- SAKA, O., EICHENGREEN, B. and AKSOY, C.G. (2022). Epidemic Exposure, Financial Technology, and the Digital Divide. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 54(7), pp. 1913–1940. doi:10.1111/jmcb.12945.
- Saka, O., Eichengreen, B. and Aksoy, C. (2022). The Political Scar of Epidemics. The Economic Journal.
- Bircan, Ç. and Saka, O. (2021). Lending Cycles and Real Outcomes: Costs of Political Misalignment. The Economic Journal, 131(639), pp. 2763–2796. doi:10.1093/ej/ueab020.
- Eichengreen, B., Aksoy, C.G. and Saka, O. (2021). Revenge of the experts: Will COVID-19 renew or diminish public trust in science? Journal of Public Economics, 193, pp. 104343–104343. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104343.
- Saka, O. (2020). Domestic Banks As Lightning Rods? Home Bias and Information during the Eurozone Crisis. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 52(S1), pp. 273–305. doi:10.1111/jmcb.12744.
- Saka, O., Fuertes, A.-.M. and Kalotychou, E. (2015). ECB policy and Eurozone fragility: Was De Grauwe right? Journal of International Money and Finance, 54, pp. 168–185. doi:10.1016/j.jimonfin.2015.03.002.
London EC1V 0HB
Orkun is an Associate Professor (Senior Lecturer) in Economics at the City, University of London, a Visiting Fellow at LSE, a Research Associate at the Systemic Risk Centre and STICERD as well as a Research Affiliate at the CESifo network. He has previously visited several research institutions including the UC Berkeley, Bank of Finland, European Bank of Reconstruction and Development and the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. His academic papers have been published in some of the world-leading journals in economics and finance, such as The Economic Journal and Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.
His main research interests are in financial intermediation, international finance and political economy.
- PhD in Finance, City, University of London, United Kingdom, Sep 2014 – Jul 2017
- MRes/MPhil in Finance, City, University of London, United Kingdom, Sep 2012 – Sep 2014
- MSc in Finance & Accounting, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, Sep 2010 – Jul 2011
- BSc in Business (Finance), Middle East Technical University, Turkey, Sep 2004 – Jul 2009
- Deputy Director of Research & Impact Lead in Economics, City, University of London, Sep 2022 – present
- Programme Director for MSc Financial Economics, City, University of London, Sep 2021 – Sep 2022
- Senior Lecturer in Economics, City, University of London, Aug 2022 – present
- Lecturer in Economics, City, University of London, Sep 2021 – Aug 2022
- Research Associate, London School of Economics and Political Science, May 2021 – present
- Research Affiliate, CESifo Network, Jan 2021 – present
- Lecturer in Finance, University of Sussex, Apr 2019 – Sep 2021
- Visiting Fellow, London School of Economics and Political Science, Apr 2019 – present
- Visiting Researcher, Bank of Finland, Jan – Feb 2019
- Research Associate, London School of Economics and Political Science, Nov 2018 – present
- Postdoctoral Research Officer, London School of Economics and Political Science, Aug 2017 – Mar 2019
- Research Consultant, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Mar – Aug 2017
- PhD Intern, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, Aug – Oct 2016
- PhD Intern, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, May – Aug 2015
- University of Sussex Business School (2021) Research Excellence Award for Emerging Scholars
Publications by category
- Saka, O., Martelli, A., Campos, N., Ganslmeier, M. and Ji, Y. (2020). On the complementarity between labour market regulation and tax reforms in the European Union. Economic Growth and Structural Reforms in Europe Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-78251-7.
- Saka, O., Campos, N., De Grauwe, P., Ganslmeier, M., Ji, Y. and Martelli, A. (2020). Structural reforms in Europe: Lessons from early experiences. Economic Growth and Structural Reforms in Europe Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-78251-7.
- Saka, O., Campos, N., De Grauwe, P., Ji, Y. and Martelli, A. (2020). Financial crises and liberalization: Progress or reversals? Economic Growth and Structural Reforms in Europe Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-78251-7.
- Saka, O. and Bircan, C. (2019). Elections and Economic Cycles: What Can We Learn from the Recent Turkish Experience? Crony Capitalism in the Middle East Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-879987-0.
Journal articles (6)
- Saka, O. and Bircan, C. (2020). The "dark side" of state banks. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
- Saka, O. (2020). Synthetic forecasting method for COVID-19: Applications to UK and Turkey. Systemic Risk Centre (LSE).
- Saka, O. and Bircan, C. (2017). Firm dynamics and productivity. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
Working papers (2)
- Eichengreen, B. and Saka, O. (2022). Cultural Stereotypes of Multinational Banks. London, UK: City, University of London.
- Saka, O., Eichengreen, B. and Aksoy, C.G. (2021). Epidemic Exposure, Financial Technology, and the Digital Divide. London, UK: City, University of London.
- I have acted as a referee for many leading academic journals in economics and finance including the Quarterly Journal of Economics, The Economic Journal and the Journal of Money, Credit and Banking (see my CV for the full list of journals)., Referee.
- 3rd LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey. (Workshop) London, UK (2021). Organising Committee.
Description: I co-organized the 3rd LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey, which took place virtually on 3rd of September, 2021. The workshop involved the presentations and discussions of 5 high-quality academic papers. Topics ranged from the roots of nation-building via education and propaganda to what role political partisanship may play in bank depositors' behaviour amidst a currency crisis.
The keynote speech was delivered by Daron Acemoglu (MIT).
- 2nd London Political Finance (POLFIN) Workshop. (Workshop) London, UK (2021). Organising Committee.
Description: I co-organized the 2nd London Political Finance (POLFIN) Workshop, jointly sponsored by LSE's Systemic Risk Centre and the Business School (formerly Cass) of the City, University of London. The workshop involved the presentations and discussions of 8 high-quality academic papers. Topics ranged from politicians' corporate favouritism and influence on capital flows to polarization in finance and the role of dark money in elections.
The workshop featured a keynote speech by Renée B. Adams (Oxford).
- 2nd LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey. (Workshop) London, UK (2020). Organising Committee.
Description: I co-organized the 2nd LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey, which took place virtually on 10-11th of September, 2020. The workshop involved the presentations and discussions of 8 high-quality academic papers. Topics ranged from how to better integrate refugee kids via educational means to what role economic shocks play in intimate partner violence and political conflict.
The keynote speech was delivered by Sule Alan (EUI).
- 1st London Political Finance (POLFIN) Workshop. (Workshop) London, UK (2020). Organising Committee.
Description: I co-organized the 1st London Political Finance (POLFIN) Workshop, jointly sponsored by Cass Business School and LSE's Systemic Risk Centre. The inaugural workshop involved the presentations and discussions of 9 high-quality academic papers. Topics ranged from how financial crises can lead to the rise of populism to how banks can capture the media in order to benefit from biased news coverage.
The workshop featured a keynote speech by Sir Timothy Besley (LSE).
- ASSA Session on Social Capital and Banking Crises. (Conference) San Diego, USA (2020). Organising Committee.
Description: I organized a session for the ASSA Meetings on 3-5 January, 2020, in San Diego (CA, US). The set of papers in this session focused on the bilateral relationship between the failure of the banking systems and social values. Not only financial turbulence can cause individuals to change their social preferences, but also the nature of the financial system and its dynamics very much depend on the social structure upon which they are built. In this panel, we first see two cross-country studies using survey data to discuss how social capital in general and public confidence specifically in the banking sector might evolve in the aftermath of financial crises. We see a complementary perspective in the next two papers that use bank-level data in a national context in order to disentangle the disciplining effects of depositors’ social preferences on their banks’ (mis)behaviour. These papers illustrate how social values are incorporated into individuals’ financial decision-making and how banks react to this in return.
The session was chaired by Paul Wachtel (NYU).
- 1st LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey. (Workshop) London, UK (2019). Organising Committee.
Description: I co-organized the 1st LSE Workshop on Political Economy of Turkey, which took place on 12th of March, 2019, at the Graham Wallas Room of the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). The first workshop of its kind involved the presentations and discussions of 7 high-quality academic papers. Topics ranged from how armed conflict may benefit politically-connected firms to how political communication may polarise voter attitudes. The workshop brought together some of the most promising junior scholars working on issues related to Turkey and its political economy. As a point of pride in the economics profession, six out of seven speakers were female, coming from a diverse set of academic institutions.
The workshop also featured a policy panel with Selin Sayek Böke (Member of Turkish Parliament) as the main speaker and Sergei Guriev (former Chief Economist of EBRD) as the chair.
Media appearances (26)
- Forbes. Science needs public relations
- Frankfurter Allgemeine (German). Warum Menschen der Wissenschaft nicht mehr vertrauen
- Bloomberg. The Legacy of the lost year will be devastating inequality
- Daily Sabah. Turkish youth focus on reliability in politics
- USA Today. Fact check: 'Trust the science' critique includes 3 real ads – and one from a video game
- The Telegraph. Classroom bubble to be expanded, as Gavin Williamson commits to Prime Minister's September schools guarantee
- Euronews (Turkish). LSE araştırması: Pandemi sürecinde Z kuşağı hükümetlerine zayıf not verdi
- BBC (Turkish). Z kuşağı: Türkiye'de Z kuşağı kimlerden oluşuyor, yaşadıkları sorunlar ne?
- The Washington Post. Coronavirus will undermine trust in government, ‘scarring body and mind’ for decades, research finds
- World Finance. Cold Turkey: Coronavirus further weakens the lira
- The Guardian. The most dangerous phase of the US Covid-19 crisis may be yet to come
- Financial Times. Covid has made the state’s hand more visible but there are risks
- Bloomberg. Turkish State Banks Are Lending Along Party Lines, EBRD Says
- South China Morning Post. Generation C: for young Asians, coronavirus defines bleak new era of vanishing career prospects
- Finanz und Wirtschaft (German). Vermindert Covid unser Vertrauen in die Wissenschaft?
- Fortune. The pandemic paradox: surviving a public health crisis breeds more science skeptics, researchers find
- Financial Times. Erdogan’s mission to defend lira unsettles overseas investors
- Deutsche Welle. Turkey blames 'foreign powers' for fresh currency woes
- Arab News. Suspension of lira transactions by European banks hints at trouble to come
- Times Higher Education. Public trust in scientists ‘will decline in wake of Covid-19’
- The New Zealand Herald. Public battles over virus diminish trust in scientists
- Wall Street Journal. Maybe the Recovery Already Started
- Daily Mail. Coronavirus crisis could undermine young people's trust in governments and political institutions for years to come, study shows
- BBC (Turkish). Yerel seçimler öncesinde kamu bankaları iktidar partisi lehine kredi dağıtıyor
- BBC (Turkish). İstanbul seçimi: 23 Haziran’da kazanan ne kadar büyük bir ekonomiden sorumlu olacak?
- Reuters. Mayor says Turkish state banks shut out Istanbul after poll win
Online articles (15)
- The Costs of political misalignment: Forest fires and bank loans in Turkey. (2021). [ProMarket]
- Why we don’t write more papers on political finance. (2021). [VoxEU]
- Epidemic exposure, fintech adoption, and the digital divide. (2021). [VoxEU]
- The Political scars of the pandemic. (2021). [Schweizer Monat]
- Exposure to epidemics and trust in scientists. (2021). [IZA World of Labor]
- The Covid-19 vaccine is nearly here. The question is: Will people take it? (2020). [ProMarket]
- Financial policymaking after crises: Public versus private interest. (2020). [VoxEU]
- Financial crises and right-wing populism: how do politics and finance shape each other? (2020). [LSE Business Review]
- The political scar of epidemics. (2020). [VoxEU]
- Revenge of the experts: Will COVID-19 renew or diminish trust in science? (2020). [VoxEU]
- Banks and government bonds: A love story. (2020). [VoxEU]
- Financial crises and the dynamics of financial de-liberalisation. (2019). [VoxEU]
- Lending cycles and real outcomes: Costs of political misalignment. (2019). [VoxEU]
- How did the ECB save the Eurozone without spending a single euro? (2015). [VoxEU]
- ECB policy and Eurozone fragility - Was De Grauwe right? (2014). [CassKnowledge]