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About City

Niloy Ranjan Biswas

PhD Student

Department of International Politics

E: Niloy.Biswas.1@city.ac.uk

PhD title: Actors and Civilian Security Sector Reform (CSSR) in a Transitional State: The Case of Police Reform in Bangladesh

Supervisors: Dr Tom Davies and Dr Christopher McDowell


Niloy holds a BSS and MSS in International Relations from the University of Dhaka and an MA in Security Policy Studies from the Elliott School of International Affairs of The George Washington University, which he attended as part of the Fulbright programme. He is also affiliated with the Providing for Peacekeeping Project of the International Peace Institute in New York.

Overview and research interests

His research project explores the role of national, international actors, and civil society organisations (CSOs) in the reform process of the civilian security sector in Bangladesh, such as the Bangladesh Police, to understand the nature of obstruction, inertia and resistance for reform. This analytical study uses qualitative methods to evaluate interactions among the actors in Bangladesh’s police reform programme. The study considers a specific case of the reform initiatives: The 2003 UNDP & DFID-led Police Reform Programme (PRP) undertaken in collaboration with Bangladesh Police. The data analysis follows an inductive approach with primary and secondary data and constructs specific ideas from the case study (Bangladesh) analysis so that the findings can inform other cases of civilian security sector reform, when cited in future academic research and policy studies. The final outcome of this research identifies knowledge gaps in the literature that analyses the involvement of intervening actors in CSSR and the relationship of this involvement with the democratisation process of a transitional state with reference to the case of Bangladesh.

Research interests:

  • Non-traditional security affairs in South Asia
  • Security sector/governance reform
  • Post-conflict state-building and reconstruction
  • UN peacekeeping operations and South Asian contributors’ role

Public Presentations and Conference Papers

  • International Conference on Public Policy (ICPP), Catholic University of Sacro Cuore, Milan, 2 July 2015, Paper presented: Partyarchy and Elite Convergence in Transitional States: Role of Actors in Civilian Security Sector (Police) Reform in Bangladesh at a panel that focuses on the politics surrounding public policy in the global south.
  • British International Studies Association-Post Graduate Network (BISA-PGN) Annual Conference, King’s College London, 30 March 2015, Paper presented: Partyarchy and Elite Convergence in Transitional States: A Conceptual Framework to Understand the Local Elite Dynamics on Civilian Security Sector (Police) Reform in Bangladesh.
  • Academic Conference on United Nations Peacekeeping: South Asian Perspectives, South Asian University, New Delhi, India, 1 March 2014, Paper presented: South Asian regionalism and UN peacekeeping missions: A case of ‘and never the twain shall meet’?


City, University of London (Department of International Politics):

  • IP 2025 Security Studies: Contemporary and Emerging Issues a.y. 2015-16 and 2014-15 (Term two)
  • IP 1020 Research Scholars Programme a.y. 2015-16 (Term one and two)
  • IP 2019 Transnational Social Movements a.y. 2014-15 (Term two)
  • IP 2024 Security Studies: An Introduction a.y. 2015-16 and 2014-15 (Term one)
  • IP 1018 Politics and Power in the 21st Century a.y. 2013-14 (Term one)
  • IP 1011 Theories of Global Politics a.y. 2013-14 (Term one)

University of Dhaka (Department of International Relations):


Publications in peer-reviewed journals

  • Zaman, R. and Biswas, N. R. (2015), “South Asian Regionalism and UN Peacekeeping Missions: A Case of ‘and Never the Twain shall Meet’?” Journal of International Peacekeeping, Vol. 19, Issue 3-4, pp. 249-273.
  • Zaman, R. and Biswas, N. R. (2014), “Bangladesh's Participation in UN Peacekeeping Missions and Challenges for Civil–Military Relations: A Case for Concordance Theory”, International Peacekeeping, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 324-344.
  • Biswas, N. R. (2011), “Is the Environment a Security Threat?: Environmental Security beyond Securitization,” International Affairs Review, Winter, Vol. XX, No. 1.

Book chapters

  • Zaman, R. and Biswas, N. R. (2013), “Bangladesh” in A.J. Bellamy & P.D. Williams (Eds.), Providing Peacekeepers: The Politics, Challenges, and Future of United Nations Peacekeeping Contributions, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reports and other academic contributions

  • Zaman, R. and Biswas, N. R. (2015) Country Profile: Bangladesh (International Peace Institute, Providing for Peacekeeping Project, Version 12 October 2015).
  • Zaman, R. and Biswas, N. R. (2014) “Cooperation between TCCs and the UN; South Asia cooperation; peacebuilding and NGOs”, What Needs to Change in UN Peace Operations? An expert briefing book prepared for the High-Level
  • Independent Panel on Peace Operations, New York: Center for International Cooperation and International Peace Institute, November.


Find Niloy on the following websites: