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  1. Professor Peter Ayton

Professor Peter Ayton

Associate Dean Research & Deputy Dean Social Sciences

School of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology

Contact Information

Contact

Visit Peter

D330, Rhind Building

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Postal Address

City University London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
UK

About

Background

Professor Ayton studies behavioural decision theory. Specifically, his research investigates how people make judgments and decisions under conditions of risk, uncertainty and ambiguity. He uses a variety of empirical methods including laboratory experiments, surveys and field studies.

He is a member of the European Association for Decision Making and the Society for Judgment & Decision Making and currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Behavioral Decision Making; Current Psychology Letters: Behaviour, Brain & Cognition and Theory and Psychology.

Professor Ayton joined the Psychology Department at City in 1992 following research and lecturing posts at the City of London Polytechnic and a post at the BBC as manager of special projects in their Broadcasting Research Department.

He has been a visiting scholar at Princeton University, Carnegie-Mellon University, the University of California Los Angeles, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, the University of Mannheim, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Bilkent University, and INSEAD in both Fontainebleau and Singapore.

Qualifications

PhD Psychology, University College London, 1988
BSc Psychology, North East London Polytechnic, 1977

Research

Research interests

- Behavioural decision theory
- Behavioural decision-making
- Risk
- Uncertainty
- Affect
- Well-being
- Psychology

Publications

Journal Article (88)

  1. Aldrovandi, S., Poirier, M., Kusev, P. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 2015). Retrospective evaluations of sequences: Testing the predictions of a memory-based analysis. Experimental Psychology, 62(5), 320-334. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000301
  2. Gherzi, S., Egan, D., Stewart, N., Haisley, E. and Ayton, P. (15 Aug 2014). The meerkat effect: Personality and market returns affect investors' portfolio monitoring behaviour. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. doi: 10.1016/j.jebo.2014.07.013
  3. Gherzi, S., Egan, D., Stewart, N., Haisley, E. and Ayton, P. (01 Nov 2014). The meerkat effect: Personality and market returns affect investors' portfolio monitoring behaviour. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 107(PB), 512-526. doi: 10.1016/j.jebo.2014.07.013
  4. Ayton, P. (01 Jun 2013). How judgment and decision research can influence sport (and vice versa). JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 35, S1-S1.
  5. Povyakalo, A.A., Alberdi, E., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (Jan 2013). How to discriminate between computer-aided and computer-hindered decisions: a case study in mammography. Medical Decision Making, 33, 98-107.
  6. Kusev, P., Ayton, P., van Schaik, P., Tsaneva-Atanasova, K., Stewart, N. and Chater, N. (Dec 2011). Judgments relative to patterns: how temporal sequence patterns affect judgments and memory.. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform, 37(6), 1874-1886. doi: 10.1037/a0025589
  7. Ayton, P., Önkal, D. and McReynolds, L. (2011). Effects of ignorance and information on judgments and decisions. Judgment and Decision Making, 6(5), 381-391.
  8. Broomhead, R.H., Ayton, P. and Marks, R.J. (2010). Confirmation Of The Ability To Ventilate By Facemask Prior To Administration Of Neuromuscular Blocker: A Non-Instrumental Piece Of Information?. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 104, 313-317.
  9. Walsh, E. and Ayton, P. (Jan 2009). What would it be like for me and for you? Judged impact of chronic health conditions on happiness.. Med Decis Making, 29(1), 15-22. doi: 10.1177/0272989X08326147
  10. Falk, R., Falk, R. and Ayton, P. (Feb 2009). Subjective patterns of randomness and choice: some consequences of collective responses.. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform, 35(1), 203-224. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.35.1.203
  11. Walsh, E. and Ayton, P. (Dec 2009). My imagination versus your feelings: can personal affective forecasts be improved by knowing other peoples' emotions?. J Exp Psychol Appl, 15(4), 351-360. doi: 10.1037/a0017984
  12. Kusev, P., van Schaik, P., Ayton, P., Dent, J. and Chater, N. (Nov 2009). Exaggerated risk: prospect theory and probability weighting in risky choice.. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn, 35(6), 1487-1505. doi: 10.1037/a0017039
  13. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A.A., Strigini, L., Ayton, P. and Given-Wilson, R. (01 Jun 2008). CAD in mammography: Lesion-level versus case-level analysis of the effects of prompts on human decisions. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 3(1-2), 115-122.
  14. Dhami, M.K., Ayton, P. and Loewenstein, G. (01 Aug 2007). Adaptation to imprisonment: Indigenous or imported?. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(8), 1085-1100. doi: 10.1177/0093854807302002
  15. Ayton, P., Pott, A. and Elwakili, N. (01 Feb 2007). Affective forecasting: Why can't people predict their emotions?. Thinking and Reasoning, 13(1), 62-80. doi: 10.1080/13546780600872726
  16. Dhami, M.K., Mandel, D.R., Loewenstein, G. and Ayton, P. (Dec 2006). Prisoners' positive illusions of their post-release success.. Law Hum Behav, 30(6), 631-647. doi: 10.1007/s10979-006-9040-1
  17. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A.A., Strigini, L., Ayton, P., Hartswood, M., Procter, R. and Slack, R. (2005). Use of computer-aided detection (CAD) tools in screening mammography: a multidisciplinary investigation.. Br J Radiol, 78 Spec No 1, S31-S40. doi: 10.1259/bjr/37646417
  18. Wright, C. and Ayton, P. (01 Jun 2005). Focusing on what might happen and how it could feel: Can the anticipation of regret change students' computing-related choices?. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 62(6), 759-783. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2005.03.001
  19. Povyakalo, A.A., Alberdi, E., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (2004). Evaluating ``Human + Advisory computer'' system: A case study.. Proceedings of the 18th British HCI Group Annual Conference, 2, 93-96.
  20. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A.A., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (2004). Effects of incorrect CAD output on human decision making in mammography. Academic Radiology, 11(8), 909-918.
  21. Alberdi, E., Povykalo, A., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (Aug 2004). Effects of incorrect computer-aided detection (CAD) output on human decision-making in mammography.. Acad Radiol, 11(8), 909-918.
  22. Ayton, P. and Fischer, I. (Dec 2004). The hot hand fallacy and the gambler's fallacy: two faces of subjective randomness?. Mem Cognit, 32(8), 1369-1378.
  23. Ayton, P. and Tumber, H. (2001). The rise and fall of perceived bias at the BBC.. Intermedia, 29(4), 12-15.
  24. Ayton, P. (31 Mar 2001). Regrets, I've had a few .... NEW SCIENTIST, 169(2284), 45-45.
  25. Dhami, M.K. and Ayton, P. (01 Dec 2001). Bailing and jailing the fast and frugal way. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 14(2), 141-168.
  26. Kerstholt, J. and Ayton, P. (Dec 2001). Should NDM change our understanding of decision making?. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING, 14(5), 370-371. doi: 10.1002/bdm.390
  27. Ayton, P. (15 Jul 2000). Lies I tell myself. NEW SCIENTIST, 167(2247), 45-45.
  28. Ayton, P. and Arkes, H.R. (2000). Think like a dog.. Psychology Today, 33(1), 10-11.
  29. Ayton, P. (02 Sep 2000). If you're happy and you know it . . .. NEW SCI, 167(2254), 45-45.
  30. Ayton, P. (29 Apr 2000). Trouble ahead. NEW SCIENTIST, 166(2236), 43-43.
  31. Ayton, P. (Oct 2000). Do the birds and bees need cognitive reform?. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 23(5), 666-+. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X00233438
  32. Ayton, P. (25 Nov 2000). First person - You can't argue with that. NEW SCIENTIST, 168(2266), 51-51.
  33. Ayton, P., Ranyard, R. and Timmermans, D. (Jun 1999). Selected proceedings of the 16th Research Conference on Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision Making - Introduction. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING, 12(2), 91-92. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0771(199906)12:2<91::AID-BDM335>3.0.CO;2-K
  34. Ayton, P., Ferrell, W.R. and Stewart, T.R. (Oct 1999). Commentaries on "The Delphi technique as a forecasting tool: issues and analysis" by Rowe and Wright. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORECASTING, 15(4), 377-381. doi: 10.1016/S0169-2070(99)00013-8
  35. Arkes, H.R. and Ayton, P. (01 Sep 1999). The sunk cost and concorde effects: Are humans less rational than lower animals?. Psychological Bulletin, 125(5), 591-600.
  36. Ayton, P. (11 Dec 1999). Clear cut. NEW SCIENTIST, 164(2216), 47-47.
  37. Ayton, P. and Arkes, H. (01 Dec 1998). Call it quits. New Scientist(2135), 40-43.
  38. Linney, Y.M., Peters, E.R. and Ayton, P. (Sep 1998). Reasoning biases in delusion-prone individuals.. Br J Clin Psychol, 37 ( Pt 3), 285-302.
  39. Ayton, P. (19 Sep 1998). Fallacy football. NEW SCIENTIST, 159(2152), 52-52.
  40. Harvey, N., Koehler, D. and Ayton, P. (1997). Actor-observer differences in judgmental probability forecasting of control response efficacy. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 70, 267-282.
  41. Ayton, P. and Hardman, D. (1997). Rationality in reasoning: The problem of deductive competence - Commentary. CAHIERS DE PSYCHOLOGIE COGNITIVE-CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY OF COGNITION, 16(1-2), 39-51.
  42. Ayton, P. and Hardman, D. (1997). Are two rationalities better than one?. Current Psycholoy of Cognition, 16, 39-51.
  43. Hardman, D.K. and Ayton, P. (01 Dec 1997). Arguments for qualitative risk assessment: The StAR risk adviser. Expert Systems, 14(1), 24-36.
  44. Ayton, P. (Oct 1997). How to be incoherent and seductive: Bookmakers' odds and support theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 72(1), 99-115. doi: 10.1006/obhd.1997.2732
  45. Ayton, P. and Mcclelland, A.G.R. (01 Dec 1997). How real is overconfidence?. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 10(3), 279-285.
  46. Harvey, N., Koehler, D.J. and Ayton, P. (01 Jun 1997). Judgments of decision effectiveness: Actor-observer differences in overconfidence. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 70(3), 267-282. doi: 10.1006/obhd.1997.2710
  47. Ayton, P. (1996). Humour - An ambiguous figure in the real world. PERCEPTION, 25(5), 619-619.
  48. Ayton, P. (1996). An ambiguous figure in the real world. Perception, 25, 619.
  49. BeythMarom, R., Ayton, P., Beattie, J. and Koele, P. (Sep 1996). Selected Proceedings of the 15th Research Conference on Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision Making Jerusalem, Israel, August 1995 - Introduction and overview. ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 93(1-3), 1-2. doi: 10.1016/S0001-6918(96)90021-9
  50. BeythMarom, R., Ayton, P., Beattie, J. and Koele, P. (Sep 1996). Selected Proceedings of the 15th Research Conference on Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision Making Jerusalem, Israel, August 1995 - Preface. ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 93(1-3), R9-R9. doi: 10.1016/S0001-6918(96)90019-0
  51. North, D., Ayton, P., Buchan, I.E., Pickin, M. and Nicholl, J. (01 Jan 1995). Number needed to treat [7]. British Medical Journal, 310(6989), 1269-1270.
  52. AYTON, P. and PASCOE, E. (Mar 1995). BIAS IN HUMAN JUDGMENT UNDER UNCERTAINTY. KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING REVIEW, 10(1), 21-41.
  53. Ayton, P. (1995). Risk measures expressed as frequencies may have a more rational response. British Medical Journal, 310.
  54. Ayton, P. (13 May 1995). Number needed to treat. Risk measures expressed as frequencies may have a more rational response.. BMJ, 310(6989), 1269.
  55. AYTON, P. and HARVEY, N. (Mar 1994). INAPPROPRIATE JUDGMENTS - SLIPS MISTAKES OR VIOLATIONS. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 17(1), 12-12.
  56. Ayton, P. (27 May 1994). Decisions, Decisions. The Times Higher Educational Supplement.
  57. Ayton, P. (1993). Base-rate neglect: An inside view of judgment?. Psycoloquy, 4(63).
  58. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1992). Judgmental probability forecasting in the immediate and medium term. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 51(3), 344-363. doi: 10.1016/0749-5978(92)90017-2
  59. Ayton, P., Hunt, A. and Wright, G. (1991). Randomness and reality. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 4, 222-226.
  60. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Dec 1990). Biases in Probabilistic Judgment A Historical Perspective. Advances in Psychology, 68(C), 425-441. doi: 10.1016/S0166-4115(08)61335-7
  61. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (01 Dec 1990). Uncertain Memories: Evaluating the Competence of Probabilistic Cognition. Advances in Psychology, 68(C), 465-476. doi: 10.1016/S0166-4115(08)61337-0
  62. HARVEY, N. and AYTON, P. (Nov 1990). ACTOR-OBSERVER DIFFERENCES IN JUDGMENTAL PROBABILITY FORECASTING OF CONTROL RESPONSE EFFICACY. BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY, 28(6), 523-523.
  63. Ayton, P., Hunt, A.J. and Wright, G. (1989). Psychological conceptions of randomness. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2, 221-238. doi: 10.1002/bdm.3960020403
  64. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1989). Judgemental probability forecasts for personal and impersonal events. International Journal of Forecasting, 5(1), 117-125. doi: 10.1016/0169-2070(89)90069-1
  65. Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1988). PERCEPTIONS OF BROADCAST WEATHER FORECASTS. Weather, 43(5), 193-197. doi: 10.1002/j.1477-8696.1988.tb03909.x
  66. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1988). Immediate and short-term judgemental forecasting: Personologism, situationism or interactionism?. Personality and Individual Differences, 9(1), 109-120. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(88)90036-0
  67. WRIGHT, G., SAUNDERS, C. and AYTON, P. (1988). THE CONSISTENCY, COHERENCE AND CALIBRATION OF HOLISTIC, DECOMPOSED AND RECOMPOSED JUDGEMENTAL PROBABILITY FORECASTS. JOURNAL OF FORECASTING, 7(3), 185-199. doi: 10.1002/for.3980070304
  68. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (Mar 1988). Decision time, subjective probability, and task difficulty.. Mem Cognit, 16(2), 176-185.
  69. Ayton, P. and Mcclelland, A. (01 Dec 1987). The despicable doctor fischer's (bayesian) bomb party. Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, 6(4), 179-183. doi: 10.1093/teamat/6.4.179
  70. Ayton, P., Wright, G. and Fowler, C. (1987). The psychological dependence of research format and type of statistical analysis. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 18, 119-125.
  71. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (01 Dec 1987). Tests for randomness?. Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, 6(2), 83-87. doi: 10.1093/teamat/6.2.83
  72. WRIGHT, G. and AYTON, P. (1987). TASK INFLUENCES ON JUDGMENTAL FORECASTING. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 28(2), 115-127. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.1987.tb00746.x
  73. Wright, G., Ayton, P. and Fowler, C. (01 Jan 1987). The phychological dependence of research format and type of statistical analysis. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 18(1), 119-125. doi: 10.1080/0020739870180115
  74. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (01 Jan 1987). Assessing and improving judgemental probability forecasts. Omega, 15(3), 191-196. doi: 10.1016/0305-0483(87)90069-7
  75. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1987). Eliciting and modelling expert knowledge. Decision Support Systems, 3(1), 13-26. doi: 10.1016/0167-9236(87)90032-7
  76. WRIGHT, G. and AYTON, P. (1986). SUBJECTIVE CONFIDENCE IN FORECASTS - A RESPONSE TO FISCHHOFF AND MACGREGOR. JOURNAL OF FORECASTING, 5(2), 117-123. doi: 10.1002/for.3980050205
  77. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (01 Jan 1986). Persons, situations, interactions and error: consistency, variability and confusion. Personality and Individual Differences, 7(2), 233-235. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(86)90061-9
  78. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (01 Jan 1986). The psychology of forecasting. Futures, 18(3), 420-439. doi: 10.1016/0016-3287(86)90023-6
  79. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (1985). Thinking with probabilities. Teaching Statistics, 7, 37-40.
  80. AYTON, P. and WRIGHT, G. (1985). THE EVIDENCE FOR INTERACTIONISM IN PSYCHOLOGY - A REPLY. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, 6(4), 509-512. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(85)90146-1
  81. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (01 Jan 1985). The evidence for interactionism in psychology: a reply to Furnham and Jaspars. Personality and Individual Differences, 6(4), 509-512. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(85)90146-1
  82. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (1985). Judging the likelihood of future events. Current Research, 3, 148.
  83. Wright, G., Ayton, P. and Whalley, P. (01 Jan 1985). A general purpose computer aid to judgemental forecasting: Rationale and procedures. Decision Support Systems, 1(4), 333-340. doi: 10.1016/0167-9236(85)90173-3
  84. WRIGHT, G., AYTON, P. and WHALLEY, P. (1985). FORECAST - A GENERAL-PURPOSE COMPUTER AID TO JUDGMENTAL FORECASTING. BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS INSTRUMENTS & COMPUTERS, 17(4), 515-517.
  85. Le Voi, M.E., Ayton, P.J., Jonckheere, A.R., McClelland, A.G.R. and Rawles, R.E. (01 Jan 1983). Unidimensional memory traces: on the analysis of multiple cued recall. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 22(5), 560-576. doi: 10.1016/S0022-5371(83)90346-8
  86. Ayton, P. (Apr 1983). The unemployed in a local library. Journal of the Society of Publishers, 7-10.
  87. Ayton, P. (1982). The processing of metaphor. Working Papers of the London Psycholinguistics Research Group, 4, 5-10.
  88. Ayton, P., Jonckheere, A.R., Le Voi, M.E., McClelland, A.G.R. and Rawles, R.E. (1982). An experimental comparison of models of multiple cued recall. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 35, 211.

Book (4)

  1. Andersson, P., Ayton, P. and Schmidt, C. (Nov 2008). Myths and Facts about Football. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN: 1443801143.
  2. Wright, G., Transport, G.B.D.F., Ayton, P., Rowe, G. and van Der Pligt, J. (2006). Post-court road safety interventions for convicted traffic offenders. ISBN: 1904763723.
  3. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (1994). Subjective probability. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 0471944432.
  4. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (1987). Judgmental forecasting. John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Chapter (28)

  1. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, , Strigini, and AYTON, P. (10 Jul 2014). CAD: risks and benefits for radiologists' decisions. (Ed.), The Handbook of Medical Image Perception and Techniques (pp. 320-332) Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 1107424631.
  2. Ayton, P. (2011). The Bomb Party Probability Illusion.. Brun, W., Keren, G., Kirkebøen, G. and Montgomery, H. (Ed.), Perspectives on Thinking, Judging, and Decision Making (pp. 76-87) Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.. ISBN: 8215018785.
  3. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A.A., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (2010). Automation Biases in CAD-assisted Decision Making. Samei, E. and Krupinski, E. (Ed.), The Handbook of Medical Image Perception and Techniques (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521513928.
  4. Aldrovandi, S., Poirier, M., Heussen, D. and Ayton, P. (2009). Memory strategies mediate the relationships between memory and judgment. Taatgen, N.A. and van Rijn, H. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2457-2462) Cognitive Science Society.
  5. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (30 Nov 2009). Computer Aided Detection: Risks and benefits for radiologists' decisions. Samei, E. and Krupinski, E. (Ed.), The Handbook of Medical Image Perception and Techniques (pp. 320-332) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521513928.
  6. Ayton, P. and Braennberg, A. (Jul 2008). Fallacies in Footballers. Andersson, P., Ayton, P. and Schmidt, C. (Ed.), Myths and Facts about Football (pp. ) Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN: 184718622X.
  7. Harries, C. and Ayton, P. (03 Sep 2007). Medical Decision Making.. Ayers, S., Baum, A. and McManus, C. (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health and medicine (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521605105.
  8. Kysar, D.A., Ayton, P., FRANK, R., FREY, B., GIGERENZER, G., GLIMCHER, P., KOROBKIN, R., LANGEVOORT, D. and MAGEN, S. (2006). Are heuristics a problem or a solution?. Gigerenzer, G. and Engel, C. (Ed.), Heuristics and the law (pp. ) The MIT Press. ISBN: 0262072750.
  9. Ayton, P. (10 Feb 2005). Judgment and Decision-Making. Braisby, N. and Gellatly, A. (Ed.), Cognitive psychology (pp. ) Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN: 0199273766.
  10. Ayton, P. (2005). Subjective Probability And Human Judgment. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science (pp. ) ISBN: 0470860804.
  11. Hardman, D. and Ayton, P. (2004). Argumentation and decisions. Smith, K., Shanteau, J. and Johnson, P.E. (Ed.), Psychological investigations of competence in decision making (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521583063.
  12. Ayton, P. (02 Jul 2001). Characterizing Uncertainty and "Levels of Confidence" in Climate Assessment. McCarthy, J.J. (Ed.), Climate change 2001 (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521015006.
  13. Ayton, P. (1998). Why does psychology need methodology?. Nunn, J. (Ed.), Laboratory Psychology: A student’s guide. London: Erlbaum.
  14. Ayton, P. (1998). Why does psychology need methodology?. Nunn, J. (Ed.), Laboratory Psychology: A student’s guide London: London: Erlbaum.
  15. Ayton, P. (29 Apr 1998). How bad is human judgment?. Wright, G. and Goodwin, P. (Ed.), Forecasting with judgment (pp. ) Wiley. ISBN: 047197014X.
  16. Ayton, P. (1998). Experimental versus correlational approaches. Nunn, J. (Ed.), Laboratory Psychology: A student’s guide. London: Erlbaum.
  17. Ayton, P. and Hardman, D. (1997). The StAR Risk Adviser: Psychological Arguments for Qualitative Risk Assessment. Redmill, F. (Ed.), Safety Critical Systems Springer-Verlag..
  18. Ayton, P. and Hardman, D. (1997). Psychological Arguments For Qualitative Approaches To Risk and Uncertainty.. (Ed.), Social shaping of technology (pp. ) San Sebastian: University of Bilbao Press..
  19. Ayton, P., Wright, G. and Rowe, G. (1997). Medical Decision Making. Baum, A. (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health, and medicine (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521436869.
  20. Rowe, G., Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (1997). Judgment and Decision Making. Baum, A. (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health, and medicine (pp. ) Cambridge Univ Pr. ISBN: 0521436869.
  21. Ayton, P. and Hardman, D. (1996). Understanding and Communicating Risk: A Psychological Overview. Redmill, F. (Ed.), Safety Critical Systems Springer-Verlag.
  22. Fox, J., Hardman, D., Krause, P., Ayton, P. and Judson, P. (1995). Risk assessment and engineering: a cognitive engineering approach. Macintosh, A. and Cooper, C. (Ed.), roceedings of Expert Systems 1995 (pp. 377-390) Cambridge University Press.
  23. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (1994). Subjective probability: What should we believe?. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (Ed.), Subjective probability (pp. 163-183) Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 0471944432.
  24. Ayton, P. (31 Jan 1992). On the competence and incompetence of experts. Wright, G. and Bolger, F. (Ed.), Expertise and decision support (pp. ) Springer. ISBN: 0306438623.
  25. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (31 Mar 1989). The use of probability axioms for evaluating and improving forecasts. Jackson, M.C., Keys, P., Cropper, S.A. and Societies, I.F.O.O.R. (Ed.), Operational research and the social sciences (pp. ) Plenum Publishing Corporation.
  26. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. (31 Mar 1989). Gateways for judgment in statistical forecasting models. Jackson, M.C., Keys, P., Cropper, S.A. and Societies, I.F.O.O.R. (Ed.), Operational research and the social sciences (pp. ) Plenum Publishing Corporation.
  27. Ayton, P. (1987). The psychology of forecasting. Wright, G. and Ayton, P. (Ed.), Judgmental forecasting (pp. ) John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  28. Ayton, P. (). Judgment and Decision-Making.. Braisby, N. and Gellatly, A. (Ed.), Cognitive Psychology Oxford University Press, USA.

Conference (11)

  1. Ayton, P., Alberdi, E., Strigini, L. and Wright, D. (2012). Better the devil you don't know. Society for Judgment & Decision Making (SJDM) Conference, 16 Nov 2012, Minneapolis.
  2. Alberdi, E., Strigini, L., Povyakalo, A.A. and Ayton, P. (2009). Why Are People's Decisions Sometimes Worse with Computer Support?. SAFECOMP 2009, 28th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, , doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-04468-7_3

    [publisher's website]

  3. Ayton, P. (2005). Extending the discipline: how software can help or hinder human decision making (and vice-versa).. , doi: 10.1145/1062455.1062469

    [publisher's website]

  4. Ayton, P. (01 Dec 2005). How software can help or hinder human decision making (and vice-versa). ,
  5. Alberdi, E., Ayton, P., Povyakalo, A.A. and Strigini, L. (01 Dec 2005). Automation bias and system design: A case study in a medical application. , doi: 10.1049/ic:20050451
  6. Strigini, L., Povyakalo, A., Alberdi, E. and Ayton, P. (2003). Decision support or automation bias? A study of computer aided decision making in breast screening. Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision Making (SPUDM 2003), ,
  7. Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A., Strigini, L. and Ayton, P. (2003). Does incorrect computer prompting affect human decision making? A case study in mammography.. ,

    [publisher's website]

  8. Strigini, L., Povyakalo, A., Alberdi, E. and Ayton, P. Evaluating 'Human + Advisory computer' systems: A case study. HCI2004,18th British HCI Group Annual Conference, ,
  9. Ayton, P., Alberdi, E., Strigini, L. and Wright, D. Preference for predictable or uncertain probabilities and the risk of failure. SPUDM 2013, 24th Subjective Probability, Utility and Decision-Making Conference, 18 Aug 2013, Barcelona.
  10. Strigini, L., Alberdi, E., Povyakalo, A. and Ayton, P. Automation bias in medical decision making: A study of unreliable computer advice in breast cancer screening. 27th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making (SMDM05), Oct 2005, San Francisco.
  11. Ayton, P. and Wright, G. Psychological aspects of forecasting with statistical methods. . In Proceedings of the 8th International Multiple Criteria Decision Making Conference, 1989, Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Internet Publication (1)

  1. Tumber, H. and Ayton, P. (16 Sep 2014). Media bias and the Scottish referendum: BBC gets the blame as usual Retrieved from: [publisher's website]

Education

- PS1003 Cognitive Approaches to Mind & Behaviour
- PS2003 Cognitive Psychology 1
- PS2001 Research Methods in Psychology
- PS3003 Judgment & Decision Making
- PS3001 Psychology Project
- PSM502 Design of Environments and Work and Human-Machine Interaction

Other Activities

Press/Online Articles (25)

  • A gift of life or a denial of choice?, 17 Jan 2008, the guardian
  • Dread Risk, 13 Jul 2005, the guardian
  • MMR risks, 08 Feb 2002, the guardian
  • Risk, Frequency and Probability., 13 Apr 1997, The Independent on Sunday
  • God, Science and other fallacies., 17 Mar 1997, The guardian
  • BBC and Bias., 04 Mar 1997, The Guardian
  • Good causes and the lottery., 24 Oct 1995, the independent
  • The National Lottery., 13 Jun 1995, The Independent
  • The National Lottery., 12 Jun 1995, The Guardian
  • Attitudes to Smoking, 1995, The Guardian
  • BBC and Bias, 29 Mar 1995, The Independent
  • Broadcasting and Impartiality, 28 Mar 1995, The Guardian
  • Memory and comprehension of television weather forecasts, 09 Aug 1992, The Observer
  • The rationality of the proposed state lottery., 13 Mar 1992, The Guardian
  • Memory and comprehension of television weather forecasts., 26 Feb 1992, The Times
  • Psychology, punishment and criminal justice, 25 Feb 1991, The Guardian
  • The pros and cons of perceptions of programme bias., 28 Feb 1990, The Guardian
  • Commentators' forecasts of football results., 18 Apr 1987, The Guardian
  • Why vote?, 02 Jun 2001, New Scientist, Vol 170, (No. 2292) 49
  • Don’t talk to me now!, 12 May 2001, New Scientist, Vol 170, (No. 2290) 49
  • Ditherer’s Dilemma., 12 Feb 2000, New Scientist, Vol.165 no.2225 47
  • Fonder memories, 25 Sep 1999, New Scientist, Vol. 163 No. 2205 47
  • Fonder memories, 25 Sep 1999, New Scientist, Vol. 163 No. 2205 47
  • Television commentary: Can anything useful be said?, 28 May 1987, The Listener (Print) p29
  • When chance is not such a fine thing, 13 Dec 1984, The Guardian Co-author: Wright, G. p.13

Other Activities (7)

  • The effects of television violence. The Listener, December 19th, 1985.
  • John Searle's Reith Lectures. The Listener, December 6th, 1984.
  • Minority Broadcasting. The Listener, August 2nd, 1984.
  • Minority Broadcasting. The Listener, July 12th, 1984.
  • Minority Broadcasting. The Listener, July 12th, 1984.
  • Minority Broadcasting. The Listener, June 28th, 1984.
  • On memory for broadcast news. (with A.G.R. McClelland & R.E. Rawles) Radio Times May 10th, 1982.