We invite high-calibre students with a passion for research to join us and study for a PhD. Potential PhD topics are outlined below. If you are interested in one of these, please contact the named supervisor or Stephanie Wilson, Senior Tutor for Research in HCID. Note that there is no funding attached to these topics: applicants must make separate arrangements to fund their studies.
Full details of the application process are available online. On your application form, please state that you wish to be considered for admission to the Centre for HCI Design, Dept. of Computer Science.
Understanding Human Information Interaction to inform design
Supervisor: Dr. Stephann Makri
Most of us interact with digital information several times a day - not just when checking our social media feeds or searching the Web, but also when deciding which transport route to take to work or what weather-suitable clothing to wear. We may not always think about it, but Human Information Interaction is an essental part of many of our work and every-day life activites - from conducting research for a report, to deciding how best to invest our money. While we have a good understanding of some aspects of how people interact with information (e.g. their active search behaviour), other aspects have been less researched - such as their browsing and exploration behaviour, their (often passive) information encountering behaviour and their behaviour when making sense and use of the information they have found. PhD topics in this area will involve gaining a rich, qualitative understanding of under-researched aspects of Human Information Interaction, using a combination of approaches including semi-structured interviews, laboratory and 'in the wild' observations and diary studies. They will involve generating theory (e.g. models, frameworks or theories) from the empirical data obtained and using this data to create (and perhaps implement) guidelines for the design of digital information environments.
Designing and evaluating novel information-seeking, encountering and use environments
Supervisor: Dr. Stephann Makri
To support new forms of Human Information Interaction, it is often necessary to move beyond the evolutionary improvement of digital information environments by designing novel, perhaps 'revolutionary' new tools and evaluating them with potential users. PhD topics in this area will involve the user-centred design and/or evaluation of tools that help people, for example, browse or maintain awareness of information, explore, encounter, discover or stumble upon information, capture and manage information or appraise, apply, synthesise and otherwise work with information they have found in new ways.
Artificial Intelligence in everyday life
Supervisor: Dr. Alex Taylor
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is playing an increasingly important role not just in hyped up technologies like robots and self-driving cars, but in the technologies many of us use, daily. Everything from social networking services to voice activated agents are incorporating AI to model behaviours, interpret needs, and respond, adaptively. Surprisingly, perhaps, it’s through this much more mundane uptake of AI that we find ourselves amidst profound changes to how computing entangles in and shapes our lives—from how we form identities and sustain communities, to ideas of work and labour. Thus, it’s beyond the hyperbole that we need to develop ways of taking the developments in AI seriously and deepening our understanding of what exactly its impact might be. We need to understand how computation and AI are making very particular kinds of worlds possible. And, through these understandings, we need to consider how design can be responsive to and responsible for these worlds-in-the-making. Prospective PhD students interested in any aspect of AI and its proliferation in daily life are sought under this area. Technical skills are not a requirement, and students may come from a diversity of academic backgrounds, including computer science, HCI, design, psychology, sociology, and science and technology studies (STS).
End User Interfaces for the Internet of Things (IoT)
Supervisor: Dr. Simone Stumpf
The opportunities for end users to create their own systems and services through the Internet of Things are increasing. However, at the same time, this gives rise to new challenges in the way that these systems and services are developed. This project will investigate new development paradigms and interfaces for the IoT which are usable and useful for end users without an advanced knowledge of programming. This work is likely to leverage previous research in end-user programming and end-user development.
Trust in Intelligent Systems
Supervisor: Dr. Simone Stumpf
Intelligent systems that make predictions are rarely 100% correct. Previous research has shown that explanations can increase the intelligibility of these systems and can help identify mistakes. Explanations also seem to have effects on judging the reliability of systems, with potentially harmful implications on misuse and disuse. This research will study the effects of explanations on trust in intelligent systems, in particular effective designs to support appropriate trust.
Dyslexia and Information Retrieval: The Role of Memory and Impact on the Search Process
Supervisors: Dr. Andy MacFarlane
Apart from research into blind and partially sighted users, there has been very little work on the problems that people with disabilities have in accessing information through either navigation or directed search. One sizeable group is dyslexic users who are estimated to constitute around 10% of the population. These users have significant problems with short-term memory, which impacts on their ability to engage with text. One of the key findings of work done at City is the impact of memory on the search process – where a link was identified between the number of documents judged to be irrelevant and short-term memory abilities. This project will investigate the role of memory for dyslexic users and propose methods and/or technology which help such users with their short-term memory problems.
Aphasia and Search: An Investigation into the Information Needs and Information Seeking of Users with Language Impairments
People with language impairments have been largely ignored when it comes to research into information seeking. One such impairment is aphasia, an acquired language disorder that results from brain injury, commonly as a consequence of a stroke. People with aphasia find it very difficult to use language, either spoken or written, and can be isolated and cut off from the rest of society. Such users may avoid technology such as information retrieval systems, finding the technology inaccessible as it does not meet their needs. City has a track record through the Eva Park project of encouraging people with aphasia to engage with technology. This project will investigate the information behaviour of people with aphasia to establish how their information needs can be fulfilled, and how information seeking and searching can be encouraged through information retrieval technologies.
Accessible Interaction Design for People with Language Impairments
Supervisor: Stephanie Wilson
Guidance regarding accessible interaction design for people with language impairments is limited and is typically based on guidance for printed materials. Research in HCID on a series of projects (notably EVA and GeST) has delivered novel digital technologies that are demonstrably accessible to people with aphasia, a language impairment, and has produced preliminary accessibility guidelines for this user population. This project will extend this work. It will entail thorough empirical work to investigate the accessibility of various interaction paradigms and the potential development of new interaction techniques.