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portrait of Professor Michael Bromley

Professor Michael Bromley

Professor in International Journalism

School of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Journalism

Contact Information


Visit Michael Bromley

AG33A, College Building

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



Professor Bromley has taught at universities in the UK, USA and Australia. He has published seven books and more than 50 chapters and articles. Prior to working at City University London he was head of the School of Journalism and Communication at The University of Queensland, Australia.


  1. PhD, City University London, United Kingdom, Nov 2005
  2. MA, Yale University, United States, Sep 1988 – Jul 1989
  3. BA (hons), CNAA, United Kingdom, Oct 1982 – Jul 1987


  1. Head of Department (Interim), City University London, Oct 2014 – present
  2. Director, MA International Journalism, City University, Jun 2012 – Sep 2014
  3. Head of School, University of Queensland, Aug 2009 – Jun 2012
  4. Journalist, Lancashire Evening Telegraph, Daily Mail, South Wales Echo + others, Aug 1965 – Mar 2000

Memberships of professional organisations

  1. Member, International Communication Association board, 2011 – 2012


Research interests

- Journalism practices
- Citizen journalism
- Journalism education
- Socio-cultural uses of journalism


Books (11)

  1. Clarke, J. and Bromley, M. (Eds.), (2012). International News in the Digital Age. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-88722-9.
  2. Thomas, P. and Bromley, M. (Eds.), (2010). An Introduction to Communication and Social Change. University of Queensland. ISBN 978-1-921723-00-1.
  3. Bromley, M. and Romano, A. (Eds.), (2006). Journalism and Democracy in Asia. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35556-8.
  4. Bromley, M. (Ed.), (2001). No News Is Bad News: Radio, Television and the Public. Addison-Wesley Longman Limited. ISBN 978-0-582-41833-2.
  5. Bromley, M. and Stephenson, H. (Eds.), (1998). Sex, Lies and Democracy. Addison-Wesley Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-29332-8.
  6. Bromley, M. and Sonnenberg, U. (1998). Beyond good or evil: reporting ethnic minorities and ethnic conflict. European Journalism Centre.
  7. Bromley, M. and O'Malley, T. (Eds.), (1997). A Journalism Reader. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-14136-9.
  8. Sharkey, S., Bromley, M., Harris, M. and Hickman, M. (1996). Irish Studies: an introductory course. University of North London Press. ISBN 978-1-85377-217-7.
  9. Bromley, M. (1995). Media studies: an introduction to journalism. Hodder Arnold. ISBN 978-0-340-64401-0.
  10. Bromley, M. (1995). The press in Twentieth Century Britain. University of Huddersfield.
  11. Bromley, M. (1994). Teach yourself journalism. Hodder Arnold. ISBN 978-0-340-60683-4.

Chapters (35)

  1. Bromley, M. (2017). Investigative Journalism and Human Rights. In Tumber, H. and Waisbord, S. (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Media and Human Rights (pp. 220–228). Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-66554-5.
  2. Bromley, M. (2016). Televisual Newspapers? When 24/7 Television News Channels Join Newspapers as “Old Media”. In Cushion, S. and Sambrook, R. (Eds.), The future of 24-hour news: new directions, new challenges (pp. 129–142). New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-1-4331-3694-8.
  3. Bromley, M., Tumber, H. and Fritsch, J. (2014). Foreign correspondents in the UK London: A city 'bathed in light'. Mapping Foreign Correspondence in Europe (pp. 281–296). ISBN 978-1-317-95027-1.
  4. Bromley, M. (2014). From Wall Street to Main Street: Australian Finance and Business Journalism and the Crisis. In Schifferes, S. and Roberts, R. (Eds.), The media and financial crises: comparative and historical perspectives Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-02279-9.
  5. Bromley, M. (2014). O'Brien, Kerry;
    Queensland Media Club;
    Business and finance reporting;
    Sunday newspapers.
    In Griffen-Foley, B. (Ed.), A companion to the Australian media (pp. 78–450). Melbourne, VIC (Australi): Australian Scholarly Publishing. ISBN 978-1-925003-05-5.
  6. Bromley, M. and Clarke, J. (2012). Continuity and change in international news. In Clarke, J. and Bromley, M. (Eds.), International News in the Digital Age: East-West Perceptions of a New World Order (pp. 3–20). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-88722-9.
  7. Bromley, M. (2012). From spotlight to echo chamber? Citizen journalism and international news. In Clarke, J. and Bromley, M. (Eds.), International News in the Digital Age: East-West Perceptions of a New World Order (pp. 23–40). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-88722-9.
  8. Bromley, M. (2011). iPhones and eyeshades: journalism and the university’s role in promoting a dynamic public sphere. In Zelizer, B. (Ed.), Making the University Matter: Perspectives from Communication (pp. 104–112). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-78240-1.
  9. Bromley, M. and Cushion, S. (2011). Media fundamentalism: the immediate response of the UK national press to 9/11 and 7/7. In Zelizer, D.B. (Ed.), Journalism After September 11 (pp. 212–231). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-46014-9.
  10. Bromley, M. (2010). "All the world’s a stage”: 24/7 news, newspapers and the ages of media. In Cushion, S. and Lewis, P. (Eds.), The Rise of 24-Hour News Television (pp. 31–49). Peter Lang Pub Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-4331-0776-4.
  11. Bromley, M. (2010). Anyone can be a reporter: citizen journalism, social change and the case of OhmyNews. In Thomas, P. and Bromley, M. (Eds.), Communication and Social Change: A Reader (pp. 187–201). University of Queensland Press.
  12. Bromley, M. (2009). The United Kingdom media landscape. In Terzis, G. (Ed.), European Media Governance National and Regional Dimensions (pp. 43–54). ISBN 978-1-84150-291-5.
  13. Bromley, M. (2009). The United Kingdom journalism education landscape. In Terzis, G. (Ed.), European Journalism Education (pp. 47–64). Intellect Books. ISBN 978-1-84150-235-9.
  14. Bromley, M. (2009). The north Atlantic/liberal model countries: introduction. In Terzis, G. (Ed.), European Journalism Education (pp. 25–32). Intellect Books. ISBN 978-1-84150-235-9.
  15. Bromley, M. (2006). Global trends in communication education and research. In Leung, K.W.Y., Kenny, J.F. and Lee, P.S.N. (Eds.), Global trends in communication education and research (pp. 53–72). Hampton Press. ISBN 978-1-57273-636-8.
  16. Bromley, M. (2005). Subterfuge as public service: investigative journalism as idealized journalism. In Allan, S. (Ed.), Journalism (pp. 313–327). Open Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-335-21475-4.
  17. Bromley, M. (2004). The battlefield is the media: war reporting and the formation of national identity in Australia - from Belmont to Baghdad. In Allan, S. and Zelizer, B. (Eds.), Reporting War: journalism in wartime (pp. 224–243). Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-33998-8.
  18. Bromley, M. (2003). M*A*S in the United Kingdom. Between complaint and compliance: groping for media accountability. In Bertrand, C.J. (Ed.), An Arsenal for Democracy: Media Accountability Systems (pp. 307–322). New Jersey: Hampton Press. ISBN 978-1-57273-426-5.
  19. Bromley, M. and Cushion, S. (2002). Media fundamentalism: the immediate response of the UK national press to September 11. In Zelizer, B. and Allan, S. (Eds.), Journalism After September 11 (pp. 160–177). Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-28800-2.
  20. Bromley, M. (2001). Reporting changing democracy: commercial radio and news in the UK of regions and nations. In Bromley, M. (Ed.), No News Is Bad News: Radio, Television and the Public (pp. 127–136). Addison-Wesley Longman Limited. ISBN 978-0-582-41833-2.
  21. Bromley, M. (2001). The media. In Hollowell, J. (Ed.), Britain Since 1945 (pp. 211–237). ISBN 978-0-415-24803-7.
  22. Bromley, M. (2000). The manufacture of news - fast moving consumer good or public service? In Berry, D. (Ed.), Ethics and media culture: practices and representations (pp. 111–131). Focal Press.
  23. Bromley, M. (2000). Investigative journalism and scholarship. In Burgh, H.D. (Ed.), Investigative Journalism; Context and Practice (pp. 174–188). Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-19053-4.
  24. Bromley, M. (1999). Was it the Mirror wot won it? The development of the tabloid press during the Second World War’. In Hayes, N. and Hill, J. (Eds.), 'Millions Like Us'? : The British Cultural Experience during the Second World War ISBN 978-0-85323-763-1.
  25. Bromley, M. (1999). The media. In Catterall, P., Cryer, A. and Preston, V. (Eds.), Britain in 1997: a review of the year (pp. 82–94). Institute of Contemporary.
  26. Bromley, M. (1999). The media. In Caterall, P., Preston, V. and Cryer, A. (Eds.), Britain in 1998: A Review of the Year (pp. 62–74). Institute of Contemporary British History.
  27. Bromley, M. (1998). “Watching the watchdogs”? The role of readers' letters in calling the press to account. In Bromley, M. and Stephenson, H. (Eds.), Sex, Lies and Democracy: The Press and the Public (pp. 147–162). Addison-Wesley Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-29332-8.
  28. Bromley, M. (1998). The tabloiding of Britain: “quality” newspapers in the 1990s. In Bromley, M. and Stephenson, H. (Eds.), Sex, Lies and Democracy: The Press and the Public (pp. 25–38). Addison-Wesley Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-29332-8.
  29. Bromley, M. (1998). “Us” against “them” - the wrong question to ask. In Bromley, M. and Sonnenberg, U. (Eds.), Reporting Ethnic Minorities and Ethnic Conflict: Beyond Good or Evil European Journalism Centre.
  30. Bromley, M. (1997). Writing terrorism out of the story Sunday Life and “war weariness” in Northern Ireland. In O'Day, A. (Ed.), Political Violence in Northern Ireland (pp. 133–135). Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0-275-95414-7.
  31. Bromley, M. (1997). The end of journalism: changes in workplace practices in the press and broadcasting in the 1990s. In Bromley, M. and O'Malley, T. (Eds.), A Journalism Reader Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-14136-9.
  32. Bromley, M. (1996). Privacy of a public figure. In Sormenberg, U. and Thomass, B. (Eds.), Journalistic Decision-Making in Europe (pp. 39–40). European Journalism Centre.
  33. Bromley, M. (1995). From conciliation: industrial relations, government and the Fourth Estate, 1896-1986. In O'Day, A. (Ed.), Government and institutions in the post-1832 United Kingdom (pp. 369–389). Edwin Mellen Press.
  34. Bromley, M. (1989). War of words, the Belfast Telegraph and Loyalist populism. In Alexander, D.Y. and O'Day, A. (Eds.), Ireland's Terrorist Trauma (pp. 211–233). Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-02508-3.
  35. Bromley, M. Sex, Sunday newspaper and the "Swinging Sixties": cultural consensus in Northern Ireland before the troubles. In Alexander, Y. and O'Day, A. (Eds.), The Irish terrorist experience (pp. 57–79). Dartmouth.

Conference papers and proceedings (3)

  1. Bromley, M. (2015). A socially-responsible educational response to routine-biased technological change in journalism:
    Fostering employability among journalists in the United Kingdom.
    4th Annual International Conference on Journalism & Mass Communication (JComm 2015) 5-6 October, Singapore.
  2. Bromley, M. (2012). Whither journalism in the academy? The role of hackademics in the future of the field. First International Conference on Journalism Studies 27-29 June, Santiago, Chile.
  3. Bromley, M. (2012). Beyond new toolsets and new skillsets to new mindsets: journalist-faculty and the promotion of excellence in journalism. 62nd Annual Conference of the International Communication Association 24-28 May, Phoenix, USA.

Internet publication

  1. Bromley, M. (2002). Zoned for Debate 1: Journalism still dodges the big questions: a view from Australia.

Journal articles (35)

  1. Bromley, M. (2015). Proceedings of the 4th international conference on journalism and mass communications. pp. 150–156.
  2. Bromley, M. (2014). Field maturation in journalism: The role of hackademics as a ‘motley crew’. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 17(1), pp. 3–19. doi:10.1177/1367877913483423.
  3. Ahmad, A.L., Bromley, M. and Cokley, J. (2013). The social reality of blogging and empowerment among Malaysian bloggers. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 23(2), pp. 211–222. doi:10.1075/japc.23.2.03ahm.
  4. Bromley, M. (2013). The 'new majority' and the academization of journalism. Journalism: theory, practice and criticism. doi:10.1177/1464884912453285.

    [publisher’s website]

  5. Bromley, M., Hou, Z. and Zhu, Y. (2013). Understanding public relations in China: multiple logics and identities. Journal of Business and Technical Communication pp. 1–21. doi:10.1177/1050651913479926.

    [publisher’s website]

  6. Bromley, M., Harrison, J. and Frangi, A. (2012). Student perceptions of journalism as an occupation: the view from the front of the class. Australian Journalism Review, 34(2), pp. 99–114.

    [publisher’s website]

  7. Bromley, M. and Neal, R. (2011). Publishing participation and productivity among journalist-academics in the era of ERA. Australian Journalism Review, 33(1), pp. 55–72.
  8. Bromley, M. (2010). From noted “phenomenon” to “missing person”: a case of the historical construction of the unter-journalist. Journalism: theory, practice and criticism, 11(3), pp. 259–275.
  9. Bromley, M. (2009). Stirred but not shaken: how the next generation is adapting to the online domain. Australian Journalism Review, 31(1), pp. 77–90.
  10. Bromley, M. and Neal, R. (2009). Farewell old friend or bye-bye bully boy? The closure of a “media icon” and challenging the “free press” paradigm. Media International Australia, 132, pp. 29–40.
  11. Bromley, M. (2009). Small earthquake in newsroom: not many dead. Journalism: theory, practice and criticism, 10(3), pp. 303–305.
  12. Bromley, M. (2006). How good is journalism research? Australian Journalism Review, 28(1), pp. 211–218.
  13. Bromley, M. (2005). Filling in the gaps: politics and contemporary journalism in the Australian press. Australian Journalism Review, 27(1), pp. 57–76.
  14. Bromley, M. and Servaes, J. (2005). Notes from the centre: towards a future journalism of IDEAS? Australian Studies in Journalism, 14, pp. 3–20.
  15. Bromley, M. (2003). Objectivity and the other Orwell: the tabloidism of the Daily Mirror and journalistic authenticity. Media History, 9(2), pp. 123–135.
  16. Bromley, M. (2003). A sham renaissance? 9/11 and the authority of newspaper journalism. Australian Journalism Review, 25(1), pp. 5–31.
  17. Bromley, M. and Hayes, N. (2002). Campaigner, watchdog or municipal lackey? Reflections on the inter-war provincial press, local identity and civic welfarism. Media History, 8(2), pp. 197–212.
  18. Bromley, M. and Purdey, H. (2001). Chilling out – but not yet “cool”. New media and training in a UK journalism school: a further report on journo-morphosis. Convergence, 7(3), pp. 104–115.
  19. Bromley, M. (2000). Our market-driven media. Planet, 139, pp. 124–126.
  20. Bromley, M. (2000). Stateside lessons. The Parliamentary Monitor, 9(1), pp. 25–26.
  21. Bromley, M. and Williams, K. (1999). Covering the new politics? Planet, 134, pp. 118–120.
  22. Bromley, M. and Williams, K. (1999). Owning the Welsh voice. Planet, 136, pp. 118–120.
  23. Bromley, M. (1999). Cheap and cheerful. Planet, 137, pp. 117–118.
  24. Bromley, M. (1998). Un système imparfait. MédiasPouvoirs, 4, pp. 62–68.
  25. Bromley, M. and Stephenson, H. (1998). Digging journalists out of holes. British Journalism Review, 9(1), pp. 59–66.
  26. Tumber, H. and Bromley, M. (1998). Virtual soundbites: political communication in cyberspace. MEDIA CULTURE & SOCIETY, 20(1), pp. 159–167. doi:10.1177/016344398020001009.
  27. Bromley, M. and Purdey, H. (1998). Journo-morphosis. Today’s new media and the education and training of tomorrow’s “cool” journalists. Convergence, 4(4), pp. 77–93.
  28. Bromley, M. and Tumber, H. (1998). Virtual soundbites: political communication in cyberspace. Media, Culture & Society, 20(1), pp. 159–167.
  29. Bromley, M. and Tumber, H. (1997). The first cyberspace election. British Journalism Review, 8(2), pp. 68–74.
  30. Bromley, M. and Tumber, H. (1997). From Fleet Street to cyberspace: the British “popular” press in the late twentieth century. Communications, The European Journal of Communication Research, 22(3), pp. 365–378.
  31. Bromley, M. (1996). How multiskilling will change the journalist’s craft. Press Gazette p. 16.
  32. Bromley, M. (1995). Fleet Street RIP. Time Higher Education Supplement.
  33. Bromley, M. (1995). Comparative media studies. The Journal of International Communication, 2(2), pp. 87–92.
  34. Bromley, M. (1994). Policing the media age: workplace violence in the national newspaper industry, 1896-1986. Social History Society Bulletin, 9(1).
  35. Bromley, M. (1993). From corporatist collaborators to loathsome liberals, the case of the National Graphical Association, the national newspaper industry and the “national interest”, 1890-1980. Management Research Review, 16(5/6), pp. 23–25.

Other Activities

Editorial activity (3)

  1. Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism, Member, International Editorial Board.
  2. Australian Journalism Review, Member, Editorial Board.
  3. Media International Australia, Member, Editorial Board.

Media appearance

  1. Media commentary. Regular appearances on Monocle Radio through to December 2014