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portrait of Professor Jillian Francis

Professor Jillian Francis

Professor of Health Services Research

School of Health Sciences, Division of Health Services Research & Management

Contact Information

Contact

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
United Kingdom

About

Overview

Jill is a Chartered Health Psychologist, specialising in behaviour change to improve health and health care. She joined City University in October 2012. Jill previously worked at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and the University of Aberdeen.

Jill was an experimental social psychologist by training, completing her PhD in this field at the University of Melbourne (Australia) and working as a Lecturer in Social Psychology and in Research Methods at La Trobe University. She moved to the UK in 2002, working initially at the Institute for Health and Society at the University of Newcastle, where she became interested in behaviour change to improve health and health care. At the University of Aberdeen, Jill worked as Lead health psychologist at the Health Services Research Unit and the Centre for Healthcare Randomised Trials (CHaRT). She works with research networks across the UK, Canada and Australia.

Qualifications

PhD

Professional Bodies

- British Psychological Society (Division of Health Psychology)
- European Health Psychology Society
- UK Society for Behavioural Medicine

Administrative roles

- Head of Centre for Health Services Research
- Group Lead for the Implementation Research Group
- SHS Research Committee

Research

Research Overview

Jill applies and develops theories and methods in a range of clinical areas, including management of diabetes, blood transfusion practice and vision health services.

Research areas:

- Translating evidence into practice, in particular, using theories, evidence and methods for changing the clinical behaviours of healthcare professionals. This is known in the UK as Implementation research and in Canada as Knowledge Translation research.

- Applying and developing complex intervention methodology in the context of randomised trials (including problem analysis, intervention design, intervention fidelity and feasibility, process evaluation).

- Using applied research, in a range of settings, to develop and extend theories and methods and to test their generalisability.

Current research including funded projects

- Self-Formulated Conditional Plans for Changing Health Behaviour: A Systematic Review. Canadian Institutes of Health Research; 10/2013 - 09/2014.

- Development of an intervention to improve appropriate polypharmacy in older people in primary care. Dunhill Medical Trust; 01/2014 - 12/2015.

- Intensive Care Rehabilitation Study (ICARuS): Barriers to early physical rehabilitation in the ICU - a Delphi study. Canadian Institutes of Health Research; 10/2013 - 03/2015.

- The development and evaluation of enhanced audit and feedback interventions to increase the uptake of evidence-based transfusion practice. NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research (PGfAR); 10/2013 - 09/2018.

- Overcoming barriers to high quality care in diabetes through professional behaviour change. Diabetes UK; 08/2012 - 07/2015.

- Participation in physical play and leisure in children with motor impairments. MRC; 09/2010 - 08/2014.

Research Centre

- Centre for Health Services Research: Implementation Research Group (City University London)
- Centre for Public Health Research: Ophthalmic Public Health Group

Grants

Methods for strengthening evaluation and implementation: specifying components of behaviour change interventions. MRC: 09/2010 - 08/2013.

Canada PRIME plus: Selecting individual and organisational theories for interventions to change clinical practice. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: 01/2008 - 12/2012.

Randomised controlled trial comparing foam sclerotherapy, alone or in combination with endovenous laser therapy, with conventional surgery as a treatment for varicose veins. NIHR HTA Programme: 10/2008 - 09/2012.

Evidence-based care of people with dementia (Project name: IRIS - Investigating Research Implementation Strategies. NH&MRC (Australia): 09/2008 - 08/2012.

Developing an International Research Agenda for the Theoretical Domains Framework. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: 01/2012 - 12/2012.

A web-based platform to support the development, delivery, modelling and evaluation of complex interventions using Intervention Modelling Experiments. Chief Scientist Office (Scotland): 03/2010 - 09/2012.

Can a goal-focussed intervention delivered in Scottish community pharmacies improve outcomes for people with allergic rhinitis? A pilot randomised controlled trial. Chief Scientist Office (Scotland): 03/2012 - 02/2013.

Translating Research into Practice: Guidance-based Implementation of Dental Evidence (TRIADS). NHS Education for Scotland (NES) 02/2008-01/2012.

Selective Decontamination of the Digestive tract in critically ill patients treated in Intensive Care Unit (The SuDDICU study). NIHR HTA Programme, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Intensive Care Foundation (Australia), Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Foundation: 10/2010 - 03/2012.

Improving the delivery of care for patients with diabetes through understanding optimised team work and organisation in primary care. Diabetes UK: 10/2007- 03/2012.

Research into the prevalence and causes of prescribing errors made by junior doctors. Chief Scientist Office (Scotland): 06/2009 - 02/2011.

What health care experiences matter to patients and how can we assign value to them for policy making purposes? MRC: 11/2008 - 10/2010.

Developing the intervention & outcome components of a proposed RCT of screening for open angle glaucoma. MRC: 11/2008 - 10/2010.

Using 'Good Goals' to improve children's occupational therapy services: a feasibility study of a multifaceted caseload management intervention. Chief Scientist Office (Scotland): 11/2009 - 10/2010.

Improving the care of people with acute low back pain by allied health professionals: a cluster randomized controlled trial. (ALIGN project). NHMRC (Australia): 10/2007 - 09/2010.

Interventions to optimise the practice of transfusion ('INTOPT') - Understanding transfusion prescribing behaviour in two clinical areas. DH: 03/2007 - 11/2008.

Collaborators

Professor Jeremy Grimshaw (University of Ottawa); Professor Susan Michie (UCL); Professor Sally Green (Australasian Cochrane Centre); Professor Robbie Foy (Leeds University); Dr Simon Stanworth (John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford); Professor Shaun Treweek (University of Aberdeen); Professor Vikki Entwistle (University of Aberdeen); Dr Jen Burr (St Andrews University); Dr Justin Presseau (University of Newcastle); Professor Heather Waterman (University of Manchester); Dr Rachael Powell (University of Manchester); Professor Brian Cuthbertson (University of Toronto)

Research Students

Name
Mamta Sagar
Attendance
2016 – present, full-time
Thesis Title
Co-design of a behaviour change intervention to reduce scree time
Role
1st Supervisor
Name
Stephen McIntyre
Attendance
2015 – present, part-time
Thesis Title
Using theory-driven evaluation to investigate mechanisms of change
Role
2nd Supervisor
Name
Andrea Patey
Attendance
Oct 2012 – Dec 2016
Thesis Title
Changing behaviour, more or less: Developing a theoretical- and evidence-based model for designing interventions tailored to the direction of change in behavioural frequency
Role
1st Supervisor
Name
Sarah McGloin
Attendance
2012 – present, part-time
Thesis Title
Patients’ experiences of the journey through critical care and beyond
Role
1st Supervisor
Name
Nicola McCleary
Attendance
Oct 2011 – Sep 2015
Thesis Title
The relationship between difficulty of a clinical decision as reported by healthcare professionals and the quality of that decision in terms of evidence based practice: Using existing data sets to inform decision theory
Role
External Supervisor
Name
Mandeep Sekhon
Thesis Title
Conceptualising, theorising and operationalizing the acceptability of healthcare interventions
Further Information
City University London PhD studentship; 2013 - current.
Name
Brittannia Abdul-Aziz
Thesis Title
Treatment perceptions on blood transfusion: a comparison of patient and health care professional perspectives
Further Information
City University London PhD studentship; 2013 - current.

Publications

Chapters (4)

  1. Stanworth, S.J., Francis, J.J., Murphy, M.F. and Tinmouth, A.T. (2013). Variation in Transfusion Practice and How to Influence Clinicians' Use of Blood in Hospitals. Practical Transfusion Medicine (pp. 516–523). ISBN 978-0-470-67051-4.
  2. Francis, J.J. and Johnston, M. (2010). Healthcare professional behaviour: Enhancing evidence-based health care. In French, D., Vedhara, K., Kaptein, A.A. and Weinman, J. (Eds.), Health psychology (pp. 189–208). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  3. Stanworth, S., Francis, J., Eccles, M.P., Hyde, C.J., Murphy, M.F. and Tinmouth, A.T. (2009). How to influence clinicians’ use of blood – improving transfusion practice in hospitals? In Murphy, M.F. and Pamphilon, D.H. (Eds.), Practical transfusion medicine Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-8196-9.
  4. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J. (2005). Emotional responses to self-evaluation: The influence of situation and self-system characteristics. In Clark, A.V. (Ed.), Psychology Of Moods New York: Nova Science Pub Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-59454-309-8.

Conference Papers and Proceedings (183)

  1. Hartley, S., Cicero, R., Farrin, A., Francis, J., Glidewell, L., Gould, N., Grant-Casey, J., Lorencatto, F., Moreau, L. and Stanworth, S. (2017). Embedding trials into established service improvement initiatives: challenges and lessons from an implementation laboratory. .
  2. Francis, J.J., Lorencatto, F., Gould, N.J., Presseau, I. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2016). THE 'TACTA' PRINCIPLE: A FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING BEHAVIOUR AND ITS COMPLEXITY IN BEHAVIOUR CHANGE RESEARCH. .
  3. Presseau, J., Mackintosh, J., Hawthorne, G., Steen, N., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Coulthard, T., Grimshaw, J.M., Kaner, E., Elovainio, M., Brown, H. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2016). CLUSTER RANDOMISED TRIAL OF A THEORY-BASED MULTIPLE BEHAVIOR CHANGE INTERVENTION AIMED AT PRIMARY HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS' MANAGEMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES [ISRCTN66498413]. .
  4. Cicero, R., Walwyn, R., Farrin, A., Foy, R., Francis, J., Gould, N., Lorencatto, F. and Stanworth, S. (2015). Complex considerations for randomisation across linked randomised trials of complex interventions: illustration from the affinitie programme. .
  5. Kolehmainen, N., Ramsay, C., McKee, L., Owen, C. and Francis, J.J. (2014). IMPROVING PHYSICAL PLAY IN CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES: IDENTIFYING MODIFIABLE, CLINICALLY MEANINGFUL TARGETS FOR INTERVENTIONS. .
  6. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Heponiemi, T., Elovainio, M., Eccles, M., Steen, N., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Grimshaw, J., Hawthorne, G. and Sniehotta, F. (2014). DUAL PROCESS MODEL OF PHYSICIANS' AND NURSE'S TYPE 2 DIABETES-RELATED PRESCRIBING, ADVISING AND EXAMINING BEHAVIOURS. .
  7. Cotton, S., Francis, J., Bolsover, D., Prior, M., MacLennan, G. and Brittenden, J. (2013). Behavioural recovery following treatments for varicose veins: Developing a measure of outcome and process. 2nd UK Clinical Trials Methodology Conference 18-19 November, Edinburgh.
  8. Campbell, M.K., Francis, J., Duncan, E., MacLennan, G.S., Cuthbertson, B.H. and the SUDDICU study group, (2013). When is a randomised controlled trial required: the Theoretical Domains Framework approach. 2nd UK Clinical Trials Methodology Conference 18-19 November, Edinburgh.
  9. Kolehmainen, N., MacLennan, G., Ternent, L., Duncan, E.A.S., Duncan, E.M., Ryan, S.B. and Francis, J. (2013). Multi-level case studies in development of complex interventions: an example of the Good Goals intervention. 2nd UK Clinical Trials Methodology Conference 18-19 November, Edinburgh.
  10. Francis, J., Mackintosh, J., Presseau, J. and Francis, J. (2013). Perspectives of primary care clinicians on an intervention aiming to improve care for patients with type 2 diabetes through examining, advising and prescribing (IDEA trial): a scoping study. Conference of the International Society for Quality in Health Care 13-16 October, Edinburgh.
  11. Marshall, A., Seppelt, I., Prior, M., Duncan, E., Wells, E., Todd, L., MacLennan, G., Cuthbertson, B. and Francis, J. (2013). Views about selective decontamination of the digestive tract: Delphi study. , 2nd Annual NHMRC Research Translation Faculty Symposium 2-3 October, Sydney.
  12. Treweek, S., Bonetti, D., Barnett, K., Eccles, M., Francis, J., Jones, C., MacLennan, G., Pitts, N., Ricketts, , Sullivan, F. and Weal, M. (2013). Web-based intervention modelling experiments in LifeGuide: a way of exploring behaviour change interventions before a full-scale trial. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 11-13 September, Brighton, UK.
  13. Francis, J., Berzins, K., Cruickshank, M. and Waterman, H. (2013). Methods for using behaviour change techniques to specify the intensity of complex behaviour change interventions. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 11-13 September, Brighton, UK.
  14. Francis, J., Prior, M., Ramsay, C.R., Campbell, S.E., Jenkinson, D. and Burr, J.M. (2013). Mapping theoretical and empirical structures to validate a patient-reported outcome measure: the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 11-13 September, Brighton, UK.
  15. Powell, R., Pattison, H.M. and Francis, J. (2013). Predicting chlamydia testing intention and behaviour using the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Protection Motivation Theory. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 11-13 September, Brighton, UK.
  16. Wood, C., Johnston, M., Richardson, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M. (2013). The BCT (Behaviour Change Technique) Taxonomy Project: Evaluation of training in using BCT Taxonomy v1. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 11-13 September, Brighton, UK.
  17. Cleland, J., Cruickshank, M., Powell, R., Ross, S. and Francis, J. (2013). Specification of an educational intervention in terms of behaviour change techniques. Conference of the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE) 24-28 August, Prague, Czech Republic.
  18. McCleary, N., Francis, J., Ramsay, C.R., Campbell, M.K. and Allan, J.A. (2013). A systematic review of studies using scenarios to assess General Practitioners’ decision difficulty or quality. 27th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society 17-20 July, Bordeaux, France.
  19. Johnston, M., Richardson, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Wood, C. and Michie, S. (2013). Reliability of coding of published behaviour change interventions: How can we decide if a technique is effective if we cannot agree what it is? 27th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society 17-20 July, Bordeaux, France.
  20. Smith, S., Porteous, T., Lee, A.J., Bond, C., Francis, J., Lowrie, R., Scotland, G., Sheikh, A., Smith, L., Thomas, M. and Wyke, S. (2013). ‘Help for Hay Fever’: a pilot cluster RCT of a community pharmacy-delivered goal-focussed intervention for people with intermittent allergic rhinitis Poster presentation. British Society of Allergy & Clinical Immunology (BSACI) Annual Meeting 8-10 July, Telford International Centre.
  21. Smith, S., Porteous, T., Lee, A.J., Bond, C., Francis, J., Lowrie, R., Scotland, G., Sheikh, A., Smith, L., Thomas, M. and Wyke, S. (2013). The ‘Help for Hay Fever’ study: a pilot cluster RCT of a goal-focussed intervention for people with intermittent allergic rhinitis, delivered in Scottish community pharmacies. Health Services Research & Pharmacy Practice’ (HSRPP) conference 9-10 May, Preston, UK.
  22. Seppelt, I., Marshall, A., Dan, A., Cole, L., Weisbrodt, L., Glass, P., Myburgh, J., Finfer, S., Lipman, J., Paterson, D., Francis, J. and Cuthbertson, B. (2013). An international Delphi study examining the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) in intensive care. Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases (ASID) 20-23 March, Canberra, Australia.
  23. Michie, S., Wood, C., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Richardson, M. and Cane, J. (2013). The Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically-clustered techniques: testing reliability of the taxonomy in specifying the content of behaviour change interventions. 34th Annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 20-23 March, San Francisco, USA.
  24. Michie, S., Wood, C., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Richardson, M. and Cane, J. (2013). THE BEHAVIOR CHANGE TECHNIQUE TAXONOMY (V1) OF 93 HIERARCHICALLY-CLUSTERED TECHNIQUES: TESTING RELIABILITY OF THE TAXONOMY. .
  25. Powell, R., Pattison, H.M. and Francis, J. (2012). Predicting chlamydia testing intention and behaviour: A theory-based prospective online study. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  26. Patey, A.M.E., Grimshaw, J.M., Francis, J.J. and Islam, R. (2012). Family Physicians’ Perceptions about Bone Mineral Density (BMD) Screening: Application of the Theoretical Domain Framework (TDF-2). UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  27. Kolehmainen, N., Bult, M., Ketelaar, M. and Francis, J. (2012). Participation in leisure in children with physical disabilities: parents’ views. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  28. Wood, C., Michie, S., Johnston, M., Richardson, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M. (2012). The BCT (Behaviour Change Technique) Taxonomy Project: Evaluation of training in using BCT Taxonomy v1. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  29. Presseau, J., Kaner, E., Hawthorne, G.C., Sniehotta, F.F., Hunter, M.M., Steen, N., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Mackintosh, J., Deverill, M., Brown, H., Elovainio, M., Grimshaw, J.M. and Eccles, M.P. (2012). Protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial of a theory-based intervention designed to overcome barriers to high quality care in diabetes through changing multiple behaviours of healthcare professionals. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  30. Duncan, E., Prior, M.P., MacLennan, G., Cuthbertson, B.H., Campbell, M.K., Bellingan, G., Eccles, M.P., Rowan, K., Shulman, R., Wilson, P. and Francis, J. (2012). The Delphi method for assessing consensus of health professionals’ views: how best to examine stability of views? UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester.
  31. Francis, J., Prior, M., Ramsay, C., Burr, J., Campbell, S., Hamzah, J.C., Crabb, D. and Jenkinson, D. (2012). Methods for using theoretical constructs to inform factor labels in an empirical structure: the example of the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual conference 10-11 December, Manchester, UK.
  32. Francis, J. (2012). Implementation research in allied health care: the Good Goals programme. Improving Quality in Healthcare: Translating Evidence into Practice conference 7 November, Edinburgh.
  33. Marshall, A., Weisbrodt, L., Rose, L., Cuthbertson, B. and Francis, J. (2012). Critical care nurses’ contribution to implementation of selective decontamination (SDD) in clinical practice and research. 37th Annual ANZICS/ACCCN Intensive Care Annual Scientific Meeting 25-27 October, Adelaide, Australia.
  34. Seppelt, I., Marshall, A., Dan, A., Cole, L., Weisbridt, L., Glass, P., Myburgh, J., Finfer, S., Lipman, J., Paterson, D., Francis, J. and Cuthbertson, B. (2012). An international Delphi study examining the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of Selective Decontamination of the Digestive tract (SDD) in intensive care. 37th Annual ANZICS/ACCCN Intensive Care Annual Scientific Meeting 25-17 October, Adelaide, Australia.
  35. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C.M., Francis, J., Haughney, J. and Helms, P.J. (2012). Data linkage for pharmacovigilance: Views of healthcare professionals on the secondary use of administrative NHS data. Oral presentation. 41st Annual Scientific Meeting, Society for Academic Primary Care (SAPC) 2-4 October, Glasgow, UK.
  36. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C.M., Francis, J., Haughney, J. and Helms, P.J. (2012). Views of Healthcare Professionals to linkage of routinely collected healthcare data: a literature review. NHS Research Scotland (NRS) Conference 1 October, Edinburgh, UK.
  37. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C.M., Francis, J., Haughney, J. and Helms, P.J. (2012). Data Linkage for Pharmacovigilance: Views of Healthcare Professionals on the secondary use of administrative NHS data. NHS Research Scotland (NRS) Conference 2012 1 October, Edinburgh, UK.
  38. McSherry, L., Dombrowski, S., Francis, J., Murphy, J., Martin, C. and O'Leary, J. (2012). HPV-related attitudes and behaviours in GPs and practice nurses: preliminary results of quantitative survey from Phase 2 of ATHENS (A Trial of Hpv EducatioN and Support). National Study Day for CervicalCheck 22 September, Dubline, Ireland.
  39. McSherry, L., Dombrowski, S., Francis, J., Murphy, J., Martin, C., O'Leary, J. and Sharp, L. (2012). Developing resources to support GPs and practice nurses in cervical screening and HPV: results of in-depth interviews from Phase 1 of ATHENS (A Trial of Hpv EducatioN and Support). National Study Day for CervicalCheck 22 September, Dublin, Irelans.
  40. Presseau, J., Tait, R., Johnston, D.W., Francis, J.J. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2012). Time spent in facilitating and conflicting goal-directed behaviours predicts objectively-assessed physical activity: a multilevel diary study. Annual conference of the European Health Psychology Society 20-24 September, Crete, Greece.
  41. Duncan, E., Francis, J., Ross, S., Ryan, C., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., MaLay, J.S. and Bond, C. (2012). Application of the Theoretical Construct Domains framework to a complex behaviour: junior doctors’ prescribing. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 14-16 September, University of Southampton.
  42. Hopf, Y., Bond, C., Helm, P., Haughney, J. and Francis, J. (2012). Data linkage for pharmacovigilance: Opinions of healthcare professionals on the secondary use of paediatric administrative NHS data. Annual conference of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society 9-10 September, Birmingham.
  43. Francis, J.J., Duncan, E.M., MacLennan, G., Prior, M.E. and Cuthbertson, B. (2012). Do elicitation studies really identify important beliefs? A test of the cognitive accessibility assumption in a multinational Delphi study set in critical care. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 5-7 September, Liverpool, UK.
  44. O'Connor, D., French, S., Waklker, B., Grimshaw, J., Michie, S., Francis, J. and Green, S. (2012). Identifying barriers and enablers to the uptake of evidence-based guidelines for acute low-back pain by Australian chiropractors: a qualitative study using a theoretical framework. Translating Evidence into Practice - World Federation of Chiropractic Education Conference September, Perth, Australia.
  45. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Richardson, M. and Cane, J. (2012). An 87-item taxonomy of Behavior Change Techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine 29 Aug 2012 – 1 Sep 2012, Budapest, Hungary.
  46. Francis, J., Powell, R. and Pattison, H. (2012). Predicting intention to self-test for chlamydia using Theory of Planned Behaviour and Protection Motivation Theory. 26th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society 21-25 August, Prague, Czech Republic.
  47. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Steen, N., Elovainio, M., Hrisos, S., Grimshaw, J.M., Stamp, E. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2012). Reflective and automatic processes in healthcare professional behaviour: an application of a dual process model. 26th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society 21-25 August, Prauge, Czech Republic.
  48. Burr, J., Prior, M., Francis, J., Hernandez, R. and Ramsay, C. (2012). Arresting the silent thief of sight: Glaucoma screening on trial in the UK. World Glaucoma Congress 29 Jun 2012 – 2 Jul 2012, Paris, France.
  49. Ryan, M., Kinghorn, P., Entwistle, V.A. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Valuing patients’ experiences of healthcare processes: towards broader applications of existing methods. Meeting of the Association for Social Economics 20-22 June, Glasgow, UK.
  50. Prior, M., Burr, J.M., Ramsay, C., Jenkinson, D., Campbell, S. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Evidence base for an intervention to maximise uptake of glaucoma testing: A theory-based cross-sectional survey. NHS Health Services Research Network Symposium 19-20 June, Manchester, UK.
  51. Garner, M., Cotton, S., Brittenden, J. and Francis, J. (2012). How effective are patient information leaflets? A framework and methods for evaluation. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 20-23 May, Miami, Florida, USA.
  52. Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M.P., Richardson, M. and Michie, S. (2012). Development of a taxonomy to facilitate reporting of behaviour change techniques, the ‘active ingredients’ of behaviour change interventions. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 20-23 May, Miami, Florida, USA.
  53. McCleary, N., Duncan, E., Stewart, F. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Which components of interventions are reported in titles and abstracts? A systematic review to compare reporting practices for pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 20-21 May, Miami, Florida, USA.
  54. Campbell, M.K., MacLennan, G., Francis, J., Fergusson, D. and Cuthbertson, B.C. (2012). Design and conduct of trials in critically ill patients – challenges and solutions. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 20-21 May, Miami, Flordia, USA.
  55. Ryan, C., Bond, C., Ross, S., Davey, P., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J. and Webb, D. (2012). Junior doctors’ knowledge, experience of and attitudes towards prescribing errors. Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice (HSRPP) conference 23-24 April, Cork, Irelans.
  56. Ryan, C., Bond, C., Ross, S., Davey, P., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J. and Webb, D. (2012). The perceived causes of prescribing errors made by junior doctors in Scottish Hospitals. Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice (HSRPP) conference 23-24 April, Cork, Ireland.
  57. Ryan, C., Bond, C., Davey, P., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J. and Webb, D. (2012). The prevalence of prescribing errors amongst junior doctors in Scotland. Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice (HSRPP) conference 23-24 April, Cork, Ireland.
  58. Francis, J., Treweek, S., Barnett, K., MacLennan, G., Bonetti, D., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Jones, C., Pitts, N.B., Ricketts, I.W., Weal, M. and Sullivan, F. (2012). Is an email invitation a more effective strategy for recruiting GPs than a postal invitation? Scottish School of Primary Care conference April, Glasgow, UK.
  59. Michie, S., Wood, C., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Richardson, M. and Cane, J. (2012). The Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically-clustered techniques: testing reliability of the taxonomy in specifying the content of behaviour change interventions. 34th Annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 20-23 March, San Francisco, California.
  60. Islam, R., Tinmouth, A., Francis, J., Brehaut, J., Born, J. and Stockton, C. (2012). Canadian Intensive Care Unit Physicians’ perceptions about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework. 5th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation: Research at the Crossroads 20 March, Maryland, USA.
  61. Bussières, A., Patey, A., Francis, J.J., Sales, A. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2012). Identifying factors likely to influence compliance with diagnostic imaging guideline recommendations for spine disorders among chiropractors in North America: a focus group study using the Theoretical Domains Framework. 5th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation 19-20 March, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
  62. Presseau, J., Eccles, M.P., Hawthorne, G., Steen, N., Hunter, M., Stamp, E., Hrisos, S., Grimshaw, J.M., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M. and Elovainio, M. (2012). Instrument development, data collection, and characteristics of practices, staff, and measures in the Improving Quality of Care in Diabetes Study. 5th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation 19-20 March, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
  63. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Elovainio, M., Grimshaw, J.M., Hrisos, S., Steen, N., Stamp, E., Hunter, M., Eccles, M.P. and Hawthorne, G. (2012). Implementation as behavior: Using organizational and individual theories of behavior to predict evidence-based diabetes care in the United Kingdom. 5th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation 19-30 March, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
  64. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Steen, I.N., Hawthorne, G., Grimshaw, J.M., Elovainio, M., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2012). Testing multiple theories of behaviour across multiple health professional behaviours in primary care: an investigation of diabetes care provision in the UK. Diabetes UK Professional Conference March, Glasgow, Scotland.
  65. Hawthorne, G.C., Eccles, M.P., Stamp, E., Hrisos, S., Steen, N., Elovainio, M., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hunter, M., Johnston, M. and Presseau, J. (2012). Diabetes Care provision in UK General practices: patient’s and healthcare professional’s perspectives. Diabetes UK Professional Conference March, Glasgow, Scotland.
  66. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C. and Francis, J. (2011). Using a theoretical framework to develop a Delphi questionnaire: Investigation of health professionals’ views about linkage of paediatric data. Annual Scientific Meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 13-14 December, Stirling, Scotland.
  67. Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Presseau, J., Steen, N. and Johnston, M. (2011). A structured discussion on organisational and individual-level predictors of multiple primary care health professional behaviours in the management of diabetes. Annual Scientific Meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 13-14 December, Stirling, Scotland.
  68. Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M. and Michie, S. (2011). Developing a taxonomy of behaviour change techniques: labels and definitions. 25th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society 20-24 September, Crete, Greece.
  69. Patey, A., Sprague, A., Curran, J., Grimshaw, J.M. and Francis, J. (2011). Birthing unit nurses' perceptions about using intermittent auscultation as their primary method of fetal surveillance: Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 14-16 September, University of Southampton.
  70. McCleary, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E. and Stewart, F. (2011). How are the components of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic health care interventions reported in published titles and abstracts? A systematic review to compare reporting practices. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 14-16 September, University of Southampton.
  71. Entwistle, V., Francis, J., Kinghorn, P. and Ryan, M. (2011). Which experiences of healthcare delivery matter to service users and why? An interpretive synthesis and conceptual map. Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Social Medicine 14-16 September, Warwick, UK.
  72. Ryan, C., Davey, P., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J., Ross, S., Webb, D. and Bond, C. (2011). The perceived causes of junior doctors’ presecribing errors: The PROTECT (Prescribing Outcomes for Trainee doctors Engaged in Clinical Training) study. Annual scientific meeting of the Association for the Study of Medical Education (ASME) 13-15 July, Edinburgh, UK.
  73. Ryan, C., Ross, S., Davey, P., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J., Webb, D. and Bond, C. (2011). The prevalence of prescribing errors amongst junior doctors in Scotland. 10th European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) Congress 26-29 June, Budapest, Hungary.
  74. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Owen, C., McKee, L. and Ramsay, C. (2011). Participation in Physical Play Study: an MRC study to develop a theory and evidenced-based intervention. European Academy of Childhood Disability Annual Meeting June, Rome, Italy.
  75. Francis, J., Campbell, M.K., MacLennan, G., French, S. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2011). Complex interventions; methodological considerations for the development and evaluation. 32nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 15-18 May, Vancouver, Canada.
  76. Campbell, M.K., Ramsay, C.R. and Francis, J.J. (2011). Trials in surgery: Evaluating a simple or complex intervention? 32nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 15-18 May, Vancouver, Canada.
  77. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Dixon, D. and Richardson, M. (2011). Developing a taxonomy of behaviour change techniques: labels and definitions. Society for Behavioural Medicine 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting 27-30 April, Washington D. C., USA.
  78. Treweek, S., Francis, J., Sullivan, F., Ricketts, I., Jones, C., Pitts, N., Bonetti, D. and Eccles, M.P. (2011). Web-based intervention modelling experiments: a way of exploring primary care interventions before a full-scale trial. Scottish School of Primary Care (SSPC) conference 19-20 April, Edinburgh, UK.
  79. Ryan, M., Kinghorn, P., Entwistle, V., Francis, J. and Firnigl, D. (2011). The patient experience: what is it and how can we value it? Annual meeting of the Health Economists; Study Group, Centre for Health Economics 5-7 January, York, UK.
  80. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M. and Dixon, D. (2010). The BCT (Behaviour Change Technique) Taxonomy Project: Developing a nomenclature for behaviour change interventions. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6th Annual Scientific Meeting 14-15 December, Leeds, UK.
  81. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Owen, C., McKee, L. and Ramsay, C. (2010). Participation in Physical Play Study: an MRC study to develop a theory and evidence-based intervention. UK Society of Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 14-15 December, Leeds, UK.
  82. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E.A.S., Duncan, E.M., MacLennan, G. and McKee, L. (2010). Changing healthcare professionals’ caseload management: development and pilot of a behaviour change intervention. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6th Annual Scientific Meeting 14-15 December, Leeds.
  83. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J.J., MacLennan, G. and Campbell, N.C. (2010). Above and beyond the theory of planned behaviour: testing the added utility of intergoal perceptions for predicting health professionals’ behaviour. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6th Annual Scientific Meeting 14-15 December, Leeds, UK.
  84. Dombrowski, S.U., Francis, J.J., Campbell, M.K., Bellingan, G., Binning, A.R., Gordon, A., Johnston, M. and Cuthbertson, B.H. (2010). Behavioural analysis of complex clinical interventions: Case studies of Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract use in intensive care. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6th Annual Scientific Meeting 14-15 December, Leeds, UK.
  85. Prior, M., Burr, J.M., Francis, J., Hamzah, J.C., Ramsay, C.R., Azuara-Blanco, A. and Campbell, S.E. (2010). Development of pre-validation methodology in the design of a theory-informed instrument: the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire. 17th Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL) 27-30 October, London.
  86. Francis, J., Hamzah, J.C., Burr, J.M., Ramsay, C.R., Azuara-Blanco, A. and Prior, M. (2010). Selecting patient reported outcomes in glaucoma studies: which instrument? 17th Annual Conference of the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL) 27-30 October, London.
  87. Francis, J. (2010). Developing a professional behaviour change intervention; the example of disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia. Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society 15-17 September, Belfast, UK.
  88. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M. and Dixon, D. (2010). The BCT (Behaviour Change Technique) Taxonomy Project: Developing a nomenclature for behaviour change interventions. Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society 15-17 September, Belfast, UK.
  89. Kolehmainen, K., Duncan, E., Francis, J., McKee, L. and Duncan, E.A.S. (2010). Can the theoretical construct domains be used to identify individual- and organisational-level factors relevant to behaviour change interventions? Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society 15-17 September, Belfast, UK.
  90. Francis, J.J., Dombrowski, S.U., Campbell, M.K., Bellingan, G. and Cuthbertson, B.H. (2010). Behavioural analysis of complex clinical interventions: A proposed method illustrated in the context of a potentially life-saving but rarely used intervention in intensive care. Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society 15-17 September, Belfast, UK.
  91. Cruickshank, M., Francis, J., Powell, R., Ross, S. and Cleland, J. (2010). Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to evaluate an educational intervention: A before-after study of final year medical students. Annual conference of the BPS Division of Health Psychology 15-17 September, Belfast.
  92. Johnston, M., Michie, S., Francis, J., Eccles, M., Abraham, C., Hardeman, W. and Dixon, D. (2010). Developing a nomenclature for behaviour change interventions. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine 4-7 August, Washington DC.
  93. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., McKee, L. and Grant, L. (2010). Supporting therapists with caseload management: An evidence- and theory-based approach for children’s community occupational therapy. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Congress 4-7 May, Santiago, Chile.
  94. Burr, J., Azuara Blanco, A., Campbell, M., Campbell, S., Francis, J., Greene, A., Hernández, R., Hopkins, D., Prior, M., Ramsay, C. and Vale, L. (2010). Developing a population level complex intervention: ‘glaucoma screening on trial’. Annual conference of the Society for Clinical Trials May, Baltimore, USA.
  95. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J.J. and Campbell, N.C. (2009). Plans, priorities, and perceived intergoal relationships: A cross-sectional study of predictors of health professional behaviour. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine conference 14-15 December, Southampton, UK.
  96. Porteous, T., Francis, J., Bond, C. and Hannaford, P. (2009). General beliefs about medicines remain stable over 44 months despite changes in health status. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine conference 14-15 December, Southampton.
  97. Prior, M., Francis, J., Ramsay, C.R., Chehamzah, J., Campbell, S. and Burr, J.M. (2009). Development of the theory-informed questionnaire for use in a screening trial: the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire (AGQ). UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 14-15 December, Southampton.
  98. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., MacLennan, G. and Duncan, E. (2009). Health professionals’ behaviour: A source of variation in health service delivery. K Society for Behavioural Medicine conference 14-15 December, Southampton.
  99. Forrest, A., Francis, J., Cotton, S., Garner, M., Campbell, B. and Brittenden, J. (2009). Using a model of communication to evaluate and enhance printed information for patients about treatments for varicose veins. Vascular Society Annual Meeting December, Liverpool, UK.
  100. Kolehmainen, K., Francis, J., Duncan, E., McKee, L. and Grant, L. (2009). Improving clinicians’ caseload management: An evidence- and theory-based change intervention for children’s community occupational therapy. Nursing and Allied Health Professional (NMAHP) conference November.
  101. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., McKee, L. and Grant, A. (2009). Good Goals: supporting therapists to manage caseloads. Allied heath professions’ Children and young people network (AHP CYP) Launch event 21 October, Perth, UK.
  102. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F., Francis, J. and Campbell, N. (2009). “I intend to, but it depends”: Implications of identifying behavioural conditions in clinical practice. European Society of Health Psychology annual conference 23-26 September, Pisa, Italy.
  103. Cruickshank, M., Francis, J., Powell, R. and N’Dow, J. (2009). Do single-case studies of behavioural alternatives based on the TPB inform patients’ treatment decisions? Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society conference 9-11 September, Aston University.
  104. Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Robertson, C., Glidewell, L., Entwistle, V., Eccles, M.P. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2009). What is an adequate sample size? A proposed method for operationalising data saturation for theory-based interview studies. Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology, British Psychological Society 9-11 September, Aston University.
  105. French, S., McKenzie, J., O’Connor, D., Grimshaw, J., Michie, S., Francis, J., Mortimer, D., Spike, N., Schattner, P., Kent, P., Buchbinder, R., Page, M. and Green, S. (2009). Evaluating a theory-based intervention to improve the use of an evidence-based practice guideline for the management of acute low-back pain: the IMPLEMENT cluster randomised controlled trial. Low Back Pain Primary Care Forum 14-17 June, Boston, USA.
  106. O'Connor, D., Murphy, K., French, S., McKenzie, J., Keating, J., Walker, B., Grimshaw, J., Michie, S., Francis, J., Page, M., Beringer, K. and Green, S. (2009). Use of theory to identify and address barriers and enablers to uptake of evidence-based guidelines for acute low-back pain by Australian physiotherapists and chiropractors: Phase 1 of the ALIGN project. Low Back Pain Primary Care Forum 14-17 June, Boston, USA.
  107. Francis, J., Campbell, M.K., Ramsay, C.R., Norrie, J.D., Avenell, A., Burr, J., Michie, S. and Johnston, M. (2009). The importance of behaviour in trials. Meeting of the Society for Clinical Trials 3-6 May, Atlanta, USA.
  108. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., McKee, L., Grant, A.M. and MacLennan, G.S. (2009). Tackling community waiting times by changing clinicians’ care delivery behaviours: an evidence and theory-based approach. Leaders in Rehabilitation 20 March, Edmonton, Canada.
  109. Porteous, T., Francis, J., Bond, C. and Hannaford, P. (2009). Are beliefs about medicines stable over time? Comparing scores for the BMQ-General at two time points. Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice Conference March, Brighton, UK.
  110. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J. and Campbell, N.C. (2009). A qualitative investigation into the impact of multiple goal pursuit in a time constrained primary care setting. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine annual scientific meeting 6-7 January, University of Exeter.
  111. Cruickshank, M., Francis, J., Powell, R. and N'Dow, J. (2009). Coping and self-regulation in prostate cancer patients: theoretical rationale for a study in progress. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual scientific meeting 6-7 January, University of Exeter.
  112. Glenton, C., Carlsen, B., Pope, C., Francis, J., Eccles, M.P. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2008). Why don’t GPs follow guidelines? Increasing our understanding of complex interventions by combining qualitative and quantitative reviews. 16th Cochrane Colloquium 3-7 October, Freiburg, Germany.
  113. Stockton, C., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Stanworth, S.J., Cuthbertson, B.H., Hyde, C., Tinmouth, A. and Grimshaw, J. (2008). Using psychological theory to explore determinants of clinicians’ transfusion practice. Annual Scientific Meeting of the British Blood Transfusion Society 11-13 September, Llandudno, North Wales.
  114. MacLennan, G., Araújo-Soares, V., McIntyre, T., Sniehotta, F. and Francis, J. (2008). Can beta regression bridge the intention-behaviour gap? DHP/EHPS conference 9-12 September, Bath, UK.
  115. Stockton, C., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Stanworth, S., Cuthbertson, B.H., Hyde, C., Tinmouth, A. and Grimshaw, J. (2008). From theoretical domains to theory: enhancing the selection of theory to understand clinicians’ transfusion behaviour. DHP/EHPS 9-12 September, Bath, UK.
  116. Cruickshank, M. and Francis, J. (2008). Choosing between health-related behaviours: Testing the utility of the TPB to predict intention choice. Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society conference 9-12 September, Bath, UK.
  117. Francis, J., Stockton, C., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Stanworth, S., Cuthbertson, B.H., Hyde, C., Tinmouth, A. and Grimshaw, J. (2008). Predicting behavioural simulation from standard rating versus 'direct estimation' measure of intention, for transfusion behaviour. DHP/EHPS conference 9-12 September, Bath, UK.
  118. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Robertson, C., MacLennan, G., Weinman, J., Marteau, T., Entwistle, V., Campbell, M., McCallum, M., Ralston, S. and Langston, A. (2008). Theorising, measuring and predicting ‘acceptability’ of genetic screening and preventive treatment: a study of relatives of people affected by Paget’s disease of the bone. International Congress of Behavioural Medicine 27-30 August, Tokyo, Japan.
  119. Johnston, M., Francis, J., MacLennan, G., Robertson, C., Weinman, J., Marteau, T., Entwistle, V., Campbell, M., McCallum, R., Ralston, S. and Langston, A. (2008). Are people’s illness perceptions related to their affected relatives’ experience of an illness? A study using the CS-SRM and the ICF model of health outcomes. International Congress of Behavioural Medicine 27-30 August, Tokyo, Japan.
  120. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., Grant, A. and McKee, L. (2008). Optimising caseload management. Joint SDO and HSRN conference 4-5 June, Manchester, UK.
  121. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., Grant, A. and McKee, L. (2008). Providing efficient and equitable client care: A mixed methods study. Joint SDO and HSRN conference 4-5 June, Manchester, UK.
  122. Grimshaw, J., Francis, J. and Sniehotta, F. (2008). Applying behavioral theory to improve quality: Teaching old dogs new tricks. American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke Conference 30 April, Baltimore, USA.
  123. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Dickinson, H.D., Beyer, F. and Johnston, M. (2009). Are there valid proxy measures of clinical behaviour? A systematic review. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 10 Dec 2007, Warwick, UK.
  124. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, I.N. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Using psychological theory to develop the content of interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 10 December, Warwick, UK.
  125. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, I.N. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Evaluation of theory-based interventions to change GPs’ intentions to implement evidence-based practice: a randomised controlled trial. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 10 December, Warwick, UK.
  126. Kolehmainen, N., Duncan, E., Francis, J. and Fraser, C. (2007). Community professionals' caseload management behaviours: a systematic review. UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 10 December, Warwick, UK.
  127. Dixon, D., Francis, J., Pollard, B., Hart, J. and Johnston, M. (2007). Measuring theory: how do we know what we are measuring? A workshop on Discriminant Content Validation (DCV). UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting 10 December, Warwick, UK.
  128. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Hawthorne, G., Johnston, M., Hunter, M., Steen, I.N., Francis, J., Eliovanio, M. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Improving The Delivery Of Care For Patients With Diabetes. PCRN Northern & Yorkshire/MRC GPRF Research Day 16 November, York, UK.
  129. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Little, P., Steen, I.N. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Optimising Antibiotic Use In Respiratory Tract Infection In Primary Care: IES Trial Platform. PCRN Northern & Yorkshire/MRC GPRF Research Day 16 November, York, UK.
  130. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Duncan, E., McKee, L. and Grant, A.M. (2007). Optimising caseload management: community paediatric OT. Nursing, Midwifery & Allied Health Professional (NMAHP) Conference October, Edinburgh, UK.
  131. Kolehmainen, N., Duncan, E., Francis, J. and Fraser, C. (2007). Community professionals' caseload management: a systematic review. NMAHP Conference October, Edinburgh, UK.
  132. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M., Foy, R., Bamford, C. and Hrisos, S. (2007). Using theory to develop interventions to enhance evidence-based healthcare: anti-biotic prescribing and dementia disclosure. Division of Health Psychology annual conference 12-14 September, Nottingham, UK.
  133. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F. and Francis, J. (2007). Conflicting and facilitative impact of everyday goals on physical activity. Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society August, Maastricht, Netherlands.
  134. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, I.N. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Using psychological theory to develop the content of interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics. Society for Academic Primary Care Annual Scientific Meeting 4-6 July, London, UK.
  135. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, I.N. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Evaluation of theory-based interventions to change GPs’ intentions to implement evidence-based practice: a randomised controlled trial. Society for Academic Primary Care Annual Scientific Meeting 4-6 July, London, UK.
  136. Entwistle, V.A., Prior, M., Francis, J. and Skea, Z. (2007). What does involvement mean to people with diabetes? 4th International Conference on Shared Decision Making 30 May 2007 – 1 Jun 2007, Freiberg, Germany.
  137. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M., Francis, J., Bosch, M., Dijkstra, R., Johnston, M., Grol, R., Kaner, R. and Steen, N. (2007). Using psychological theory to understand diabetes care provision in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries. Diabetes UK Annual Scientific Conference 14-16 March, Glasgow, UK.
  138. Kolehmainen, N., McKee, L. and Francis, J. (2007). Complexity of community occupational therapy treatment provision: mixed methods approach. Research workshop in Health Care Management and Policy 20 February, Edinburgh, UK.
  139. Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Foy, R., Johnston, M., Bamford, C., Lecouturier, J., Steen, N., Grimshaw, J., Hughes, J. and Whitty, P. (2006). Development and modelling of a theory-based tailored improvement strategy to promote disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia. 12th International Scientific Symposium on Improving the Quality and Value of Health Care 11 December, Orlando, USA.
  140. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J., Francis, J. and McKee, L. (2006). Investigating treatment provision behaviour in occupational therapy: a mixed methods approach. Scientific meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6 December, Cambridge, UK.
  141. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Michie, S., Eccles, M. and Foy, R. (2006). Designing theory-based interventions in implementation research. Scientific meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine 6 December, Cambridge, UK.
  142. Francis, J., Wileman, S., Bekker, H., Barton, G. and Campbell, M. (2006). Beliefs about medical and surgical treatments are related to patients’ choices: Developing a Beliefs about Surgery Questionnaire in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. International Congress of Behavioral Medicine 29 Nov 2006 – 2 Dec 2006, Bangkok, Thailand.
  143. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Thomas, R., Glidewell, L., MacLennan, G. and Bonetti, D. (2006). Psychological theory and methods applied to evidence-based practice of doctors and dentists Symposium. Conference of the British Division of Health Psychology 15-17 September.
  144. Francis, J. (2006). Psychological theory and methods applied to evidence-based practice of doctors and dentists. Division of Health Psychology annual conference 13-15 September, Essex, UK.
  145. Glidewell, L., MacLennan, G., Thomas, R., Johnston, M., Eccles, M. and Francis, J. (2006). Can illness representations predict antibiotic prescribing for an upper respiratory tract infection? Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference 13-15 September, Essex, UK.
  146. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Bonetti, D., MacLennan, G., Glidewell, L., Thomas, R., Eccles, M.P., Grimshaw, J.M. and Quinn, F. (2006). Using psychological models to predict GPs’ intentions: Theoretical and measurement issues. Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference 13-15 September, Essex, UK.
  147. Cruickshank, M. and Francis, J. (2006). Predicting Intentions in a Choice Situation: Work/Life Balance at University. Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference 13-15 September, Essex, UK.
  148. O’Connor, D., Green, S., French, S., Grimshaw, J., Spike, N., Schattner, P., McKenzie, J., King, S., Michie, S. and Francis, J. (2006). Using a theoretical framework to identify and address barriers to the uptake of a low back pain clinical practice guideline in primary care. International Low-back Pain Forum VIII 8-10 June, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  149. French, S., McKenzie, J., O'Connor, D., Green, S., Grimshaw, J., Schattner, P., Spike, N., Buchbinder, R., Mortimer, D., Michie, S. and Francis, J. (2006). IMPlementing a clinical practice guideline for acute Low-back pain Evidence based manageMENT in general practice (IMPLEMENT): design of a cluster randomised controlled trial. International Low-back Pain Forum VIII 8-10 June, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  150. Prior, M., Entwistle, V., Francis, J. and Skea, Z. (2006). How do people with diabetes view their involvement in decisions about their treatment? Conference of the Alliance for Self Care Research 3-5 May, Dundee, UK.
  151. Watson, M.C., Inch, J., Cleland, J., Francis, J. and Bond, C.M. (2006). The effect of communication skills training on consultations for nonprescription medicines. Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice Conference 3-4 April, Bath, UK.
  152. Bugden, S., Grimshaw, J., Francis, J., Eccles, M. and Macnair, K. (2006). Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to Clarify Academic Detailing Prescribing Behaviour Targets. 18th Annual CHSPR Health Policy Conference 9-10 February, Vancouver, Canada.
  153. Francis, J. (2006). ‘The test is positive – you have dementia’. Developing a theory-based intervention for appropriate disclosure. Annual conference of the Division of Health Psychology February, Edinburgh, UK.
  154. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Francis, J. and Hardeman, W. (2005). Behaviour change interventions: Developing a classification system. 1st annual meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine November, London, UK.
  155. Eccles, M. and Francis, J. (2005). Conducting theory based process evaluations alongside randomised controlled trials of professional behaviour change interventions. 1st annual meeting of the UK Society for Behavioural Medicine November, London, UK.
  156. Francis, J., Michie, S., Johnston, M., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M.P. (2005). How do behaviour change techniques map on to psychological constructs? Results of a consensus process. 19th Annual Conference of European Health Psychology Society September, Galway, Ireland.
  157. Francis, J., Eccles, M., Johnston, M., Kaner, E., Grimshaw, J., Whitty, P., Walker, A. and Smith, L. (2005). Changing normatively-driven intentions to attitudinally-driven intentions: Explaining effects of a Randomised Controlled Trial to implement evidence-based diabetes care. 19th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology September, Galway, Irelans.
  158. Johnston, M., Pollard, B., Dixon, D., Hart, J., Bonetti, D. and Francis, J. (2005). How do we know if we’re measuring the theoretical constructs we want to measure? A workshop on Discriminant Content Validity (DCV). BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference September, Coventry, UK.
  159. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Johnston, M., Beyer, F. and Dickinson, H. (2005). How well do self-reported intentions predict clinicians’ behaviour? A systematic review. 34th annual scientific meeting, Society for Academic Primary Care (SAPC) 7-8 July, Newcastle-Gateshead, UK.
  160. Robinson, L., Francis, J., Rodgers, H. and James, P. (2004). Caring for carers of people with stroke: developing a complex intervention following the Medical Research Council framework. The UK Stroke Association Scientific Conference 15-16 September, Churchill College Cambridge, UK.
  161. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Grimshaw, J., Kaner, E.F.S. and Smith, L. (2004). Investigating multiple behaviours using the Theory of Planned Behaviour: why do health professionals implement some evidence-based practices but not others? Division of Health Psychology Conference 8-10 September, Edinburgh, UK.
  162. Boldero, J.M., Robins, G.L., Williams, B.J. and Francis, J. (2004). Similarity and difference in personal relationships: The effect of relational and personal discrepancies on relationship quality. 28th International Congress of Psychology 8-13 August, Beijing, China.
  163. Rodgers, H., Robinson, L., Francis, J., James, P., Tindle, N. and Greenwall, K. (2004). User involvement in the development of a service for the carers of people with stroke. 5th World Stroke Congress 24-26 June, Vancouver, Canada.
  164. Boldero, J., Donaghue, N. and Francis, J. (2004). Self-regulation: The nature of individuals’ goals and the role of self-discrepancies. Annual conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychology April, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  165. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J. (2002). The differential consequences of self-regulating with respect to reference values functioning as standards and goals. Society of Personality & Social Psychology February, Savannah, USA.
  166. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J. (2000). The emotional consequences of discrepancies with standards and goals: evidence for differential self-regulatory processes. 35th annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society October, Canberra, Australia.
  167. Francis, J., Boldero, J., Newson, S., Brydon, V. and Coffey, T. (2000). Assessing self-discrepancies by interview: reliability and validity of interview schedules trialled with healthy elderly individuals and pulmonary rehabilitation patients. 35th annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society October, Canberra, Australia.
  168. Francis, J. and Newson, S. (2000). The utility of self-discrepancy theory as a framework for supporting workplace training: evaluation of a team-building program and identification of training needs in a range of industries. 35th annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society October, Canberra, Australia.
  169. Francis, J. and Jackson, H.J. (2000). The Feelings at Work scale: Theoretical basis, development of the instrument, and preliminary validity testing. 2nd Conference on Emotions in Organizational Life August, Toronto, Canada.
  170. Bell, R.O. and Francis, J. (2000). Dimensions underlying cognitive complexity measures based on repertory grids. XXVII International Congress of Psychology July, Stockholm, Sweden.
  171. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J. (2000). Self-regulation: The emotional and behavioral consequences of discrepancies with standards and goals. XXVII International Congress of Psychology July, Stockholm, Sweden.
  172. Francis, J. (2000). Self-discrepancies and distress: Emotional correlates of others’ failure to verify self-views. XXVII International Congress of Psychology July, Stockholm, Sweden.
  173. Boldero, J. and Francis, J. (1999). Academic self discrepancies and behaviour: Discrepancy reduction and intentions. 34th annual Australian Psychological Society conference October, Hobart, Australia.
  174. Francis, J. (1999). Self-discrepancies and emotion in the workplace as predictors of leave-taking behaviour. 34th annual Australian Psychological Society conference September, Hobart, Australia.
  175. Francis, J. (1998). Workplace affect and job satisfaction as a function of interpersonal discrepancies in the workplace. 33rd annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society October, Melbourne, Australia.
  176. Boldero, J., Francis, J. and Donaghue, N. (1998). Self-discrepancies and student behaviour: The role of self-guide content. Annual conference of the British Psychological Society July, Brighton, UK.
  177. Francis, J. (1998). Self-discrepancy in the workplace: An interpersonal perspective. Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society July, Brighton, UK.
  178. Boldero, J., Francis, J. and Donaghue, N. (1998). Social-domain specific self-discrepancies as motivators of behaviour: The role of self-guide content. Annual Conference of Society of Australasian Social Psychologists April, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  179. Francis, J. (1998). In defence of interpersonal emotions: An empirical test of a biopsychosocial theory of emotion. Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychology April, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  180. Francis, J. (1998). Interpersonal discrepancies in the workplace: Emotional correlates of the failure of self-verification strategies. Annual Conference of the Society of Australasian Social Psychology April, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  181. Francis, J. (1996). Perceived relationship type as a moderator of the link between self-discrepancies and affect in the workplace. 35th annual meeting of the Australasian Social Psychologists September, Canberra, Australia.
  182. Boldero, J. and Francis, J. (1996). Domain-specific self-discrepancies and emotion: Differences as a function of domain and context. 31st annual conference of the Australian Psychological Society September, Sydney, Australia.
  183. Francis, J. (1996). Domain-specific self-discrepancies and emotion: Differences as a function of domain and context. XXVI International Congress of Psychology July, Montreal, Canada.

Journal Articles (193)

  1. Hartley, S., Foy, R., Walwyn, R.E.A., Cicero, R., Farrin, A.J., Francis, J.J., Lorencatto, F., Gould, N.J., Grant-Casey, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Glidewell, L., Michie, S., Morris, S. and Stanworth, S.J. (2017). The evaluation of enhanced feedback interventions to reduce unnecessary blood transfusions (AFFINITIE): Protocol for two linked cluster randomised factorial controlled trials. Implementation Science, 12(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-017-0614-8.
  2. McCleary, N., Francis, J.J., Campbell, M.K., Ramsay, C.R., Eccles, M.P., Treweek, S. and Allan, J. (2017). “Better” clinical decisions do not necessarily require more time to make. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 82, pp. 173–174. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.11.004.
  3. Sekhon, M., Cartwright, M. and Francis, J.J. (2017). Acceptability of healthcare interventions: An overview of reviews and development of a theoretical framework. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1) . doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2031-8.
  4. Sekhon, M., Cartwright, and Francis, J.J. (2017). Acceptability of healthcare interventions: an overview of reviews and development of a theoretical framework. BMC Health Services Research . doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2031-8.
  5. Birken, S.A., Powell, B.J., Presseau, J., Kirk, M.A., Lorencatto, F., Gould, N.J., Shea, C.M., Weiner, B.J., Francis, J.J., Yu, Y., Haines, E. and Damschroder, L.J. (2017). Combined use of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF): A systematic review. Implementation Science, 12(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-016-0534-z.
  6. Lorencatto, F., Gould, N.J., McIntyre, S.A., During, C., Bird, J., Walwyn, R., Cicero, R., Glidewell, L., Hartley, S., Stanworth, S.J., Foy, R., Grimshaw, J.M., Michie, S. and Francis, J.J. (2016). A multidimensional approach to assessing intervention fidelity in a process evaluation of audit and feedback interventions to reduce unnecessary blood transfusions: A study protocol. Implementation Science, 11(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-016-0528-x.
  7. Treweek, S., Francis, J.J., Bonetti, D., Barnett, K., Eccles, M.P., Hudson, J., Jones, C., Pitts, N.B., Ricketts, I.W., Sullivan, F., Weal, M. and MacLennan, G. (2016). A primary care Web-based Intervention Modeling Experiment replicated behavior changes seen in earlier paper-based experiment. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 80, pp. 116–122. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.07.008.
  8. Rixon, L., Baron, J., McGale, N., Lorencatto, F., Francis, J. and Davies, A. (2016). Methods used to address fidelity of receipt in health intervention research: a citation analysis and systematic review. BMC health services research, 16(1), p. 663.
  9. Cadogan, C.A., Ryan, C., Francis, J.J., Gormley, G.J., Passmore, P., Kerse, N. and Hughes, C.M. (2016). Development of an intervention to improve appropriate polypharmacy in older people in primary care using a theory-based method. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1) . doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1907-3.
  10. Wilson, B.J., Islam, R., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Permaul, J.A., Allanson, J.E., Blaine, S., Graham, I.D., Meschino, W.S., Ramsay, C.R. and Carroll, J.C. (2016). Supporting genetics in primary care: Investigating how theory can inform professional education. European Journal of Human Genetics, 24(11), pp. 1541–1546. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2016.68.
  11. Hopf, Y.M., Francis, J., Helms, P.J., Haughney, J. and Bond, C. (2016). Core requirements for successful data linkage: An example of a triangulation method. BMJ Open, 6(10) . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011879.
  12. Zwarenstein, M., Grimshaw, J.M., Presseau, J., Francis, J.J., Godin, G., Johnston, M., Eccles, M.P., Tetroe, J., Shiller, S.K., Croxford, R., Kelsall, D., Paterson, J.M., Austin, P.C., Tu, K., Yun, L. and Hux, J.E. (2016). Printed educational messages fail to increase use of thiazides as first-line medication for hypertension in primary care: A cluster randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN72772651]. Implementation Science, 11(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-016-0486-3.
  13. Presseau, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Tetroe, J.M., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Godin, G., Graham, I.D., Hux, J.E., Johnston, M., Légaré, F., Lemyre, L., Robinson, N. and Zwarenstein, M. (2016). A theory-based process evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial of printed educational messages to increase primary care physicians' prescription of thiazide diuretics for hypertension [ISRCTN72772651]. Implementation Science, 11(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-016-0485-4.
  14. Lorencatto, F., Harper, A.M., Francis, J.J. and Lawrenson, J.G. (2016). A survey of UK optometry trainees’ smoking cessation training. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 36(4), pp. 494–502. doi:10.1111/opo.12290.
  15. Lorencatto, F., Harper, A.M., Francis, J.J. and Lawrenson, J.G. (2016). A survey of UK optometry trainees’ smoking cessation training. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 36(4), pp. 494–502. doi:10.1111/opo.12290.
  16. Wood, C.E., Hardeman, W., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Abraham, C. and Michie, S. (2016). Reporting behaviour change interventions: do the behaviour change technique taxonomy v1, and training in its use, improve the quality of intervention descriptions? Implementation science : IS, 11(1), pp. 84–84. doi:10.1186/s13012-016-0448-9.
  17. Cotton, S.C., Maclennan, G., Brittenden, J., Prior, M. and Francis, J. (2016). Behavioural recovery after treatment for varicose veins. British Journal of Surgery, 103(4), pp. 374–381. doi:10.1002/bjs.10081.
  18. Lawrenson, J.G., Graham-Rowe, E., Lorencatto, F., Presseau, J., Burr, J., Ivers, N., Quartilho, A., Bunce, C., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Peto, T., Rice, S. and Vale, L. (2016). Interventions to increase attendance for diabetic retinopathy screening. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016(1) . doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012054.
  19. Webster, F., Weijer, C., Todd, L., Grimshaw, J.M., Marshall, A.P., Cook, D., MacLennan, G., Cuthbertson, B.H. and Francis, J.J. (2016). The ethics of future trials: Qualitative analysis of physicians' decision making. Trials, 17(1) . doi:10.1186/s13063-015-1137-8.
  20. Powell, R., Pattison, H.M. and Francis, J.J. (2016). An online study combining the constructs from the theory of planned behaviour and protection motivation theory in predicting intention to test for chlamydia in two testing contexts. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 21(1), pp. 38–51. doi:10.1080/13548506.2015.1034733.
  21. Hopf, Y.M., Francis, J., Helms, P.J., Haughney, J. and Bond, C. (2016). Linking NHS data for pediatric pharmacovigilance: Results of a Delphi survey. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 12(2), pp. 267–280. doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.06.006.
  22. Graham-Rowe, E., Lorencatto, F., Lawrenson, J.G., Burr, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Ivers, N.M., Peto, T., Bunce, C., Francis, J.J., Vale, L., Presseau, J., Quartilho, A. and Rice, S. (2016). Barriers and enablers to diabetic retinopathy screening attendance: Protocol for a systematic review. Systematic Reviews, 5(1) . doi:10.1186/s13643-016-0309-2.
  23. Holdsworth, C., Haines, K.J., Francis, J.J., Marshall, A., O'Connor, D. and Skinner, E.H. (2015). Mobilization of ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: An elicitation study using the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Critical Care, 30(6), pp. 1243–1250. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.08.010.
  24. Cadogan, C.A., Ryan, C., Francis, J.J., Gormley, G.J., Passmore, P., Kerse, N. and Hughes, C.M. (2015). Improving appropriate polypharmacy for older people in primary care: Selecting components of an evidence-based intervention to target prescribing and dispensing. Implementation Science, 10(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0349-3.
  25. Michie, S., Wood, C.E., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J.J. and Hardeman, W. (2015). Behaviour change techniques: The development and evaluation of a taxonomic method for reporting and describing behaviour change interventions (a suite of five studies involving consensus methods, randomised controlled trials and analysis of qualitative data). Health Technology Assessment, 19(99), pp. 1–187. doi:10.3310/hta19990.
  26. Squires, J.E., Graham, I.D., Hutchinson, A.M., Michie, S., Francis, J.J., Sales, A., Brehaut, J., Curran, J., Ivers, N., Lavis, J., Linklater, S., Fenton, S., Noseworthy, T., Vine, J. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2015). Identifying the domains of context important to implementation science: A study protocol. Implementation Science, 10(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0325-y.
  27. Abraham, C., Wood, C.E., Johnston, M., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Richardson, M. and Michie, S. (2015). Reliability of Identification of Behavior Change Techniques in Intervention Descriptions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine . doi:10.1007/s12160-015-9727-y.
  28. Abraham, C., Wood, C.E., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Richardson, M. and Michie, S. (2015). Reliability of Identification of Behavior Change Techniques in Intervention Descriptions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(6), pp. 885–900. doi:10.1007/s12160-015-9727-y.
  29. Berzins, K.M., Gray, T.A., Waterman, H. and Francis, J.J. (2015). Specifying active components of educational interventions to promote adherence to treatment in glaucoma patients: Application of a taxonomy of behavior change techniques. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 8, pp. 201–209. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S74664.
  30. Wood, C.E., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W. and Michie, S. (2015). Applying the behaviour change technique (BCT) taxonomy v1: a study of coder training. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 5(2), pp. 134–148. doi:10.1007/s13142-014-0290-z.
  31. Tavender, E.J., Bosch, M., Gruen, R.L., Green, S.E., Michie, S., Brennan, S.E., Francis, J.J., Ponsford, J.L., Knott, J.C., Meares, S., Smyth, T. and O'Connor, D.A. (2015). Developing a targeted, theory-informed implementation intervention using two theoretical frameworks to address health professional and organisational factors: A case study to improve the management of mild traumatic brain injury in the emergency department. Implementation Science, 10(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0264-7.
  32. Powell, R., Pattison, H.M. and Francis, J.J. (2015). An online study combining the constructs from the theory of planned behaviour and protection motivation theory in predicting intention to test for chlamydia in two testing contexts. Psychology, Health and Medicine . doi:10.1080/13548506.2015.1034733.
  33. Mackintosh, J., Hoddinott, C., Rasmussen, S., Francis, J., Johnson, M., Hawthorne, G., Sniehotta, F., Steen, N., Grimshaw, J. and Presseau, J. (2015). Delivered as intended? Assessing fidelity of delivery of an intervention to improve quality of care for patients with Type 2 diabetes. DIABETIC MEDICINE, 32, pp. 91–91.
  34. Presseau, J., Boyd, E., Francis, J.J. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2015). Goal conflict and goal facilitation in community-based cardiac rehabilitation: A theory-based interview study. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 20(2), pp. 227–238. doi:10.1080/13548506.2014.914235.
  35. Brittenden, J., Cotton, S.C., Elders, A., Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Ramsay, C.R., Norrie, J., Burr, J., Francis, J., Wileman, S., Campbell, B., Bachoo, P., Chetter, I., Gough, M., Earnshaw, J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S.A., MacLennan, G., Prior, M., Bolsover, D. and Campbell, M.K. (2015). Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation and surgery for varicose veins: Results from the comparison of LAser, Surgery and foam Sclerotherapy (CLASS) randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment, 19(27), pp. 1–341. doi:10.3310/hta19270.
  36. Kolehmainen, N., Ramsay, C., McKee, L., Missiuna, C., Owen, C. and Francis, J. (2015). Participation in physical play and leisure in children with motor impairments: Mixed-methods study to generate evidence for developing an intervention. Physical Therapy, 95(10), pp. 1374–1386. doi:10.2522/ptj.20140404.
  37. French, S.D., Green, S.E., Francis, J.J., Buchbinder, R., O'Connor, D.A., Grimshaw, J.M. and Michie, S. (2015). Evaluation of the fidelity of an interactive face-to-face educational intervention to improve general practitioner management of back pain. BMJ Open, 5(7) . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007886.
  38. Hopf, Y.M., Francis, J., Helms, P.J., Haughney, J. and Bond, C. (2015). Linking NHS data for pediatric pharmacovigilance: Results of a Delphi survey. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy . doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.06.006.
  39. Holdsworth, C., Haines, K.J., Francis, J.J., Marshall, A., O'Connor, D. and Skinner, E.H. (2015). Mobilization of ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: An elicitation study using the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Critical Care . doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.08.010.
  40. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C., Francis, J., Haughney, J. and Helms, P.J. (2014). 'The more you link, the more you risk ...' - A focus group study exploring views about data linkage for pharmacovigilance. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 78(5), pp. 1143–1150. doi:10.1111/bcp.12445.
  41. Grimshaw, J.M., Presseau, J., Tetroe, J., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Godin, G., Graham, I.D., Hux, J.E., Johnston, M., Légaré, F., Lemyre, L., Robinson, N. and Zwarenstein, M. (2014). Looking inside the black box: Results of a theory-based process evaluation exploring the results of a randomized controlled trial of printed educational messages to increase primary care physicians' diabetic retinopathy referrals [Trial registration number ISRCTN72772651]. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-86.
  42. Gould, N.J., Lorencatto, F., Stanworth, S.J., Michie, S., Prior, M.E., Glidewell, L., Grimshaw, J.M. and Francis, J.J. (2014). Application of theory to enhance audit and feedback interventions to increase the uptake of evidence-based transfusion practice: An intervention development protocol. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/s13012-014-0092-1.
  43. Bosch, M., McKenzie, J.E., Mortimer, D., Tavender, E.J., Francis, J.J., Brennan, S.E., Knott, J.C., Ponsford, J.L., Pearce, A., O'Connor, D.A., Grimshaw, J.M., Rosenfeld, J.V., Gruen, R.L., Green, S.E., Bayley, M., Buchan, H., Cameron, P., Cooper, J., Ellis, N., Fitzgerald, M., Francis, J., Green, S., Gruen, R., Huckson, S., Joseph, T., Khan, F., Knott, J., Lavis, J., Marshall, S., Michie, S., Morley, P., Ponsford, J., Rosenfeld, J., Rushworth, N., Sherry, L., Clavisi, O., Cooksley, D., Harris, C., Kaye, A., McDonald, S., Morokoff, A., Zobel, J., Goergen, S., Meares, S., Smyth, T., Chau, M. and Varanelli, L. (2014). Implementing evidence-based recommended practices for the management of patients with mild traumatic brain injuries in Australian emergency care departments: Study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials, 15(1) . doi:10.1186/1745-6215-15-281.
  44. Presseau, J., Hawthorne, G., Sniehotta, F.F., Steen, N., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Mackintosh, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Kaner, E., Elovainio, M., Deverill, M., Coulthard, T., Brown, H., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2014). Improving Diabetes care through Examining, Advising, and prescribing (IDEA): Protocol for a theory-based cluster randomised controlled trial of a multiple behaviour change intervention aimed at primary healthcare professionals. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-61.
  45. Prior, M., Elouafkaoui, P., Elders, A., Young, L., Duncan, E.M., Newlands, R., Clarkson, J.E., Ramsay, C.R., Black, I., Bonetti, D., Eldridge, S., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., McKee, L., Michie, S., Pitts, N., Stirling, D., Tilley, C., Torgerson, C., Treweek, S., Vale, L. and Walker, A. (2014). Evaluating an audit and feedback intervention for reducing antibiotic prescribing behaviour in general dental practice (the RAPiD trial): A partial factorial cluster randomised trial protocol. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-50.
  46. Murphy, K., O'Connor, D.A., Browning, C.J., French, S.D., Michie, S., Francis, J.J., Russell, G.M., Workman, B., Flicker, L., Eccles, M.P. and Green, S.E. (2014). Understanding diagnosis and management of dementia and guideline implementation in general practice: A qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-31.
  47. Treweek, S., Bonetti, D., Maclennan, G., Barnett, K., Eccles, M.P., Jones, C., Pitts, N.B., Ricketts, I.W., Sullivan, F., Weal, M. and Francis, J.J. (2014). Paper-based and web-based intervention modeling experiments identified the same predictors of general practitioners' antibiotic-prescribing behavior. J Clin Epidemiol, 67(3), pp. 296–304. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.09.015.
  48. Treweek, S., Bonetti, D., MacLennan, G., Barnett, K., Eccles, M.P., Jones, C., Pitts, N.B., Ricketts, I.W., Sullivan, F., Weal, M. and Francis, J.J. (2014). Paper-based and web-based intervention modeling experiments identified the same predictors of general practitioners' antibiotic-prescribing behavior. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(3), pp. 296–304. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.09.015.
  49. Ivers, N.M., Sales, A., Colquhoun, H., Michie, S., Foy, R., Francis, J.J. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2014). No more 'business as usual' with audit and feedback interventions: Towards an agenda for a reinvigorated intervention. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-14.
  50. Tavender, E.J., Bosch, M., Gruen, R.L., Green, S.E., Knott, J., Francis, J.J., Michie, S. and O'Connor, D.A. (2014). Understanding practice: The factors that influence management of mild traumatic brain injury in the emergency department-a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 9(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-9-8.
  51. Ryan, C., Ross, S., Davey, P., Duncan, E.M., Francis, J.J., Fielding, S., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A.J., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G.A., McLay, J.S., Webb, D.J. and Bond, C. (2014). Prevalence and causes of prescribing errors: The PRescribing Outcomes for Trainee Doctors Engaged in Clinical Training (PROTECT) study. PLoS ONE, 9(1) . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079802.
  52. Marshall, A.P., Weisbrodt, L., Rose, L., Duncan, E., Prior, M., Todd, L., Wells, E., Seppelt, I., Cuthbertson, B. and Francis, J. (2014). Implementing selective digestive tract decontamination in the intensive care unit: A qualitative analysis of nurse-identified considerations. Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 43(1), pp. 13–18.
  53. Francis, J., Duncan, E.M., Prior, M.E., MacLennan, G., Marshall, A.P., Wells, E.C., Todd, L., Rose, L., Campbell, M.K., Webster, F., Eccles, M.P., Bellingan, G., Sepplet, I.M., Grimshaw, J.M. and Cuthbertson, B.H. (2014). Comparison of four methods for assessing the importance of attitudinal beliefs: An international Delphi study in intensive care settings. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19(2), pp. 274–291. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12066.
  54. Hopf, Y.M., Bond, C.B., Francis, J.J., Haughney, J. and Helms, P.J. (2014). Linked health data for pharmacovigilance in children: Perceived legal and ethical issues for stakeholders and data guardians. BMJ Open, 4(2) . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003875.
  55. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Heponiemi, T., Elovainio, M., Francis, J.J., Eccles, M.P., Steen, N., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Grimshaw, J.M., Hawthorne, G. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2014). Reflective and Automatic Processes in Health Care Professional Behaviour: a Dual Process Model Tested Across Multiple Behaviours. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48(3), pp. 347–358. doi:10.1007/s12160-014-9609-8.
  56. Duncan, E.M., Cuthbertson, B.H., Prior, M.E., Marshall, A.P., Wells, E.C., Todd, L.E., Bolsover, D., Newlands, R.S., Webster, F., Rose, L., Campbell, M.K., Bellingan, G., Seppelt, I.M. and Francis, J.J. (2014). The views of health care professionals about selective decontamination of the digestive tract: An international, theoretically informed interview study. Journal of Critical Care, 29(4), pp. 634–640. doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2014.03.013.
  57. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Johnston, D.W., Elovainio, M., Hrisos, S., Steen, N., Stamp, E., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hawthorne, G., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2014). Environmental and individual correlates of distress: Testing Karasek's Demand-Control model in 99 primary care clinical environments. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19(2), pp. 292–310. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12073.
  58. Francis, J.J., Duncan, E.M., Prior, M.E., MacLennan, G.S., Dombrowski, S.U., Bellingan, G., Campbell, M.K., Eccles, M.P., Rose, L., Rowan, K.M., Shulman, R., Wilson, A.P.R. and Cuthbertson, B.H. (2014). Selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critically ill patients treated in intensive care units: A mixed-methods feasibility study (the SuDDICU study). Health Technology Assessment, 18(25), pp. 1–169. doi:10.3310/hta18250.
  59. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Steen, N., Hawthorne, G., Grimshaw, J.M., Elovainio, M., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2014). Theory-based predictors of multiple clinician behaviors in the management of diabetes. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37(4), pp. 607–620. doi:10.1007/s10865-013-9513-x.
  60. Brittenden, J., Cotton, S.C., Elders, A., Ramsay, C.R., Norrie, J., Burr, J., Campbell, B., Bachoo, P., Chetter, I., Gough, M., Earnshaw, J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S.A., Francis, J., Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Wileman, S. and Campbell, M.K. (2014). A randomized trial comparing treatments for varicose veins. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(13), pp. 1218–1227. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1400781.
  61. McCleary, N., Ramsay, C.R., Francis, J.J., Campbell, M.K. and Allan, J. (2014). Perceived difficulty and appropriateness of decision making by General Practitioners: A systematic review of scenario studies. BMC Health Services Research, 14(1) . doi:10.1186/s12913-014-0621-2.
  62. Burr, J., Hernández, R., Ramsay, C., Prior, M., Campbell, S., Azuara-Blanco, A., Campbell, M., Francis, J. and Vale, L. (2014). Is it worthwhile to conduct a randomized controlled trial of glaucoma screening in the united kingdom? Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 19(1), pp. 42–51. doi:10.1177/1355819613499748.
  63. Tassie, E., Scotland, G., Brittenden, J., Cotton, S.C., Elders, A., Campbell, M.K., Campbell, B., Gough, M., Burr, J.M., Ramsay, C.R., Cruden, J., Davidson, T., Francis, J., McDonald, A., McPherson, G., Wileman, S., Chetter, I., Earnshaw, J.J., Lees, T., Scott, J., Baker, S., MacLennan, G., Prior, M., Bolsover, D., Wallace, J., Wilson, E., Hardy, S., Hargreaves, K., Rittoo, D., Baker, S., Park, N., Parker, D., Chetter, I., Hatfield, J., Scott, J., Dewhirs, N., Lees, T., Parr, N., Dodd, D., Sorrell, J., Makhdoomi, K.R., Rorison, B., Nyamekye, I. and Matheson, P. (2014). Cost-effectiveness of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation or surgery as treatment for primary varicose veins from the randomized CLASS trial. British Journal of Surgery, 101(12), pp. 1532–1540. doi:10.1002/bjs.9595.
  64. Ivers, N.M., Tu, K., Young, J., Francis, J.J., Barnsley, J., Shah, B.R., Upshur, R.E., Moineddin, R., Grimshaw, J.M. and Zwarenstein, M. (2013). Feedback GAP: Pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial of goal setting and action plans to increase the effectiveness of audit and feedback interventions in primary care. Implementation Science, 8(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-142.
  65. Prior, M., Francis, J.J., Azuara-Blanco, A., Anand, N. and Burr, J.M. (2013). Why do people present late with advanced glaucoma? A qualitative interview study. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 97(12), pp. 1574–1578. doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-303813.
  66. Ryan, C., Ross, S., Davey, P., Duncan, E.M., Fielding, S., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Ker, J., Lee, A.J., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J., Webb, D.J. and Bond, C. (2013). Junior doctors' perceptions of their self-efficacy in prescribing, their prescribing errors and the possible causes of errors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 76(6), pp. 980–987. doi:10.1111/bcp.12154.
  67. Prior, M., Ramsay, C.R., Burr, J.M., Campbell, S.E., Jenkinson, D.J., Asoaka, R. and Francis, J.J. (2013). Theoretical and empirical dimensions of the Aberdeen Glaucoma Questionnaire: A cross sectional survey and principal component analysis. BMC Ophthalmology, 13(1) . doi:10.1186/1471-2415-13-72.
  68. Cuthbertson, B.H., Campbell, M.K., MacLennan, G., Duncan, E.M., Marshall, A.P., Wells, E.C., Prior, M.E., Todd, L., Rose, L., Seppelt, I.M., Bellingan, G. and Francis, J.J. (2013). Clinical stakeholders' opinions on the use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critically ill patients in intensive care units: An international Delphi study. Critical Care, 17(6) . doi:10.1186/cc13096.
  69. Dombrowski, S.U., Prior, M.E., Duncan, E., Cuthbertson, B.H., Bellingan, G., Campbell, M.K., Rose, L., Binning, A.R., Gordon, A.C., Wilson, P., Shulman, R. and Francis, J.J. (2013). Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention: Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care. Australian Critical Care, 26(4), pp. 173–179. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2013.04.002.
  70. McKenzie, J.E., French, S.D., O'Connor, D.A., Mortimer, D.S., Browning, C.J., Russell, G.M., Grimshaw, J.M., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Michie, S., Murphy, K., Kossenas, F. and Green, S.E. (2013). Evidence-based care of older people with suspected cognitive impairment in general practice: Protocol for the IRIS cluster randomised trial. Implementation Science, 8(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-91.
  71. McCleary, N., Francis, J.J., Ramsay, C., Campbell, M. and Allan, J. (2013). Using patient scenarios to assess general practitioners' decision difficulty and quality: A systematic review. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 28, pp. 125–125.
  72. French, S.D., McKenzie, J.E., O'Connor, D.A., Grimshaw, J.M., Mortimer, D., Francis, J.J., Michie, S., Spike, N., Schattner, P., Kent, P., Buchbinder, R., Page, M.J. and Green, S.E. (2013). Evaluation of a Theory-Informed Implementation Intervention for the Management of Acute Low Back Pain in General Medical Practice: The IMPLEMENT Cluster Randomised Trial. PLoS ONE, 8(6) . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065471.
  73. Ross, S., Ryan, C., Duncan, E.M., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Ker, J.S., Lee, A.J., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McKay, G., McLay, J., Webb, D.J. and Bond, C. (2013). Perceived causes of prescribing errors by junior doctors in hospital inpatients: A study from the PROTECT programme. BMJ Quality and Safety, 22(2), pp. 97–102. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001175.
  74. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Steen, N., Hawthorne, G., Grimshaw, J.M., Elovainio, M., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2013). Theory-based predictors of multiple clinician behaviors in the management of diabetes. Journal of Behavioral Medicine pp. 1–14.
  75. Dombrowski, S.U., Prior, M.E., Duncan, E., Cuthbertson, B.H., Bellingan, G., Campbell, M.K., Rose, L., Binning, A.R., Gordon, A.C., Wilson, P., Shulman, R. and Francis, J.J. (2013). Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention: Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care. Australian Critical Care .
  76. McCleary, N., Duncan, E., Stweart, F. and Francis, J. (2013). Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: an illustrative review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts. Trials, 14, p. 146. doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-146.

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  77. Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M.P., Cane, J. and Wood, C.E. (2013). The Behavior Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46(1), pp. 81–95. doi:10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6.
  78. Elovainio, M., Steen, N., Presseau, J., Francis, J., Hrisos, S., Hawthorne, G., Johnston, M., Hunter, M., Grimshaw, J. and Eccles, M. (2013). Is organizational justice associated with clinical performance in the care for patients with diabetes in primary care? Evidence from the improving Quality of care in Diabetes (iQuaD) study. Family Practice, 30(1), pp. 31–39.

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  79. Ross, S., Ryan, C., Duncan, E., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Davey, P., Fielding, S., Ker, J., Lee, A., MacLeod, M.J., Maxwell, S., McLay, J., Webb, D.J. and Bond, C. (2013). Perceived causes of prescribing errors in hospital. BMJ Quality and Safety, 22(2), pp. 97–102.
  80. Prior, M., Francis, J.J., Augusto, A.-.B., Anand, N. and Burr, J.M. (2013). Why do people present late with advanced glaucoma? A qualitative interview study. British Journal of Ophthalmology .
  81. Presseau, J., Johnston, M., Johnston, D.W., Elovainio, M., Hrisos, S., Steen, N., Stamp, E., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hawthorne, G., Hunter, M. and Eccles, M.P. (2013). Environmental and individual correlates of distress: Testing Karasek's Demand-Control model in 99 primary care clinical environments. British Journal of Health Psychology .
  82. Francis, J. (2013). 'Help for Hay Fever', a goal-focused intervention for people with intermittent allergic rhinitis, delivered in Scottish community pharmacies: study protocol for a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial. Trials, 14(217) . doi:10.1186/1745-6215-14-217.
  83. Mckenzie, J.E., French, S.D., O'Commor, D.A., Mortimer, D.S., Browning, C.J., Russell, G.M., Grimshaw, J.M., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Michie, S., Murphy, K., Kossenas, F. and Green, S.E. (2013). Evidence-based care of older people with suspected cognitive impairment in general practice: protocol for the IRIS cluster randomised trial. Implementation Science, 8(91) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-91.
  84. Campbell, S., Azuara-Blanco, A., Campbell, M.K., Francis, J.J., Greene, A., Ramsay, C.R. and Burr, J. (2012). Developing the specifications of a glaucoma screening intervention: A Delphi approach. BMC Health Services Research, 12, pp. 447–447. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-447.
  85. Kolehmainen, N., MacLennan, G., Ternent, L., Duncan, E.A.S., Duncan, E.M., Ryan, S.B., McKee, L. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Using shared goal setting to improve access and equity: a mixed methods study of the Good Goals intervention in children's occupational therapy. Implementation Science, 7(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-76.
  86. Islam, R., Tinmouth, A.T., Francis, J., Brehaut, J.C., Born, J., Stockton, C., Stanworth, S.J., Eccles, M.P., Cuthbertson, B.H., Hyde, C. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2012). A cross-country comparison of intensive care physicians’ beliefs about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 7(93) .
  87. Kolehmainen, N. and Francis, J. (2012). Specifying content and mechanisms of change in interventions to change professionals’ practice: an illustration from the Good Goals study. Implementation Science, 7, p. 100. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-100.
  88. Garner, M., Ning, Z. and Francis, J. (2012). A framework for the evaluation of patient information leaflets. Health Expectations, 15(3), pp. 283–294. doi:10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00665.x.
  89. Hawthorne, G., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Elovainio, M., Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hunter, M., Johnston, M., Presseau, J., Steen, N. and Eccles, M.P. (2012). Diabetes care provision in UK primary care practices. PLoS One, 7(7) . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041562.
  90. McSherry, L.A., Dombrowski, S.U., Francis, J.J., Murphy, J., Martin, C.M., O'Leary, J.J. and Sharp, L. (2012). “It’s a can of worms”: understanding primary care practitioners’ behaviours in relation to HPV using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 2012(7) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-73.
  91. Bussières, A.E., Patey, A.M., Francis, J.J., Sales, A.E. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2012). Identifying factors likely to influence compliance with diagnostic imaging guideline recommendations for spine disorders among chiropractors in North America: a focus group study using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 7(1), p. 82.
  92. Kolehmainen, N., MacLennan, G., Ternent, L., Duncan, E.A.S., Duncan, E.M., Ryan, S.B., McKee, L. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Using shared goal setting to improve access and equity: a mixed methods study of the Good Goals intervention. Implementation Science, 7(1), p. 76.
  93. Francis, J. and Kolehmainen, N. (2012). Clinicians’ actions associated with the successful patient care process: a content analysis of interviews with paediatric occupational therapists. Disability and Rehabilitation . doi:10.3109/09638288.2012.694960.
  94. Patey, A.M., Islam, R., Francis, J.J., Bryson, G.L. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2012). Anesthesiologists' and surgeons' perceptions about routine pre-operative testing in low risk patients: application of the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify factors that influence physicians' decisions to order pre-operative tests. Implementation Science, 7, p. 52.
  95. Francis, J.J., O’Connor, D. and Curran, J. (2012). Theories of behaviour change synthesised into a set of theoretical groupings: Introducing a thematic series on the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 7(1), p. 35.
  96. Prior, M., Burr, J.M., Ramsay, C.R., Jenkinson, D., Campbell, S. and Francis, J.J. (2012). Evidence base for an intervention to maximise uptake of glaucoma testing: a theory-based cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open, 2 . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000710.
  97. Presseau, J., Tait, R., Francis, J.J., Johnston, D. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2012). Goal conflict and goal facilitation as predictors of accelerometer-assessed physical activity. Health Psychology, 32(12), pp. 1179–1187. doi:10.1037/a0029430.
  98. French, S.D., Green, S.E., O'Connor, D., McKenzie, J.E., Francis, J.J., Michie, S., Buchbinder, R. and Schattner, P. (2012). Developing theory-informed interventions to implement evidence into practice: a systematic approach using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science, 7(1), p. 38.
  99. Treweek, S., Barnett, K., MacLennan, G., Bonetti, D., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Jones, C., Pitts, N.B., Ricketts, I.W., Weal, M. and Sullivan, F. (2012). Email invitations to general practitioners were as effective as postal invitations and were more time- and cost-efficient. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 65(7), pp. 793–797. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2011.11.010.
  100. Kolehmainen, N. and Francis, J. (2012). Beliefs about responsibilities, the aims of therapy, and the structure of the therapy process: a qualitative study of caseload management issues in child health occupational therapy. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(1), pp. 108–116.
  101. Duncan, E.M., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Davey, P.G., Maxwell, S., McKay, G.A., McLay, J., Ross, S., Ryan, C., Webb, D.J. and Bond, C.M. (2012). Learning curves, taking instructions and patient safety: using a theoretical domains framework in an interview study to investigate prescribing errors among doctors in training. Implementation Science, 7(86) .
  102. Kolehmainen, N. and Francis, J. (2012). Specifying content and mechanisms of change in interventions to change professionals’ practice: an illustration from the Good Goals study. Implementation Science, 7, p. 100.

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  103. Hawthorne, G., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Elovainio, M., Francis, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hunter, M., Johnston, M., Presseau, J., Steen, N. and Eccles, M.P. (2012). Diabetes care provision in UK primary care practices. PLoS One, 7(7) .

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  104. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M. (2012). Developing a true (hierarchical) taxonomy of behaviour change techniques. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 27, pp. 91–91.
  105. Walker, B.F., French, S., Page, M.J., O'Connor, D.A., McKenzie, J.E., Beringer, K., Murphy, K., Keating, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Michie, S., Francis, J.J. and Green, S.E. (2011). Management of people with acute low-back pain: a survey of Australian chiropractors. Chiropractic & Manual Therapies, 19(1), p. 29.
  106. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J.J., Ramsay, C.R., Owen, C., McKee, L., Ketelaar, M. and Rosenbaum, P. (2011). Participation in physical play and leisure: developing a theory- and evidence-based intervention for children with motor impairments. BMC Pediatrics, 11, p. 100.
  107. Prior, M.E., Hamzah, J.C., Francis, J.J., Ramsay, C.R., Castillo, M., Campbell, S.E., Azuara-Blanco, A. and Burr, J.M. (2011). Pre-validation methods for developing a patient reported outcome instrument. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11, p. 112.
  108. Entwistle, V., Firnigl, D., Kinghorn, P., Francis, J.J. and Ryan, M. (2011). Which experiences of healthcare delivery matter to patients and why? An interpretive synthesis and conceptual map. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy . doi:10.1258/jhsrp.2011.011029.
  109. Presseau, J., Francis, J.J., Campbell, N.C. and Sniehotta, F.F. (2011). Goal conflict, goal facilitation and health professionals’ provision of physical activity advice in primary care: An exploratory prospective study. Implementation Science, 6, p. 73.
  110. Eccles, M.P., Hrisos, S., Francis, J.J., Stamp, E., Johnston, M., Hawthorne, G., Steen, N., Grimshaw, J.M., Elovainio, M., Presseau, J. and Hunter, M. (2011). Instrument development, data collection and characteristics of practices, staff and measures in the Improving Quality of Care in Diabetes (iQuaD) study. Implementation Science, 6, p. 61.
  111. Glaucoma Platform Study Group, and Francis, J. (2011). Developing the clinical components of a complex intervention for a glaucoma screening trial: A mixed methods study. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11, p. 54.
  112. Treweek, S., Ricketts, I.W., Francis, J., Eccles, M. and Bonetti, D. (2011). Developing and evaluating interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing by general practitioners of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections: a randomised controlled trial to compare paper-based and web-based modelling experiments. Implementation Science, 6, p. 16.
  113. Michie, S., Abraham, C., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J.J., Hardeman, W. and Johnston, M. (2011). Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions: a study protocol. Implementation Science, 6, p. 10.
  114. Ivers, N.M., Tu, K., Francis, J., Bransley, J., Shah, B., Upshur, R., Kiss, A., Grimshaw, J.M. and Zwarenstein, M. (2010). Trial of Goal-setting and Action-Plans to increase the effectiveness of audit and feedback interventions in primary care. Study protocol. Implementation Science, 5, pp. 98–98. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-98.
  115. Francis, J.J., Duncan, E.M., Prior, M.E., MacLennan, G.S., Dombrowski, S.U., Bellingan, G., Campbell, M.K., Eccles, M.P., Rose, L., Rowan, K.M., Shulman, R., Wilson, A.P.R. and Cuthbertson, B.H. (2010). An exploratory study of the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of Selective decontamination of the digestive tract in UK intensive care units (the SuDDICU study). Health Technology Assessment .
  116. Cuthbertson, B.H., Francis, J., Campbell, M., Seppelt, I., Macintyre, L. and Grimshaw, J. (2010). A study of the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of SDD in adult critical care units (The SuDDICU study). Trials, 11, p. 117.
  117. Kolehmainen, N., MacLennan, G., Francis, J.J. and Duncan, E.A.S. (2010). Clinicians' caseload management behaviours as explanatory factors in patients' length of time on caseloads: a predictive multilevel study in paediatric community occupational therapy. BMC Health Services Research, 10, p. 249.
  118. McKenzie, J.E., O'Connor, D.A., Page, M.J., Mortimer, D.S., French, S.D., Walker, B.F., Keating, J.L., Grimshaw, J.M., Michie, S., Francis, J.J. and Green, S.E. (2010). Improving the care for people with acute low-back pain by allied health professionals (the ALIGN trial): A cluster randomised trial protocol. Implementation Science, 5, p. 86.
  119. Clarkson, J.E., Ramsay, C.R., Eccles, M.P., Eldridge, S., Grimshaw, J.M., Johnston, M., Michie, S., Treweek, S., Walker, A., Young, L., Black, I., Bonetti, D., Cassie, H., Francis, J., MacKenzie, G., MacPherson, L., McKee, L., Pitts, N., Rennie, J., Stirling, D., Tilley, C., Torgerson, C. and Vale, L. (2010). The translation research in a dental setting (TRiaDS) programme protocol. Implementation Science, 5, p. 57.
  120. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.S., Francis, J.J. and Gebhardt, W. (2010). With a little help from my goals: Integrating intergoal facilitation with the theory of planned behaviour to predict physical activity. British Journal of Health Psychology, 15(4), pp. 905–919.
  121. Dickinson, H.O., Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J. and Johnston, M. (2010). Statistical considerations in a systematic review of proxy measures of clinical behaviour. Implementation Science, 5, p. 20.
  122. Kolehmainen, N., Duncan, E., McKee, L. and Francis, J. (2010). Mothers’ perceptions of their children’s occupational therapy processes: a qualitative interview study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(5), pp. 192–199.
  123. Kolehmainen, N., Duncan, E., Fraser, C. and Francis, J. (2010). Community professionals’ management of client care: A mixed-methods systematic review. Health Services Research & Policy, 15(1), pp. 47–55.
  124. Porteous, T., Francis, J., Bond, C. and Hannaford, P. (2010). Temporal stability of beliefs about medicines: implications for optimising adherence. Patient Education & Counselling, 79(2), pp. 225–230.
  125. Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Robertson, C., Glidewell, L., Entwistle, V., Eccles, M.P. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2010). What is an adequate sample size? Operationalising data saturation for theory-based interview studies. Psychology & Health, 25(10), pp. 1229–1245. doi:10.1080/08870440903194015.
  126. Entwistle, V., Firnigl, D., Francis, J., Fraser, C., Kinghorn, P. and Ryan, M. (2010). How much do experiences of healthcare matter? Voluntary Health Scotland Briefing p. 7.
  127. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F. and Francis, J.J. (2009). Multiple goals and time constraints: perceived impact on physicians’ performance of evidence-based behaviours. Implementation Science, 4, p. 77. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-4-77.
  128. Francis, J.J., Tinmouth, A., Stanworth, S., Grimshaw, J.M., Johnston, M., Hyde, C., Brehaut, J., Stockton, C., Fergusson, D. and Eccles, M.P. (2009). Using theories of behaviour to understand transfusion prescribing in three clinical contexts in two countries: Development work for an implementation trial (protocol). Implementation Science, 4, p. 70.
  129. Hrisos, S., Dickinson, H.O., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J. and Johnston, M. (2009). Are there valid proxy measures of clinical behaviour? Implementation Science, 4, p. 37.
  130. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Bosch, M., Dijkstra, R., Johnston, M., Grol, R., Kaner, E.F.S. and Steen, I.N. (2009). Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries. BMC Health Services Research, 9, p. 140.
  131. Eccles, M.P., Hawthorne, G., Johnston, M., Hunter, M., Steen, N., Francis, J., Hrisos, S., Elovainio, M. and Grimshaw, J.M. (2009). Improving the delivery of care for patients with diabetes through understanding optimised team work and organisation in primary care: Study protocol. Implementation Science, 4, p. 22.
  132. Eccles, M.P., Hrisos, S., Francis, J.J., Steen, N., Bosch, M. and Johnston, M. (2009). Can the collective intentions of individual professionals within healthcare teams predict the team's performance: developing methods and theory. Implementation Science, 4, p. 24.
  133. Boldero, J.M., Robins, G.L., William, B.J., Francis, J.J., Hampton, A. and Fourie, A.J. (2009). Relational discrepancies and emotion: The moderating roles of relationship type and relational discrepancy valence. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 12, pp. 259–273.
  134. Francis, J.J., Stockton, C., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Cuthbertson, B.H., Grimshaw, J.M., Hyde, C., Tinmouth, A. and Stanworth, S.J. (2009). Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions: Using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, 14, pp. 625–646.
  135. Eccles, M.P., Francis, J., Foy, R., Johnston, M., Bamford, C., Grimshaw, J.M., Hughes, J., Lecouturier, J., Steen, N. and Whitty, P.M. (2009). Improving professional practice in the disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia: A modelling experiment to evaluate a theory-based intervention. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16(4), pp. 377–387.
  136. Francis, J., Wileman, S., Bekker, H., Barton, G. and Ramsay, C. (2009). Beliefs about surgery: Development and validation of an instrument to assess cognitive representations about surgery, in the context of a chronic illness. Psychology and Health, 24, pp. 1125–1138.
  137. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F., Francis, J. and Campbell, N. (2009). "I intend to, but it depends": Implications of conditional social cognitions about clinical behaviours. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 24, pp. 325–326.
  138. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M. (2008). From Theory to Intervention: Mapping Theoretically Derived Behavioural Determinants to Behaviour Change Techniques. Applied Psychology, 57(4), pp. 660–680. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00341.x.
  139. Francis, J.J. (2008). Importance of behaviour in interventions. BMJ, 337(7679), p. 1128.
  140. Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J.J. and Campbell, N.C. (2008). Theory-based qualitative investigation of GPs' views on factors facilitating and conflicting evidence-based management of diabetes. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 23, pp. 215–215.
  141. MacLennan, G., Araujo-Soares, V., McIntyre, T., Sniehotta, F. and Francis, J. (2008). Exploring the intention-behaviour gap with beta regression. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 23, pp. 173–174.
  142. Grant, A., Wileman, S., Ramsay, C., Bojke, L., Epstein, D., Sculpher, M., Macran, S., Kilonzo, M., Vale, L., Francis, J., Mowat, A., Krukowski, Z., Heading, R., Thursz, M., Russell, I. and Campbell, M. (2008). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimal access surgery amongst people with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - A UK collaborative study. The REFLUX trial. Health Technology Assessment, 12(31) .
  143. Kolehmainen, N., Francis, J. and McKee, L. (2008). To provide or not to provide treatment: that is the question. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(12), pp. 510–523.
  144. Grant, A., Wileman, S.M., Ramsay, C., Bojke, L., Epstein, D., Sculpher, M., Kilonzo, M., Vale, L., Francis, J.J., Mowat, A., Krukowski, Z. and Campbell, M. (2008). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimal access surgery amongst people with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease – a UK collaborative study. The REFLUX Tria. Health Technology Assessment, 12(31), pp. 1–2050.
  145. Francis, J.J., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Whitty, P., Grimshaw, J., Kaner, E., Smith, L. and Walker, A. (2008). Explaining the effects of an intervention designed to promote evidence-based diabetes care: a theory-based process evaluation of a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Implementation Science, 3, p. 50.
  146. Michie, S., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Hardeman, W. and Eccles, M.P. (2008). From theory to intervention: mapping theoretically derived behavioural determinants to behaviour change techniques. Applied Psychology: an international review, 57, pp. 660–680. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00341.x/pdf.
  147. Langston, A.L., Johnston, M., Francis, J., Robertson, C., Campbell, M.K., Entwistle, V., Marteau, T., MacLennan, G., Weinman, J., McCallum, M., Miedzybrodzka, Z., Charnock, K. and Ralston, S. (2008). Protocol for stage 2 of the GaP study (genetic testing acceptability for Paget’s disease of the bone): a questionnaire study to investigate whether relatives of people with Paget’s disease would accept genetic testing and preventive treatment if they were available. BMC Health Services Research, 8, p. 116.
  148. Francis, J. (2008). Appropriate disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia: identifying the key behaviours of ‘best practice. BMC Health Services Research, 8, p. 95.
  149. McKenzie, J.E., French, S.D., O'Connor, D.A., Grimshaw, J.M., Mortimer, D., Michie, S., Francis, J.J., Spike, N., Schattner, P., Kent, P.M., Buchbinder, R. and Green, S.E. (2008). IMPLEmenting a clinical practice guideline for acute low back pain evidence-based manageMENT in general practice (IMPLEMENT): cluster randomised controlled trial study protocol. Implementation Science, 3, p. 11.
  150. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, N. and Grimshaw, J. (2008). Developing the content of two behavioural interventions. Using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #1. BMC Health Services Research, 8, p. 11.
  151. Hrisos, S., Eccles, M., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Kaner, E.F.S., Steen, N. and Grimshaw, J. (2008). An intervention modelling experiment to change GPs' intentions to implement evidence-based practice: using theory-based interventions to promote GP management of upper respiratory tract infection without prescribing antibiotics #2. BMC Health Services Research, 8, p. 10.
  152. Francis, H.M., Clarke, K.A., Steer, C.B., Francis, J.J. and Underhill, C.R. (2008). Attitudes of advanced Australian medical oncology trainees to rural practice. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 4, pp. 34–41.
  153. Entwistle, V., Prior, M., Skea, Z. and Francis, J. (2008). Involvement in treatment decision-making: its meaning to people with diabetes and implications for conceptualisation. Social Science & Medicine, 66, pp. 362–375.
  154. Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Burr, J., Avenell, A., Ramsay, C., Campbell, M. and Michie, S. (2008). Assessing complex interventions: importance of behaviour in interventions. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 337 .
  155. Brittenden, J., Burr, J., Campbell, M., Chetter, I., Cotton, S., Earnshaw, J., Francis, J., Gough, M., McDonald, A., McPherson, G., Ternent, L. and Vale, L. (2008). 09PRT/2275: The CLASS Study: Comparison of laser surgery and foam sclerotherapy as a treatment for varicose veins. ISCTRN 51995477 .
  156. Kolehmainen, K., Francis, J. and Duncan, E.A.S. (2008). Waiting time and equity: a research project in children’s occupational therapy. SCILL (Supporting children in learning for life) newsletter, 5(1), pp. 8–9.
  157. Francis, J., Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F. and Little, B.R. (2008). Personal projects analysis: Opportunities and implications for multiple goal assessment, theoretical integration, and behaviour change. European Health Psychologist, 10, pp. 32–36.
  158. Grimshaw, J.M., Zwarenstein, M., Tetroe, J.M., Godin, G., Graham, I.D., Lemyre, L., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Francis, J.J., Hux, J., O'Rourke, K., Légaré, F. and Presseau, J. (2007). Looking inside the black box: a theory-based process evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial of printed educational materials (the Ontario printed educational message, OPEM) to improve referral and prescribing practices in primary care in Ontario, Canada. Implementation Science, 2(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-2-38.
  159. Francis, J.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Zwarenstein, M., Eccles, M.P., Shiller, S., Godin, G., Johnston, M., O'rourke, K., Presseau, J. and Tetroe, J. (2007). Testing a Theory-inspired Message ('TRY-ME'): A sub-trial within the Ontario Printed Educational Message (OPEM) trial. Implementation Science, 2(1) . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-2-39.
  160. Johnston, M., Bonetti, D., Joice, S., Pollard, B., Morrison, V., Francis, J.J. and MacWalter, R. (2007). Recovery from disability after stroke as a target for a behavioural intervention: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29(14), pp. 1117–1127. doi:10.1080/03323310600950411.
  161. Foy, R., Bamford, C., Francis, J., Johnston, M., Lecouturier, J., Eccles, M.P., Steen, I. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). Which factors explain variation in intention to disclose a diagnosis of dementia? A theory-based survey of mental health professionals. Implementation Science, 2, p. 31.
  162. Foy, R., Francis, J.J., Johnston, M., Eccles, M., Lecouturier, J., Bamford, C. and Grimshaw, J. (2007). The development of a theory-based intervention to promote appropriate disclosure of a diagnosis of dementia. BMC Health Services Research, 7, p. 207.
  163. Francis, J., Grimshaw, J., Zwarenstein, M., Eccles, M., Shiller, S., Godin, G., Johnston, M., O'Rourke, K., Presseau, J. and Tetroe, J. (2007). Testing a TheoRY-inspired MEssage (‘TRY-ME’): a sub-trial within the Ontario Printed Educational Message (OPEM) trial [Registration number ISRCTN72772651]. Implementation Science, 2, p. 39.
  164. Cleland, J., Francis, J., Watson, M., Inch, J. and Bond, C. (2007). Using theory to improve communication: designing a communication skills training package for medicine counter assistants. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 15(1), pp. 79–81.
  165. Eccles, M., Johnston, M., Hrisos, S., Francis, J., Grimshaw, J., Steen, N. and Kaner, E. (2007). Translating clinicians’ beliefs into implementation interventions (TRACII): a protocol for an intervention modeling experiment to change clinicians’ intentions to implement evidence-based practice. Implementation Science, 2, p. 27.
  166. Johnston, M., Bonetti, D., Joice, S., Pollard, B., Morrison, V., Francis, J.J. and MacWalter, R. (2007). Recovery from disability after stroke as a target for a behavioural intervention: Results of a randomised controlled trial. Disability & Rehabilitation, 29(4), pp. 1117–1127.
  167. Akl, E.A., Treweek, S., Foy, R., Francis, J. and Oxman, A.D. (2007). NorthStar, a support tool for the design and evaluation of quality improvement interventions in healthcare. Implementation Science, 2, p. 19.
  168. Watson, M., Cleland, J., Inch, J., Bond, C. and Francis, J. (2007). Theory-based communication skills training for medicine counter assistants to improve consultations for non-prescription medicines. Medical Education, 41, pp. 450–459.
  169. Rodgers, H., Francis, J.J., Brittain, K. and Robinson, A.L. (2007). Who cares? Caring for the carers of stroke patients. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29(5), pp. 425–427.
  170. Francis, J., Johnston, M., Bonetti, D., Glidewell, L., MacLennan, G. and Eccles, M. (2007). Health psychology research advances theory by addressing problems: illustrations from theory-based studies of health professional behaviour. European Health Psychologist, 9(2), pp. 20–25.
  171. Glidewell, L., MacLennan, G., Thomas, R., Johnston, M., Francis, J. and Eccles, E. (2006). Can illness representations predict referral for lumbar spine X- ray? PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 21, pp. 56–56.
  172. The Improved Clinical Effectiveness through Behavioural Research Group (ICEBeRG), (2006). Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions. Implementation Science, 1, p. 4.
  173. Eccles, M.P., Hrisos, S., Francis, J., Kaner, E.F.S., Dickinson, H.O., Beyer, F. and Johnston, M. (2006). Do self-reported intentions predict clinicians’ behaviour: a systematic review. Implementation Science, 1, p. 28.
  174. Francis, J.J., Boldero, J.M. and Sambell, N.L. (2006). Self lines: A new, psychometrically sound, ‘user-friendly’ idiographic technique for assessing self-discrepancies. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 30(1), pp. 69–84.
  175. Boldero, J., Moretti, M. and Francis, J. (2006). Females' discrepancies with "other" self-guides: How they impact on the link between rejection sensitivity and aggression in relationships. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 58, pp. 19–19.
  176. Angus, D., Brouwers, M., Driedger, M., Eccles, M., Francis, J., Godin, G., Graham, I., Grimshaw, J., Hanna, S., Harrison, M.B., Legare, F., Lemyre, L., Logan, J., Martino, R., Pomey, M.-.P. and Tetroe, J. (2006). Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions The Improved Clinical Effectiveness through Behavioural Research Group (ICEBeRG). IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE, 1 . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-1-4.
  177. Foy, R., Walker, A., Ramsay, C., Penney, G., Grimshaw, J. and Francis, J. (2005). Theory-based identification of barriers to quality improvement: Induced abortion care. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 17(2), pp. 147–155. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzi017.
  178. Foy, R., Foot, B., Francis, J., Chakravarthy, U. and Wormald, R. (2005). Trends in the provision of photodynamic therapy and clinician attitudes: a tracker survey of a new health technology. BMC Health Services Research, 5, p. 34.
  179. Boldero, J.M., Moretti, M.M., Bell, R.C. and Francis, J.J. (2005). Self-discrepancies and negative affect: A primer on when to look for specificity, and how to find it. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57(3), pp. 139–147.
  180. Robinson, A.L., Francis, J.J., James, P.J., Tindle, N., Greenwell, K. and Rodgers, H. (2005). Caring for carers of people with stroke: developing a complex intervention following the Medical Research Council framework. Clinical Rehabilitation, 19(5), pp. 560–571.
  181. Foy, R., Walker, A., Ramsay, C., Penney, G., Grimshaw, J. and Francis, J. (2005). Theory-based identification of barriers to quality improvement: induced abortion care. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 17(2), pp. 1–9.
  182. Boldero, J., Robins, G., Williams, B. and Francis, J. (2004). Similarity and difference in relationships: The effect of relational discrepancies on emotion. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 39(5-6), pp. 314–314.
  183. Francis, J.J., Boldero, J.M. and Newson, S.A. (2002). Looking at family life and looking back: The links between retrospective self-discrepancies and emotional health in older age. Journal of Family Studies, 8, pp. 165–180.
  184. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J.J. (2002). Goals, standards, and the self: Different types of reference values serving different self-regulatory functions. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 6, pp. 232–241.
  185. Boldero, J. and Francis, J. (2002). Goals, Standards, and the Self: Reference Values Serving Different Functions. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6(3), pp. 232–241.
  186. Bell, R. and Francis, J. (2001). Construct validity of cognitive complexity scores derived by repertory grids: An exploratory analysis. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 53, pp. 91–91.
  187. Bell, R.O. and Francis, J.J. (2000). Dimensions underlying cognitive complexity measures based on repertory grids. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 35(3-4), pp. 120–120.
  188. Boldero, J.M. and Francis, J. (2000). Self-regulation: The emotional and behavioral consequences of discrepancies with standards and goals. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 35(3-4), pp. 162–162.
  189. Francis, J.J. (2000). Self-discrepancy and distress: Emotional correlates of others' failure to verify self-views. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 35(3-4), pp. 228–228.
  190. Boldero, J. and Francis, J. (2000). The relation between self-discrepancies and emotion: The moderating roles of self-guide importance, location relevance, and social self-domain centrality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, pp. 38–52.
  191. Boldero, J. and Francis, J. (1999). Ideals, oughts, and self-regulation: Are there qualitatively distinct self-guides? Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2, pp. 343–355.
  192. Francis, J., Boldero, J. and Hardie, E. (1996). Domain-specific self discrepancies and emotion: Differences as a function of domain and context. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 31(3-4), pp. 18492–18492.
  193. Francis, J. and Wales, R. (1994). Speech à la mode: prosodic cues, message interpretation, and impression formation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 13, pp. 34–44.

Reports (3)

  1. Francis, J., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Walker, A.E., Grimshaw, J.M., Foy, R., Kaner, E.F.S., Smith, L. and Bonetti, D. (2004). Constructing questionnaires based on the theory of planned behaviour: A manual for health services researchers. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
  2. Francis, J., Eccles, M.P., Johnston, M., Walker, A.E., Grimshaw, J.M., Foy, R., Kaner, E.F.S., Smith, L. and Bonetti, D. (2004). Constructing questionnaires based on the theory of planned behaviour. A manual for health services researchers. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. ISBN 0-9540161-5-7.
  3. James, P., Tindle, N., Greenwell, K., Robinson, L., Francis, J. and Rodgers, H. (2003). ‘Living with stroke: Helping those who care for people with stroke.’ A course for informal carers of people with stroke: Manual for course facilitators. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Other Activities

Editorial Activities (2)

  1. Occasional reviewer for peer-review journals: Archives of Physical Medicine; Rehabilitation; BMC Health Services Research; BMC Implementation Science; British Journal of Health Psychology; British Journal of Ophthalmology; Evaluation & the Health Professions; Eye; Health Expectations; Personality & Social Psychology Compass; Journal of Health Psychology; Journal of Physical Activity and Health; Journal of Primary Prevention; Quality Improvement Scotland (QIS).
  2. Reviewer of applications for funding: Chief Scientist Office, Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC); NIHR (Programme Grants for Applied Research scheme and Post-doctoral Fellowship scheme), Wellcome Trust (Medical Humanities Research Fellowship scheme); Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (Post-doctoral Fellowship scheme)..

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City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.