- Sun, S. and Zhao, L.L. (2022). Legal issues and challenges in addressing the coronavirus outbreak on large cruise ships: A critical examination of port state measures. Ocean & Coastal Management, 217, pp. 105995–105995. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105995.
- Zhao, L., Christou, G. and Zhang, P. (2021). The Impact of the Sino-US Trade War to the Global Economy. Journal of Transnational and Chinese Commercial Law, (13), pp. 7–25.
- Zhao, L. and Zhang, P. (2021). Belt and Road Initiative Challenges and Restructuring of the Global Trade System. Journal of Transnational and Chinese Commercial Law, (13), pp. 51–71.
- Zhao, L.L., Karaivanova, A. and Zhang, P. (2021). The Complementary Role of the WTO in the Enhancement of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project. World, 2(2), pp. 267–294. doi:10.3390/world2020017.
- Zhang, P., Zhao, L., Vata, O. and Rajagopal, S. (2020). Restructuring seafarers’ welfare under the Maritime Labour Convention: an empirical case study of Greece. Maritime Business Review, 5(4), pp. 373–389. doi:10.1108/mabr-02-2020-0009.
- Zhao, L. (2016). The limited scope of seaborne cargo liability regime: new political–economic environments in the 21st century. Maritime Policy & Management, 43(6), pp. 748–762. doi:10.1080/03088839.2016.1163430.
London EC1V 0HB
Dr Lijun (Liz) Zhao is Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor equivalent) in Law at City, University of London. Her expertise lies in Corporate and Commercial Law, as well as World Trade Law. She has published extensively on various areas of corporate and commercial law, and maritime law. Moreover, she teaches Contract Law, English and European Legal Systems, and Commercial Law.
Besides these, Dr Zhao has acted as the Director of Academic Visitor Programme at City Law School since 2021. Please consult with the programme page for details: https://www.city.ac.uk/about/schools/law/about-the-school/research/academic-visitor-programme
Dr Zhao holds visiting professorship at several institutes, including Max Planck Institute, Harvard Law School, Bologna University, Koln University, and the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb). Besides this, she is co-Founding Director of the China-Europe Commercial Collaboration Association (2017-2021) and a member of several professional bodies, such as the London Maritime Arbitrators Association 2020-now).
Since September 2018, she has participated in the work of the International Maritime Committee’s Working Group on maritime law as a Member of the CMI Experts Group and contributed to the drafting of an instrument on the restatement of General maritime law.
She welcomes PhD candidates who are interested in researching corporate and commercial law.
Journal Articles (Peer-reviewed):
(1) L. Zhao, Legal Issues and Challenges in Addressing the Coronavirus Outbreak on Large Cruise Ships: A Critical Examination of Port State Measures, Ocean and Coastal Management (SSCI and SCI dually indexed journal, published by Elsevier). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105995
(2) L. Zhao, The Complementary Role of the WTO in the Enhancement of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project, World (2021)2, pp.267-294, https://doi.org/10.3390/world2020017 (Full-Text Viewed 1477 times, https://doi.org/10.3390/world2020017
(3) L. Zhao, The Impact of the Sino-US Trade War to the Global Economy, Journal of Transnational and Chinese Commercial Law (ISSN 2634-8209) (2021), Issue 13, pp7-25.
(4) L. Zhao, Belt and Road Initiative Challenges and Restructuring of the Global Trade System, Journal of Transnational and Chinese Commercial Law (ISSN 2634-8209) (2021), Issue 13, pp51-71.
(5) L. Zhao, Restructuring Seafarers Welfare under the Maritime Labour Convention: An Empirical Case Study of Greece, Maritime Business Review (ESSCI-indexed journal) (2020), pp373-389, https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/MABR-02-2020-0009/full/html (Viewed 1796 times)
(6) L. Zhao, Maritime Transport, The WTO and Regional Trade Agreements: Too Many Cooks?, European Yearbook of International Economic Law (2020), pp. 219-247 https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-46955-9_10
(7) L. Zhao, To Be or Not to Be? －An Empirical Study on Dual-class Share Structure of US-Listed Chinese Companies, (2017) Journal of International Business & Law (ranked as the top 30th among all commercial law journals worldwide; Impact factor 0.31), volume 16, issue 1, pp.215-248 https://scholarlycommons.law.hofstra.edu/jibl/vol16/iss2/6/
(8) L. Zhao, The Limited Scope of Sea Cargo Liability Regime: New Political-Economic Environments in the 21st Century, (2016) Journal of Maritime Policy and Management, pp.1-15 (SSCI and ABS indexed journal), https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03088839.2016.1163430?journalCode=tmpm20
(9) L. Zhao, Uniform Seaborne Cargo Regimes – An Historical Review, (2015) Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce (ranked 48th in commercial law journals worldwide, the journal often referred and cited by the USA Supreme Court and other courts), volume 46, issue 2, pp.133-200 https://unov.tind.io/record/63948
(10) L. Zhao, Transportation, Cooperation and Harmonization, GATS as a Gateway to integrating the UN’s Sea Cargo Regime into the WTO Framework, (2015) Pace International Law Review, volume 27, issue 1, pp.60-118 (ranked 73rd in international law worldwide) https://digitalcommons.pace.edu/pilr/vol27/iss1/2/
(11) L. Zhao, Carriers Beware! – Circumstances under Which Carriers Face Conflicting Liability Regimes, (2015) Journal of Navigation (Cambridge Press; SCI Journal), volume 68, issue 4, pp.784-790. DOI: 10.1017/S0373463315000247
(12) L. Zhao, Soft or Hard Law: Effective Implementation of Uniform Sea Transport Rules through the WTO Negotiations and Litigation, (2014) International Organizations Law Review (ranked 114th among all law reviews worldwide), volume 11, pp172-227 https://brill.com/view/journals/iolr/11/1/article-p172_6.xml
(13) L. Zhao, Survey on the Uniformity of Seaborne Cargo Conventions: Need to Limit the Scope of Uniformity, 81(2014)2 Journal of Transportation Law, Logistics and Policy (ranked 2nd on transportation law worldwide; published by the Association of Transportation Law Professionals since 1929), volume 81, issue 2, pp.111-121 (cited by the US Transportation Research Board). https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2601967
(14) L. Zhao, Economic Justification for a Limited Coverage for Uniformity Focusing on the Liner Shipping Sector (Law-and-economics study), (2014) US-China Law Review, volume 11, pp.652-657
Author and co-editor of book – Commercial and Maritime Law in China and Europe, Routledge Informa publisher (signed agreement with the publisher) (In press/ forthcoming in 2022)
L. Zhao, Delocalisation of Maritime Dispute Resolution: Changes, Challenges and New Initiatives Affecting Access to Justice, in P.K. Mukherjee, (Ed), Maritime Law Perspectives Old and New（2022）（Accepted for publication, and in press.）
L. Zhao, Lex Maritima in a Changing World – A Close Look at Development and Prospect of Rules Governing Carriage of Goods by Sea, P.K. Mukherjee (Ed), Maritime Law in Action, (2020) Springer https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-31749-2_37
L. Zhao, The CISG in Action: Law and Practice in China, in Multi-Disciplinary Perspective on the UN Convention on Sales of Goods, P. Sooksipaisarnkit (Ed); (2019) Sweet & Maxwell: London and Hong Kong.
L. Zhao, China’s Port System Development and its Internationalisation – with Special Reference to Belt and Road Initiative, in S. Zunarelli and M. Musi (Eds) Current Issues in Maritime and Transport Law (Published jointly by Bologna University and Bronmo publisher, Italy) (2018). https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/25403/
L. Zhao, An Empirical Study on Uniform Seaborne Cargo Rules, in O.F. Basurko and J.M. Martin Osante (Editors), New Trends in Maritime Law, (2017) Thomson Reuters: Spain, ISBN: 978-84-9152-773-2, pp.409-430.
L. Zhao, An Analysis of Transport Documents, in S. Zunarelli and M. Musi (Eds), Current Issues in Maritime and Transport Law (Il Diritto Marittimo – Quaderni), (Published jointly by Bologna University and Bronmo publisher, Italy) (2016), pp1-28 (achieved by UNCITRAL Law Library) https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/20975/
Presentations and Conferences (Selected):
(1) Organizer of Public Lecture “A risk-based approach to specific aspects of the obligations placed on a coastal State by international maritime law”, for students and staff, held in a hybrid format (in-person and online), 30/11/2021
(2) Convenor of Webinar “Practical and Legal Insights into Carriage of Goods by Sea”, 25/08/2021
(3) Convenor and contributor of Webinar “The Salvage of the Vessel ‘Ever Given’ in the Suez Canal: What Happens After ‘Captain Netherlands’ Saves World Trade?”, held jointly by City, Maastricht University and CECCA, 20/05/2021
(4) Presentation: Legal Issues and Challenges in Addressing the Outbreak of Coronavirus on International Cruise Ships, in International Seminar on Global Public Health Governance in COVID-19 Era, held by Shanghai Maritime University, Online, 25/07/2020
(5) Convenor of International Conference ‘Arbitration Enforcement and Jurisdiction in a Commercial Setting: Anglo, European and Chinese Perspectives’, Presentation: Impact of Cultural Aspect on Arbitration: Law in Practice and the Experience of Chinese Parties in London Arbitration, Access to Justice and Arbitration Conference, Co-organised with Swansea University, hosted by HWF law firm, London, 21/02/2020
(6) Presentation: Trade vs War: Belt and Road Initiative and Innovation to Trade, at the 6th Sino-UK Annual Conference on Commercial Law, Economics and Business, CCLS, Queen Mary University of London, 07/06/2019
(7) Chair of Panel presentations on Law Commission and Law Reform and Reforming the Chinese Maritime Code, at Anglo-Chinese Maritime Law and Practice in Transition Conference, Held by Southampton University, 06-07/06/2019
(8) Presentation: Shipping, Maritime Transport Services and Regional Trading Agreements, Symposium on Regionalism in Trade in Services, held by Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 14-15/03/2019
(9) Southampton Maritime Week, Keynote speech: The Reconstruction and Internationalisation of Chinese Ports – Transforming national champions into global players, Southampton, 25-28/02/2019
- PhD, University of Wales, United Kingdom
- Programme Director of Academic Visitor Programme, The City Law School
- Commitee Member, City Law School Research Ethics Committee
- Visiting Scholar and Lead of Global Law and Policy Research Group, Middlesex University (London, Dubai and Mauritius campuses), Apr 2021 – present
- Senior Lecturer in Corporate and Commercial Law (Associate Professor equivalent), City, University of London, Apr 2021 – present
- Supervisor of Arbitrators to be, The Chartered Instiute of Arbitrators (CIArb), Dec 2020 – Jun 2021
- Supporting Member and Arbitrator (part time), London Maritime Arbitrators Association (LMAA), Jan 2020 – present
- External Examiner, Swansea University, Sep 2017 – present
- co-Founding Director and Advisor, The China-Europe Commercial Collaboration Association (CECCA), Jun 2017 – present
Publications by category
- Zhao, L. (2020). Maritime Transport, the WTO, and Regional Trade Agreements: Too Many Cooks? Coherence and Divergence in Services Trade Law (pp. 219–247). Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-030-46954-2.
- Zhao, L.L. Delocalisation of Maritime Dispute Resolution: Changes, Challenges and New Initiatives Affecting Access to Justice. In Mukherjee, P.K. (Ed.), Maritime Law Perspectives Old and New
- Zhao, L. (2018). Achievements and Challenges of Chinese Maritime Judicial Practice.
Journal articles (6)
- The Comité Maritime International (CMI) Plenary Meeting and Lex Maritima working group meeting. (Conference) Belgium (2022). Invited speaker.
Paper: Restatement of Lex Maritima (General Maritime Law)
- Arbitration Enforcement and Jurisdiction in a Commercial Setting: Anglo, European and Chinese Perspectives. (Conference) London (2020). Organising Committee and Chair. Invited speaker.
- International Symposium on Regionalism in Trade in Services. (Conference) Nürnberg, Germany Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: Trade in Services, Transport, and Regional Trading Agreements
- The 6th Sino-UK Annual Conference on Commercial Law, Economics and Business. (Conference) London Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: Trade vs War: Belt and Road Initiative and Innovation to Trade
- The 9th International Conference on Maritime Law in China. (Conference) Shanghai, China Session/Day Chair and Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: Prospect of the Rotterdam Rules in the Changing Landscape of Maritime Transport Regimes – From Historical, Economic and Legal Perspectives
- 2018 Annual Conference of European Association of Chinese Law. Italy Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: China’s Multilateralism in Global Trade in the Trump Era and the Implications on Reshaping Trade Rules
- Harvard Law School Global Law and Policy International Conference. Harvard, USA Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: A Critique of the Potential Impact of Trade-Related Measures on Environment: With Special Reference to the EU and the US
- International Research Seminar in Maritime, Port and Transport Law, organized by Bologna University. Port Authority of Venice, Italy Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: Port Developments in China and its Internationalisation
- The 11th WTO Ministerial Conference- Academic Forum. (Conference) Buenos Aires, Argentina Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: Cooperation, Transportation and Globalisation: A Critique of the Role of Maritime Transport in Era of Deglobalisation