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City's Research Excellence Framework 2014

The results of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 were published on 18th December 2014. The REF 2014 is an exercise to assess research quality at all UK higher education research institutions.

Data published by HEFCE show that 75.7% of City's submission to the REF was rated as being of world leading 4* (23.3%) and internationally excellent 3* (52.4%) quality.

City's performance is now at the sector average and a marked increase compared to the last Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) in 2008 when 51% of research at City was rated as 4* (15%) and 3* (36%).

For REF 2014, City submitted 1,592 academic outputs (such as journal articles) and 49 impact case studies from 378 staff (FTE) in 12 UoAs.  This represented 53% of our eligible academic staff compared to 49% in RAE2008.  As a result, while 25% of our eligible academic staff were assessed as producing 4* and 3* research in RAE2008, this has increased significantly to 40% in REF2014.

The 2014 rating system gave each Unit of Assessment a profile showing the proportion of activity rated as:

4* Quality that is world-leading in terms of originality, significance and rigour.
3* Quality that is internationally excellent in terms of originality, significance and rigour but which falls short of the highest standards of excellence.
2* Quality that is recognised internationally in terms of originality, significance and rigour.
1* Quality that is recognised nationally in terms of originality, significance and rigour.
Unclassified Quality that falls below the standard of nationally recognised work. Or work which does not meet the published definition of research for the purposes of this assessment.

City's results according to HEFCE data

 City, University of London       
Unit of assessment FTE Category A staff submitted 4* (%) 3* (%) 2* (%) 1* (%) u/c (%) Activity 4* + 3* (%)
Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy 67.60 28.00 54.00 15.00 2.00 1.00 82
Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience 28.00 13.00 54.00 28.00 3.00 2.00 67
Mathematical Sciences 16.05 19.00 56.00 24.00 1.00 0.00 75
Computer Science and Informatics 32.00 15.00 47.00 36.00 2.00 0.00 62
General Engineering 53.60 9.00 70.00 19.00 1.00 1.00 79
Economics and Econometrics 13.70 15.00 41.00 25.00 11.00 8.00 56
Business and Management Studies 78.29 41.00 43.00 14.00 2.00 0.00 84
Law 20.50 14.00 51.00 31.00 4.00 0.00 65
Politics and International Studies 13.20 11.00 51.09 30.00 8.00 0.00 62
Sociology 21.60 15.00 59.00 23.00 3.00 0.00 74
Music, Drama, Dance and Performing Arts 9.20 34.00 53.00 11.00 2.00 0.00 87
Communication, Cultural and Media Studies, Library and Information Management 24.60 33.00 44.30 20.00 2.00 1.00 77

Further details including the full dataset of results can be found on the official REF website.

REF Viewer

The REFViewer below has been developed by Professor Jo Wood and academic staff from the City giCentre and provides a simple-to-use graphical representation of the REF results for each of the 36 Units of Assessment ordered according to the selected criteria.

The giCentre specialises in developing and applying new techniques for visualising data, with expertise in information visualisation, cartography, design, computer graphics, human-computer interaction and geographic information science. Clients include the BBC, Transport for London and The Defence Science and Technology Laboratory.

To view Research Excellence Framework (REF) scores, select either a unit of assessment (UoA) or institution. Darker red colours represent higher quality research scores either as a proportion of submitted staff ('Scale by staff %') or by the volume of staff submitted ('Scale by staff counts').

You can choose how to order the results by clicking one of the options under 'order by'. For example selecting '4*' will rank institutions by the proportion or volume of 4* research. '(4* + 3*)' will rank by the combined 4* and 3* research scores. 'GPA (4-3-2-1)' will rank by Grade Point Average weighting 4* research by 4, 3* by 3 etc.

You can compare results with the previous RAE 2008 exercise by selecting either 'UoA 2008' or 'Institution 2008'. These data have been grouped into the 2014 UoAs to ease comparison between the two time periods.

Selecting 'Filter by' options allow you to examine outputs, impact and environment scores separately and see their contribution to the overall REF scores.

Visualization created by Jo Wood, giCentre, City, University of London, 2014.

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City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.