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  1. Law
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  3. Postgraduate
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Criminal Procedure   

This module examines the key procedural decisions that are made in the criminal justice system, the factors that influence them, and the arguments that the lawyer can bring to bear to influence the decision-makers.

Issues which have been considered in depth include:

  • Decision to prosecute
  • Disclosure of information
  • Plea bargaining mode of trial

Criminal Evidence   

The module focuses on the following central themes:

  • Differences between rules and discretions
  • Practical differences between evidence in the Magistrates' Court and in the Crown Court
  • Favourable treatment of the accused
  • Uses and abuses of character evidence
  • Utility of judicial directions

Some of the topics that have been examined in detail include: 

  • Hearsay, in particular exceptions to the rule
  • Confessions and ill-gotten evidence proof
  • The right to silence


The module concentrates upon those factors that affect the choice of sentence to apply to the offender.

We examine:

  • Judicial decision-making
  • Framework of statutory powers
  • Application of discretionary guidelines

Some of the topics that have been considered on previous courses are: 

  • Effectiveness of different types of sentence
  • Sources of information for the sentencer
  • Legal influences upon the sentencer


The module looks critically at:

  • Interaction between the decision-makers in the criminal justice system and the advocates who appear before them
  • Ways in which advocates prepare for trial
  • How advocates work with witnesses
  • Construction and presentation of speeches and arguments
  • Topics have included:
  • Advocacy at the police station
  • Psychology of persuasion
  • Evolving a case theory
  • Use of real evidence, IT and graphics in the courtroom
  • Dealing with witnesses, in particular police witnesses, expert witnesses and child witnesses