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  1. Professor Mark Howe

Professor Mark Howe

Professor of Psychology

School of Arts and Social Sciences , Department of Psychology

Contact Information

Contact

Visit Mark

D432, Social Sciences Building

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Postal Address

City University London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
UK

About

Background

Prior to joining the Department of Psychology at City University London in 2013, Professor Howe was University Chair in Developmental Psychology and Co-director of the Centre for Research in Human Development at Lancaster University (2005-2012); Professor of Psychology, Dean of Research, Dean of Graduate Studies, and National Director of the Centre of Excellence for Children and Adolescents with Special Needs, at Lakehead University, Canada (1999-2005); and Professor of Psychology at both Memorial University (1985-1999) and the University of Victoria (1982-1985), Canada.

He has conducted research on memory and cognitive development for over 30 years and has published numerous peer-reviewed articles, chapters, and books. In addition, Professor Howe makes regular media contributions to television, radio and newspapers, and continues to give public lectures on memory and trauma, early memory development, and memory and the law. For over 20 years, he has served as a consultant on memory in the courtroom in Canada, the USA, and the UK, and regularly testifies about matters concerning adult recollections of early childhood experiences.

Professor Howe is currently the Editor of Memory and the Associate Editor of Developmental Review. He is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society, American Psychological Association and Association for Psychological Science.

Research

Research interests

- Adaptive memory and its development
- Autobiographical memory
- False memory
- False memory priming of problem solving
- Mathematical and computational models of memory, reasoning, and their development
- Memory development in children and adults
- Memory and emotion
- Memory and the law
- Memory in traumatised and maltreated children

Recent research grants

- Economic and Social Research Council UK: "The development of priming analogical reasoning using true and false memories." Grant awarded to cover 2012-2015 (£480,000 for 3 years RES-062-23-3327; Mark L. Howe, Principal Investigator; L. J. Ball, Co-investigator).
- Economic and Social Research Council UK: "The role of retrieval processes in false recognition." Grant awarded to cover 2010-2011 (£96,000 for 14 months; RES-000-22-3561, with L. Knott and S. Dewhurst).
- Economic and Social Research Council UK: "The development of children's false memories." Grant awarded to cover 2007-2010 (£375,000 for 3 years; RES-062-23-0452).
- National Institute of Mental Health, USA: "Memory processes in abused and neglected children." (With Dante Cicchetti and Sheree Toth). Grant awarded to cover 2004-2009 ($1.54 million US/for 5 years; RO1-MH068413-01A1).

Publications

Journal Article (122)

  1. Knott, L.M., Threadgold, E. and Howe, M.L. (04 Jul 2014). Negative mood state impairs false memory priming when problem-solving. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26(5), 580-587. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.922091
  2. Otgaar, H., Howe, M.L., Peters, M., Smeets, T. and Moritz, S. (May 2014). The production of spontaneous false memories across childhood.. J Exp Child Psychol, 121, 28-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.11.019
  3. Otgaar, H. and Howe, M.L. (Jan 2014). What kind of memory has evolution wrought?: Introductory Article for the Special Issue of Memory: Adaptive memory: The emergence and nature of proximate mechanisms. Memory, 22(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2013.800355
  4. Otgaar, H., Howe, M.L., Smeets, T. and Garner, S.R. (Jan 2014). Developmental trends in adaptive memory. Memory, 22(1), 103-117. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2013.781653
  5. Otgaar, H., Howe, M., Peters, M., Sauerland, M. and Raymaekers, L. (2013). Developmental trends in different types of spontaneous false memories: Implications for the legal field. Behavioral Sciences and the Law.
  6. Howe, M. and Otgaar, H. (2013). Proximate mechanisms and the development of adaptive memory. Current Directions in Psychological Science.
  7. Howe, M. (2013). Memory lessons from the courtroom: Reflections on being a memory expert on the witness stand. Memory.
  8. Howe, M.L., Threadgold, E., Norbury, J., Garner, S. and Ball, L.J. (Sep 2013). Priming children's and adults' analogical problem solutions with true and false memories.. J Exp Child Psychol, 116(1), 96-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.03.006
  9. Howe, M., Garner, S.R. and Patel, M. (2013). The positive consequences of false memories. Behavioral Sciences and the Law.
  10. Howe, M.L. (Dec 2013). Securing the future by remembering the past: But just when does this past and future begin to develop?. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2(4), 237-239. doi: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2013.09.002
  11. Thijssen, J., Otgaar, H., Howe, M.L. and de Ruiter, C. (Jun 2013). Emotional true and false memories in children with callous-unemotional traits. Cognition and Emotion, 27(4), 761-768. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2012.744300
  12. Howe, M.L., Threadgold, E., Norbury, J., Garner, S. and Ball, L.J. (Sep 2013). Priming children's and adults' analogical problem solutions with true and false memories. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116(1), 96-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.03.006
  13. Howe, M. and Garner, S.R. (2013). False memories from survival processing make better primes for problem solving. Memory, 22(1), 9-18. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2012.759975
  14. Howe, M.L. (Dec 2013). Memory development: implications for adults recalling childhood experiences in the courtroom.. Nat Rev Neurosci, 14(12), 869-876. doi: 10.1038/nrn3627
  15. Dewhurst, S.A., Howe, M.L., Berry, D.M. and Knott, L.M. (2012). Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111(1), 101-107.
  16. Otgaar, H., Peters, M. and Howe, M.L. (Jan 2012). Dividing attention lowers children's but increases adults' false memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 38(1), 204-210. doi: 10.1037/a0025160
  17. Knott, L.M., Dewhurst, S.A. and Howe, M.L. (2012). What factors underlie associative and categorical memory illusions? the roles of backward associative strength and interitem connectivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 38(1), 229-239.
  18. Howe, M.L. (Oct 2011). The adaptive nature of memory and its illusions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(5), 312-315. doi: 10.1177/0963721411416571
  19. Knott, L.M., Howe, M.L., Wimmer, M.C. and Dewhurst, S.A. (May 2011). The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(1), 91-108. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.01.001
  20. Dewhurst, S.A., Knott, L.M. and Howe, M.L. (Jul 2011). Test-Induced Priming Impairs Source Monitoring Accuracy in the DRM Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 37(4), 1001-1007. doi: 10.1037/a0022961
  21. Howe, M.L., Toth, S.L. and Cicchetti, D. (May 2011). Can Maltreated Children Inhibit True and False Memories for Emotional Information?. Child Development, 82(3), 967-981. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01585.x
  22. Howe, M.L. and Malone, C. (Feb 2011). Mood-congruent true and false memory: Effects of depression. Memory, 19(2), 192-201. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2010.544073
  23. Howe, M.L. and Wilkinson, S. (Jan 2011). Using story contexts to bias children's true and false memories. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(1), 77-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.06.009
  24. Howe, M.L., Garner, S.R., Charlesworth, M. and Knott, L. (Feb 2011). A brighter side to memory illusions: False memories prime children's and adults' insight-based problem solving. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(2), 383-393. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.08.012
  25. Howe, M.L., Garner, S.R., Dewhurst, S.A. and Ball, L.J. (Nov 2010). Can false memories prime problem solutions?. Cognition, 117(2), 176-181. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2010.08.009
  26. Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F.A., Howe, M.L. and Toth, S.L. (Sep 2010). The effects of maltreatment and neuroendocrine regulation on memory performance. Child Development, 81(5), 1504-1519. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01488.x
  27. Howe, M.L., Candel, I., Otgaar, H., Malone, C. and Wimmer, M.C. (Jan 2010). Valence and the development of immediate and long-term false memory illusions. Memory, 18(1), 58-75. doi: 10.1080/09658210903476514
  28. Howe, M.L. and Derbish, M.H. (May 2010). On the susceptibility of adaptive memory to false memory illusions. Cognition, 115(2), 252-267. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.12.016
  29. Wimmer, M.C. and Howe, M.L. (Sep 2010). Are children's memory illusions created differently from those of adults? Evidence from levels-of-processing and divided attention paradigms. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 107(1), 31-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2010.03.003
  30. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F. and Howe, M.L. (Oct 2009). Trichotomous Processes in Early Memory Development, Aging, and Neurocognitive Impairment: A Unified Theory. Psychological Review, 116(4), 783-832. doi: 10.1037/a0016963
  31. Wimmer, M.C. and Howe, M.L. (Dec 2009). The development of automatic associative processes and children's false memories. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104(4), 447-465. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2009.07.006
  32. Marche, T.A., Howe, M.L., Lane, D.G., Owre, K.P. and Briere, J.L. (2009). Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood. Memory, 17(5), 518-527. doi: 10.1080/09658210902939355
  33. Howe, M.L., Wimmer, M.C., Gagnon, N. and Plumpton, S. (Feb 2009). An associative-activation theory of children's and adults' memory illusions. Journal of Memory and Language, 60(2), 229-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2008.10.002
  34. Howe, M.L., Wimmer, M.C. and Blease, K. (2009). The role of associative strength in children's false memory illusions. Memory, 17(1), 8-16. doi: 10.1080/09658210802438474
  35. Howe, M.L. (Sep 2008). What Is False Memory Development the Development of? Comment on Brainerd, Reyna, and Ceci (2008). Psychological Bulletin, 134(5), 768-772. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.134.5.768
  36. Brainerd, C.J., Yang, Y., Reyna, V.F., Howe, M.L. and Mills, B.A. (Dec 2008). Semantic processing in "associative" false memory. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15(6), 1035-1053. doi: 10.3758/PBR.15.6.1035
  37. Howe, M.L., Gagnon, N. and Thouas, L. (Apr 2008). Development of false memories in bilingual children and adults. Journal of Memory and Language, 58(3), 669-681. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2007.09.001
  38. Howe, M.L. (Jan 2008). Visual distinctiveness and the development of children's false memories. Child Development, 79(1), 65-79. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01111.x
  39. Howe, M.L. (Oct 2007). Children's emotional false memories. Psychological Science, 18(10), 856-860. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01991.x
  40. Howe, M.L. (Nov 2006). Developmental invariance in distinctiveness effects in memory. Developmental Psychology, 42(6), 1193-1205. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.42.6.1193
  41. Howe, M.L., Cicchetti, D. and Toth, S.L. (Jul 2006). Children's basic memory processes, stress, and maltreatment. Development and Psychopathology, 18(3), 759-769. doi: 10.1017/S0954579406060378
  42. Howe, M.L. (Jul 2006). Developmentally invariant dissociations in children's true and false memories: Not all relatedness is created equal. Child Development, 77(4), 1112-1123. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00922.x
  43. Howe, M.L. and Lewis, M.D. (Sep 2005). The importance of dynamic systems approaches for understanding development. Developmental Review, 25(3-4), 247-251. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2005.09.002
  44. Howe, M.L. (Dec 2005). Children (but not adults) can inhibit false memories. Psychological Science, 16(12), 927-931. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01638.x
  45. Courage, M.L. and Howe, M.L. (Mar 2004). Advances in early memory development research: Insights about the dark side of the moon. Developmental Review, 24(1), 6-32. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2003.09.005
  46. Courage, M.L., Howe, M.L. and Squires, S.E. (Feb 2004). Individual differences in 3.5-month-olds' visual attention: What do they predict at 1 year?. Infant Behavior and Development, 27(1), 19-30. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2003.05.004
  47. Howe, M.L., Cicchetti, D., Toth, S.L. and Cerrito, B.M. (Sep 2004). True and false memories in maltreated children. Child Development, 75(5), 1402-1417. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00748.x
  48. Howe, M.L. (Mar 2004). The Role of Conceptual Recoding in Reducing Children's Retroactive Interference. Developmental Psychology, 40(2), 131-139. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.2.131
  49. Howe, M.L. and Courage, M.L. (Mar 2004). Demystifying the beginnings of memory. Developmental Review, 24(1), 1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2003.09.006
  50. Courage, M.L., Edison, S.C. and Howe, M.L. (Dec 2004). Variability in the early development of visual self-recognition. Infant Behavior and Development, 27(4), 509-532. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2004.06.001
  51. Howe, M.L., Courage, M.L. and Edison, S.C. (Dec 2003). When autobiographical memory begins. Developmental Review, 23(4), 471-494. doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2003.09.001
  52. Howe, M.L. (Apr 2003). Memories from the cradle. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(2), 62-65. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.01227
  53. Rabinowitz, F.M., Howe, M.L. and Saunders, K. (Feb 2002). Age, memory load, and individual differences in working memory as determinants of class-inclusion reasoning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 81(2), 157-193. doi: 10.1006/jecp.2001.2647
  54. Howe, M. (2002). The truth about false memories. American Journal of Psychology, 115, 308-314.
  55. Howe, M.L. (Jan 2002). The role of intentional forgetting in reducing children's retroactive interference.. Developmental Psychology, 38(1), 3-14.
  56. Courage, M.L. and Howe, M.L. (Mar 2002). From infant to child: The dynamics of cognitive change in the second year of life. Psychological Bulletin, 128(2), 250-277. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.128.2.250
  57. Howe, M.L. (2002). False memory creation in children and adults. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 115(2), 308-314. doi: 10.2307/1423442
  58. Courage, M.L. and Howe, M.L. (Jul 2001). Long-Term Retention in 3.5-Month-Olds: Familiarization Time and Individual Differences in Attentional Style. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 79(3), 271-293. doi: 10.1006/jecp.2000.2606
  59. Howe, M.L., Courage, M.L., Vernescu, R. and Hunt, M. (Nov 2000). Distinctiveness effects in children's long-term retention.. Developmental Psychology, 36(6), 778-792.
  60. Howe, M. (2000). Historical and future trends in studying the development of long-term retention. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 65(4), 205-213.
  61. Howe, M.L. (Oct 1998). Language is Never Enough: Memories are More than Words Reveal. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 12(5), 475-481.
  62. Courage, M.L. and Howe, M.L. (Jul 1998). The Ebb and Flow of Infant Attentional Preferences: Evidence for Long-term Recognition Memory in 3-Month-Olds. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 70(1), 26-53.
  63. Howe, M.L., Rabinowitz, F.M. and Powell, T.L. (Sep 1998). Individual differences in working memory and reasoning-remembering relationships in solving class-inclusion problems. Memory and Cognition, 26(5), 1089-1101.
  64. Howe, M.L. (Nov 1998). When Distinctiveness Fails, False Memories Prevail. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 71(2), 170-177.
  65. Howe, M.L. (Sep 1998). Individual differences in factors that modulate storage and retrieval of traumatic memories. Development and Psychopathology, 10(4), 681-698.
  66. O'Sullivan, J.T. and Howe, M.L. (Mar 1998). A different view of metamemory with illustrations from children's beliefs about long-term retention. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION, 13(1), 9-28.
  67. Howe, M.L. (Jun 1997). Memory performance and competencies: Issues in growth and development - Weinert,FE, Schneider,W. APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 11(3), 271-273. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0720(199706)11:3<271::AID-ACP468>3.0.CO;2-S
  68. Howe, M.L. (1997). Children's memory for traumatic experiences. Learning and Individual Differences, 9(2), 153-174.
  69. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (Dec 1997). Categorical variables in developmental research: Methods of analysis.. JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 41(4), 440-443. doi: 10.1006/jmps.1997.1180
  70. Howe, M. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (1997). Analyzing development, categorically. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 41, 440-443.
  71. Howe, M.L. and Courage, M.L. (Nov 1997). Independent Paths in the Development of Infant Learning and Forgetting. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 67(2), 131-163.
  72. Howe, M. (1997). Memory is as memory develops: The view today, but where tomorrow?. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 11, 271-273.
  73. Howe, M.L. and O'Sullivan, J.T. (Jun 1997). What Children's Memories Tell Us about Recalling Our Childhoods: A Review of Storage and Retrieval Processes in the Development of Long-Term Retention. Developmental Review, 17(2), 148-204.
  74. Howe, M.L. and Courage, M.L. (Jul 1997). The Emergence and Early Development of Autobiographical Memory. Psychological Review, 104(3), 499-523.
  75. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (Feb 1996). Reasoning from memory: A lifespan inquiry into the necessity of remembering when reasoning about class inclusion. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 61(1), 1-42. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1996.0001
  76. O'Sullivan, J.T., Howe, M.L. and Marche, T.A. (Dec 1996). Children's Beliefs about Long-Term Retention. Child Development, 67(6), 2989-3009.
  77. O'Sullivan, J.T. and Howe, M.L. (Oct 1996). Causal attributions and reading achievement: Individual differences in low-income families. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 21(4), 363-387. doi: 10.1006/ceps.1996.0027
  78. Howe, M.L., Courage, M.L. and Peterson, C. (Mar 1995). Intrusions in preschoolers' recall of traumatic childhood events. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2(1), 130-134. doi: 10.3758/BF03214419
  79. O'Sullivan, J.T. and Howe, M.L. (Mar 1995). Metamemory and Memory Construction. Consciousness and Cognition, 4(1), 104-110. doi: 10.1006/ccog.1995.1011
  80. Marche, T.A. and Howe, M.L. (Jul 1995). Preschoolers Report Misinformation Despite Accurate Memory. Developmental Psychology, 31(4), 554-567.
  81. Howe, M.L. (Jul 1995). Interference Effects in Young Children's Long-Term Retention. Developmental Psychology, 31(4), 579-596.
  82. Rabinowitz, F.M., Grant, M.J., Howe, M.L. and Walsh, C. (Oct 1994). Reasoning in Middle Childhood: A Dynamic Model of Performance on Transitivity Tasks. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 58(2), 252-288. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1994.1035
  83. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (Oct 1994). Dynamic Modeling, Chaos, and Cognitive Development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 58(2), 184-199. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1994.1032
  84. Howe, M.L., Courage, M.L. and Peterson, C. (Sep 1994). How Can I Remember When "I" Wasn′t There: Long-Term Retention of Traumatic Experiences and Emergence of the Cognitive Self. Consciousness and Cognition, 3(3-4), 327-355. doi: 10.1006/ccog.1994.1019
  85. Howe, M.L. (Oct 1994). Dynamic Modeling of Cognitive Development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 58(2), 181-183. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1994.1031
  86. Howe, M. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (1994). Development, learning, and consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17, 407-407.
  87. Rabinowitz, F.M. and Howe, M.L. (Jun 1994). Development of the Middle Concept. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 57(3), 418-448. doi: 10.1006/jecp.1994.1020
  88. Howe, M.L. (1994). Dynamics of cognitive development: A unifying approach to universal trends and individual differences. Learning and Individual Differences, 6(3), 365-377.
  89. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F., Harnishfeger, K.K. and Howe, M.L. (Jun 1993). Is Retrievability Grouping Good for Recall?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122(2), 249-268.
  90. Howe, M.L. and Courage, M.L. (1993). On resolving the enigma of infantile amnesia. Psychological Bulletin, 113(2), 305-326.
  91. Howe, M.L., Courage, M.L. and Bryant-Brown, L. (Sep 1993). Reinstating Preschoolers' Memories. Developmental Psychology, 29(5), 854-869.
  92. Howe, M.L., Michael Rabinowitz, F. and Grant, M.J. (1993). On measuring (in)dependence of cognitive processes. Psychological Review, 100(4), 737-747.
  93. Howe, M. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (1991). Development: Sequences, structure, and chaos. Annals of Theoretical Psychology, 7, 65-71.
  94. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (Dec 1991). Gist another panacea? Or just the illusion of inclusion. Developmental Review, 11(4), 305-316.
  95. Howe, M., Montevecchi, W.A., Rabinowitz, F.M. and Stones, M.J. (1991). Modeling adaptation in the next generation: A developmental perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 14, 100-101.
  96. Howe, M.L. (Sep 1991). Misleading Children's Story Recall: Forgetting and Reminiscence of the Facts. Developmental Psychology, 27(5), 746-762.
  97. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F., Howe, M.L. and Kevershan, J. (May 1991). Fuzzy-Trace Theory and Cognitive Triage in Memory Development. Developmental Psychology, 27(3), 351-369.
  98. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F. and Howe, M.L. (Jun 1990). Children's cognitive triage: Optimal retrieval or effortful processing?. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 49(3), 428-447.
  99. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F., Howe, M. and Kevershan, J. (1990). The last shall be first: How memory strength affects children's retrieval. Psychological Science, 1, 247-252.
  100. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (1990). Resource panacea? Or just another day in the developmental forest. Developmental Review, 10(1), 125-154. doi: 10.1016/0273-2297(90)90007-Q
  101. Howe, M.L. and Brainerd, C.J. (1989). Development of children's long-term retention. Developmental Review, 9(4), 301-340. doi: 10.1016/0273-2297(89)90032-4
  102. Rabinowitz, F.M., Howe, M.L. and Lawrence, J.A. (Dec 1989). Class inclusion and working memory. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 48(3), 379-409.
  103. Howe, M.L. and Rabinowitz, F.M. (Feb 1989). On the uninterpretability of dual-task performance. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 47(1), 32-38.
  104. Howe, M.L., O'Sullivan, J.T., Brainerd, C.J. and Kingma, J. (1989). Localizing the development of ability differences in organized memory. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 14(4), 336-356. doi: 10.1016/0361-476X(89)90020-9
  105. Kingma, J., Brainerd, C.J. and Howe, M. (1986). Spread of encoding and the development of organization in memory. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 40, 203-223.
  106. Howe, M.L. and Hunter, M.A. (Dec 1986). Long-term memory in adulthood: An examination of the development of storage and retrieval processes at acquisition and retention. Developmental Review, 6(4), 334-364.
  107. Brainerd, C.J., Kingma, J. and Howe, M. (1985). On the development of forgetting. Child Development, 56, 1103-1119.
  108. Howe, M. and Hunter, M.A. (1985). Adult age differences in storage-retrieval processes: A stages-of-learning analysis of developmental interactions in concreteness effects. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 39, 130-150.
  109. Howe, M. (1985). Storage and retrieval of associative clusters: A stages-of-learning analysis of associative memory traces. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 39, 34-53.
  110. Howe, M.L., Brainerd, C.J. and Kingma, J. (Apr 1985). Development of organization in recall: A stages-of-learning analysis. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 39(2), 230-251.
  111. Howe, M., Brainerd, C.J. and Kingma, J. (1985). Storage-retrieval processes of normal and learning-disabled children: A stages-of-learning analysis of picture-word effects. Child Development, 56, 1120-1133.
  112. Brainerd, C.J., Howe, M., Kingma, J. and Brainerd, S.H. (1984). Explaining category interference effects in associative memory. 38, 454-477.
  113. Brainerd, C.J., Howe, M.L., Kingma, J. and Brainerd, S.H. (Jun 1984). On the measurement of storage and retrieval contributions to memory development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 37(3), 478-499.
  114. Brainerd, C.J., Howe, M. and Desrochers, A. (1982). The general theory of two-stage learning: A mathematical review with illustrations from memory development. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 634-665.
  115. Brainerd, C.J. and Howe, M. (1982). Stages-of-learning analysis of developmental interactions in memory, with illustrations from developmental interactions in picture-word effects. Developmental Review, 2, 251-273.
  116. Brainerd, C.J., Howe, M.L. and Kingma, J. (Dec 1982). An identifiable model of two-stage learning. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 26(3), 263-293.
  117. Brainerd, C.J., Desrochers, A. and Howe, M. (1981). Stages-of-learning analysis of picture-word effects in associative memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 7, 1-14.
  118. Brainerd, C.J., Howe, M. and Desrochers, A. (1980). Interpreting associative-learning stages. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 6, 754-765.
  119. Brainerd, C.J. and Howe, M. (1980). Developmental invariance in a mathematical model of associative learning. Child Development, 51, 349-363.
  120. Brainerd, C.J. and Howe, M. (1979). An attentional analysis of small cardinal number concepts in five-year-olds. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 11, 112-113.
  121. Brainerd, C.J. and Howe, M. (1978). The origins of all-or-none learning. Child Development, 49, 1028-1034.
  122. Brainerd, C.J., Reyna, V.F., Howe, M. and Kingma, J. (). Development of forgetting and reminiscence. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 55(3-4).

Book (9)

  1. (2014). What is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?. New York, US: Oxford University Press.
  2. (31 Jul 2012). Development of Long-Term Retention. Springer Verlag. ISBN: 1461277027.
  3. Howe, M.L. (26 May 2011). The Nature of Early Memory. OUP USA. ISBN: 0195381416.
  4. Howe, M.L., Goodman, G.S. and Cicchetti, D. (10 Apr 2008). Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development:Neurobiological, Cognitive, Clinical, and Legal Perspectives. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN: 019530845X.
  5. Howe, M.L. (2000). The Fate of Early Memories. APA Books. ISBN: 1557986282.
  6. (1993). Emerging Themes in Cognitive Development: Foundations. Springer. ISBN: 038797816X.
  7. (1993). Emerging Themes in Cognitive Development: Competencies. Springer. ISBN: 0387978178.
  8. (1990). Cognitive and Behavioral Performance Factors in Atypical Aging. Springer. ISBN: 1461389496.
  9. (1988). Cognitive Development in Adulthood. Springer. ISBN: 1461283779.

Chapter (24)

  1. Howe, M. (2015). Memory development. Lerner, R.M., Liben, L. and Mueller, U. (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology and developmental science (pp. 203-249) (7th). New York, US: Wiley.
  2. Howe, M. (22 Jan 2013). Feats of early memory: Courtroom tales of what adults claim to remember about early childhood events. Holliday, R. and Marche, T. (Ed.), Child Forensic Psychology (pp. ) Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 0230577083.
  3. Howe, M. and Derbish, M.H. (2013). Adaptive memory: Survival processing, ancestral relevance, and the role of elaboration. Schwartz, B.L., Howe, M., Toglia, M.P. and Otgaar, H. (Ed.), What is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory? New York, US: Oxford University Press.
  4. Otgaar, H., Howe, M., Schwartz, B.L. and Toglia, M.P. (2013). What is adaptive memory?. Schwartz, B.L., Howe, M.L., Toglia, M.P. and Otgaar, H. (Ed.), What is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory? New York, US: Oxford University Press.
  5. Howe, M. (2013). The co-emergence of the self and autobiographical memory: An adaptive view of early memory. Bauer, P.J. and Fivush, R. (Ed.), Wiley-Blackwell Handbook on the Development of Children’s Memory New York, US: Wiley-Blackwell.
  6. Otgaar, H., Howe, M., Smeets, T., Raymaekers, L. and van Beers, J. (2013). Memory errors in adaptive memory. Schwartz, B.L., Howe, M., Toglia, M.P. and Otgaar, H. (Ed.), What is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory? New York, US: Oxford University Press.
  7. Howe, M., Courage, M.L. and Rooksby, M. (2009). The genesis and development of autobiographical memory. Courage, M. and Cowan, N. (Ed.), The Development of Memory in Infancy and Childhood (pp. 177-196) Taylor & Francis US. ISBN: 1841696420.
  8. Courage, M.L., Howe, M., Ilkowska, M., Engle, R.W., Kossowska, M., Orehek, E., Kruglanski, A.W., McVay, J.C., Kane, M.J., Marszal-Wisniewska, M., Zajusz, D., Orzechowski, J., Sedek, G. and Brzezicka, A. (Dec 2009). Individual differences in working memory and higher-order processing – The commentaries. Gruszka, A., Matthews, G. and Szymura, B. (Ed.), Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition (pp. 419-439) Springer. ISBN: 144191210X.
  9. Howe, M. and Courage, M.L. (Dec 2009). Autobiographical memory: Individual differences and developmental course. Gruszka, A., Matthews, G. and Szymura, B. (Ed.), Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition (pp. ) Springer. ISBN: 144191210X.
  10. Howe, M. (01 Mar 2008). The nature of infantile amnesia. Byrne, J. (Ed.), Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, Four-Volume Set (pp. 287-297) Academic Press. ISBN: 0123705045.
  11. Howe, M., Goodman, G.S. and Cicchetti, D. (10 Apr 2008). Prologue: Turning science into practice. Howe, M.L., Goodman, G.S. and Cicchetti, D. (Ed.), Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development:Neurobiological, Cognitive, Clinical, and Legal Perspectives (pp. 1-8) Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN: 019530845X.
  12. Howe, M., Toth, S. and Cicchetti, D. (17 Feb 2006). Memory and developmental psychopathology. Cohen, D.J. (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology, Developmental Neuroscience (pp. 629-655) Wiley. ISBN: 0470048190.
  13. Howe, M. (06 Apr 2006). Distinctiveness effects in children’s memory. Hunt, R.R. and Worthen, J.B. (Ed.), Distinctiveness and Memory (pp. 237-257) Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN: 0195169662.
  14. Howe, M. (2004). Early memory, early self, and the emergence of autobiographical memory. Beike, D.R., Lampinen, J.M. and Behrend, D.A. (Ed.), The Self And Memory (pp. 45-72) ISBN: 1841690783.
  15. Howe, M. (1998). Opinion (on infantile amnesia). Williams, W.M. and Stephen J Ceci, P. (Ed.), Escaping the Advice Trap (pp. ) Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN: 0836252152.
  16. Howe, M., Courage, M.L. and Peterson, C. (1996). How can I remember when "I" wasn't there: Long-term retention of traumatic experiences and emergence of the cognitive self. Pezdek, K. and Banks, W.P. (Ed.), The recovered memory/false memory debate (pp. 121-149) Academic Press. ISBN: 0125529759.
  17. Howe, M. and Pasnak, R. (1993). Shifting conceptions of cognitive development. Howe, M.L. and Pasnak, R. (Ed.), Emerging Themes in Cognitive Development: Foundations (pp. 267-276) Springer. ISBN: 038797816X.
  18. Pasnak, R. and Howe, M. (1993). New approaches to the development of cognitive competence. Howe, M.L. and Pasnak, R. (Ed.), Emerging Themes in Cognitive Development: Competencies (pp. 219-240) Springer. ISBN: 0387978178.
  19. Howe, M., O'Sullivan, J.T. and Marche, T. (1992). Toward a theory of the development of long-term retention. Howe, M.L., Brainerd, C.J. and Reyna, V.F. (Ed.), Development of Long-Term Retention (pp. 245-255) Springer Verlag. ISBN: 1461277027.
  20. Howe, M., Kelland, A., Bryant-Brown, L. and Clark, S.L. (1992). Measuring the development of children's amnesia and hypermnesia. Howe, M.L., Brainerd, C.J. and Reyna, V.F. (Ed.), Development of Long-Term Retention (pp. 56-102) Springer Verlag. ISBN: 1461277027.
  21. Howe, M. and O'Sullivan, J.T. (1990). The development of strategic memory: Coordinating knowledge, metamemory, and resources. Bjorklund, D.F. (Ed.), Children's Strategies (pp. 129-155) Psychology Press. ISBN: 0805803157.
  22. Howe, M. (1990). Development of a mathematical model of memory for clinical research applications in aging. Howe, M.L., Stones, M.J. and Brainerd, C.J. (Ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Performance Factors in Atypical Aging (pp. 3-36) Springer. ISBN: 1461389496.
  23. Howe, M. (1988). Measuring memory development in adulthood: A model-based approach to disentangling storage-retrieval contributions. Howe, M.L. and Brainerd, C.J. (Ed.), Cognitive Development in Adulthood (pp. 39-64) Springer. ISBN: 1461283779.
  24. Brainerd, C.J., Kingma, J. and Howe, M. (1986). Long term memory development and learning disability: Storage and retrieval loci of disabled/nondisabled differences. Ceci, S.J. (Ed.), Handbook of Cognitive, Social, and Neuropsychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities (pp. 161-184) Routledge. ISBN: 0898597978.

Other Activities

Editorial Activities (6)

  • Howe, M. L., & Courage, M. L. (Eds.) (2004). The nature and consequences of very early memory development [Special Issue]. Developmental Review, 24[1].
  • Howe, M. L., & Lewis, M. D. (Eds.) (2005). Development as self-organization: New approaches to the psychology and neurobiology of development [Special Issue]. Developmental Review, 25(3/4).
  • Courage, M. L., & Howe, M. L. (Eds.) (2010). Television and toddlers: The medium, the message, and their impact on early cognitive development [Special Issue]. Developmental Review, 30(2).
  • Conway, M. A., & Howe, M. L. (Eds.) (2013). Memory and the law: Case studies [Special Issue]. Memory, 21(5).
  • Howe, M. L., & Otgaar, H. (Eds.) (2014). Adaptive memory: The emergence and nature of proximate mechanisms [Special Double Issue]. Memory, 22(1-2).