- Borda, A.Z. (2015). How Do International Judges Approach Competing Precedent? An Analysis of the Practice of International Criminal Courts and Tribunals in Relation to Substantive Law. International Criminal Law Review, 15(1), pp. 124–146. doi:10.1163/15718123-01501003.
- Zammit Borda, A. (2015). The appointment, tenure and removal of judges under Commonwealth principles: a compendium and analysis of best practice. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 41(4), pp. 501–501. doi:10.1080/03050718.2015.1093767.
- Borda, A.Z. (2015). The appointment, tenure and removal of judges under Commonwealth principles: a compendium and analysis of best practice. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 41(3), pp. 325–325. doi:10.1080/03050718.2015.1080435.
- Borda, A.Z. (2015). The Notion of ‘Persuasive Value’ of External Precedent in International Criminal Law. Nordic Journal of International Law, 84(1), pp. 29–58. doi:10.1163/15718107-08401001.
- Borda, A.Z. (2013). An Overview of the Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal and Its Use of Discretion in Employment-Related Judgments. Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal, 13(2), pp. 313–329. doi:10.5235/147293188.8.131.523.
- Borda, A.Z. (2013). The Use of Precedent as Subsidiary Means and Sources of International Criminal Law. Tilburg Law Review, 18(2), pp. 65–82. doi:10.1163/22112596-01802002.
- Borda, A.Z. (2013). Precedent in International Criminal Courts and Tribunals. Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2(2), pp. 287–313. doi:10.7574/cjicl.02.02.112.
- Zammit Borda, A. (2010). Law Reports of the Commonwealth: Editorial Review 2009. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 36(4), pp. 727–727. doi:10.1080/03050718.2010.524354.
- Zammit Borda, A. (2009). International humanitarian law in the Commonwealth. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 35(4), pp. 719–719. doi:10.1080/03050710903387865.
- Borda, A.Z. (2008). Introduction to International Humanitarian Law. Commonwealth Law Bulletin, 34(4), pp. 739–748. doi:10.1080/03050710802521523.
London EC1V 0HB
Aldo is a Reader in Law at City, University of London. He previously served as Director of the Centre for Access to Justice and Inclusion at Anglia Ruskin University. His research focus lies in the area of International Criminal Justice.
His most recent book on Histories in International Criminal Courts and Tribunals (TMC Asser 2020) engages with the concept of responsible history in international criminal adjudication. The Leiden Journal of International Law (Cambridge) described Aldo’s book as novel, nuanced and persuasive, going beyond theoretical debates to 'persuasively argue that ICTs are currently writing a history that is listened to and that they must do that responsibly' (LJIL vol. 34, 2021). The International Criminal Law Review (BRILL) held that ‘Zammit Borda’s book makes an important and timely contribution to the debate concerning the history-writing function of the ICTs’ (ICLR vol. 21, 2021). The Cambridge International Law Journal (Edward Elgar) stated that 'Borda’s book is a significant contribution for its thorough examination of the various approaches (both expansive and restrictive) to history-writing as well as their concomitant limitations when deployed by ICTs' (CILJ vol. 10, 2021). The Commonwealth Judicial Journal praised the book as a 'comprehensive (and extensively footnoted) monograph' (CJJ vol. 25, 2021). And a review in the Journal of International Criminal Justice (Oxford) stated:
'Zammit Borda builds on previous research, using his excellent knowledge of international criminal law, to develop an understanding of the complex relationship between international criminal justice and history-writing. He is commendably clear in his objectives and his methodology. [...] This thought-provoking book should be read by academics and practitioners alike: it constitutes a very important input to a field of research that has not seen enough contributions.' (JICJ vol. 19, 2021).
Before joining academia, Aldo was First Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malta. He also worked as a Legal Editor at the Commonwealth Secretariat. In 2013/14, he was a Research Associate at King’s College London, working on an EU FP7-funded project related to counter-terrorism.
Aldo obtained his PhD from Trinity College Dublin. He holds a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Malta and a Master of Economic Science in European Economic and Public Affairs from University College Dublin. His work has been published in the European Journal of International Law, the Leiden Journal of International Law, the Human Rights Law Review and the Journal of International Criminal Justice, amongst others. He is a Solicitor in England and Wales (non-practising) and an Advocate of the Courts of Malta. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a member of the Review Committees of the Newton Prize and the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship. In 2019, Aldo was awarded a British Academy/Leverhulme Grant. He was previously a Fellow of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple.
- PhD, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
- PG Diploma in Contemporary Diplomacy, University of Malta, Malta
- Master of Economic Science in European Economic and Public Affairs, University College Dublin, Ireland
- Doctor of Laws, University of Malta, Malta
- Visiting Scholar, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Mar 2019 – Apr 2021
Memberships of committees
- Member, Review Committee of the Newton Prize
- Member, Peer Review College of the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowships
Memberships of professional organisations
- Member, European Society of International Law
- Member, Society of Legal Scholars
- Member, European Law Institute
- Initial Member, ESIL Interest Group on International Criminal Justice
- Zammit Borda, A. (2020). History in International Criminal Trials. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 18(3), pp. 543–566. doi:10.1093/jicj/mqaa039.
- Dakhil, V., Zammit Borda, A. and Murray, A.R.J. (2017). ‘Calling ISIL Atrocities Against the Yezidis by Their Rightful Name’: Do They Constitute the Crime of Genocide? Human Rights Law Review, 17(2), pp. 261–283. doi:10.1093/hrlr/ngx004.
- ZAMMIT BORDA, A. (2015). Appraisal-Based and Flexible Approaches to External Precedent in International Criminal Law. Leiden Journal of International Law, 28(3), pp. 643–664. doi:10.1017/s0922156515000333.
- Zammit Borda, A. (2013). A Formal Approach to Article 38(1)(d) of the ICJ Statute from the Perspective of the International Criminal Courts and Tribunals. European Journal of International Law, 24(2), pp. 649–661. doi:10.1093/ejil/cht023.
Publications by category
- Borda, A.Z. (2020). Histories Written by International Criminal Courts and Tribunals Developing a Responsible History Framework. Springer Nature. ISBN 978-94-6265-427-3.
- Borda, A.Z. (2013). Legislative Drafting. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-98302-6.
- Borda, A.Z. (2013). International Humanitarian Law and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-98745-1.
- Zammit Borda, A. and Prosperi, L. (2020). A Partial View of History: ICTY Judgments as “Judicial Truths”. In Stahn, C., Agius, C., Brammertz, S., Hocking, J. and Rohan, C. (Eds.), Legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: A Multidisciplinary Account Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-886295-6.
- Zammit Borda, A., Murphy, C.M. and Hoyte, L. (2015). Law Enforcement Perspectives on EU Counter–Terrorism Co–operation’. In de Londras, F. and Doody, J. (Eds.), The Impact, Legitimacy and Effectiveness of EU Counter–Terrorism Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-85413-0.
- Murphy, C.C., Borda, A.Z. and Hoyte, L. (2015). The perspectives of counter-terrorism operatives on EU counter-terrorism law and policy. The Impact, Legitimacy and Effectiveness of EU Counter-Terrorism (pp. 157–180). ISBN 978-1-138-85413-0.
Journal articles (10)
- Zammit Borda, A. International Criminal Courts And Tribunals.
- Geoffrey Nice Foundation Masterclass in Dubrovnik, Croatia. (2021). Invited speaker.
Paper: Member of the Faculty
- Panel on Law, International Law and Collective Memory chaired by Prof. Moshe Hirsh, Memory Studies Association, Copenhagen. (2017). Panel Member. Invited speaker.
Paper: A Partial View of History at the ICTY
Co-authors: Luigi Prosperi