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  1. Health Sciences
  2. Research
  3. Centre for Mental Health Research
  4. Mental Health Nursing
About City

Mental Health Nursing Group

The Mental Health Nursing Group conducts research in three key areas: evaluating and improving mental health nursing care; partnership working with mental health service users and carers; and innovations in the delivery of mental health care in healthcare teams and services.

This multidisciplinary group comprises eighteen academic and research staff and two doctoral students. Current and recent research includes a national comparison of recovery-focused care planning in community mental health settings; a trial of the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of peer support for service users discharged from hospital; and a study of protected engagement time on mental health wards.

Other research includes a study of young offenders' mental health problems and experiences of using mental health services; action research studies exploring organisational transformation through the development of nursing practice expertise; and a joint study with pharmacists on improving medication information provided to mental health service users.

The Mental Health Nursing Group plays a major role within key national groups, including the National Institute of Clinical Excellence Guidelines Development Group, Mental Health Nurse Academics UK and the Royal College of Nursing Mental Health Forum and in organising the International Network for Psychiatric Nursing Research conference.


PhD Students

  • Pelin Dikmen
  • Suzanne Lee
  • Donna Moore
  • Jennifer Oates
  • Miriam Theil
  • Isaac Tuffour
  • Rebecca Webb


2012-2014, Cross-national comparative study of recovery-focused mental health care planning and coordination. Awarded to Simpson, A., Hannigan, B., Coffey, M., Jones, A., Faulkner, A. & Rowe, J. NIHR Health Services and Delivery Research. £392,383

2012-2013, An enquiry into the relationship between mental health services for 16-25 year olds and offending. Awarded to Campbell, S. Barrow Cadbury Trust/Young Minds. £10,000.

2012-2013, The first antenatal appointment: an exploratory study of the experiences of women with a diagnosis of mental illness.. Awarded to Phillips, L. City University Pump Priming £3000

2011-2013, Evaluation of a Preceptorship programme for newly qualified mental health nurses. Awarded to Simpson, A. East London NHS Foundation Trust. £30,000.

2011-2012, Student midwives awareness of perinatal mental illness in East London.. Awarded to Phillips, L. & Jarrett, P. Florence Nightingale Foundation. £3,000

*2010, Good Practice Guidance for Involving Carers in Research. Mental Health Research Network. Awarded to Repper, J. & Simpson, A. £7,350

2010, A documentary based evaluation of the CNO report. Department of Health. Awarded to Hardy, S. £10,000

2010-2012, A preliminary comparison of acute mental health inpatient wards which use Patient Engagement Time, with other wards delivering standard care alone. National Institute of Health Research: Research for Patient Benefit programme. Awarded to Nolan, F., Johnson, S., Gray, R., Simpson, A., Evans, L., Gilburt, H., and Morant, N. £243,733

2010-2011, Quality improvement inpatient violence. Stepped wedge evaluation of service development intervention to improve risk assessment and management within an in-patient mental health unit (Cardiff). Health Foundation SHINE: Awarded to Young, N. & Haddad, M. £72,000

2009-2014, Reducing conflict and containment in psychiatry. National Institute of Health Research Programme Grant. Awarded to: Bowers, L., Hunt, L., Allen, T., Dunn, J., Nijman, H., Parkin, D., Muir-Cochrane, E., Priebe, S. & Simpson, A. £1,959,924.

2009-2011, A pilot randomised controlled trial to measure the effectiveness of peer support in increasing hope and quality of life in psychiatric patients discharged from hospital. National Institute of Health Research: Research for Patient Benefit programme. Awarded to Simpson, A., Bowers, L., Evans, R., Hunt, L., Sherman, P., Hall, C. & Flood, C. £311,011



Haddad M, Tylee A (2013) The development and first use of the QUEST measures to evaluate school nurses' knowledge and skills for depression recognition and management. Journal of School Health 83 (1), 36-44.

Hardy S, Webster J, Jackson C & Manley K (2013) Educating advanced level practitioners through transformational practice development: issues of complexity. Nurse Education Today. Available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.01.021

Heyman, B; Godin, P; Reynolds, L; Davies, J. (2013) Assessing the Probability of Patients Reoffending After Discharge from Low to Medium Secure Forensic Mental Health Services: An Inductive Prevention Paradox. Health Risk and Society

Muir-Cochrane, E., Oster, C., Grotto, J., Gerace, A. & Jones, J. (2013) The inpatient psychiatric unit as both a safe and unsafe place: Implications for absconding. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 22, 304-312

Phillips, L., Scott, B., Tannis-Ellick, S. (2013) Student nurses experiences of support in relation to suicide or suicidal behaviours of mental health patients: an exploratory study in Journal of Mental Health Training Education and Practice, Volume 8, Issue 2

Van der Merwe, M., Muir-Cochrane, E.C., Jones, J., Tziggili, M. and Bowers, L. (2013). Improving seclusion practice: Implications of a review of staff and patient views. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20(3), 203-215.


Barkway, P., Mosel, K., Simpson, A., Oster, C. & Muir-Cochrane, E. (2012) Consumer and carer consultants in mental health: the formation of their role identity. Advances in Mental Health, 10(2): 158-169

Muir-Cochrane, E., van der Merwe, M., Nijman, H., Haglund, K., Simpson, A. & Bowers, L. (2012) An investigation into the acceptability of door locking to staff, patients and visitors on acute psychiatric wards. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 21(1): 41-9

Saunder, L. (2012). Developing an e-learning resource in clinical risk assessment. Nursing Management, 19(5), 26-29

Taylor S, Abbot S & Hardy S (2012) The Inform project: a service user led endeavour. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 26 (6) 448-456


Balcombe, L., Phillips, L. and Jones, J. (2011) To attend or not attend: factors that influence engagement with CAMHS by young people and their parents following an episode of deliberate self-harm. Mental Health Practice Volume 15, No. 2, 14-18

Bowers, L; Nijman, H; Simpson, A. & Jones, J. (2011) The relationship between leadership, teamworking, structure, burnout and attitude to patients on acute psychiatric wards. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46(2):143-148

Donisi, V., Jones, J., Pertile, R., Salazzari, D., Grigoletti, L., Tansella, M. & Amaddeo, F. (2011) The difficult task of predicting the costs of community-based mental health care. A comprehensive case register study. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 20, (3) 245 - 256

Hardy S, Bolster D, Kelly T and Yalden J (2011) Revealing facilitation skills through a practice development masterclass: the other side of the rainbow. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing 29 (2) 36-47

Hardy S, Wilson V, & Brown B (2011) A "Praxis" Evaluation Framework: A Tool For All Seasons? International Journal of Practice Development 1 (2)

Nijman, H., Bowers, L., Haglund, K., Muir-Cochrane, E., Simpson A., van der Merwe, M., Haglund, K.. (2011) Door locking and exit security measures on acute psychiatric admission wards. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01716.x

Phillips, L. (2011) Reflections on the education and training of mental health staff who work with women who have been sexually abused in childhood. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. Volume 18, Issue 8, p.696-705

Pryjmachuk S, Graham T, Haddad M, Tylee A (2011) School nurses' perspectives on managing mental health problems in children and young people: a qualitative study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(5-6):850-859

Simpson, A. Bowers, L., Allan, T., Haglund, K., Muir-Cochrane, E., Nijman, H. & van der Merwe, M. (2011) The relationship between substance use and exit security on psychiatric wards. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(3)


Bowers, L., Haglund, K., Muir-Cochrane, E., Nijman, H., Simpson, A. and Van der Merwe, M. (2010) Locked doors: a survey of patients, staff and visitors. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 17, 10, 873-880

Flood, C. (2010) Should Standard Gamble and Time Trade off Utility Measurement be Used More in Mental Health Research? The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics 13(2), 65-72

Haddad M (2010) Different attitudes towards mental health revealed in a survey of nurses across five European countries. Evidence Based Nursing 13:115-116

Haddad M, Butler G, & Tylee A (2010) School nurses' involvement, attitudes and training needs for mental health work: a UK-wide cross-sectional study. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66:2471-2480

Jones, J., Nolan., Bowers, L., Simpson, A., Whittington, R., Hackney, D. & Bhui, K. (2010) Psychiatric wards: places of safety? Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 17: 124-130

Stewart, D., van der Merwe, M., Bowers, L., Simpson, A. & Jones, J. (2010) A review of interventions to reduce mechanical restraint and seclusion among adult psychiatric inpatients. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31, 413-424.


Bowers, L., Allan, T., Simpson, A. Jones, J. & Whittington, R. (2009) Morale is high in acute inpatient psychiatry. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44(1), 39-46

Bowers, L., Allan, T., Simpson, A., Jones, J., Van Der Merwe, M. and Jeffery, D. (2009) Identifying Key Factors Associated with Aggression on Acute Inpatient Psychiatric Wards. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 30 (4), 260 - 271

Hardy S, Gregory S & Ramjeet J (2009) An exploration of intent for narrative methods of inquiry in health care research. Nurse Researcher 16 (3)

Henderson, C., Flood, C. & Leese, M. (2009) Views of service users and providers on joint crisis plans : Single blind randomized controlled trial. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, Oct 4. May, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 369-376

Manley K, Titchen A, Hardy S (2009) Work based learning in the context of contemporary UK healthcare education and practice: a concept analysis. Practice Development in Health Care 8 (2) 87-127

Phillips, L. (2009) The needs of staff who work with women in single-sex wards. Mental Health Practice. Volume 12, 21-25

Stewart, D., Bowers, L., Simpson, A., Ryan, C. & Tziggili, M. (2009) Manual restraint of adult psychiatric inpatients: a literature review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16(8), 749-757

Van der Merwe, M., Bowers, L., Jones, J., Simpson, A. & Haglund, K. (2009) Locked doors in acute inpatient psychiatry: a literature review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16, 293-299

Whittington, R., Bowers, L., Nolan, P., Simpson, A. & Neil, L. (2009) Approval ratings of inpatient coercive interventions in a national sample of mental health service users and staff in England. Psychiatric Services, 60 (6), 1-7

Bowers, L., Jones, J. & Simpson, A. (2009) The demography of nurses and patients on acute psychiatric wards in England. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18 (6) 884-892


Bailey, S. & Simpson, A. (2008) Attitudes towards attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in child and adolescent mental health services teams. Mental Health Practice, 11(10), 26-31

Bowers, L. & Flood, C. (2008) Nurse staffing, bed numbers and the cost of acute psychiatric inpatient care in England. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 15, 8, 630 - 637

Bowers, L., Flood, C., Brennan, G. & Allan, T. (2008) A replication study of the City nurse intervention: reducing conflict and containment on three acute psychiatric wards. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 9, 737-742

Bowers, L., Jeffery, D., Bilgin, H., Jarrett, M., Simpson, A. and Jones, J. (2008) Psychiatric intensive care units: a literature review. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 54(1) 56-68

Bowers, L. Simpson, A. Nijman, H. & Hall, C. (2008) Patient ethnicity and three psychiatric intensive care units compared: the Tompkins Acute Ward Study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 15, 195-202.

Bowers, L., Whittington, R., Nolan, P., Parkin, D., Curtis, S., Bhui, K., Hackney, D., Allan, T. & Simpson, A. (2008) Relationship between service ecology, special observation and self-harm during acute in-patient care: City-128 study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 193, 395-401

Flood, C., Bowers, L. & Parkin, D. (2008) Estimating the costs of conflict and containment on adult acute inpatient psychiatric wards. Nursing Economics, 26, 5

Jarrett, M., Bowers, L. & Simpson, A. (2008) Coerced medication in psychiatric inpatient care: literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 64(6), 538-548

Postle K, Beresford P & Hardy S (2008) Assessing research and involving people using health and social care services: addressing the tensions. Evidence and Policy 4(3) 251-262

Simpson, A., Reynolds, L., Light, I. & Attenborough, J. (2008) Talking with the Experts: Evaluation of an online discussion forum with mental health service users and student nurses. Nurse Education Today, 28(5), 633-640