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  1. Professor Andy Pratt
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Contact Information

Contact

Visit Andy

AG15B, College Building

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Postal Address

City University London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
UK

About

Background

Andy is an internationally acclaimed expert on the topic of the cultural industries. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences. He has held academic appointments at University College London (Bartlett School of Planning) and LSE (Geography, and Urban Research Centre), King’s College, London (Culture, Media and Creative Industries). He joined City University as Professor of Cultural Economy in 2013.

He has published over 100 items: books, chapters and articles. More info and downloads of papers:
www.andycpratt.info

Andy specializes the analysis of the cultural industries in the US, Europe and Japan. This research has two strands. The first focuses on the urban spatial clustering of cultural industries; he is particularly interested in the social and economic dynamics of clustering. The second strand concerns the definition and measurement of employment in the cultural, or creative, industries. He has developed definitions of the cultural sector that are used as standard measures by UNCTAD and UNESCO.

Andy has had major recent research projects funded by UK research councils. He is currently co-principal investigator for a major grant of £4.5m to develop a Creative Economy Hub in London.

Andy has worked as a consultant or advisor for national and urban policy makers, and the EU, UNESCO, UNCTAD, and WIPO, and the British Council.

Qualifications

PhD Department of Geography, University of Exeter, 1989
BSc (Hons) Geography, University of Huddersfield, 1981

Employment

2013 - to date City University, London, Professor of Cultural Economy
2009 - 2013 King’s College London, Professor of Media, Culture and Economy
2006 - 2009 London School of Economics and Political Science, Reader in Urban Cultural Economy
1998 - 2005 London School of Economics and Political Science, Senior Lecturer in Human Geography
1992 - 1997 London School of Economics and Political Science, Lecturer (B) in Human Geography
1991 - 1992 Bartlett School of Planning, University College London, Lecturer (B)
1990 - 1991 Coventry University, Senior Lecturer in Local Economic Development and Planning
1988 - 1990 Coventry University, Lecturer in Planning
1987 - 1988 Department of Geography, North Staffordshire University, Lecturer
1986 - 1987 Department of Planning, Coventry University, Lecturer
1982 - 1983 Department of Geography, University of Leicester, Research Assistant

Advisory boards

- Department of Culture, Media and Sport: Expert advisory committee on cultural statistics (2001-)
- Advisory Committee of the Shanghai Cultural Industry Cluster (2005-)
- Advisory Board of MSc World Heritage and Cultural Policy, UNESCO/University of Turin (2006-)
- Advisory Board of German Marshall Fund/ Compagnia di San Paolo on Urban Regeneration (2006-)
- Expert advisory committee on Creative industries, Greater London Authority (2006-)
- Advisory Board: Media Industries Research Centre, Leeds University (2008-)
- Member of the Steering Committee on the European Cultural Creative Summit (Brussels) , 2009

Advisory work for UNCTAD, UNESCO and WIPO

Andy has advised the cities of Hong Kong, Barcelona, Bilbao, Shanghai on cultural strategy.

Journal editing and board membership

- Editor: City, Space and Society (2012-)

- Editorial Board: Geoforum (2004-6)(2006-9) Cities, Space and Society (2009-)
Co-editor of media@lse Electronic Working Papers (2003-9)

Guest Editor:

- 2011 Guest editor Cities, Creative cities and the recession
- 2009 Guest editor of Information Communication and Society v 12 on Copyright and the Music Industry
-2008 Guest editor of Theory Culture and Society annual review on precarious labour and the cultural industries
- 2008 Guest editor of special issue of Growth and Change 39.1 on Cultural Commodity Chains
- 2005 Guest editor and special issue of International Journal of Cultural Policy 11.1 on the cultural industries (with Prof D. Hesmondhaulgh, Open University, Sociology)
- 2003 Special issue on the creative industries in Creativity and Innovation Management 11:4 (Guest Editor with Prof P Jeffcutt, Dept of Management, Queens Belfast)
- 1997 Special issue on cultural industries, Environment and Planning Vol A: 29, 11
- 1993 Special issue on the electronics industry and FDI, Environment and Planning C: Government and policy, Vol 10
- 1992 Special issue on the debate about environmental pricing. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol 36

Research

Research areas

Andy's research specialisms are: the analysis of the cultural industries in the US, Europe and Japan. This research has three strands. The first focuses on the urban spatial clustering of cultural industries; he is particularly interested in the social and economic dynamics of clustering. He has done case studies of the film, music, advertising, computer games, and fashion industries. The second strand concerns the definition and measurement of employment in the cultural, or creative, industries. He has developed definitions of the cultural sector that are used as standard measures by UNCTAD and UNESCO. The third strand of concern is policy making for the cultural and creative industries.

Andy has worked as a consultant, or advisor, for national and urban policy makers, and the EU, UNESCO, UNCTAD, and WIPO, and the British Council. He has had major recent research projects funded by UK research councils and is currently co-principal investigator for a major grant of £4.5m to develop a Creative Economy Hub in London. Andy directs the Place, Work, Knowledge strand of work. Andy is also part of the EU Cost action on virtual work.

PhD supervision

Andy currently supervises six students, on the following topics: 'non creative' cultural labour, European cultural policy, gastronomy and tourism in Turkey, the governance of museums and social inclusion, the mobility of labour in the fashion design industry (Taipei, Shanghai and London), and global cities and culture.

Research projects

In progress:

AHRC Creative economy hub: creative works London (£4.5m): 2012-2016
Andy is managing one third of the project: Place work Knowledge strand.

Completed:

- Cultural and creative clusters in Shanghai and London [project funded by Chinese Natural Science Foundation Committee](2009-11)(with Professor Gao Changchun, Donghua University, Shanghai)

- The cultural and creative industries in India: mapping and policy [Joint project with Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai](2008-10)(with Dr Abdul Shaban)

- The art of regeneration, AHRC connected communities programme project development grant, 2011 [with M. Jordan, L.Lees, G.Bachmann, Birch and M.Miles]

- Innovative spaces: Brick Lane [National Endowment for Science Technology and the Arts] (2008-9) (with Prof Kate Oakley)

- ESF network on the cultural and creative industries, co-ordinated by Erik Hitters (Erasmus University)(2009-10)

- Abu Dhabi as a world city [with the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network, a project for the Abu Dhabi Council of Economic Development (ADCED) 2008-9]

- London (compared with: Shanghai, Tokyo, New York, and Paris): a cultural audit [London Development Agency] (2008)

- Artists and Innovation [NESTA/ Central St Martins] (2007-8)

- The creative economy, trade and development (UNCTAD) (2007-8; 2010-11; and 2013)

- Precarious work in the cultural industries [ESRC] (2007) Expert seminar

- UNESCO cultural statistical framework [UNESCO] (2006)

- The Role of Production Chains in the London Film and Television Industry Cluster [ESRC] (2004-6)

- E-clusters in the e-society: the case of the digital content industry [ESRC](2004-6)

- ESRC & AHRC Cultural industries seminar series (2003-6)

- UNCTAD: The music industry in Senegal : the potential for development (2004)
European Audio Visual Observatory (2001-2): the development of the European film industry

Publications

Journal Article (63)

  1. Pratt, A.C. (01 Jan 2015). Resilience, locality and the cultural economy. City, Culture and Society, 6(3), 61-67. doi: 10.1016/j.ccs.2014.11.001
  2. Pratt, A. (03 Dec 2015). Do Economists Make Innovation; Do Artists Make Creativity? The Case for an Alternative Perspective on Innovation and Creativity.. Journal of Business Anthropolgy, 4(2), 235-244.
  3. Indergaard, M., Pratt, A.C. and Hutton, T.A. (01 Aug 2013). Creative cities after the fall of finance. Cities, 33, 1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2012.09.007
  4. Pratt, A.C. and Hutton, T.A. (01 Aug 2013). Reconceptualising the relationship between the creative economy and the city: Learning from the financial crisis. Cities, 33, 86-95. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2012.05.008
  5. Pratt, A.C. (2013). “…the point is to change it”: Critical realism and human geography.. Dialogues in Human Geography, 3, 26-29.

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  6. Pratt, A.C. (2012). The cultural and creative industries: organisational and spatial challenges to their governance. Die Erde, 143, 317-334.
  7. Pratt, A.C. (01 Sep 2011). The cultural contradictions of the creative city. City, Culture and Society, 2(3), 123-130. doi: 10.1016/j.ccs.2011.08.002
  8. Dean, C., Donnellan, C. and Pratt, A.C. (01 Jun 2010). Tate Modern: Pushing the limits of regeneration. City, Culture and Society, 1(2), 79-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ccs.2010.08.003
  9. Pratt, A.C. (22 Nov 2010). Creative cities: Tensions within and between social, cultural and economic development a critical reading of the UK experience. City, Culture and Society, 1(1), 13-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ccs.2010.04.001
  10. Pratt, A.C. (2010). Review essay: Simon Frith, Sound effects: youth, leisure and the politics of rock‘n’roll. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 16, 66-67.
  11. Pratt, A.C. (01 Dec 2009). Social and economic drivers of land use change in the British space economy. Land Use Policy, 26(SUPPL. 1). doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.006
  12. Kretschmer, M. and Pratt, A.C. (01 Mar 2009). Legal Form and Cultural Symbol. Information Communication and Society, 12(2), 165-177. doi: 10.1080/13691180802459930
  13. Pratt, A.C. (06 May 2009). Urban regeneration: From the arts 'feel good' factor to the cultural economy: A case study of Hoxton, London. Urban Studies, 46(5-6), 1041-1061. doi: 10.1177/0042098009103854
  14. Pratt, A.C. (01 Jul 2009). The creative and cultural economy and the recession. Geoforum, 40(4), 495-496. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2009.05.002
  15. Pratt, A.C. (30 Jun 2009). The Warhol Economy: How Fashion, Art, & Music Drive New York City. Journal of the American Planning Association, 75(3), 380-381. doi: 10.1080/01944360902967251
  16. Pratt, A.C. (01 Dec 2008). What are the factors that could influence the future of work with regard to energy systems and the built environment?. Energy Policy, 36(12), 4646-4651. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2008.09.068
  17. Pratt, A.C. (01 Jun 2008). Creative cities: The cultural industries and the creative class. Geografiska Annaler, Series B: Human Geography, 90(2), 107-117. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0467.2008.00281.x
  18. Pratt, A.C. (01 Mar 2008). Cultural commodity chains, cultural clusters, or cultural production chains?. Growth and Change, 39(1), 95-103. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.2007.00406.x
  19. Gill, R. and Pratt, A. (01 Jan 2008). In the Social Factory?: Immaterial Labour, Precariousness and Cultural Work. Theory, Culture & Society, 25(8), 1-30. doi: 10.1177/0263276408097794
  20. Pratt, A.C. (2008). Creative cities?. Urban Design Journal, 105, 35.

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  21. Pratt, A.C., Gill, R.C. and Spelthann, V. (2007). Work and the city in the e-society: A critical investigation of the socio-spatially situated character of economic production in the digital content industries, UK.. Information, Communication & Society, 10, 921-941.
  22. Pratt, A.C., Gill, R. and Spelthann, V. (01 Dec 2007). Work and the city in the e-society a critical investigation of the sociospatially situated character of economic production in the digital content industries in the UK. Information Communication and Society, 10(6), 922-942. doi: 10.1080/13691180701751155
  23. Pratt, A.C. (01 Oct 2006). Advertising and creativity, a governance approach: A case study of creative agencies in London. Environment and Planning A, 38(10), 1883-1899. doi: 10.1068/a38261
  24. Jarvis, H. and Pratt, A.C. (01 May 2006). Bringing it all back home: The extensification and 'overflowing' of work. The case of San Francisco's new media households. Geoforum, 37(3), 331-339. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2005.06.002
  25. Gornostaeva, G. and Pratt, A.C. (2006). Digitisation and Face-to-face Interactions: The Example of the Film Industry in London. International Journal of Technology, Knowledge & Society, 1, 101-108.

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  26. Pratt, A.C. (2006). Post-structuralist geography: A guide to relational space. Area, 38, 472-472.
  27. Pratt, A.C. (2005). Rure in Urbs?. Journal of Rural Studies, 21, 492-493.
  28. Pratt, A.C. (2005). Cultural industries and public policy: An oxymoron?. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 11, 31-44.

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  29. Hesmondhalgh, D. and Pratt, A.C. (2005). Cultural industries and cultural policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 11, 1-14. doi: 10.1080/10286630500067598

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  30. Pratt, A.C. (2005). City of quarters: Urban villages in the contemporary city. Journal of Rural Studies, 21, 492-493.
  31. Pratt, A.C. (2005). Discovering cities: Inner London: Spitalfields and the south bank. Geography, 90, 304-304.
  32. Pratt, A.C. (01 Sep 2004). Editorial: Retail therapy. Geoforum, 35(5), 519-521. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2004.07.001
  33. Pratt, A.C. (2004). Retail Therapy. Geoforum, 35, 519-521.

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  34. Pratt, A.C. (2004). The cultural economy: a call for spatialized 'production of culture' perspectives. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 7, 117-128. doi: 10.1177/1367877904040609
  35. Pratt, A.C. (2004). Creative Clusters: Towards the governance of the creative industries production system?. Media International Australia, 50-66.
  36. Pratt, A.C. (2002). Hot jobs in cool places. The material cultures of new media product spaces: the case of the south of market, San Francisco. Information, communication and society, 5, 27-50.
  37. Jeffcutt, P. and Pratt, A.C. (2002). Managing Creativity in the Cultural Industries. Creativity and Innovation Management, 11, 225-233. doi: 10.1111/1467-8691.00254

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  38. Pratt, A.C. (2001). Understanding the cultural industries: is more less?. Culturelink, 35, 51-68.
  39. Pratt, A.C. (2000). Review essay: Understanding cities. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 929-931.
  40. Pratten, S. and Deakin, S. (2000). Competitiveness policy and economic organization: the case of the British film industry. Screen, 41, 217-237.
  41. Deakin, S. and Pratten, S. (2000). Quasi Markets, Transaction Costs and Trust: the Uncertain Effects of Market Reforms in British Television Production. Television & New Media, 1, 321-354.
  42. Pratt, A.C. (26 Sep 2000). New media, the new economy and new spaces. Geoforum, 31(4), 425-436. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7185(00)00011-7
  43. Deakin, S. and Pratten, S. (1999). Reinventing the market? Competition and regulatory change in broadcasting. Journal of Law and Society, 26, 323-350.
  44. Pratt, A.C. (1997). Production values: from cultural industries to the governance of culture. Environment and Planning A, 29, 1911-1917.
  45. Murdoch, J. and Pratt, A.C. (1997). A discourse on strange ruralities. Contested countryside cultures: otherness, marginalisation, and rurality, 49.
  46. Pratt, A.C. (01 Apr 1997). Book Reviews. European Urban and Regional Studies, 4(2), 185-187. doi: 10.1177/096977649700400208
  47. Pratt, A.C. (1997). European cities, planning systems and property markets - Berry,J, McGreal,S. European Urban and Regional Studies, 4, 185-187.
  48. Pratt, A.C. (1997). The cultural industries production system: a case study of employment change in Britain, 1984-91. Environment and Planning A, 29, 1953-1974.
  49. Pratt, A.C. (1996). Land for industrial development - Adams,D, Russell,L, TaylorRussell,C. Environment and Planning A, 28, 1141-1143.
  50. Pratt, A.C. (01 Dec 1996). Discourses of rurality: Loose talk or social struggle?. Journal of Rural Studies, 12(1), 69-78.
  51. Pratt, A.C. (1996). Coordinating employment, transport and housing in cities: An institutional perspective. Urban Studies, 33, 1357-1375.
  52. Pratt, A.C. (1995). Small Firms in Urban and Rural Locations - Curran,J, Storey,D. Journal of Rural Studies, 11, 102-103.
  53. Pratt, A.C. (1995). Putting Critical Realism to Work - the Practical Implications for Geographical Research. Progress in Human Geography, 19, 61-74.
  54. Pratt, A. (1994). Another Country - Real-Life Beyond Rose Cottage - Derounion,Jg. Journal of Rural Studies, 10, 228-229.
  55. Murdoch, J. and Pratt, A.C. (01 Jan 1994). Rural studies of power and the power of rural studies: a reply to Philo. Journal of Rural Studies, 10(1), 83-87. doi: 10.1016/0743-0167(94)90008-6
  56. Pratt, A.C. (1994). Restructuring Rural-Areas, Vol 1 - Constructing the Countryside - Marsden,T, Murdoch,J, Lowe,P, Munton,R, Flynn,A. Environment and Planning B-Planning & Design, 21, 773-774.
  57. Flynn, A. and Pratt, A.C. (1993). Costing the countryside. Journal of Environmental Planning & Management, 36, p. 3-13.
  58. Murdoch, J. and Pratt, A.C. (01 Jan 1993). Rural studies: Modernism, postmodernism and the 'post-rural'. Journal of Rural Studies, 9(4), 411-427. doi: 10.1016/0743-0167(93)90053-M
  59. Pratt, A.C. (Jan 1992). Laura Ashley: a life by design. Journal of Rural Studies, 8(1), 126-127. doi: 10.1016/0743-0167(92)90043-6
  60. Pratt, A.C. and Totterdill, P. (01 Dec 1992). Industrial policy in a period of organisational and institutional change: the case of inward investment and the electronics sector. Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy, 10(4), 375-385.
  61. Pratt, A.C. (1991). Discourses of Locality. Environment and Planning A, 23, 257-266.
  62. Pratt, A.C. (1991). Industrial districts and the flexible local economy. Planning Practice & Research, 6, 4-8.
  63. Pratt, A. (1990). Government Policy and Industrial-Change - Gibbs,D. Environment and Planning A, 22, 569-570.

Book (5)

  1. Pratt, A.C. and D'Ovidio, M. (2014). Quale cultura per la città creativa. Milano: Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli.

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  2. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (2009). Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy. London: Routledge.
  3. Jarvis, H., Pratt, A.C. and Wu, P.C. (2001). The secret life of cities : the social reproduction of everyday life. New York: Pearson Education. ISBN: 0130873187.
  4. Pratt, A.C. (1994). Uneven re-production : industry, space and society. London: Pergamon P.. ISBN: 0080404871.
  5. Ball, R. and Pratt, A.C. (1994). Industrial property : policy and economic development. Routledge. ISBN: 0415091527.

Chapter (55)

  1. Pratt, A. (2017). Cultural economy. Richardson, D. (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology New York: Wiley.
  2. Pratt, A. (2017). Innovation and the cultural economy.. Batheldt, H., cohendet, P., Henn, A. and Simon, L. (Ed.), The Elgar Companion to innovation and knowledge creation: a multi-disciplinary approach Chetenham: Edward Elgar.
  3. Pratt, A., Matheson-Pollock, H. and Virani, T. (2016). Outside the Voucher: Evaluating the Creative Voucher Scheme. Shiach, M. and Virani, T. (Ed.), Cultural Policy, Innovation and the Creative Economy (pp. 217-229) Palgrave.
  4. Pratt, A. (21 Apr 2016). Music rights: towards a material geography of musical practices in the 'Digital Age'. Haracs, B., Seman, M. and Virani, T. (Ed.), The Production and Consumption of Music in the Digital Age (pp. 206-209) London: Routledge.
  5. Pratt, A. and Virani, T. (2016). Intermediaries and the knowledge exchange process: the case of the creative industries and Higher Education. Communian, R. and gilmore, A. (Ed.), Beyond the campus: Higher Education & the Creative Economy. routledge:
  6. Pratt, A. and McKieran, J. (2016). Getting inside the creative voucher: The Platform 7 experience. Shiach, M. and Virani, T. (Ed.), Cultural Policy, Innovation and the Creative Economy London: Palgrave.
  7. Pratt, A. (2016). Three stages in the life of the creative economy. Newbigin, J. (Ed.), Guide to the creative economy British Council.
  8. Pratt, A.C. (2015). Creative Industries and Development: culture in development, or the cultures of development?. Jones, C., Lorenzen, M. and Sapsed, J. (Ed.), Handbook of creative industries Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  9. Pratt, A.C. (2013). Space and place. Handke, C. and Towse, R. (Ed.), Handbook of the Digital Creative Economy (pp. 37-44) cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

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  10. Pratt, A.C. (2013). The Cultural and Creative Industries: new engines for the city?. Wang, W. (Ed.), Culture: City (pp. 36-42) Berlin: Lars Muller Publishers.

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  11. Pratt, A. (2013). Promoting sustainable development through culture: current status, challenges and prospects.. Korean national commission for UNESCO, (Ed.), UNESCO at a glance: 2013 Culture and Development: Unveiling new prospects for development through culture Seoul: Korean national commission for UNESCO.
  12. Pratt, A.C. (2012). A world turned upside down: the creative economy, cities and the new austerity. Beauclair, A. and Mitchell, E. (Ed.), Smart, Creative, Sustainable, Inclusive: Territorial Development Strategies in the Age of Austerity (pp. 13-19) Brighton: Regional Studies Association.
  13. Pratt, A.C. (2012). Factory, Studio, Loft: there goes the neighbourhood?. Baum, M. and Christiaanse, K. (Ed.), City as loft: Adaptive reuse as a resource for sustainable development (pp. 25-31) Zurich: gta Verlag.
  14. Pratt, A.C., Borrione, P., Lavanga, M. and D’Ovidio, M. (2012). International Change and technological evolution in the Fashion Industry. Agnoletti, M., Carandini, A. and Santagata, W. (Ed.), Essays and Research: International Biennial of Culture and Environmental Heritage (pp. 359-376) Firenze: Badecchi and Vivaldi.
  15. Hesmondhalgh, D. and Pratt, A.C. (2011). Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy. Moeran, B. and Alacovska, A. (Ed.), Creative Industries: Critical Readings (1: Concepts). London: Berg.
  16. Pratt, A.C. (2011). Microclustering of the media industries in London. Karlsson, C. and Picard, R.G. (Ed.), Media Clusters (pp. 120-135) Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  17. Pratt, A.C. (01 Jan 2011). An economic geography of the cultural industries. (Ed.), The SAGE Handbook of Economic Geography (pp. 322-337) doi: 10.4135/9781446201114.n21
  18. Pratt, A.C. (01 Dec 2011). The cultural economy and the global city. (Ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities (pp. 265-274)
  19. Pratt, A.C. (2011). The cultural economy: a call for spatialized 'production of culture' perspectives. Moeran, B. and Alacovska, A. (Ed.), Creative Industries: Critical Readings (2: Economy). London: Berg.
  20. Pratt, A.C. (2011). An economic geography of the cultural industries. Leyshon, A., McDowell, L. and Lee, R. (Ed.), The Sage handbook of Economic Geography (pp. 323-338) London: Sage.
  21. Oakley, K. and Pratt, A.C. (2010). Brick Lane: community-driven innovation. NESTA, (Ed.), Local Knowledge: Case studies of four innovative places (pp. 28-39) London: National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts.

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  22. Pratt, A.C. (2010). Andrew Sayer. Hubbard, P., Kitchin, R. and Valentine, G. (Ed.), Key thinkers on space and place (pp. 352-358) London: Sage.

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  23. Pratt, A.C. (2010). La cultura e le politiche basate sulle industrie creative : connettere produzione e consumo. Ignallina, P. (Ed.), Nuovi scenari per l'attrattività delle città e dei territori: dibattiti, progetti e strategie in contesti metropolitani mondiali (pp. 67-74) Milano: Francoangeli.

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  24. Li, L. and Pratt, A.C. (2010). Europe developing its cultural industry on the basis of originality and innovation and its knolwdege transference to China. (Ed.), Blue Book on Culture in Shenzhen, 2010 (pp. 351-367) Shenzhen:

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  25. Pratt, A.C. (2009). Critical Realism/Critical Realist Geographies. Kitchen, R. and Thrift, N. (Ed.), International encyclopedia of human geography, Volume 2 (pp. 379-384) (2). Oxford: Elsevier. ISBN: 0080449115.

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  26. Pratt, A.C. (2009). Situating the production of new media: the case of San Francisco (1995-2000). McKinlay, A. and Smith, C. (Ed.), Creative Labour: Working in Creative Industries (pp. 195-209) London: Palgrave.
  27. Pratt, A.C. (2009). Policy transfer and the field of the cultural and creative industries: learning from Europe?. Kong, L. and O'Connor, J. (Ed.), Creative Economies, Creative Cities: Asian-European Perspectives (pp. 9-23) Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
  28. Pratt, A.C. (2009). The challenge of governance in the creative and cultural industries. Lange, B., Kalandides, A., Stober, B. and Wellmann, I. (Ed.), Governance der Kreativwirtschaft: Diagnosen und Handlungsoptionen (pp. 271-288) Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.
  29. Pratt, A.C. (2009). Cultural economy. Kitchen, R. and Thrift, N. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Volume 2 (pp. 407-410) (2). Oxford: Elsevier. ISBN: 0080449115.

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  30. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (2009). Creativity, Innovation and the Cultural Economy: Snake oil for the 21st Century?. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (Ed.), Creativity, innovation in the cultural economy (pp. 1-20) London: Routledge.
  31. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (2009). Conclusion. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (Ed.), Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy (pp. 263-276) London: Routledge.
  32. Pratt, A.C. and Gornostaeva, G. (2009). The governance of innovation in the Film and Television industry: a case study of London, UK. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (Ed.), Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy (pp. 119-136) London: Routledge.
  33. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (05 May 2009). Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy: Snake oil for the twenty-first century?. (Ed.), Creativity, Innovation and the Cultural Economy (pp. 3-19) ISBN: 0203880013. doi: 10.4324/9780203880012
  34. Pratt, A.C. and Jeffcutt, P. (05 May 2009). Conclusion. (Ed.), Creativity, Innovation and the Cultural Economy (pp. 265-276) ISBN: 0203880013. doi: 10.4324/9780203880012
  35. Pratt, A.C. (2008). L’apport britannique à la compréhension des fonctions créatives dans les villes globales (Questioning the relationship between Advanced Producer Services, the Cultural Industries and Global Cities). Leriche F., , Daviet S., , Sibertin-Blanc M., and J-M., Z. (Ed.), L'économie culturelle et ses territoires (pp. 257-267) Toulouse: Presses Universitaires du Mirail.

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  36. Pratt, A. (2008). Flows of cultural trade. (Ed.), Cultural Economy report Geneva: UNCTAD.
  37. Murdoch, J. and Pratt, A.C. (2008). Rural studies- Modernism, Postmodernism and the Post-Rural. Munton, R. (Ed.), The Rural: Critical Essays in Human Geography (pp. 293-310) Aldershot: Ashgate.
  38. Pratt, A.C. (2008). Innovation and creativity. Short, J.R., Hubbard, P. and Hall, T. (Ed.), The Sage Companion to the City (pp. 266-297) London: Sage.

    [publisher's website]

  39. Pratt, A.C. (2008). Locating the cultural economy. Anheier, H. and Isar, Y.R. (Ed.), The cultural economy: Cultures and Globalisation Series (pp. 42-51) London: Sage.
  40. Pratt, A.C. (2007). The music industry and its potential role in local economic development: the case of Senegal. Barrowclough, D. and Kozul-Wright, Z. (Ed.), Creative Industries and Developing Countries: Voice, Choice and Economic Growth (pp. 130-145) London: Routledge. ISBN: 0415391385.

    [publisher's website]

  41. Pratt, A.C. (2007). The New Economy, or The Emperor's New Clothes?. Daniels, P., Leyshon, A., Bradshaw, M. and Beaverstock, J. (Ed.), Geographies of the new economy (pp. 71-86) London: Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-35783-7.

    [publisher's website]

  42. Pratt, A. (2007). O Estado da economica cultural: O Crescimento da economica e os desafios da definicao de uma politica cultural. Riberio, A.P. (Ed.), A urgencia da teoria (pp. 189-218) Lisboa: Tina da china/ Fundacio Calouste Gulbenkian.
  43. Pratt, A.C. (2007). 'Imagination can be a damned curse in this country' : material geographies of filmmaking and the rural.. Fish, R. (Ed.), Cinematic Countrysides (pp. 127-146) Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    [publisher's website]

  44. Pratt, A.C. (2007). The state of the cultural economy: the rise of the cultural economy and the challenges to cultural policy making. Ribeiro, A. (Ed.), The urgency of theory (pp. 166-190) Manchester: Carcanet Press/Gulbenkin Foundation.
  45. Pratt, A.C. (2004). Andrew Sayer. Hubbard, P., Kitchin, R. and Valentine, G. (Ed.), Key thinkers on space and place (pp. 245-250) London: Sage.
  46. Pratt, A.C. (2004). Mapping the cultural industries: Regionalization; the example of South East England. Power, D. and Scott, A.J. (Ed.), Cultural industries and the production of culture (pp. 19-36) London: Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-33101-3.
  47. Pratt, A.C. (2000). Cultural Tourism as an Urban Cultural Industry. A critical appraisal. Interarts, (Ed.), Cultural Tourism (pp. 33-45) Barcelona: Turisme de Catalunya, Diputació de Barcelona.
  48. Pratt, A.C. (2000). The cultural industries: a cross national comparison of employment in Great Britain and Japan. Kawasaki, K. (Ed.), Cultural Globalisation and the cultural industries: experiences in the UK and Japan Tokyo: Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Japan.
  49. Pratt, A.C. (2000). Employment: the difficulties of classification, the logic of grouping industrial activities comprising the sector, and some summaries of the size and distribution of employment in the creative industries sector in Great Britain 1981-96. Roodhouse, S. (Ed.), The new cultural map: a research agenda for the 21st century Leeds: Bretton Hall.
  50. Pratt, A.C. (2000). New media, the new economy and new spaces. (Ed.), (pp. 425-436)

    [publisher's website]

  51. Pratt, A.C. (1998). Science, technologie, innovation: ouvrir la boite noire. Cohen, J., Hart, D. and Simmie, J. (Ed.), Recherche et développement: travaux Franco-Brittaniques. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne. ISBN: 2859443231.
  52. Pratt, A.C. (1997). The emerging shape and form of innovation networks and institutions.. Simmie, J. (Ed.), Innovation, networks and learning regions (pp. 124-136) London: Jessica Kingsley.
  53. Pratt, A.C. (1994). Industry and employment in London. Simmie, J. (Ed.), Planning London (pp. 19-41) London: UCL Press.
  54. Pratt, A.C. and Ball, R. (1993). Industrial property: the research agenda. Pratt, A.C. and Ball, R. (Ed.), Industrial property: policy and economic development London: Routledge.
  55. Pratt, A.C. (1993). Property development and the industrial built environment in the UK. Schamp, E., Linge, G. and Rogerson, C. (Ed.), Finance, institutions and industrial change Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Report (19)

  1. Pratt, A., Dovey, J., Moreton, S., Virani, T., Merkel, J. and Lansdowne, J. (2016). The creative hubs report: 2016. London: British Council.
  2. Pratt, A., nathan, M., kemeny, T. and spenser, G. (2016). Creative economy employment in the US, Canada and the UK: a comparative analysis.. London: NESTA.
  3. Pratt, A., Nathan, M. and Rincon-Aznar, A. (15 Dec 2015). CREATIVE ECONOMY EMPLOYMENT IN THE EU AND THE UK A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. London: NESTA.

    [publisher's website]

  4. Pratt, A.C. (2014). Cities: The cultural dimension. London: Government Office for Science, Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.

    [publisher's website]

  5. Pratt, A.C. (2014). Putting knowledge in (its) place: knowledge transfer/exchange and clustering. London: Creative Works London.

    [publisher's website]

  6. Pratt, A.C. (2014). The Enigma that is Platform-7: CWL Creative Voucher, The Silent Cacophony case study. London: Creative Works London.

    [publisher's website]

  7. Pratt, A.C. (2013). Local capacity building for the creative economy. Paris: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

    [publisher's website]

  8. Oakley, K., Sperry, B. and Pratt, A.C. (2008). The art of innovation: How fine arts graduates contribute to innovation. London: NESTA.
  9. Pratt, A. (2007). SWOT analysis of the growth potential for cultural industries in developing countries. Geneva: ITO/UNCTAD.
  10. Pratt, A. (2007). A definition and analysis of international cultural trade statistics. Geneva: International Trade Organisation/UNCTAD.
  11. Burns Owens Partnership, , Pratt, A.C. and Taylor, C. (2006). A framework for the cultural sector: a report for UIS/UNESCO. London: BOP.
  12. Pratt, A.C. (2004). The music industry in Senegal: the potential for economic development. A report prepared for UNCTAD.
  13. Pratt, A.C. (2001). Audiovisual policy in Europe: the regional dimension: Report on a four nation case study (Ireland, United Kingdom, France, and Germany). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory.
  14. Pratt, A.C., Ramsden, P. and Peake, L. (2000). Financing new media: a report for banking on culture. Liverpool: North West Arts Board.
  15. Pratt, A.C. and Gill, R. (2000). New media user networks. London: Arts Council of England.
  16. Pratt, A.C. (1999). Technological and Organisational Change in the European Audio-visual Industries: An Exploratory Analysis of the Consequences for Employment. Strasbourg: European Audio Visual Observatory.
  17. Pratt, A.C. (1999). Employment in the cultural and creative industries in Scotland 1981-1996. Glasgow: Scottish Enterprise.
  18. Pratt, A. (1999). Digital clusters. Global new media districts: six case studies. Glasgow: Scottish Enterprise.
  19. Pratt, A.C. Transformations of the creative economy and place.

    [publisher's website]

Other (2)

  1. Pratt, A.C. (2012). ABC of the cultural industries. Bogata: ODAI.
  2. Pratt, A.C. (2011). The cultural contradictions of the creative city. Osaka: Osaka City University.

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