Included in each round of the European Social Survey (ESS) is the 21-item human values scale (or portrait values questionnaire) - a series of statements developed by Shalom H. Schwartz to understand the moral values of respondents.
A new ESS report features contributions from academics who have published analysis based on data collected through this human values scale.
In this ESS webinar, Shalom H. Schwartz will be joined by a selection of the report's contributors to formally launch this new publication.
Mikko Weckroth (University of Helsinki) will discuss the geographical perspective of human values in general. He will then briefly review findings on inter-regional value profiles in the European Union (EU) and urban-rural value differences.
He will close by presenting areas of future research in human geography where concept and measure of human values can be integrated.
Daniel Seddig (University of Cologne) will deliver a presentation that highlights the findings of Davidov et al. (2019), showing that universalism values were associated with lower threat by immigration and less opposition to immigration. While conservation values showed the opposite pattern.
Moreover, the associations were stronger in countries with higher levels of intellectual and affective autonomy and weaker in countries with higher levels of cultural embeddedness.
Andrew Miles (University of Toronto) will present research undertaken with Catherine Yeh. A number of value theories suggest that personal values form as individuals are exposed to social institutions which are themselves informed by cultural values and other macro-level forces.
An important but largely unexamined implication of this claim is that nominally similar social categories such as gender or religion will have different effects in different countries because context-sensitive institutions will imbue them with context-specific meanings.
This claim is tested by examining whether the effects of demographic predictors on personal values vary across countries and cultural regions using eight independent, nationally representative samples that collectively include 32 European countries.
The event will be chaired by Rory Fitzgerald, Director of the European Social Survey.
About the Speakers
Mikko Weckroth is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His research has focused on empirical analyses on geographies of subjective wellbeing, human values, and urbanization as well as their interconnections.
Mikko´s research interests are transdisciplinary aiming to utilize concepts, theories, and insights from sociology, psychology, and political science for understanding the spatial processes and outcomes of human behavior.
Daniel Seddig is a sociologist at the Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology at the University of Cologne (Germany). His research interests are comparative analyses of human values, crime, health, immigration, and aging as well as survey methodology and structural equation modelling.
Andrew Miles is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto. His work lies at the intersection of the sociology of culture, social psychology, and moral and cognitive psychology.
His research focuses on the social development of different moral cultures, the role moral constructs like values and identities play in predicting behavior, and the effects of moral behavior on emotions. He also studies how cognitive processes affect action and has an abiding love for learning and teaching quantitative methods.