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portrait of Dr Lauren Knott

Dr Lauren Knott

Senior Lecturer in Psychology

School of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology

Contact Information


Visit Lauren Knott

D207, Rhind Building

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



Dr Knott was awarded her PhD in Psychology from Lancaster University in 2007. Her PhD research investigated the recollective experience of remembering and false memory production.

Subsequent to her PhD, Dr Knott worked as a post-doctoral research associate for Dr Steve Dewhurst and Professor Mark Howe (City University London) investigating false memory development in children. In 2010 she was awarded an ESRC grant to investigate the role of retrieval processes in false recognition.

She took up a lectureship in the Department of Psychology at City University London in April 2013.


  1. PhD in Cognitive Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom


  1. Associate Dean (Education) for SASS, City University London, London, Jan 2017 – present
  2. Honorary Secretary, BPS Cognitive Section, BPS, Sep 2015 – present

Memberships of committees

  1. BPS Cognitive Psychology Section


Research interests

- False memory
- How false memories can prime problem solving
- Memory development in children
- Memory and emotion
- Encoding and retrieval processes involved in memory
- Collaborative memory

Recent research grants

Economic and Social Research Council UK: "The role of retrieval processes in false recognition." Grant awarded to cover 2010-2011 (£96,000 for 14 months; RES-000-22-3561, Principle Investigator: L. Knott; Co-investigators S. Dewhurst and M. Howe).



  1. Howe, M.L., Knott, L.M. and Conway, M.A. (2017). Memory and Miscarriages of Justice. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-1-317-61738-9.


  1. Conway, M.A., Howe, M.L. and Knott, L.M. (2017). Psychology of memory and cognition. Forensic Psychiatry: Fundamentals and Clinical Practice (pp. 63–69). ISBN 978-1-4441-3521-3.

Journal articles (25)

  1. Hellenthal, M.V., Knott, L.M., Howe, M.L., Wilkinson, S. and Shah, D. (2019). The effects of arousal and attention on emotional false memory formation. Journal of Memory and Language, 107, pp. 54–68. doi:10.1016/j.jml.2019.03.010.
  2. Knott, L. and Shah, D. (2018). The Effect of Limited Attention and Delay on Negative Arousing False Memories. Cognition and Emotion. doi:10.1080/02699931.2018.1556153.
  3. Akhtar, S., Justice, L.V., Knott, L., Kibowski, F. and Conway, M.A. (2018). The ‘common sense’ memory belief system and its implications. International Journal of Evidence and Proof, 22(3), pp. 289–304. doi:10.1177/1365712718784045.
  4. Knott, L., Howe, M., Toffalini, E., Shah, D. and Humphreys, L. (2018). The role of attention in immediate emotional false memory enhancement. Emotion. doi:10.1037/emo0000407.
  5. Shah, D. and Knott, L.M. (2018). The role of attention at retrieval on the false recognition of negative emotional DRM lists. Memory, 26(2), pp. 269–276. doi:10.1080/09658211.2017.1349803.
  6. Hellenthal, M.V., Howe, M.L. and Knott, L.M. (2016). It Must Be My Favourite Brand: Using Retroactive Brand Replacements in Doctored Photographs to Influence Brand Preferences. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30(6), pp. 863–870. doi:10.1002/acp.3271.
  7. Thorley, C., Dewhurst, S.A., Abel, J.W. and Knott, L.M. (2016). Eyewitness memory: The impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event. Memory, 24(6), pp. 838–852. doi:10.1080/09658211.2015.1058955.
  8. Bland, C., howe, M. and Knott, L. (2016). Discrete emotion-congruent false memories in the DRM paradigm. Emotion. doi:10.1037/emo0000153.
  9. Howe, M. and Knott, L.M. (2015). The fallibility of memory in judicial processes: Lessons from the past and their modern consequences. Memory, 23(5), pp. 633–656. doi:10.1080/09658211.2015.1010709.
  10. Knott, L.M., Threadgold, E. and Howe, M.L. (2014). Negative mood state impairs false memory priming when problem-solving. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26(5), pp. 580–587. doi:10.1080/20445911.2014.922091.
  11. Knott, L.M. and Thorley, C. (2014). Mood-congruent false memories persist over time. Cognition and Emotion, 28(5), pp. 903–912. doi:10.1080/02699931.2013.860016.
  12. Dewhurst, S.A., Howe, M.L., Berry, D.M. and Knott, L.M. (2012). Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111(1), pp. 101–107. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.006.
  13. Knott, L.M., Dewhurst, S.A. and Howe, M.L. (2012). What factors underlie associative and categorical memory illusions? the roles of backward associative strength and interitem connectivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 38(1), pp. 229–239. doi:10.1037/a0025201.
  14. Dewhurst, S., Anderson, R.J. and Knott, L. (2012). A gender difference in false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men. Cognition and Emotion, 26, pp. 65–74.
  15. Dewhurst, S.A., Knott, L.M. and Howe, M.L. (2011). Test-Induced Priming Impairs Source Monitoring Accuracy in the DRM Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 37(4), pp. 1001–1007. doi:10.1037/a0022961.
  16. Knott, L.M., Howe, M.L., Wimmer, M.C. and Dewhurst, S.A. (2011). The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(1), pp. 91–108. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.01.001.
  17. Howe, M.L., Garner, S.R., Charlesworth, M. and Knott, L. (2011). A brighter side to memory illusions: False memories prime children's and adults' insight-based problem solving. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(2), pp. 383–393. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.08.012.
  18. Knott, L., Dewhurst, S. and Howe, M.L. (2011). Test-induced priming impairs source monitoring accuracy in the DRM procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, pp. 1001–1007.
  19. Knott, L., Howe, M.L., Wimmer, M.C. and Dewhurst, S.A. (2011). The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109, pp. 91–108.
  20. Dewhurst, S.A. and Knott, L. (2010). Investigating the encoding-retrieval match in recognition memory: Effects of experimental design, specificity, and retention interval. Memory and Cognition, 38, pp. 1101–1109.
  21. Dewhurst, S.A., Bould, E., Knott, L. and Thorley, C. (2009). The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions. Journal of Memory & Language, 60, pp. 154–164.
  22. Knott, L. and Dewhurst, S.A. (2009). Investigating the attentional demands of recognition memory: Manipulating level of encoding at study and level of attention at test. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 21, pp. 1045–1071.
  23. Knott, L. and Dewhurst, S.A. (2007). Divided attention at retrieval disrupts knowing but not remembering. Memory, 15, pp. 664–674.
  24. Knott, L. (2007). The effects of divided attention at study and test on false recognition: A comparison of DRM and categorized lists. Memory and Cognition, 35, pp. 1954–1965.
  25. Cooper, L., Dewhurst, S.A. and Brandt, K. (2005). Expertise and Recollective Experience: Recognition memory for familiar and unfamiliar Academic subjects. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, pp. 1113–1125.