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  1. International Cartels
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International Cartels

This unique module considers this cutting edge area of competition law. It was only in 1993 with the adoption of the US Department of Justice Corporate Leniency Programme (CLP) that competition regulators began to obtain hard evidence as to the extent cartels affected the modern global economy. The module begins with a historical reflection on the development of cartels and an examination of the economics of cartels.

Subsequently, the module considers the operation of the CLP and the European response. It also looks at the impact of criminalisation in some jurisdictions, co-operation between regulators and the impact of the money laundering regulations on cartel enforcement. In addition, the module deals with the difficulties faced by lawyers in defending the rights of defence of companies and individuals, particularly in respect of classical human rights, such as the right against self-incrimination and corporate rights to Access to File.