Looking back over the top research stories from the past year.
Published (Updated )
Dr Oguz Ali Acar's research into leadership styles, based on physiological traits revealed insights into what kind of President Donald Trump would be.
Dr Acar examined individual leadership factors including psychological (eg, personality traits, intelligence, self-regulation and family background) and physiological (eg, genetics, facial characteristics, gender, neuroscience and hormones). The leadership outcomes reviewed included concepts such as emergence and effectiveness as a leader.
Read the full story: Trump’s facial characteristics may predict leadership style
Professor Les Mayhew, Professor Ben Rickayzen and David Smith analysed 100 years’ worth of residents’ records from the Whiteley Homes Trust, a retirement village in Surrey which opened in 1917 to provide housing and support for people of limited means.
They found that retirement villages can boost the longevity of women by as much as five years compared to the general population. The study suggests that this type of lifestyle in retirement is capable of combating the negative effects on health and social well-being of low economic means and isolation.
Read the full story: Retirement villages extend life expectancy for women
Professor Lilian de Menezes and Cranfield School of Management confirmed that flexible working can increase employee job satisfaction and organisational commitment.
However, the researchers discovered that employees who establish flexible working arrangements through informal discussion with their line manager are judged to perform much better than those who use formal flexible working arrangements.
The researchers surveyed 2665 UK employees across four private sector organisations with established flexible working practices that were available to all employees, not just those with parenting and caring responsibilities. There was a nearly even split by gender and most were professionals aged between 30 – 49 years-old.
Read the full story: Flexible working does increase job satisfaction but it depends how you arrange it
The SCAMPI project will develop a new form of digitalised toolkit that will allow someone living in their own home with a chronic condition, together with their relatives, carers and healthcare professionals, to self-manage both their care of the condition and life with it, sometimes in novel and creative ways.
The project was a collaboration between Schools: led by Professor Neil Maiden of Cass Business School who will work alongside colleagues from the School of Health Sciences and the School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering.
The University won £980,000 in grant funding from The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
Read the full story: SCAMPI research project launched at City
Dr Sara Jones helped to launch the Boosting Resilience: Survival Skills for the New Normal programme. Boosting Resilience is a two-year Executive Learning programme that enables executive and board level staff working in arts and cultural organisations throughout England, to develop new approaches to building resilience through identifying and capturing the value of creative assets and intellectual property.
The programme focuses on developing organisations’ thinking on their creative assets, their existing and potential intellectual property and their abilities to maximise these through working with wider sectors, whilst anticipating and withstanding economic, social, environmental and technological change.
A report from the M&A Research Centre and Intralinks revealed that leaking information on mergers and acquisitions (M&A) deals before any public announcement of the transaction added an extra US$21m to the average value of deals announced in 2016 that leaked.
The report found that leaked information can boost deal values by an average of $21 million. In addition to evidence of higher valuations for M&A deals that leak, the 2017 Intralinks Annual M&A Leaks Report found that 8.6% of worldwide M&A deals were leaked in 2016.
Read the full story: Leaked information on M&A deals leads to higher valuations
Dr Tom van Laer and Ko de Ruyter published research revealing three simple steps that will increase the chances of engagement with selfies on social networking sites.
The research team conducted experiments with test groups to determine exactly what people engage with when they look at pictures online. They showed participants different images, who then rated the pictures on several photographic elements such as point of view, content and artistic quality.
Read the full story: The selfie is a powerful engagement tool – but only if you follow these three rules
Professor John Hatgioannides helped develop a novel and holistic index which tracks the ratio of the effective income tax rate per income group divided by the percentage of total personal wealth (or the percentage of national income) owned by the same income group.
Using this metric, instead of focusing on the absolute income tax contribution, the researchers discovered that the bottom 99 per cent pays in relative terms at least 10 times (1,000 per cent) more tax than the top one per cent. Used together with other direct/indirect taxes, insurance contributions and government borrowing, the researchers argue that a progressive income tax rate should help balance the UK’s highly polarised and divided economy.
Read the full story: Progressive income tax rate only way to balance income inequality
Professor Barbara Casu Lukac's published a report (lead author) that found establishing a state-owned UK Post Bank would ensure the long-term sustainability of the Post Office by diversifying its portfolio of activities and increasing revenues.
The report stated that a Post Bank would enable other important economic and financial goals by improving access to finance for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs); advancing financial inclusion by reaching those who do not use banking services or who are likely to be affected by local bank branch closures, and rebalancing the UK economy away from London and other major urban centres.
Read the full story: New state-owned Post Bank will ensure Post Office longevity
The report looked a sample of 138 UK takeover bids across a ten year period. It took into account pension scheme assets and liabilities (i.e. the absolute size of a pension scheme and not just the deficit) of both the target and acquirer. For acquirers, finding the right target with the best cost synergies and cultural fit is crucial. However, the liability of the target’s existing pension scheme could see a good deal turn sour quickly.
Read the full story: Pension liability can make or break an M&A deal
Centre for Charity Effectiveness produced major report for Office for Civil Society and the Charity Commission.
The research recommended that charities need to do more to promote diversity on their boards and encourage applications from women, young people and people from ethnic minority and socially diverse backgrounds. It also found that men outnumber women trustees on boards by two to one. The majority (92%) of trustees are white, older and above average income and education.
The research also found that charity trustees, who are overwhelmingly volunteers, felt positively about their role and about the personal reward and satisfaction it gave them. It also highlighted that trustees’ contribution to charities amounts to a monetary equivalent of around £3.5 billion a year.
Read the full story: Charities must do more to promote diversity on their boards, Cass research shows
A new report by Cass Business School for the DCIF analysed the investment strategy of the UK’s trust-based Defined Contribution schemes in 2017. Professor Andrew Clare examined trust-based pension scheme decision-makers on their current investment challenges.
The report, Investment Strategy: A bird’s eye view, focuses on the investment strategy available to members of trust-based DC schemes and is based on discussions and interviews with over 20 experienced pension scheme representatives and their advisors. It comes at a significant time as DC schemes have faced a large amount of regulatory change in recent years including auto-enrolment, the introduction of the charge cap and Pensions Freedoms.
Read the full story: Investment Strategy: A bird’s eye view