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  1. Michael Gaster
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Contact Information

Contact

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
United Kingdom

About

Background

Professor Gaster joined City University London as Research Professor in 2013.

Qualifications

PhD (Aerodynamics) Research, Queen Mary College, London 1957
BSc (Eng.) Hons, Aeronautical Engineering, Queen Mary College, London 1954
St. Paul's School, London, 1946–1951

Employment

2013 - to date City University London, Research Professor
1995 - 2013 Queen Mary & Westfield College, Research Professor in Experimental Aerodynamics
1985 - 1985 University of Cambridge, Francis Mond Professor of Aeronautical Engineering
1985 Royal Society, Elected Fellow
1977 - 1986 National Maritime Institute (later British Maritime Technology), Senior Principal Scientific Officer
1965 - 1976 National Physical Laboratory, Principal Research Fellow
1961 - 1965 College of Aeronautics, Cranfield, Senior Research Fellow
1957 - 1965Queen Mary College, Research Fellowship (Nuclear Engineering)

Additional professional experience

2012 Elected to an Honorary Fellowship by the Royal Aeronautical Society
2010 Awarded the Prandtl ‘Ring’ by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt.
2001 Elected Fellow of the Nehru Institute, Bangalore India
2000 Elected Fellow of the American Physical Society

Publications

Conference Papers and Proceedings (8)

  1. Fumarola, I., gaster, M. and atkin, C. (2017). Experimental investigation of the vorticity amplification on a swept wing with a blunt leading edge. 52nd 3AF International Conference on Applied Aerodynamics 27-29 March, Lyon, France.
  2. Gaster, M. (2016). Understanding the effects of surface roughness on the growth of disturbances. .
  3. Alderman, J., Rolston, S., Gaster, M. and Atkin, C. (2016). A method of reducing the drag of transport wings. .
  4. Gaster, M. (2000). On the growth of waves in boundary layers: a simple approximate solution. .
  5. Medeiros, M.A.F. and Gaster, M. (1996). The nonlinear behaviour of modulated Tollmien-Schlichting waves. .
  6. BETCHOV, R., BEWERSDORFF, H.W., FRISCH, U., GASTER, M., GYR, A., HUSTARD, C.B., KAMBE, T., KIT, E., MOFFATT, H.K. and SHTILMAN, L. (1993). REDUCTION OF NONLINEARITY IN TURBULENT FLOWS - FURTHER LINES OF RESEARCH AND THEIR USE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF TURBULENCE. .
  7. GASTER, M. (1993). THE ORIGINS OF TURBULENCE. .
  8. GASTER, M. (1992). STABILITY OF VELOCITY PROFILES WITH REVERSE FLOW. .

Journal Articles (70)

  1. Gross, A., Fasel, H.F. and Gaster, M. (2015). Criterion for spanwise spacing of stall cells. AIAA Journal, 53(1), pp. 272–275. doi:10.2514/1.J053347.
  2. Gaster, M. (2008). Active control of laminar boundary layer disturbances. Solid Mechanics and its Applications, 7, pp. 281–292. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6858-4_34.
  3. Gaster, M. (2008). A two-parameter family of laminar boundary layer profiles on swept wings. 5th AIAA Theoretical Fluid Mechanics Conference .
  4. Suponitsky, V., Avital, E. and Gaster, M. (2008). Hydrodynamics and sound generation of low speed planar jet. Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, 130(3), pp. 0314011–0314018. doi:10.1115/1.2844581.
  5. Suponitsky, V., Avital, E. and Gaster, M. (2007). Application of LES technique combined with acoustic analogy to study development and basic radiation of a planar jet. 47th Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences 2007 .
  6. Gaster, M. (2006). The influence of roughness on boundary layer stability. Solid Mechanics and its Applications, 129, pp. 125–134. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4150-1-12.
  7. Gaster, M. (2006). Laminar separation bubbles. Fluid Mechanics and its Applications, 78, pp. 1–13.
  8. Suponitsky, V., Avital, E. and Gaster, M. (2006). Control of incompressible cavity flow. Technion Israel Institute of Technology - 46th Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences 2006, 1, pp. 193–207.
  9. Li, Y. and Gaster, M. (2006). Active control of boundary-layer instabilities. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 550, pp. 185–205. doi:10.1017/S0022112005008219.
  10. Suponitsky, V., Avital, E. and Gaster, M. (2005). On three-dimensionality and control of incompressible cavity flow. Physics of Fluids, 17(10) . doi:10.1063/1.2084230.
  11. Wang, Y.X. and Gaster, M. (2005). Effect of surface steps on boundary layer transition. Experiments in Fluids, 39(4), pp. 679–686. doi:10.1007/s00348-005-1011-7.
  12. Gaster, M. (2000). On the growth of waves in boundary layers: A non-parallel correction. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 424, pp. 367–377. doi:10.1017/S002211200000197X.
  13. Medeiros, M.A.F. and Gaster, M. (1999). The production of subharmonic waves in the nonlinear evolution of wavepackets in boundary layers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 399, pp. 301–318.
  14. Medeiros, M.A.F. and Gaster, M. (1999). The influence of phase on the nonlinear evolution of wavepackets in boundary layers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 397, pp. 259–283.
  15. Gorman, J., Hussain, F. and Gaster, M. (1998). The development of a micromachined hotfilm sensor. Proceedings of the 1998 Thirteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 13-18 December 1998 pp. 83–86.
  16. Gaster, M. (1998). Rapid estimation of n-factors for transition prediction. Proceedings of the 1998 Thirteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 13-18 December 1998 (Volume 2) pp. 841–844.
  17. Moulin, A.M., Gaster, M., Woodburn, C.N., Barnes, J.R. and Welland, M.E. (1997). A directionally sensitive hot-wire anemometer. Experiments in Fluids, 22(6), pp. 458–462.
  18. Gaster, M., Grosch, C.E. and Jackson, T.L. (1994). The velocity field created by a shallow bump in a boundary layer. Physics of Fluids, 6(9), pp. 3079–3085.
  19. Shaikh, F.N. and Gaster, M. (1994). The non-linear evolution of modulated waves in a boundary layer. Journal of Engineering Mathematics, 28(1), pp. 55–71. doi:10.1007/BF02383605.
  20. GASTER, M. (1990). THE NONLINEAR PHASE OF WAVE GROWTH LEADING TO CHAOS AND BREAKDOWN TO TURBULENCE IN A BOUNDARY-LAYER AS AN EXAMPLE OF AN OPEN SYSTEM. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 430(1878), pp. 3–24. doi:10.1098/rspa.1990.0078.
  21. Madigosky, W.M., Mease, N.E., Mattingly, G.E., Swearingen, J., Crouch, G., Adair, D., Hendricks, E., Gaster, M. and Carpenter, P. (1990). Fundamental study of Tollmein-Schlicting waves in a boundary layer. Part 1. Design and characterization of compliant materials for boundary layer control. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED, 95, pp. 15–18.
  22. Einav, S., Avidor, J.M., Gutmark, E. and Gaster, M. (1987). Initial instability in a freejet mixing layer measured by laser doppler anemometry. AIAA Journal, 25(4), pp. 628–630. doi:10.2514/3.9676.
  23. Gaster, M. (1985). NON-LINEAR TRANSFER FUNCTION DESCRIPTION OF WAVE GROWTH IN A BOUNDARY LAYER. pp. 107–114.
  24. Gaster, M., Kit, E. and Wygnanski, I. (1985). Large-scale structures in a forced turbulent mixing layer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 150, pp. 23–39. doi:10.1017/S0022112085000027.
  25. Gaster, M. (1985). A non-linear transfer function description of wave growth in a boundary layer. .
  26. Gaster, M. (1984). ON TRANSITION TO TURBULENCE IN BOUNDARY LAYERS. pp. 99–106.
  27. Gaster, M. and Ponsford, P.J. (1984). FLOWS OVER TAPERED FLAT PLATES NORMAL TO THE STREAM. Aeronautical Journal, 88(875), pp. 206–212.
  28. Gaster, M. and Willis, G.J.K. (1984). RAPID EIGENVALUE FINDER FOR FLOWS OVER A COMPLIANT SURFACE. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED, 11, pp. 79–84.
  29. Gaster, M. (1984). On transition to turbulence in boundary layers. .
  30. Gaster, M. and Willis, G.J.K. (1984). A rapid eigenvalue finder for flows over a compliant surface. IN: LAMINAR TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYERS, PAPERS PRESENTED AT THE ENERGY SOURCES TECHNOLOGY CONF., (NEW ORLEANS, U.S.A.: FEB. 12, 11 ), pp. 79–84.
  31. GASTER, M. and ROBERTS, J.B. (1984). SPECTRAL-ANALYSIS ALGORITHMS FOR THE LASER VELOCIMETER - A COMPARATIVE-STUDY - COMMENT. AIAA JOURNAL, 22(5), pp. 730–731. doi:10.2514/3.48500.
  32. Carpenter, P.W., Gaster, M. and Willis, G.J.K. (1983). NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION INTO BOUNDARY-LAYER STABILITY ON COMPLIANT SURFACES. Numerical Methods in Laminar and Turbulent Flow, Proceedings of the International Conference pp. 166–172.
  33. Carpenter, P.W., Gaster, M. and Willis, G.J.K. (1983). A numerical investigation into boundary-layer stability on compliant surfaces. .
  34. Gaster, M. (1982). DEVELOPMENT OF A TWO-DIMENSIONAL WAVEPACKET IN A GROWING BOUNDARY LAYER. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 384(1787), pp. 317–332.
  35. Gaster, M. (1982). Estimates of the errors incurred in various asymptotic representations of wave packets. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 121, pp. 365–377. doi:10.1017/S0022112082001943.
  36. Gaster, M. (1981). Propagation of Linear Wave Packets in Laminar Boundary Layers. AIAA Journal, 19(4), pp. 419–423. doi:10.2514/3.50964.
  37. Roberts, J.B., Downie, J. and Gaster, M. (1980). Spectral analysis of signals from a laser Doppler anemometer operating in the burst mode. Journal of Physics E: Scientific Instruments, 13(9), pp. 977–981. doi:10.1088/0022-3735/13/9/019.
  38. Roberts, J.B., Downie, J. and Gaster, M. (1980). Spectral analysis of signals from a laser Doppler anemometer operating in the burst mode. J. PHYS. - E., 13(9 , Sep. 1980, p.977-981.) .
  39. Gaster, M. (1980). On wave packets in laminar boundary layers. .
  40. ROBERTS, J.B. and GASTER, M. (1980). ON THE ESTIMATION OF SPECTRA FROM RANDOMLY SAMPLED SIGNALS - A METHOD OF REDUCING VARIABILITY. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 371(1745), pp. 235–258. doi:10.1098/rspa.1980.0078.
  41. Gaster, M. and Roberts, J.B. (1979). RAPID METHOD OF FORMING SPECTRA FROM REGULARLY SAMPLED RECORDS BY RECTANGULAR WAVE TRANSFORMS. Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 126(7), pp. 658–663.
  42. d'Assumpcao, H.A., Roberts, J.B. and Gaster, M. (1978). RAPID ESTIMATION OF SPECTRA FROM IRREGULARLY SAMPLED RECORDS. Proc Inst Electr Eng (London), 125(12), pp. 1337–1338.
  43. Gaster, M. and Maybrey, J.F.M. (1978). OPTICAL INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING FLUCTUATING VELOCITIES IN HIGHLY TURBULENT FLOWS. Aeronaut Q, 29(Pt 2), pp. 98–113.
  44. Roberts, J.B. and Gaster, M. (1978). RAPID ESTIMATION OF SPECTRA FROM IRREGULARLY SAMPLED RECORDS. Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 125(2), pp. 92–96.
  45. Gaster, M. (1978). Series representation of the eigenvalues of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation. Journal of Computational Physics, 29(2), pp. 147–162. doi:10.1016/0021-9991(78)90148-1.
  46. GASTER, M. and MAYBREY, J.F.M. (1978). OPTICAL INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING FLUCTUATING VELOCITIES IN HIGHLY TURBULENT FLOWS. AERONAUTICAL QUARTERLY, 29(MAY), pp. 98–113.
  47. ROBERTS, J.B. and GASTER, M. (1978). RAPID ESTIMATION OF SPECTRA FROM IRREGULARLY SAMPLED RECORDS. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS-LONDON, 125(12), pp. 1338–1338.
  48. Gaster, M. (1977). SERIES REPRESENTATION OF THE EIGENVALUES OF THE ORR-SOMMERFELD EQUATION. AGARD Conf Proc, (224) .
  49. Gaster, M. and Roberts, J.B. (1977). SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF RANDOMLY SAMPLED RECORDS BY A DIRECT TRANSFORM. Proc R Soc London Ser A, 354(1676), pp. 27–58.
  50. Gaster, M. and Bradbury, L.J.S. (1976). The measurement of the spectra of highly turbulent flows by a randomly triggered pulsed-wire anemometer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 77(3), pp. 499–509. doi:10.1017/S002211207600222X.
  51. Crighton, D.G. and Gaster, M. (1976). Stability of slowly diverging jet flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 77(2), pp. 397–413. doi:10.1017/S0022112076002176.
  52. Gaster, M. and Jordinson, R. (1975). On the eigenvalues of the Orr-Sommerfeld equation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 72(1), pp. 121–133. doi:10.1017/S0022112075002984.
  53. Gaster, M. and Roberts, J.B. (1975). Spectral analysis of randomly sampled signals. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics (Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications), 15(2), pp. 195–216. doi:10.1093/imamat/15.2.195.
  54. GASTER, M. (1975). THEORETICAL MODEL OF A WAVE PACKET IN BOUNDARY-LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 347(1649), pp. 271–289. doi:10.1098/rspa.1975.0209.
  55. GASTER, M. and GRANT, I. (1975). EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A WAVE PACKET IN A LAMINAR BOUNDARY-LAYER. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 347(1649), pp. 253–269. doi:10.1098/rspa.1975.0208.
  56. Gaster, M. and Grant, I. (1974). DEVELOPMENT OF A WAVE PACKET IN THE BOUNDARY LAYER OF A FLAT PLATE. pp. 554–560.
  57. Gaster, M. (1974). On the effects of boundary-layer growth on flow stability. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 66(3), pp. 465–480. doi:10.1017/S0022112074000310.
  58. GASTER, M. and GRANT, I. (1974). THE DEVELOPMENT OF A WAVE PACKET IN THE BOUNDARY LAYER OF A FLAT PLATE. PROCS. 5TH AUSTRALASIAN CONF. ON HYDRAULICS AND FLUID MECH., SPONSORED BY, AND HELD AT, CANTERBURY UNIV., NEW ZEALAND, 1 .
  59. GASTER, M. (1974). ON THE STABILITY OF BOUNDARY LAYERS. .
  60. GASTER, M. (1974). ON THE EFFECTS OF BOUNDARY LAYER GROWTH ON FLOW STABILITY. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 66 , PART 3 .
  61. Gaster, M. (1971). Vortex shedding from circular cylinders at low Reynolds numbers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 46(4), pp. 749–756. doi:10.1017/S002211207100082X.
  62. Gaster, M. (1970). The growth of three-dimensional disturbances in inviscid flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 43(4), pp. 837–839. doi:10.1017/S0022112070002793.
  63. Gaster, M. (1969). Vortex shedding from slender cones at low Reynolds numbers. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 38(3), pp. 565–576. doi:10.1017/S0022112069000346.
  64. Gaster, M. (1968). Growth of disturbances in both space and time. Physics of Fluids, 11(4), pp. 723–727.
  65. Gaster, M. and Davey, A. (1968). The development of three-dimensional wave-packets in unbounded parallel flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 32(4), pp. 801–808. doi:10.1017/S0022112068001047.
  66. Gaster, M. (1968). The development of three-dimensional wave packets in a boundary layer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 32(1), pp. 173–184. doi:10.1017/S0022112068000649.
  67. Gaster, M. (1965). The role of spatially growing waves in the theory of hydrodynamic stability. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 6(C), pp. 251–270.
  68. Gaster, M. (1965). On the generation of spatially growing waves in a boundary layer. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 22(3), pp. 433–441. doi:10.1017/S0022112065000873.
  69. Gaster, M. (1964). A new technique for the measurement of low fluid velocities. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 20(2), pp. 183–192. doi:10.1017/S0022112064001136.
  70. Gaster, M. (1962). A note on the relation between temporally-increasing and spatially-increasing disturbances in hydrodynamic stability. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 14(2), pp. 222–224. doi:10.1017/S0022112062001184.

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