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Politics & Law Series: Research Spotlight

Report assesses risks of UK legalising hormone-treated beef after Brexit

Professor Tim Lang co-authors report for the Food Research Collaboration

by Ed Grover (Senior Communications Officer)

A new report by food policy experts shows that if the UK’s food standards were weakened during Brexit trade negotiations one effect could be that beef from cattle given growth-boosting hormones would enter the UK food supply.

The report, co-authored by professors at the University of Sussex and City, University of London, warns that legalising hormone-reared beef would introduce an unnecessary and unacceptable risk to public health.

The authors say that as the UK prepares to leave the European Union, there are signs that some government ministers would be willing to sacrifice food standards to win trade agreements with non-EU states such as the USA.

Hormone use is permitted in cattle rearing by US, Canadian, Mexican and Australian authorities but beef from hormone-treated cattle has been banned in the EU since the mid-1980s.

Tim Lang, Professor of Food Policy at City, University of London said: “The UK Government should ensure either that food standards remain fully aligned with EU standards, or that we adopt higher standards.

“There is a triple risk here: to health, to British beef farmers’ livelihoods, and to the UK’s ability to determine its own food safety standards. Hormone use is a test case for whether the UK seeks a more sustainable food supply. Hormone use would be a stupid step towards intensive beef feeding lots.”

Hormone-treated beef 'would not be labelled'

Hormone-treated beef: Should Britain accept it after Brexit? by Professors Erik Millstone and Tim Lang, has been published by the Food Research Collaboration – an initiative run from the Centre for Food Policy at City, University of London.

The report calls on UK ministers to ensure that food safety standards in the UK will never be weakened, especially not as a bargaining chip in trade talks. The authors also urge UK farmers, supermarkets and butchers to make explicit commitments to consumers never to produce or sell hormone-treated beef.

The food policy experts say that if standards were lowered, the meat would not be labelled to say how it had been produced, leaving shoppers in the dark. The authors say that hormone-produced beef will most likely remain unlawful in the EU, on sound scientific grounds. And they suggest the situation might even provoke a boycott of beef in and from the UK.

The report warns that Public Health England, the Food Standards Agency and Environment Agency, whose role is to protect standards, will require a significant increase in funding to cope, something which no minister has committed to so far.

Erik Millstone, professor of science policy at the University of Sussex, said: “The idea that, once the UK leaves the EU, it will become a rule-maker, not a rule-taker, is illusory. Exporting to other countries requires accepting their standards.  The choice is: Which rules to take - the EU’s, the USA’s or the World Trade Organisation’s?

“If UK products don’t match their standards, they won’t buy them. Trade requires shared rules and minimum standards. Food standards in the EU are far higher than those in the USA, and US standards are far higher than WTO standards. The UK should at least stick to EU – the only changes allowed should be to make food safer, never less safe.”

Report recommendations

  • The UK Government should ensure either that food standards remain fully aligned with EU standards, or that higher standards are adopted.
  • Food standards should not be sacrificed to facilitate trade in undesirable and/or unsafe products.
  • The Government should explicitly acknowledge that any weakening of UK food standards, such as permitting the sale of hormone-reared beef, will result in barriers to UK food companies wishing to export their products to the EU’s Single Market.
  • The UK consumer movement should strongly resist moves to weaken current levels of consumer protection as part of future trade deals.
  • UK food and farming industries should publicly commit themselves to producing and selling only beef from cattle never treated with synthetic hormones.

Download the report Hormone-treated beef: Should Britain accept it after Brexit?

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