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  1. Dr Steven Truxal

portrait of Dr Steven Truxal

Dr Steven Truxal

Senior Lecturer, Programme Director, LLM International Business Law (distance learning)

The City Law School, Academic Programmes

Contact Information


Visit Dr Steven Truxal

G310, Gloucester Building


Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
United Kingdom



Steven joined The City Law School in 2012 and teaches Commercial Law and Contract Law. He was previously Dean of Studies and Visiting Professor of English Law at the Centre for British Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Germany). He has also been invited to deliver lectures at other institutions abroad such as Universität Mannheim (Germany), La Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao (Spain) and De Hanzehogeschool Groningen (the Netherlands). Steven has lectured in England at Kingston University, University of Westminster and University of Surrey. In addition to being a Fellow of the Higher Education Authority, Steven serves as external examiner and has sat as subject expert on validation panels.

Before he came to read law in England, Steven studied for the B.A. at the Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University in Washington, DC (USA) with International Law and Economics as concentrations. Steven completed an LL.M. in International Commercial Law and Ph.D. in Aviation Law at the University of Westminster.


PhD supervision

As a PhD supervisor, Steven welcomes approaches from prospective PhD students in areas related to aviation, transport law and international commercial law.

Research Students

Shahnaz Sulaiman
Thesis Title
The Regulatory Structure of General Aviation
Petya Ilieva
Thesis Title
The Judicialization of International Commercial Arbitration Through the Lens of a Uniform Sales Law
Chiara Berneri
Thesis Title
The Issue of Family Reunification between EU citizens and Third Country Nationals
Aniekan Akpan
Thesis Title
Maritime Cabotage Law: Its Ramifications in World Trade and Services


  1. Truxal, S. (2012). Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-67196-5.

Books (2)

  1. Truxal, S. (2016). Economic and Environmental Regulation of International Aviation From Inter-national to Global Governance. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-55067-9.
  2. Truxal, S. (2012). Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-67196-5.


  1. Truxal, S. and Dunbar, R. (2012). Evaluating Three Levels of Environmental Taxation in Aviation: Global Limitation, EU Determination and UK Self-interest. Market instruments and sustainable economy (pp. 275–289). Madrid, Spain: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales (IEF) ISBN 978-84-8008-356-0.

Journal Articles (8)

  1. Truxal, S. (2014). Consumer protections and limited liability: Global order for air transport? Journal of International and Comparative Law, 1(1), pp. 133–140.
  2. Truxal, S. (2014). Risk of abuse of dominance in airport slots for "better" European airports? ECLR: European Competition Law Review, 35(6), pp. 299–309.
  3. Truxal, S. (2014). Encouraging student participation with formative assessment and engagement
    in grading criteria: hybrid peer/self-assessment activity.
    Learning at City Journal, 4(2), pp. 18–24.
  4. Truxal, S. and Harris, S. (2013). Airfreight: regulatory environment encourages or imposes price co-ordination? Journal of Air Law & Commerce, 78(3), pp. 541–582.

    [publisher’s website]

  5. Truxal, S. (2011). The ICAO Assembly Resolutions on International Aviation and Climate Change: Historic agreement, breakthrough deal and the Cancun effect. Air & Space Law, 36(3), pp. 217–242.
  6. Truxal, S. (2010). At the sidelines of implementing the EU ETS: objections to ‘validity’. International Trade Law and Regulation, 16(4), pp. 28–36.
  7. Truxal, S. (2008). Competitive Distortions, Carbon Emissions Efficiencies or the Green Ultimatum? International Trade Law and Regulation, 14(4), pp. 77–79.
  8. Truxal, S. (2008). EU Transport Emissions Compliance Catch-up. International Trade Law and Regulation, 14(6), pp. 117–121.



- Commercial Law (LLB, GELLB)
- Contract Law (LLB, GELLB)

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London EC1V 0HB

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