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Contact Information


Visit David Haynes

A304, College Building

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



David Haynes is part of the first cohort of UK Intelligence Community postdoctoral research fellows supported by the Royal Academy of Engineering. His current research is focused on online risk and ways in which predictions of user behaviour can improve online public safety.

He is also the tutor for the Information Management and Policy module of the Library and Information Science programme, #citylis.

He also teaches and writes about metadata and is the author of 'Metadata for Information Management and Retrieval', the second edition of which was published in January 2018.


  1. PhD, City University London, United Kingdom, Mar 2010 – Apr 2015


  1. IC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, City, University of London, Dec 2017 – Nov 2019


  1. Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals
  2. Higher Education Academy

Memberships of committees

  1. Chair, ISKO UK

Memberships of professional organisations

  1. International Society for Knowledge Organization, Jan 2012 – present
  2. British Computer Society, 2008 – present


Portuguese (can read).


The Nature of Risk in the Privacy Calculus

Public safety is improved if individual users are able to make informed choices about disclosure of personal information. Privacy calculus is a method for balancing perceived risks and benefits of online transactions (Krasnova et al. 2012; Dinev & Hart 2006). This depends on a categorising risk, but there is no consensus on a risk typology (Rosenblum 2007; Swedlow et al. 2009, p.237; Facebook Inc. 2017; Haynes & Robinson 2015). This research will investigate the nature of risk using empirical data from an analysis of actual user behaviour.

Dinev, T. & Hart, P., 2006. An Extended Privacy Calculus Model for E-Commerce Transactions. Information Systems Research, 17(1), pp.61���80.

Facebook Inc., 2017. Facebook Privacy Basics. Available at: [Accessed April 7, 2017].

Haynes, D. & Robinson, L., 2015. Defining User Risk in Social Networking Services. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 67(1), pp.94–115.

Krasnova, H., Veltri, N.F. & Günther, O., 2012. Self-disclosure and Privacy Calculus on Social Networking Sites: The Role of Culture. Business {&} Information Systems Engineering, 4(3), pp.127–135.

Rosenblum, D., 2007. What Anyone Can Know: the privacy risks of social networking sites. IEEE Security & Privacy, 5(3), pp.40–49.

Swedlow, B. et al., 2009. Theorizing and Generalizing about Risk Assessment and Regulation through Comparative Nested Analysis of Representative Cases. Law & Policy, 31(2), pp.236–269.


  1. Haynes, D. (2018). Metadata for Information Management and Retrieval Understanding metadata and its use. Facet Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85604-824-8.

Books (3)

  1. Blake, M., Cookman, N. and Haynes, D. (1999). Teleworking Directory. The British Library.
  2. Haynes, D. (Ed.), (1990). Sources of Information in Information Technology. Guide to Information Sources series. Bowker Saur.
  3. (1990). Information Sources in Information Technology. DE GRUYTER SAUR.

Chapters (2)

  1. Haynes, D. (1997). Records Management. In Scammell, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Special Librarianship and Information Work Aslib.
  2. Haynes, D. and Huckle, F. Freedom of Information Act 2000. Handbook of information management (pp. 475–484). Taylor & Francis.

Conference papers and proceedings (5)

  1. (2019). The Human Position in an Artificial World: Creativity, Ethics and AI in Knowledge Organization. ISKO UK Sixth Biennial Conference. The Human Position in an Artificial World: Creativity, Ethics and AI in Knowledge Organization. ISKO UK Sixth Biennial Conference 15-16 July, London.
  2. Haynes, D. (2013). Using Knowledge Organisation to Manage Information Risk. Information - a Risky Business 25 October, London, UK.
  3. Haynes, D. (2013). The Future of Regulation. iFutures 25 July, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
  4. Haynes, D. and Walker, D. (2007). Empowering eProfessionals through Collaborative Working Environments. Supply Chain Working. ConstructIT, CIOB and RICS meeting Ascot, UK.
  5. Woolley, J. and Haynes, D. (2006). CILIP Survey into UK RFID implementation. RFID in Libraries Conference.

Journal articles (8)

  1. Haynes, D. (2017). Metadata. Alexandria: The Journal of National and International Library and Information Issues, 27(3), pp. 198–206. doi:10.1177/0955749018778984.
  2. Haynes, D., Bawden, D. and Robinson, L. (2016). A regulatory model for personal data on social networking services in the UK. International Journal of Information Management, 36(6), pp. 872–882. doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2016.05.012.
  3. Haynes, D. (2016). Social media, risk and information governance. Business Information Review, 33(2), pp. 90–93. doi:10.1177/0266382116651781.
  4. Haynes, D. and Robinson, L. (2015). Defining user risk in social networking services. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 67(1), pp. 94–115. doi:10.1108/AJIM-07-2014-0087.
  5. Haynes, D. (2015). Records and Information Management. Journal of Documentation, 71(1), pp. 210–211. doi:10.1108/jd-08-2014-0108.
  6. Haynes, D. (2011). Social Networks in the workplace - some data protection issues. FUMSI.

    [publisher’s website]

  7. Haynes, D. and Hopkinson, A. (2006). Librarians need standards. CILIP Update, 5, pp. 31–33.
  8. Haynes, D. (1999). Electronic Publications: an Agenda for National Libraries and Publishers. Alexandria, 11, pp. 167–179.

Reports (2)

  1. Haynes, D., Streatfield, D., Jowett, T. and Blake, M. (1997). Responsibility for digital archiving and long-term access to digital data. JISC/NPO Studies on the Preservation of Electronic Materials. South Bank University.
  2. Carpenter, J., Davies, R. and Haynes, D. (1994). China: the market for UK library and information services and products. Grimsby, UK: ETM Ltd on behalf of the British Library.

Theses/dissertations (2)

  1. Haynes, D. Access to Personal Data in Social Networks : measuring the effectiveness of approaches to regulation (Transfer report). (PhD Thesis)
  2. Haynes, Risk and Regulation of Access to Personal Data on Online Social Networking Services in the UK. (PhD Thesis)


  1. Haynes, D. (2008). Collaborative Working Environments. Using document management for projects and programmes.

Other Activities

Editorial activity (2)

  1. Member of the editorial advisory board who regularly peer reviews papers submitted to the journal, Editorial Advisory Board - Aslib journal of Information Management.
  2. Brazilian Journal of Information Science: Research Trends, Editorial Board member.

Media appearance

  1. TRT Insight interview about data privacy. Interviewed by Martin Stanford about data privacy on social media to mark Data Protection Day 2017

Online articles (3)

  1. End of Safe Harbour isn’t the End of the World – let’s hope its successor is better. (2015). The Conversation
  2. Privacy Shield replaces Safe Harbour, but only the name has changed. (2016). The Conversation Why the rush to replace the Safe Harbour data sharing agreement with something just as leaky? It smacks of placing transatlantic trade over European privacy.
  3. Forget the right to be forgotten, other means exist. (2014). The Conversation The May 2014 ruling by the European Court of Justice, dubbed the right to be forgotten, is seen as a precedent for all internet searches in all European Union member states.