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Law Research

Institute for the Study of European Laws (ISEL)

The Institute for the Study of European laws (ISEL) is a leading centre for research and teaching on European law and policy.

About us

nullISEL provides an expert insight into the latest EU law developments and is proud to house a team of internationally renowned researchers and doctoral researchers, including Professor Panos Koutrakos, Professor Elaine Fahey and Emeritus Professor Sir Alan Dashwood.

ISEL researchers are the authors of leading research and they actively contribute to excellent scholarship, practice, Government and professional activities by making high-level contributions as to the legal, political and economic development of the EU and the relationship of the UK with the EU.

ISEL researchers also teach across a range of programmes at The City Law School’s undergraduate, postgraduate and professional practice programmes.

Our aims:

  • To shape cutting-edge research in European law
  • To convene an engaging public events programme to debate European law and policy
  • To provide expert analysis for practitioners and policy-makers across Europe
  • To develop the next generation of researchers in European law through research led teaching and PhD supervision

Our experts specialise in:

  • Brexit
  • EU constitutional and administrative law
  • EU internal market law
  • EU trade and investment law
  • EU competition law and policy
  • EU external relations
  • EU law and global governance
  • European human rights law & citizenship
  • Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ)
  • Migration law
  • Media and intellectual property law
  • Transport law and regulation

Our scholars are interested in interdisciplinary collaborations and welcome opportunities for co-operation with experts in the academy and in practice.

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Dr Tawhida Ahmed

Dr Tawhida Ahmed is a Reader in Law and Associate Dean (Research) at The City Law School. Her research interests are in EU law and human rights, specializing in minority rights protection.

Dr Marios Costa


Dr Marios Costa is Lecturer in Law at The City Law School. He is currently investigating legal accountability and the rules on standing of private parties seeking judicial review in the light of the Court's of Justice restrictive jurisprudence.

Professor Sir Alan Dashwood


Professor Sir Alan Dashwood is Professor of Law at City. He specialises in the law of the European Union, and appears regularly in proceedings before the Court of Justice of the EU. He was the founding Editor of European Law Review.

Dr Carmen Draghici

Dr Carmen Draghici is a Senior Lecturer in Law and the School's Visiting Scholars Programme Director. She specializes in International Human Rights Law and Family and Child Law. Her research focuses in particular on the development of the law of the European Convention on Human Rights. Her most important recent project was a book titled The Legitimacy of Family Rights in Strasbourg Case Law: ‘Living Instrument’ or Extinguished Sovereignty? (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017).

Professor Elaine Fahey

Professor Elaine Fahey is Professor of EU Law and Associate Dean (International) at The City Law School. Her research interests span the relationship between EU law and global governance, trade, transatlantic relations, the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and the study of law beyond the State. Her publications, amongst others, include a monograph, The Global Reach of EU Law (Routledge, 2016). She is co-investigator in the Marie Curie ITN on EU and Transatlantic Investment and Trade ('EUTIP') (2017-2021) and was awarded a British Academy/ Leverhulme Research Grant for the project Between Internal Laws and Global Practices: UN Instruments in the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. She is an academic co-editor of the Routledge UACES book series, Associate Editor of European Papers and on the Editorial Board of CUP’s European Journal of Risk Regulation.

Nick Hatzis

Nick Hatzis is Lecturer in Law at The City Law School.

Dr Andriani Kalintiri

Dr Andriani Kalintiri is a Lecturer at City Law School specialising in competition law. Her research interests lie in the formulation of substantive and procedural rules in competition enforcement and her work to date has examined questions of evidence and judicial review in the application of the EU competition provisions. She is a member of the editorial team of the Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, as well as the book reviews editor of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review.

Professor Panos Koutrakos

Professor Panos Koutrakos is Professor of European Law at The City Law School. In addition to EU external relations, Panos writes on the law of the single market, with emphasis on the free movement of goods and services. He is the joint editor of the European Law Review.

Anna Labedzka

Anna Labedzka is working on a thesis entitled 'The European Union and shaping of its neighbourhood: in pursuit of stability, security and prosperity'.

Isabella Mancini

Isabella Mancini is a research student under the Horizon 2020 project on Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Innovative Training Network (TTIP-ITN). The working title of her thesis is “On Global Law: the Democratisation of Global Governance”.

Joanne Moss


Joanne Moss is Lecturer in Law at The City Law School. Her research interests include mega-cities,EU select regulation, agriculture, fisheries and marine protection.

Dr Jed Odermatt

Dr Jed Odermatt is a Lecturer at the City Law School, whose research interests include public international law, the law of international organizations, and EU external relations law. He has particular expertise in the interaction between the EU and international legal orders. His current research focuses on the law and practice of international courts, in particular the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Ryan Stones

Ryan Stones is a Lecturer at the City Law School. Ryan's research interests lie at the intersection between competition law and legal theory. He is the module leader for the LLB Competition Law elective, and also teaches Public Law on the GDL programme.

Dr Steven Truxal


Dr Steven Truxal is Lecturer in Law at The City Law School. His specialist research focuses on the issues surrounding competition and environmental regulation of air transport. Steven is particularly interested in how 'regulation' and multilevel decision-making impacts on and implicates airlines, air cargo carriers and firms in industries complementary to air transport.

Eugenio Vaccari

Eugenio Vaccari is a research student researching corporate and insolvency law. The working title of his thesis is "Insolvency Statutory Rules and Contractual Freedom: Two Sides of the Same Coin". This is a comparative thesis that will delve into some common and civil law countries, including some EU Member States.

Professor Philippa Watson

Professor Philippa Watson is Professor in Law at The City Law School. Her research interests lie in the sphere of EU social & employment law and competition law. She has recently published (with Evelyn Ellis) EU Antidiscrimination Law (OUP, November 2012). The second edition of her monograph EU Social and Employment law (OUP) will be published in March 2014. She is Secretary to the UK Association for European Lawy (UKAEL)

Professor Daniel Wilsher

Professor Daniel Wilsher is Professor in Law at The City Law School. He researches in the fields of public, competition, energy, EU and immigration law. His book Immigration Detention: Law, History, Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2011) was the first study of this important issue. He is currently engaged in a project looking at the interaction of competition and climate policies in European Law.

Dr Adrienne Yong

Dr Adrienne Yong is Lecturer in Law at The City Law School. She researches EU citizenship law and European human rights, and is interested in the human rights effects of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU on EU citizens in the UK and British citizens in the EU. She is on the Editorial Board of the European Human Rights Law Review, to which she contributes a Bulletin on the Charter of Fundamental Rights.


Upcoming events

Details to be confirmed when available

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Britain Outside The EU: The State of Play

2 April, 2019 - Northampton Suite

What will the UK's relationship with the EU look like after it officially withdraws on 29 March 2019? The situation has been highly speculative since the UK voted to leave in June 2016 and uncertainties increase especially as negotiations face difficulties on the EU level as well as in the UK itself.

Experts from The City Law School will examine the state of play after the official date of withdrawal in a two broad areas - those with an international aspect, and those with a domestic elements. They will look at international trade, international agreements and international dispute settlement after Brexit, and competition law in the UK, EU citizens' rights and the future relationship between the UK and EU.

The event is structured as follows:

Professor Elaine Fahey - international trade
Professor Panos Koutrakos - international agreements
Dr Jed Odermatt - dispute settlement

Dr Andriani Kalintiri - competition law
Dr Adrienne Yong - EU citizens' rights
Professor Sir Alan Dashwood QC - future relationship

This will be followed by Q&As and a drinks reception.

Sanctions: Where Next?

13 March, 2019

Guest Speaker: Maya Lester QC (Brick Court Chambers)

Maya Lester QC (Brick Court Chambers) will deliver a public lecture at City Law School on 'Sanctions: Where Next?’. The law of sanctions is undergoing a period of considerable change. Maya Lester QC will discuss the current challenges and future directions in sanctions law.

Maya Lester QC has a wide ranging practice in public law, European law, competition law, international law and human rights. She founded and co-writes the sanctions law blog with nearly 6000 followers around the world. She represents and advises hundreds of companies and individuals before the European and English courts and has acted in most of the leading cases including Kadi, VTB, Tay Za, Central Bank of Iran, NITC and IRISL.

The event will be chaired by Panos Koutrakos, Professor of European Union Law, City Law School.

Book launch: Judicial Independence – Memoirs of a European Judge by Carl Baudenbacher

5 March, 2019

The City Law School is delighted to host the book launch for Professor Baudenbacher’s latest book, entitled Judicial Independence – Memoirs of a European Judge (Springer, 2019). This book is about law, but it is not a law book. It is aimed at all interested contemporaries, lawyers and non-lawyers alike. Richly seasoned with personal memories and anecdotes, it offers unique insights into how European courts actually work.

Chair: Professor Panos Koutrakos (Professor of EU Law and Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law)

Keynote Speaker: Baroness Kennedy of the Shaws

Speakers: Tim Ward QC (Monckton Chambers)

Authors remarks: Carl Baudenbacher (former President of EFTA Court; Monckton Chambers)

About the author: Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Carl Baudenbacher, a Swiss citizen, was the Liechtenstein Judge of the EFTA Court between 1995 - 2018 and its President between 2003 and 2018. He is a renowned expert in the fields of commercial, economic and competition law and is also the Director of the Competence Center for European and International Law at the University of St Gallen HSG. From 1993 to 2004, he was a Permanent Visiting Professor of the University of Texas School of Law.

What does Brexit tell us about the evolution of EU citizenship?

13 February, 2019

Speaker: Dr Stephanie Reynolds, University of Liverpool

Amongst a plethora of other issues, Brexit has raised significant questions about what it means to be a Union citizen, casting serious doubt, in particular, on the Court of Justice’s longstanding claim that EU citizenship is ‘destined to be the fundamental status of the nationals of the Member States’. Specifically, Brexit has reinvigorated the important argument, both from academic commentators and certain political actors, that the time has come to cut the cord between Member State nationality and EU citizenship if the latter is to offer anything meaningful to Union citizens.

Conversely, Brexit appears to have diverted the debate away from equally vital discussions about the consequences of EU citizenship’s birth from the internal market. While EU citizenship’s links to Member State nationality are questioned, the substance of its purportedly protective rights offering is presumed in the Brexit context. Indeed, post-referendum, the focus has been on ensuring that rights contained in the Withdrawal Agreement sufficiently emulate those enjoyed under Union citizenship rules, with less attention being paid to the essential question of whether EU citizenship rights of themselves offer sufficient protection to citizens. This paper argues that, rather than showcasing the substantive benefits of EU citizenship, Brexit exposes its ongoing flaws. Nationality requirements aside, the market citizen will enjoy ongoing protection after the UK leaves the EU, but for all its promises Union citizenship appears to have little to offer anyone else.

Past events

EFTA and the EEA for Brexit: ideal solution, “lifeboat" or neither?

22 January, 2019

Speaker: Dr Georges Baur, Research Fellow with the Liechtenstein-Institute, formerly Assistant Secretary-General of EFTA

Excluding Designs (and Shape Marks) - Where is the CJEU going?

27 November, 2018

Guest Speaker: Professor Uma Suthersanen, Queen Mary University of London

EU Foreign Policy, Brexit and Transatlantic Relations

21 November, 2018

Speaker: Dr Joris Larik, Leiden University

Modelling convergence of the EU with the world: taking, receiving and becoming EU law

2 November, 2018

Justice, Injustice and Brexit

19 October, 2018

Rationales for Regulation of ‘Posted Work’: Options for a Post-Brexit Model

17 October, 2018

Speaker: Professor Tonia Novitz, University of Bristol

The 2nd Cross-Border Corporate Insolvency & Commercial Law Research Group Conference

27th April, 2018

Scala Civium: Citizenship Templates Post-Brexit & the EU's Duty to Protect the EU

11th April, 2018

Speaker: Professor Dora Kostakopoulou, University of Warwick

Learning from the TTIP Negotiations: Looking Backwards and Forwards at Global Trade

19th March, 2018


The Principal/Agency Model: Pitfalls, Law and Lessons from Energy

14th February, 2018

Guest Speaker: Dr Oana Stefan, King's College London

Fundamental Rights and Copyright Law in the EU

7th February 2018

Speaker: Professor Tuomas Mylly’

Fundamental Rights and Brexit

6th December 2017, 1-3pm

Speaker: Dr Tobias Lock, University of Edinburgh

Modelling Divergence(s) and Convergence(s) of the EU in the World

24th November 2017, 8:30 am

Modelling EU Convergence and Divergence in the Global Legal Order

8th November 2017, 3pm

Browse our past seminars

Public Engagement

Professor Elaine Fahey submitted evidence to the House of Commons International Trade Committee's UK Trade Policy Transparency and Scrutiny inquiry, and was later cited in the UK trade policy transparency and scrutiny report (28 December 2018).

Professor Elaine Fahey was invited as a witness to give evidence to the Constitution Committee for their enquiry on the Parliamentary scrutiny of treaties (21 November 2018).

Professor Elaine Fahey commenting on BBC Business News about the draft Brexit agreement reached by the UK with the EU (14 November 2018).

Dr Adrienne Yong speaks on France24 (18 October 2018) about the status of EU citizens in the UK and British citizens in the EU and their human rights post-Brexit.

Source: France 24

Professor Elaine Fahey speaks on BBC World TV (14 September 2018) on Business Briefing about transatlantic relations, global trade, Trump tariff wars, the WTO & the G20 Argentina.

Professor Elaine Fahey on BBC World News (2 March 2018) discussed claims of Brussels attempting a land grab in relation to the Irish border issue, and the EU possibly taking the UK to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU):

Professor Panos Koutrakos gave evidence to the Environmental Audit Committee looking into the reduction of UK F-gas emissions including the impact Brexit will have on the UK's international agreements in connection with these emissions.

Dr Elaine Fahey on BBC Radio Five Live on December 8th 2017 discussing the recent Brexit agreement breakthrough and the guarantee of no hard border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland:

Dr Elaine Fahey speaking on BBC Business (November 23rd 2017) about EU-Switzerland talks and implications for Brexit:

Dr Elaine Fahey on BBC World (TV) on November 10th 2017 discussing the sixth round of trade talks between the UK and the EU: