systems on land, sea, in the air and in outer space; from nano-scale project like medical implants to large-scale projects like aero-space stations.

The department welcomes research degree applications from candidates whose interests align with those of our academic staff. Currently there are more than 60 research students researching different topics at the Fluid Engineering Centre.  Research students are central to research activity in the department. Our goal is to support talented individuals who wish to develop their research skills, to undertake rigorous and inspirational research and ultimately to obtain an MPhil or PhD qualification. Research students are supported in their studies through a structured programme of supervision and training.

Research can be performed in topics related to computational and experimental fluid dynamics and their applications to IC engines, compressors and turbines, various fluid machinery (injectors, pumps, propellers, fly wheels, marine systems etc), flow control, boundary layer drag reduction, supersonic flow, energy conversion systems. In the area of CFD expertise exists in the development of numerical methods and physical models for multi-phase flows and cavitation, turbulence modelling (LES and DNS), fluid-structure interaction, phase-change processes (cavitation and vaporisation), liquid sprays and combustion processes. In the area of experimental fluid dynamics expertise exists in laser diagnostics (LDV, PDA, PIV, LIF among other) and instrumentation of various sensors for recording the performance of various machines and wind tunnel testing.

There are currently 65 PhD students in the Department doing active research in a wide range of fluid engineering research areas:

  • Controllability of Saturating Crossflow Vortices
  • Influence of attachment line flow on form drag
  • Cavitation Erosion
  • Singing Propellers: Understanding the mechanisms and developing design
  • guidance
  • The development of a method to estimate ship-produced atmospheric CO2 emissions
  • Numerical Investigation of droplet impingement on non-flat surfaces
  • Simulation of Flight Dynamics of Bee-Shaped Objects
  • Modelling of Cavitation in Diesel Injector Nozzles
  • Profiling for optimal application of screw compressor rotors
  • Evaluation of multiphase flows at the suction of screw compressor
  • Instabilities and Soot Formation in High Pressure Explosion Flames
  • The optical characterisation of cavitation flow in diesel fuel injection equipment
  • Real time simulation system for floating offshore wind turbine
  • Numerical simulations on large ship motions under freak waves
  • Internal Flow Characteristics of Multi-hole Injectors for IC engines
  • Correlating Liner Oil Film Composition with Engine Oil Consumption
  • Control of turbulent boundary layers using flexible filaments
  • Design of Electric Vehicle Propulsion Systems Incorporating Flywheel Energy Storage
  • An investigation into Electric Supercharging for emission reduction by means of engine downsizing
  • Experimental and Numerical Studies on Oil Spillage from Damaged Oil Tanks
  • Analytical and experimental investigation of a Micro-gas turbine for concentrated solar power applications
  • Development of a 10-30 kWe waste heat recovery-organic rankine cycle
  • Advanced design and manufacturing of screw rotor profile
  • Increasing effectiveness of investment in aviation safety and quality
  • Holistic Risk Management in Commercial Air Transport

Funding options

  • Full-time EU: £4,500 per year
  • Part-time EU: £2,250 per year
  • Full-time Non EU: £9,600 per year
  • Part-time Non EU: £4,800 per year

The writing-up fee for all candidates is £300.00 per year (max 1 year).

Fees for doctoral candidates are charged annually and cover registration, supervision and examination. Fees are subject to review each year and are likely to increase by approximately 3% annually.

City offers doctoral studentships on a competitive basis each year.

We welcome applicants funded through a wide range of schemes:

  • The Science Without Borders scheme for Brazilian citizens
  • Commonwealth Scholarships, for citizens of developed and developing Commonwealth countries.
  • The Indonesia-UK DIKTI Scholarship Programme, for faculty members at Indonesian Universities to study for a doctorate in the UK.
  • The EU Erasmus Mundus programme.

Support

Supervision

All research students are appointed a supervisory team consisting of at least two supervisors. One of these will be designated as the first point of contact with personal responsibility for ensuring that effective supervision is provided.

Training

The supervisory team will discuss training requirements with the candidate when study is commenced. We may recommend that a candidate takes a number of taught modules, benefiting from the specialist Masters courses in the Department of Computer Science.

Research Environment

Research students are provided with a desk, PC and bookshelves in a shared office space and have access to shared printing facilities. Specialist facilities, such as theCity Interaction Lab, are also available where relevant to the research topic. All research students are strongly encouraged to contribute to our dynamic research environment and to attend regular research seminars and meetings.

How to apply

We accept applications on an ongoing basis for entry in October, January and April. You are advised to submit your application at least six weeks before your proposed start date in order for us to consider and process your application. Once you have identified a supervisor who will accept to guide you through your research, please submit the following documents:

  • PhD application form
  • A three page Research Proposal (See our detailed guidance on writing a research proposal)
  • Copies of your degree transcripts and certificates (originals or certified copies). If your applications is successful, we will need to see the original hard copies before a final offer is made.
  • Two reference letters from at least one academic staff, sent from an office work email (not private) to pgr.smcse.enquire@city.ac.uk.
  • Proof of English language proficiency (minimum 6.5 IELTS) if English is not your first language.

Please note that we will not consider incomplete applications.

You can contact the following addresses for preliminary enquiries:

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