‘Elite knowledge networks’ are preventing Donald Trump from disrupting the liberal world order
City, University of London professor indicates that alliance-building ‘ultraimperialists’ on both sides of US politics and beyond are likely to ensure...
Welcome to the Centre for Modern History at City, University of London
The Centre is a new hub for innovative historical research that brings together historians, scholars of politics, and experts from across the university and the public sphere.
Our research and events explore modern and contemporary history, highlighting international trends and transnational interactions.
The Centre for Modern History promotes interdisciplinary dialogue and serves as a focal point for stimulating intellectual exchange.
Dr Dayna Barnes is a lecturer in Modern History at the Department of International Politics. She is a specialist in 20th century international history, American foreign policy, and East Asia, and is particularly interested in the impact of racial and cultural bias in policy making and transpacific relations. She completed her PhD in International History at the London School of Economics and has held research and teaching positions at the LSE, University of Winchester, Tokyo University, University of San Francisco, and Stanford University. Her most recent publication is Architects of Occupation: American Experts and Planning for Postwar Japan, (Cornell University Press).
Dr Lise Butler is a Lecturer in Modern History. Her work is mainly focused on twentieth century British political and intellectual history, with a particular focus on the history of the British left and the history of the social sciences. She is currently completing a monograph on the policy maker, sociologist and social innovator Michael Young and the relationship between the social sciences and left-wing politics in post-war Britain. Her current research examines responses to automation and ideas about the future of work in Britain in the 1960s and 70s. Before coming to City Lise completed her doctorate at University College, Oxford, and taught at Pembroke College, Oxford. Lise is a commissioning editor for Renewal: A Journal of Social Democracy, former Vice Chair and founding member of the Oxford Fabian Society, and is currently leading programme development for a new City joint BA in History and Politics.
Dr Thomas Davies is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of International Politics at City, University of London. He has played a significant role in the development of transnational historical research, and is especially known for his work on the history of international non-governmental organizations. He is the author of NGOs: A New History of Transnational Civil Society (OUP, 2014), History of Transnational Voluntary Associations: A Critical Multidisciplinary Review (Brill, 2016), and The Possibilities of Transnational Activism: The Campaign for Disarmament between the Two World Wars (Martinus Nijhoff, 2007). He has also published extensively on the history of internationalist thought, peace movements, and disarmament. He is currently working on a manuscript on social movements and world order. He was educated at Magdalen College, University of Oxford, where he wrote a doctoral thesis on transnational activism that was awarded the British International History Group Thesis Prize. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
Dr Justin Davis Smith is Senior Research Fellow at Cass Business School where he teaches on the Charity Masters' Programme. His previous roles include speech writer to James Callaghan MP and chief executive of Volunteering England. An historian by training and inclination his research interests include the British Labour movement, and volunteering, charity and philanthropy in nineteenth and twentieth century Britain. His books include The Attlee and Churchill Administrations and Industrial Unrest, 1945-55 and An Introduction to the Voluntary Sector. He is currently writing the centenary history of the National Council for Voluntary Organisations, to be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2019. He is co-founder and former chair of the Voluntary Action History Society, set up to promote the often neglected study of charity and philanthropy, and trustee of numerous voluntary organisations including Global's 'Make Some Noise' Foundation and the Watford FC Community, Sports and Education Trust
Dr Dina Fainberg is the Director of History BA Programme and Lecturer in Modern History at the Department of International Politics. Dina is an historian of the Soviet Union and modern Russia with a particular interest in the Cold War, late socialism, mass media, propaganda, and Russia's relationship with the West. Dina published articles in Cold War History and Journalism History and together with Artemy M. Kalinovsky is the co-editor of Reconsidering Stagnation: Ideology and Exchange in the Brezhnev Era (Lexington Books, 2016). Dina’s book, Cold War Correspondents: Soviet and American Reporters on the ideological Frontlines, 1945-1991 is forthcoming with Johns Hopkins University Press. She is also preparing for publication the American diaries of Stanislav Kondrashov, one of Soviet Union’s most prolific international commentators. Dina was educated at Rutgers University and holds a PhD in Modern Russian and Modern U.S. History.
Dr Peter Grant is Senior Fellow in Grantmaking, Philanthropy and Social Investment at Cass Business School, City University of London. His historical research and publications have concentrated especially on the cultural and social history of the First World War. His books include Philanthropy and Voluntary Action in the First World War (Routledge, 2014) and National Myth and the First World War in Modern Popular Music (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). Peter is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and a trustee of the Amy Winehouse Foundation and former Chair of the Voluntary Action History Society.
Dr Or Rosenboim is Director of the Centre for Modern History a Lecturer in Modern History at the Department of International Politics. Her research focuses on the history of political thought in the twentieth century. She is interested in the intersection of intellectual history and international relations in Europe and the US. Her recent book, The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and The United States, 1939-1950 (Princeton University Press, 2017), was awarded the Francesco Guicciardini Prize for the Best Book in Historical International Relations, and shortlisted for the Gladstone Prize and TSA-CUP Prize. Her doctoral thesis, completed at the University of Cambridge, was awarded the Prix Aron 2014 and Lisa Smirl Prize 2014. Before joining City at 2017, Or was a Research Fellow at Queens’ College, Cambridge. She is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
10 October, 5.30pm
Rhind Building in room D104
Speaker: Stephen M. Norris, Walter E. Havighurst Professor of Russian History and Director of the Havighurst Center for Russian and Post-Soviet Studies at Miami University (Ohio)
Between 1918 and 1991, Boris Efimov drew and published thousands of political caricatures for leading Soviet newspapers and journals. His drawings therefore help us reconstruct a world he created and the worldview he attempted to foster, both connected to the project of creating Soviet socialism. Efimov was also a careful curator of his own work and his life story. This talk will explore Efimov's cartoons, their significance within Soviet culture, and the ways the cartoonist himself attempted to construct his life story, allowing us to reconsider the entire Soviet project.
Stephen M. Norris is Walter E. Havighurst Professor of Russian History and Director of the Havighurst Center for Russian and Post-Soviet Studies at Miami University (Ohio). He is the author of two books on Russian cultural history, including A War of Images: Russian Popular Prints, Wartime Culture, and National Identity, 1812-1945, and editor of six more books, including Russia's People of Empire: Life Stories from Eurasia, 1500 to the Present.
He is the co-editor of a new series with Bloomsbury Press entitled "Russian Shorts," which will publish its first books next year. Norris is currently writing a biography of Boris Efimov.
The talk will be followed by refreshments.
Speaker: Professor Margaret MacMillan (University of Toronto)
19 November, 5pm
Rhind Building in room DLG20
Professor MacMillan will be speaking on the topic of ‘War and the Modern World’. The lecture will expand on the themes she covered in her widely acclaimed 2018 Reith Lectures - entitled The Mark of Cain - which explored the tangled history of war and society and our complicated feelings towards it and towards those who fight.
Margaret MacMillan is a Professor of History at the University of Toronto and emeritus Professor of International History and the former Warden of St. Antony's College at the University of Oxford.
Her books include ‘Women of the Raj’ (1988, 2007); ‘Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World’ (2001) (‘Peacemakers’ in the UK) for which she was the first woman to win the Samuel Johnson Prize; ‘Nixon in China: Six Days that Changed the World’ (‘Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao’ in the UK); ‘The Uses and Abuses of History’ (2008); ‘Extraordinary Canadians: Stephen Leacock’ (2009); ‘The War that Ended Peace’ (2014). Her most recent book is ‘History’s People’ (2015).
She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow of Massey College, University of Toronto, Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, University of Toronto, Honorary Fellow of Lady Margaret Hall, St Hilda’s College and St Antony’s College at the University of Oxford. Margaret is also a Trustee of the Central European University in Budapest and the Imperial War Museum and sits on the editorial boards of International History and First World War Studies.
Eating the World: Food and International Thought in the Twentieth Century.
Participants: Alma Igra (Columbia), Patricia Clavin (Oxford), Ingrid De Zwarte (Oxford), Dayna Barnes (City), Lise Butler (City), Mary Cox (Oxford), Eric Haney (Oxford), Rachel Herrmann (Cardiff), Anna Isaacs (City), Samantha Iyer (Fordham), Christopher Otter (Ohio), May Rosenthal Sloan (V&A), Lola Wilhelm (Graduate Institute), Sami Zubaida (Birkbeck), Or Rosenboim (City).
11 June 2019
The inaugural conference of the Centre for Modern History explored how people perceived food and nutrition in the twentieth century. Through the conceptual prisms of hunger, empire, nutrition, war and ethics, the speakers looked at ideas about food in politics over the last century. The conference provided a stimulating opportunity to confront a new area of research, in the intersection of intellectual history and food studies, and provided scholarly incentives for new research paths. The presentations were accompanied by a lively debate with the multi-disciplinary audience, followed by a drinks reception.
Book Launch of “Architects of Occupation: American Experts and the Planning for Postwar Japan”
Speakers: Dr Dayna Barnes (City, University of London) and, Dr Aurélie Basha i Novosejt (University of Kent)
19 February 2019
The Allied occupation of Japan is remembered as the "good occupation." An American-led coalition successfully turned a militaristic enemy into a stable and democratically. Of course, the story was more complicated, but the occupation did forge one of the most enduring relationships in the postwar world.
Recent events, from the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan to protests over American bases in Japan to increasingly aggressive territorial disputes between Asian nations over islands in the Pacific, have brought attention back to the subject of the occupation of Japan. In Architects of Occupation, Dayna L. Barnes exposes the wartime origins of occupation policy and broader plans for postwar Japan. She considers the role of presidents, bureaucrats, think tanks, the media, and Congress in policy-making.
Members of these elite groups came together in an informal policy network that shaped planning. Barnes traces the rise and spread of ideas across the policy network. The book contributes a new facet to the substantial literature on the occupation, serves as a case study in foreign policy analysis, and tells a surprising new story about World War II.
Author, Dr Dayna Barnes, is a lecturer in Modern History in the Department of International Politics at City, University of London. She is currently researching the experiences of American diplomats interned in Tokyo after Pearl Harbor. Architects of Occupation is her first book.
Discussant, Dr Aurélie Basha i Novosejt, is a lecturer in American History at the University of Kent. Her upcoming book I Made Mistakes (Cambridge University Press, 2019) reconsiders Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara’s decisions during the Vietnam War.
'Placeless People: Writing, Rights, and Refugees'
Speakers: Prof. Lyndsey Stonebridge (University of Birmingham) in conversation with Dr Or Rosenboim (City, University of London) on her new book, Placeless People,
5 March 2019
In 1944 the political philosopher and refugee, Hannah Arendt wrote: 'Everywhere the word 'exile' which once had an undertone of almost sacred awe, now provokes the idea of something simultaneously suspicious and unfortunate.' Exiles from other places have often caused trouble for ideas about sovereignty, law and nationhood. But the meanings of exile changed dramatically in the twentieth century, to an extent we are yet to reckon with. In her new book, Lyndsey Stonebridge argues that mass statelessness provoked writers and intellectuals into new thinking about sovereignty, humanism and the future of human rights. Writing before the capricious humanitarianization of mass displacement set in, thinkers such as Arendt, Simone Weil, George Orwell, Samuel Beckett and Dorothy Thompson all understood that refugee ‘crises’ were in reality crises provoked by nationalism and failing forms of political citizenship.
Lyndsey Stonebridge is a Professor of Humanities and Human Rights in the Department of English Literature/IRiS, University of Birmingham
Book launch of The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and the United States, 1939-1950.
Speakers: Dr Or Rosenboim (City, University of London) Dr Marc-William Palen (University of Exeter)
30 January 2018.
The launch of the Centre for Modern History took place at City, University of London on 30 January 2018. The key-note speakers Or Rosenboim (City, University of London) and Marc-William Palen (University of Exeter) focused on the theme of 'Globalism in History and Politics'. Dr Palen focused on the re-emergence of anti-globalism and conspiracy of free trade, comparing and contrasting the ways in which trade protectionism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century re-emerged more recently, and how protectionism in the economic sphere of global politics – often in the form of economic nationalism – transferred into and often transformed the politics of anti-globalism.
Expanding upon these themes and questions, Dr Rosenboim drew attention to the wider role of globalism and connectivity in modern history. Dr Rosenboim explored the intellectual history of globalism in mid-twentieth century American and British political thought and discussed these findings with respect to her widely acclaimed book, The Emergence of Globalism: Visions of World Order in Britain and the United States, 1939–1950 (Princeton, 2017), scrutinising and contextualising the current age of globalisation, globalist ideologies and global politics. A lively discussion was followed by a wine reception.
Losing Pravda: Ethics and the Press in Post-Truth Russia.
Speakers: Dr Natalia Roudakova (University of Birmingham), Dr Dina Feinberg (City), Dr James Rodgers (City, University of London)
In February, the Centre for Modern History hosted a talk on the new book by Dr Natalia Roudakova, Losing Pravda: Ethics and the Press in Post-Truth Russia (Cambridge). Dr Roudakova (University of Rotterdam) discussed the state of journalism in Russia, from the Soviet era to our days, arguing that cynicism was the zeitgeist of the post-Soviet society, similar to Weimar Germany. Both periods were characterised, for her, by a feeling of ‘unending crisis’. She presented the audience with examples from the Russian press as well as from television shows, such as ‘Lenin as a Mushroom’ (1991), which is a Soviet ‘stiob’, a cynical mockery of social and political order. The joke is powerful, she suggested, because it is elusive and open to interpretation. Dr James Rodgers (Journalism) Dr Dina Fainberg (History) led the discussion after the talk, which was followed by a wine reception and the inauguration of the History Lightbox Exhibition.
Radicals and Reformers: History Lightbox Exhibition at the City University Pavilion
In Spring 2018, the Centre for Modern History curated an exhibition on the ‘Radicals & Reformers’ of the historical surroundings of City, University of London. The exhibition focused on the history of local charity and philanthropic organizations, on the foundation of the Labour Party in Clerkenwell in 1900, on the transnational history of NGOs in the neighbourhood, and on Mary Wollstonecraft, a local radical thinker and famous feminist. The exhibition celebrated the foundation of the Centre for Modern History, and the forthcoming launch of the new BA degree in History at City.
War in the Nazi Imagination
Speaker: Professor Sir Richard J. Evans
2 October 2018
‘War in the Nazi Imagination’, Professor Sir Richard J. Evans, 2 October 2018. This lecture explores the ways in which Hitler and the Nazis imagined a future war. It would be heroic and victorious, and all Germans would take part in it in one way or another. Warfare was the means by which they would survive and triumph in the Darwinian struggle of races for supremacy. The Nazi vision of war, expressed in visual and verbal imaginings, was a vision of war without limit and without end. It would demand sacrifice and dedication but without it the 'Aryan' race would perish. Richard J Evans is Provost of Gresham College, London, and Visiting Professor of History at Birkbeck, University of London. He is the author of numerous books on modern German and European history, including, most recently, The Third Reich in History and Memory, and The Pursuit of Power: Europe 1815-1914. His biography of Eric Hobsbawm, was published by Little, Brown in 2019.
Democracy in Exile: Hans Speier and the Rise of the Defense Intellectual.
Speaker: Dr Daniel Bessner (Assistant Professor in the Hentry M Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington)
Comments: Prof. Inderjeet Parmar, (City, University of London)
Chair: Dr Or Rosenboim, (City, University of London)
22 October 2018
One of the major institutional innovations in U.S. foreign policy-making since 1945 has been the rise of a network of think tanks and academic centers connected to government decision-makers termed the “military-intellectual complex.” This talk explores the intellectual trajectory of Hans Speier, the founding head of the RAND Corporation’s Social Science Division, in order to explore why intellectuals joined and built the national security state. It argues that the interwar crisis of European democracy compelled many social scientists to conclude that the public could not be trusted to make correct political decisions. Intellectuals like Speier therefore worked to establish institutions like RAND, which stood outside the traditional democratic process and enabled scholars to offer advice to decision-makers without paying attention to public opinion.
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