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portrait of Professor Jean K Chalaby

Professor Jean K Chalaby

Professor of International Communication

School of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Sociology

Contact Information


Visit Jean K Chalaby

D625, Rhind Building

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



Professor Jean K. Chalaby obtained his first degree from the Université de Lausanne, Switzerland. Following a PhD in Sociology at the LSE in 1994 he became a post-doctoral fellow of the Swiss National Science Foundation, joining City University London as a lecturer in 2000.

His early career research focused on historical and comparative sociology, publishing notably The Invention of Journalism (Macmillan, 1998) and The de Gaulle Presidency and the Media: Statism and Public Communications (2002, Palgrave Macmillan).

For the past two decades,, his work has focused on international communication and the global remapping of media spaces, editing Transnational Television Worldwide (I.B. Tauris), and launching the MA Transnational Media & Globalisation in 2005. He authored Transnational Television in Europe four years later (I.B. Tauris) and The Format Age (Polity) in 2017. .

Professor Chalaby has published in excess of 70 single-authored publications, many of which in the leading academic journals of his field. He regularly delivers papers abroad and is frequently invited as guest speaker at seminars and colloquia across Europe. He was a visiting lecturer at the University of Geneva for 15 years, and was Head of Department, Sociology, between 2012 and 2014.


PhD supervision

Professor Chalaby welcomes inquiries from prospective PhD students in the field of international communication.


  1. Chalaby, J.K. (2015). The Format Age Television's Entertainment Revolution. Cambridge ; Malden, MA: Polity Press. ISBN 978-1-5095-0259-2.

Books (5)

  1. Chalaby, J. (2009). Transnational Television in Europe: Reconfiguring Global Communication Networks. London: I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84511-953-9.
  2. Chalaby, J. (Ed.), (2005). Transnational Television Worldwide: Towards a New Media Order. London: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-85043-548-8.
  3. Chalaby, J. (2002). The De Gaulle Presidency and the Media: Statism and Public Communications. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-75138-1.
  4. Chalaby, J. (2000). Northcliffe: Proprietor as journalist. ISBN 0-312-23256-X.
  5. Chalaby, J. (1998). The Invention of Journalism:. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-21286-5.

Chapters (15)

  1. Chalaby, J. (2016). At its Origins: The Nascent TV Format Trade, 1949-1962. In Medhurst, J., Nicholas, S. and O'Malley, T. (Eds.), Broadcasting in the UK and US in the 1950s: Historical Perspectives (pp. 169–187). Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4438-8899-8.
  2. Chalaby, J. (2016). Seventy Years in the Making: The Advent of the Transnational Television Format Trading System. In Aveyard, K., Moran, A. and Jensen, P.M. (Eds.), New Patterns in Global Television Formats Bristol: Intellect. ISBN 978-1-78320-712-1.
  3. Chalaby, J. (2013). Exploiting intellectual property in a borderless world: BBC Worldwide. In Kim, J.S., Lee, T., Choi, S. and Geum, D. (Eds.), In Celebration of KBS World’s 10th Anniversary: Public Broadcasters’ Development Strategy of their International Channels (pp. 113–142). Seoul: Korean Broadcasting System.
  4. Chalaby, J. (2013). Acquiring Ugly Betty for Channel 4: Interview with Jeff Ford. In McCabe, J. and Akass, K. (Eds.), TV's Betty Goes Global: From Telenovela to International Brand (pp. 64–71). London: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-78076-267-8.
  5. Chalaby, J. (2010). Public Communication in Totalitarian, Authoritarian and Statist Regimes: A Comparative Glance. In Postoutenko, K. (Ed.), Totalitarian communication: Hierarchies, Codes and Messages (pp. 67–89). Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.
  6. Chalaby, J. (2010). Public Broadcasters and Transnational Television: Coming to Terms with the New Media Order. In Iosifidis, P. (Ed.), Reinventing Public Service Communication: European Broadcasters and Beyond London: Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-230-22967-9.
  7. Chalaby, J. (2007). Journalism and the Two Industrial Revolutions of the Twentieth Century. In Broersma, M.J. (Ed.), Form and Style in Journalism: European Newspapers and the Representation of News, 1880-2005 Leuven: Peeters Pub & Booksellers. ISBN 978-90-429-1992-1.
  8. Chalaby, J. (2007). One Nation, One State, One Television: Making Sense of de Gaulle’s Broadcasting Policy. In Wardhaugh, J. (Ed.), Paris and the right in the twentieth century Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 1-84718-094-9.
  9. Chalaby, J. (2006). Television for a New Global Order: Transnational Television Networks and the Formation of Global Systems. In Sun, S. (Ed.), Global Media Policies: New Perspectives (pp. 272–291). Shangai: Shangai Joint Press. ISBN 978-7-5426-2186-3.
  10. Chalaby, J. (2005). Introduction: Towards an Understanding of Media Transnationalism. In Chalaby, J. (Ed.), Transnational television worldwide (pp. 1–13). London: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-85043-547-1.
  11. Chalaby, J. (2005). The Quiet Invention of a New Medium: Twenty Years of Transnational Television in Europe. In Chalaby, J. (Ed.), Transnational television worldwide (pp. 43–65). London: I. B. Tauris.
  12. Chalaby, J. (2004). L’Adaptation des programmes européens aux marchés nationaux : L’exemple d’Eurosport en Grande-Bretagne. In Marchetti, D. (Ed.), En quête d’Europe: Médias européens et médiatisation de l’Europe Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes. ISBN 978-2-86847-936-5.
  13. Chalaby, J. (2003). Transnational television in Europe: Affluence without influence. In Bond, M. and Research, F.T.F.E.A. (Eds.), Europe, parliament and the media London: The Federal Trust. ISBN 978-1-903403-22-8.
  14. Chalaby, J. (2000). Northcliffe: Proprietor as Journalist. In Catterall, P., Seymour-Ure, C. and Smith, A. (Eds.), Northcliffe’s Legacy: Apects of the British Press, 1896-1996 Basingstoke: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-72011-0.
  15. Chalaby, J. (1998). Safeguarding Humankind against the Pursuit of False Gods: A Sociological Perspective on the History of Censorship. In Paré, M. and Desbarats, P. (Eds.), Freedom of Expression and New Information Technologies ISBN 978-2-922417-05-0.

Journal articles (48)

  1. Chalaby, J.K. and Plunkett, S. (2020). Standing on the shoulders of tech giants: Media delivery, streaming television and the rise of global suppliers. New Media and Society. doi:10.1177/1461444820946681.
  2. Chalaby, J.K. (2019). Outsourcing in the u.K. television industry: A global value chain analysis. Communication Theory, 29(2), pp. 169–190. doi:10.1093/ct/qty024.
  3. Chalaby, J.K. (2018). Hedging against disaster: Risk and mitigation in the media and entertainment industries. International Journal of Digital Television, 9(2), pp. 167–184. doi:10.1386/jdtv.9.2.167_1.
  4. Chalaby, J.K. (2017). Can a GVC-oriented policy mitigate the inequalities of the world media system? Strategies for economic upgrading in the TV format global value chain. International Journal of Digital Television, 8(1), pp. 9–28. doi:10.1386/jdtv.8.1.9_1.
  5. Chalaby, J.K. and Esser, A. (2017). The TV format trade and the world media system: Change and continuity. International Journal of Digital Television, 8(1), pp. 3–7. doi:10.1386/jdtv.8.1.3_2.
  6. Chalaby, J.K. (2016). Television and Globalization: The TV Content Global Value Chain. Journal of Communication, 66(1), pp. 35–59. doi:10.1111/jcom.12203.
  7. Chalaby, J.K. (2016). Drama without Drama. Television & New Media, 17(1), pp. 3–20. doi:10.1177/1527476414561089.
  8. Chalaby, J.K. (2015). The advent of the transnational TV format trading system: a global commodity chain analysis. Media, Culture and Society, 37(3), pp. 460–478. doi:10.1177/0163443714567017.
  9. Chalaby, J. (2013). ‘Reflection i: Transnational TV Formats: Making the Local Visible and the Global Invisible’. Critical Studies in Television: The International Journal of Television Studies, 8(2), pp. 54–56.
  10. Chalaby, J.K. (2012). Producing TV Content in a Globalized Intellectual Property Market: The Emergence Of The International Production Model. Journal of Media Business Studies, 9(3), pp. 19–39. doi:10.1080/16522354.2012.11073550.
  11. Chalaby, J. (2012). At the Origin of a Global Industry: The TV Format Trade as an Anglo-American Invention. Media, Culture & Society, 34(1), pp. 37–53.
  12. Chalaby, J.K. (2011). The making of an entertainment revolution: How the TV format trade became a global industry. European Journal of Communication, 26(4), pp. 293–309. doi:10.1177/0267323111423414.
  13. Chalaby, J.K. (2010). The rise of Britain’s super-indies: Policy-making in the age of the global media market. International Communication Gazette, 72(8), pp. 675–693. doi:10.1177/1748048510380800.
  14. Chalaby, J. (2009). Broadcasting in a Post-National Environment: The Rise of Transnational TV Groups. Critical Studies in Television, 4(1), pp. 39–64.
  15. Chalaby, J.K. (2008). Advertising in the global age. Global Media and Communication, 4(2), pp. 139–156. doi:10.1177/1742766508091517.
  16. Chalaby, J. (2007). Beyond Nation-Centrism: Thinking International Communication from a Cosmopolitan Perspective. Studies in Communication Sciences – Journal of the Swiss Association of Communication and Media Research, 7(1), pp. 61–83.
  17. Chalaby, J.K. (2006). American Cultural Primacy in a New Media Order. International Communication Gazette, 68(1), pp. 33–51. doi:10.1177/1748048506060114.
  18. Chalaby, J.K. (2005). Deconstructing the transnational: a typology of cross-border television channels in Europe. New Media & Society, 7(2), pp. 155–175. doi:10.1177/1461444805050744.
  19. Chalaby, J.K. (2005). From internationalization to transnationalization. Global Media and Communication, 1(1), pp. 28–33. doi:10.1177/174276650500100107.
  20. Chalaby, J. (2005). Para uma filologia sociológica: Análise das matuções discursivas da imprensa inglesa no seculo XIX. Retórica – Revista de Comunicação e Linguagens, 36, pp. 15–29.
  21. Chalaby, J. (2005). Une télévision pour une nation : La philosophie audiovisuelle de Charles de Gaulle d’après le témoignage d’Alain Peyrefitte. Espoir – Revue de la Fondation Charles de Gaulle, 145, pp. 68–72.
  22. Chalaby, J. (2005). French Political Communication in a Comparative Perspective: The Media and the Issue of Freedom. Modern & Contemporary France, 13(3), pp. 273–290.
  23. Chalaby, J. (2005). Pour une philologie sociologique : Analyse des mutations discursives de la presse anglaise au 19e siècle. Médias & Culture, 1(1), pp. 147–172.
  24. Chalaby, J.K. (2004). Scandal and the Rise of Investigative Reporting in France. American Behavioral Scientist, 47(9), pp. 1194–1207. doi:10.1177/0002764203262343.
  25. Chalaby, J. (2003). Television for a New Global Order: Transnational Television Networks and the Formation of Global Systems. Gazette: The International Journal for Communication Studies, 65(6), pp. 457–472.
  26. Chalaby, J. (2003). O jornalismo como invenção anglo-americana: Comparação entre o desenvolvimento do jornalismo francês e anglo-americano, 1830-1920. Media & Jornalismo, 2(3), pp. 29–50.
  27. Chalaby, J. (2002). Freedoms of Intimacy and the Internet. Communicare: Journal for Communication Sciences in Southern Africa, 21(1), pp. 1–16.
  28. Chalaby, J.K. (2002). Transnational television in Europe: The role of pan-European channels. European Journal of Communication, 17(2), pp. 183–203. doi:10.1177/0267323102017002692.
  29. Chalaby, J. (2001). Le Journalisme: une invention moderne et anglo-américaine. Revue suisse de sociologie, 27(2), pp. 281–234.
  30. Chalaby, J.K. (2000). Journalism studies in an era of transition in public communications. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, 1(1), pp. 33–39. doi:10.1177/146488490000100106.
  31. Chalaby, J. (2000). Discourse and History. Iletisim: The Journal of the Faculty of Communications of Gazi University, 2000(7), pp. 228–234.
  32. Chalaby, J. (2000). “Smiling Pictures Make People Smile”: Northcliffe’s Journalism. Media History, 6(1), pp. 33–44.
  33. Chalaby, J. (2000). New Media, New Freedoms, New Threats. Gazette: The International Journal for Communication Studies, 62(1), pp. 19–29.
  34. CHALABY, J.K. and SEGELL, G. (1999). The Broadcasting Media in the Age of Risk. New Media & Society, 1(3), pp. 351–368. doi:10.1177/14614449922225627.
  35. Chalaby, J.K. (1998). Political Communication in Presidential Regimes in Non-Consolidated Democracies. Gazette (Leiden, Netherlands), 60(5), pp. 433–449. doi:10.1177/0016549298060005005.
  36. Chalaby, J.K. (1998). A Charismatic Leader's Use of the Media. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 3(4), pp. 44–61. doi:10.1177/1081180x98003004006.
  37. Chalaby, J. (1998). The Media and the Formation of the Public Sphere in the New Independent States. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences, 11(1), pp. 73–85.
  38. Chalaby, J.K. (1997). No ordinary press owners: press barons as a Weberian ideal type. Media, Culture & Society, 19(4), pp. 621–641. doi:10.1177/016344397019004007.
  39. Chalaby, J. (1997). Political Communication in Presidential Regimes in De-structured and Non-consolidated Democracies: A Global Comparative Perspective. Media Research: The Croatian Journal for Journalism and the Media, 2(2), pp. 115–137.
  40. Chalaby, J.K. (1996). Beyond the Prison-House of Language: Discourse as a Sociological Concept. The British Journal of Sociology, 47(4), pp. 684–684. doi:10.2307/591080.
  41. Chalaby, J.K. (1996). Journalism as an Anglo-American Invention. European Journal of Communication, 11(3), pp. 303–326. doi:10.1177/0267323196011003002.
  42. Chalaby, J. (1996). Press Baronage in France, Great Britain and the United States: A Comparative Perspective. Occasional Paper.
  43. Chalaby, J. (1996). The Media and the Public Sphere in Eastern Europe: The Case of the Ukraine. Occasional Paper.
  44. Chalaby, J.K. (1996). Twenty years of contrast: The French and British press during the inter-war period. Archives Europeennes de Sociologie, 37(1), pp. 143–159. doi:10.1017/s0003975600008006.
  45. Chalaby, J. (1995). A Comparison of the Development of French and Anglo-American Journalism, 1830s-1930s. Occasional Paper.
  46. Chalaby, J. (1995). The Formation of the Journalistic Field in Britain. Working Paper.
  47. Chalaby, J. (1995). “Knowledge is Power”: The Working Class Unstampeds as an Example of Public Discourse. Working Paper.
  48. Chalaby, J. (1994). Nationalism as a Discursive Strategy. Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism Bulletin, 6, pp. 16–25.


  1. Chalaby, J. Journalism and Transition to a Market Economy: The Case of the Ukraine and Moldova. Washington: World Bank.