City Journalism academic’s new report for the Charitable Journalism Project shows that people often find online groups more informative than underfunded traditional media
Lead researcher Dr Steven Barclay, from City, University of London’s Department of Journalism, shows that years of economic instability, corporate acquisitions and hollowing out of newsrooms have weakened social cohesion and local accountability.
Democratic participation and access to justice have suffered.
The report’s six main findings are:
- Social media are now the dominant channels of local news and information
- Social media can cause local division and be a source of misinformation
- Local newspapers are no longer perceived as ‘community glue’
- There is a lack of knowledge of local affairs that is linked to a dearth of local reporting
- There is evidence of democratic disenchantment and apathy
- People want a trusted source of local news
Seven communities were studied:
- Lewisham, London
- Trowbridge and West Wiltshire
- Whitby and North Yorkshire Coast
- Tiverton and Cullompton, Devon
- Haverfordwest and Pembrokeshire
- Corby and North Northamptonshire
- Local newspapers no longer act as “community glue”. That has meant a drop in social cohesion and the lack of reliable information has driven an uptick in distrust among communities [Sections 2, 3 and 5]
- National institutions and local public services – including the NHS, police, education and the environment – were thought to be both under-reported and misrepresented [Section 4]
- There was widespread lack of awareness among respondents about how the NHS is organised locally, and it was reported that key services such as the NHS was ‘reluctant’ to be scrutinised [p16-17]
- Digital poverty and poor new-media literacy drives vulnerability to misinformation for those in poverty, disabled people and the elderly [Section 2]
- The average size of a police force communications team regionally is 20, often rivalling or outweighing the number of active journalists in a region [p17]
- The BBC-funded Local Democracy Reporter scheme helps but positions are poorly paid and, even in the highly competitive journalism job market, one LDR position (in Northamptonshire) had been open for more than a year [p16]
- Overwhelmingly, respondents wanted a rejuvenation of trustworthy, democracy-supporting local news [Section 6].
The report launch took place at the House of Commons on 15 June 2022 (chaired by Baroness Bonham Carter, with an invited audience of journalists and interested parties), with a news report subsequently appearing in The Guardian.
Dr Barclay told the newspaper that a frequent complaint in ‘news deserts’ was that local journalists on mainstream outlets no longer based themselves in the beat they covered.
He gave the example of the Whitby Gazette, which used to have a strong presence in the Yorkshire seaside town [pictured] but has now closed its office there.
He said: “Whitby was a really classic example of a newspaper that was very widely read within the town and was part of its identity. People identified with the Gazette – they said they knew the editor of the Gazette and drank with him in the pub.”
Dr Barclay noted that numerous people interviewed for the study were acutely aware of – and saddened by – the demise or decline of local news outlets.
“What I found in my research is people wanted a trusted source of local news and information that’s both professional and authentically local,” he said.
The report was kindly funded by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust.
About the Charitable Journalism Project
The Charitable Journalism Project was formed to research ways to make it easier for local and community newsrooms to be registered as charities. Achieving charity status is one way – at no cost to the taxpayer – that small newsrooms whose resources are stretched can access more sources of funding and maximise the benefit from donations both large and small. The Charitable Journalism Project is currently raising a fund to provide help from specialists in charity law to local and community news organisations that want to explore being registered as charities. Their research underlines the need for this kind of practical support.