Cutting-edge research and enterprise takes place throughout City University London's seven Schools. Here we take a brief look at some of the ground-breaking work being undertaken.
School: School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences
Academics: Professor Tong Sun and Professor Ken Grattan
The corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete is a serious problem, with over £550 million spent each year on the maintenance and repair of concrete structures in the UK alone. The sensors developed by Professor Tong Sun and her team as part of a research project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council are more resistant to highly alkaline coastal environments than traditional sensors. This means that they can be installed semi-permanently in a structure, constantly monitor levels of corrosion and ensure that remedial work is simpler, cheaper and more effective.
School: Sir John Cass Business School
Academics: Professor Celia Glass and Dr Roger Knight
Poor staff rosters contribute to wasted resources, increased reliance on agency staff and an unmotivated, unproductive workforce. The electronic rostering method developed by Professor Celia Glass and Dr Roger Knight uses sophisticated mathematical programs and an understanding of personnel issues, from flexible contracts to work-life balance, to help hospitals meet their needs and legal requirements more quickly and efficiently than conventional roster systems.
School: School of Social Sciences
Academic: Dr Monica Magadi
A study funded by the Medical Research Council analysed data from the Demographic and Health Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa and revealed that the urban poor have a significantly higher probability of HIV positivity than wealthier urban counterparts. Using multilevel logistic regression models in her analysis, Dr Magadi also revealed that the gender disparity in HIV infection is greater among the urban poor, with women having a higher risk of infection.
School: School of Arts
Academic: Dr Dave O'Brien
A year of development work, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and completed at the beginning of 2012, has led to a grant for a four-year research project into the work of cultural intermediaries in connecting communities in Manchester and Birmingham. The 2011 research focused on urban cultural policy issues and built on Dr O'Brien's research into measuring the value of culture, which was presented to the UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport in 2010.
School: School of Health Sciences
Academic: Dr David Barling
Greater transparency within the food sector is critical to ensuring sustainable development, food safety and quality, adequate consumer information and environmental, social and ethical integrity. Academics from 10 European universities, including City University London, completed at the end of 2011, a two-year study funded by the European Union, which explored information flows and communication in food chains. Their findings form the basis of a Strategic Research Agenda presented to the European Commission.
School: School of Informatics
Academics: Professor Neil Maiden and Professor George Spanoudakis
The Software Services and Systems network (S-Cube) is a consortium of 16 universities dedicated to excellence in service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering. In March 2012 it was ranked as one of the top 5 European Union projects for its socio-economic impact. Professor Maiden and Professor Spanoudakis worked with collaborators on human-computer interaction and contributed to the considerable research output of the network over four years.
Schools: The City Law School and School of Arts
Academics: Professor Lorna Woods and Professor Howard Tumber
The Initiative on Impunity and the Rule of Law is a collaborative venture between the Centre for Law, Justice and Journalism at City University London and the Centre for Freedom of the Media at the University of Sheffield. At an international working conference hosted by City in June 2011, delegates from UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the UK Foreign Office discussed the threats that journalists face around the world and sought to establish effective measures to improve protection for media workers. The conference marked the end of the first phase of the Impunity Initiative.