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About City

Hannah Wachnianin

Department of Psychology

E: hannah.wachnianin.1@city.ac.uk/hannah.wachnianin@lanc.uk.com

Thesis title: The effect of neurofeedback home training on concentration abilities, impulsivity and personality on typical children and children with ADHD.

Supervisors: Professor Philip Corr and Dr Neil Rutterford

Overview and research interests

Quantitative EEGs (QEEGs) have demonstrated that individuals with concentration difficulties commonly have excess slow wave activity in the frontal lobe. Neurofeedback is a form of brain training where the individual is stimulated to reduce or enhance activity of particular brainwaves via visual and audio reinforcement on a computer. The aim of neurofeedback is to improve attention and behavioural control by teaching the patient via visual and auditory reinforcement to regulate levels of activity in the brain. Neurofeedback is based upon the operant conditioning paradigm. The evidence for this treatment has been gathering for many years, but we are now at a point where it is considered by many to have a good evidence base. Evidence suggests that using neurofeedback as a strategy with individuals diagnosed with ADHD can normalise EEG patterns as well as reducing inattentive and impulsive symptoms as a long-term strategy.

Hannah's doctoral research is comprised of two research studies.

The first study is examining the effect of neurofeedback home training on concentration abilities, impulsivity and personality on children with a diagnosis of ADHD aged between 7 and 17 years old. Additionally, this study will examine the interaction between neurofeedback and stimulant medication to evaluate the most effective form of treatment for children with ADHD.

Research interests

  • Quantitative EEG
  • Neurofeedback
  • Neurodevelopmental conditions, particularly ADHD.


  • Kewley, G.D. and Wachnianin, H. (2013). Very bright and gifted people with ADHD, ADHD News. Autumn Edition. 
  • Wachnianin, H., Corr, P. & Rutterford, N.A. (2013, April). The effect of neurofeedback home training on healthy personality: A single-case study. Poster presented at the British Society for the Psychology of Individual Differences, London, UK.
  • Rutterford, N.A., Wachnianin, H., Kewley, G.D. & Andersen, S.B. (2013). Evaluating co-morbidities in an Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) sample: Can Quantitative Electroencephalogram (EEG) measures discriminate? Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, Official Journal of the World Federation of ADHD, 5,2.
  • Kewley, G.D. & Wachnianin, H. (2012). Giftedness and ADHD. ADHD in Practice, 4, 3.