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  1. Continuing Professional Development
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Principles of Therapeutics CPPD

Key information

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Delivery of this module will be online due to government-issued guidelines during the Covid-19 pandemic and may be made available face-to-face subject to Public Health England recommendations. Please submit your application and, once reviewed by the module leader, you will receive more specific information about the online delivery of your module and assessments.

Course overview

The emphasis of the Principles of Therapeutics (Online) module are as follows:

  • Gross anatomy of the eye and orbit
  • Clinical ocular immunology, microbiology and pharmacology
  • Pathogenesis, clinical features and management of disorders of the anterior eye.

Module accessed via Moodle

The Division of Optometry and Visual Science at City, University of London has been providing modular postgraduate training in ocular therapeutics for over 15 years. The purpose of this training has been to provide the theoretical knowledge and clinical skills to enable optometrists to manage ocular disease within the context of the legal and regulatory framework provided by the Opticians Act and relevant medicines legislation.

Candidates entering the full independent prescribing (IP) programme will complete a three module scheme (Principles of Therapeutics, Principles of Prescribing and Independent Prescribing) and complete the requisite clinical placement days. Candidates may opt to exit after Principles of therapeutics and Principles of Prescribing (following completion of a clinical placement) and qualify as an Additional Supply (AS) optometrist by taking the College of Optometrists’ Common Final Assessment (CFA) in AS.

An RPEL arrangement will be used to import postgraduate credits from the clinical placement aspect of the CFA to allow students qualifying in IP to be awarded a Postgraduate Certificate or use the credits towards a Diploma or MSc.

Module dates

Term 1:
Students are required to have applied, paid and have full access to the course materials by Monday 16th November 2020. Please ensure you apply at least a week before the deadline.
Assessment Date: 23/24 March 2020

Term 2:

FEB: Friday 26 February 2021

MAY: Wednesday 12 May

OCT: Wednesday 15 Oct

Assessment Date:19/20 October 2021

Students require at least 17 weeks with the course material in order to sit the examination.



Prerequisite knowledge

  • You should normally be a UK-registered optometrist satisfying all legal requirements to be eligible to practice in the UK
  • You should also be registered with the General Optical Council
  • Overseas optometrists will be accepted on an ad-hoc basis providing your undergraduate syllabus and clinical responsibilities are similar to those of a UK optometrist.

English requirements

For those students whose first language is not English one of the following qualifications is also required:

  • IELTS: 7.0

Module leaders

  • Professor John Lawrenson

    John Lawrenson is Professor of Clinical Visual Science and Research Lead for the Applied Vision Research Centre. He has an active research interest in ophthalmic public health, with particular emphasis on sight-threatening eye diseases e.g. diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). His work has received funding from a variety ...

  • Dr Michelle Hennelly

    Dr Michelle Hennelly BSc (Hons) FCOptom PhD SFHEA

    Dr Hennelly is the MSc Programme Director for the MSc in Clinical Optometry and the MSc in Advanced Ophthalmic Nurse Practitioner (Health and Social Care). She is a highly experienced optometrist, specialising in Masters and Continuing Education and Training in the field ...