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  1. Alison Macfarlane
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portrait of Professor Alison Macfarlane

Professor Alison Macfarlane

Professor of Perinatal Health

School of Health Sciences, Division of Midwifery & Radiography

Contact Information

Contact

Postal Address

City, University of London
Northampton Square
London
EC1V 0HB
United Kingdom

About

Background

Alison Macfarlane is a perinatal epidemiologist and statistician who joined City in March 2001 to lead research in the Department of Midwifery. In October 2010, she stood down from her role as research lead, but has continued to research part time since retiring from full time work in March 2011. After studying statistics at UCL, Alison worked as a statistician in agricultural research, transport surveys and on the health effects of air pollution. She then went to London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 1975 to work on analyses of data relevan to the health of babies and children. In 1978, she joined the newly formed National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit in Oxford and worked there until 2001 on research related to maternity care and the health of women and babies. She has particular interests in the evaluation of settings for birth, inequalities in health and children from multiple births and their families. As a statistician, she is interested in the interpretation and use of official statistics and in their relationship with policy, in relation to health and health care in their widest sense as well as to maternity issues in particular. In October 2010, she stood down from her role as research lead, but has continued to research part time since retiring from full time work in March 2011.

Qualifications

Postgraduate Diploma in Statistics; BA Mathematics

Languages

French

Administrative roles/Clinical activitiy

- Faculty of Public Health, Information and Intelligence Committee
- NHS Commissioning Board, Outcomes Framework Technical Advisory Group 2012
- Committee member, Royal Statistical Society History of Statistics Study Group
- Trustee, Maternity Action

Memberships of professional bodies

- Faculty of Public Health Medicine, Honorary Member, 1992
- Royal Statistical Society, Chartered Statistician, 1993
- Faculty of Public Health, Fellow, 2001

Research

Research overview

Particular areas of interest are inequalities in health of parents and babies particularly in relation to social factors, migration and access to maternity care, multiple births and their implications, comparisons of birth in community and hospital settings, history of official statistics and maternity statistics in particular, including Florence Nightingale's involvement with maternity statistics.

Research areas

Perinatal epidemiology; analysis and interpretation of routinely collected data.

Completed research

Assessing the impact of a new birth centre on choice and outcome of maternity care in an inner city area. National Institute for Health Research, Research for Patient Benefit. Linkage, analysis and dissemination of national birth and maternity data for England and Wales. Medical Research Council. Europeristat-IV perinatal indicators project. Funded by EC-Public Health Executive Agency.

Research centres

Centre for Maternal and Child Health Care and Research

Principal collaborators

- Nirupa Dattani, Christine McCourt, City University London
- Liz Schroeder, Jennifer Hollowell, Rachel Rowe, National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Oxford
- Jennifer Zeitlin, Béatrice Blondel, INSERM U953 Recherche épidémiologique en santé pé;rinatale et santé des femmes et des enfants, Paris
- Sophie Alexander, Université Libre de Bruxelles
- Henrique Barros, Sofia Correia, University of Porto
- Miranda Dodwell, Rod Gibson, BirthchoiceUK
- Efua Dorkenoo, Equality Now
- Allyson Pollock, Sylvia Godden, Queen Mary University of London

Research Students

Name
Lucia Rocca-Ichenacho
Thesis Title
The Barkantine Birth Centre: an ethnographic study.
Further Information
Senior Midwife and NIHR CAT Research Fellow Barts Health NHS Trust.
Name
Emma Etuk
Thesis Title
User Involvement in Mentorship of Student Midwives
Further Information
Lecturer in Midwifery, research currently suspended.
Name
Lucia Rocca
Thesis Title
The Barkantine Birth Centre: an ethnographic study

Publications

Books (7)

  1. Macfarlane, A.J. and Dorkenoo, E. (2014). Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales: Updated statistical estimates of the numbers of affected women living in England and Wales and girls at risk. Interim report on provisional estimates. London: City University Lonond and Equality Now. ISBN 978-1-900804-92-9.
  2. Macfarlane, A.J. and The Europeristat Group, (2007). The European Perinatal Health Report.
  3. Macfarlane, A.J., Dorkenoo, E. and Morison, L. (2007). A statistical study to estimate the prevalence of female genital mutilation in England and Wales. Summary Report. London: Foundation for Women's Health, Research and Development (FORWARD).
  4. Campbell, R. and Macfarlane, A. (1994). Where to be born? ISBN 978-0-9512405-1-9.
  5. Garcia, J., France-Dawson, M. and Macfarlane, A. (1994). Improving infant health. ISBN 978-0-7521-0230-6.
  6. Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (1990). Three, four and more. A study of triplet and higher order births. The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  7. Surveys, G.B.O.O.P.C.A., Mugford, M. and Macfarlane, A. (1984). Birth Counts - Statistics of Pregnancy and Childbirth - Tables.

Chapters (41)

  1. Macfarlane, A.J. (2015). Birthweight. Update based on original article by Alison Macfarlane. Wiley Statsref. Statistics Reference Online John Wiley. ISBN 978-1-118-44511-2.
  2. Macfarlane, A.J. (2007). The changing face of motherhood in the UK: trends in reproductive epidemiology. In Lewis, G. (Ed.), Saving mothers' lives: reviewing maternal deaths to make motherhood safer - 2003-2005. The seventh report on confidential enquiries into maternal death in the United Kingdom London: CEMACH.
  3. Macfarlane, A.J. and Blondel, B. (2005). Demographic trends in Western European countries. In Blickstein, I. and Keith, L.G. (Eds.), Multiple pregnancy (pp. 11–21). Informa HealthCare. ISBN 978-1-84214-239-4.
  4. Jayaweera, H., Joshi, H., Macfarlane, A.J., Hawkes, D. and Butler, N. (2005). Pregnancy and childbirth. In Joshi, H. (Ed.), Children of the 21st century The Policy Press. ISBN 978-1-86134-688-9.
  5. Macfarlane, A.J. (2004). Confidential enquiries into maternal deaths: developments and trends from 1952 onwards. In MFPHM, G.L. and Health, C.E.I.M.A.C. (Eds.), Why mothers die 2000-2002 ISBN 978-1-904752-08-0.
  6. Mugford, M. and Macfarlane, A.J. (2003). Health policy and provision for maternity care in the UK in the twentieth century. In Poland, F. (Ed.), Women's minds, women's bodies ISBN 978-0-333-91969-9.
  7. Macfarlane, A.J. (2001). Enquiries into maternal deaths during the twentieth century. In Britain, N.I.F.C.E.G. (Ed.), Why mothers die 1997-1999 ISBN 978-1-900364-65-2.
  8. Macfarlane, A.J. (2000). Birth and maternity statistics. In Leadbeter, D. (Ed.), Harnessing official statistics Radcliffe Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85775-354-7.
  9. Macfarlane, A.J., Johnson, A. and Mugford, M. (1999). Epidemiology. In Rennie, J.M. and Roberton, N.R.C. (Eds.), Textbook of neonatology Bookmantraa.com. ISBN 978-0-443-05541-6.
  10. Macfarlane, A.J. (1998). Birthweight. In Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of biostatistics (pp. 403–404). ISBN 978-0-471-97576-2.
  11. Macfarlane, A.J. (1998). Conceptions. In Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of biostatistics (pp. 870–871). ISBN 978-0-471-97576-2.
  12. Macfarlane, A.J. (1998). Gestational age. In Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of biostatistics (pp. 1718–1719). ISBN 978-0-471-97576-2.
  13. Macfarlane, A.J. (1998). Infant and perinatal mortality. In Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of biostatistics (pp. 2023–2028). ISBN 978-0-471-97576-2.
  14. Macfarlane, A.J. and Elbourne, D.R. (1998). Midwifery, obstetrics and neonatology. In Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of biostatistics ISBN 978-0-471-97576-2.
  15. Macfarlane, A.J. (1998). Poverty, inequality and the health of mothers and babies: what can statistics tell us? In Alliance, M. (Ed.), "Look in the perambulators ...the public health challenges of babies born into poverty"
  16. Macfarlane, A.J., Haines, A., Goubet, S., Anderson, R., Ponce de Leon, A. and Limb, E. (1997). Air pollution, climate and health: short-term effects and long-term prospects. In Charlton, J., Murphy, M. and Statistics, G.B.O.F.N. (Eds.), The health of adult Britain 1841-1994
  17. Macfarlane, A.J. (1997). Figures bearing on maternity poverty. In Gowdridge, C., Williams, A.S. and Wynn, M. (Eds.), Mother courage (pp. 195–208). Penguin Uk. ISBN 978-0-14-024470-0.
  18. Macfarlane, A.J. (1994). Sources of data. In Maresh, M. (Ed.), Audit in obstetrics and gynaecology (pp. 18–49). Blackwell Science Inc. ISBN 978-0-632-03352-2.
  19. Parsons, L., Macfarlane, A.J. and Golding, J. (1993). Pregnancy, birth and maternity care. In Ahmad, W.I.-.U. (Ed.), "Race" and health in contemporary Britain (pp. 51–75). Open University. ISBN 978-0-335-15698-6.
  20. Macfarlane, A.J., Johnson, A. and Mugford, M. (1992). Epidemiology. In Roberton, N.R.C. (Ed.), Textbook of neonatology ISBN 978-0-443-04088-7.
  21. Campbell, R. and Macfarlane, A.J. (1990). Recent debate on the place of birth. In Garcia, J., Kilpatrick, R. and Richards, M. (Eds.), The Politics of maternity care Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-827288-5.
  22. Macfarlane, A.J. and Botting, B. (1990). A geography variation in infant mortality in relation to birth weight 1983-85. In Britton, M. and Surveys, G.B.O.O.P.C.A. (Eds.), Mortality and geography HMSO Books. ISBN 978-0-11-691294-7.
  23. Macfarlane, A.J. (1990). Official statistics on women's health and illness. In Roberts, H. (Ed.), Women's health counts Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-04890-3.
  24. Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V. and Richards, M.P.M. (1990). Introduction. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  25. Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A.J., Bryan, E., Murphy, M.G.F. and Richards, M.P.M. (1990). Background. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 15–30). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  26. Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A.J. and Ashurst, H. (1990). Design and response. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 31–45). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  27. Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V. and Daw, E.G. (1990). Infertility drugs and procedures. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 46–58). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  28. Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V. and Daw, E.G. (1990). Antenatal care. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 59–79). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  29. Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V. and Daw, E.G. (1990). The delivery. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 80–98). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  30. Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V., Bryan, E. and Botting, B.J. (1990). Early days. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 99–130). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  31. Macfarlane, A.J., Johnson, M.A. and Bower, P. (1990). Disabilities and health problems in childhood. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 153–160). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  32. Macfarlane, A.J., Price, F.V. and Botting, B.J. (1990). Conclusions. In Botting, B.J., Macfarlane, A. and Price, F.V. (Eds.), Three, four and more (pp. 218–223). The Stationery Office/Tso. ISBN 978-0-11-691270-1.
  33. Barron, S.L. and Macfarlane, A.J. (1990). Collection and use of routine maternity data. In Lilford, R.J. (Ed.), Computing and decision support in obstetrics and gynaecology (pp. 681–697). ISBN 978-0-7020-1479-6.
  34. Macfarlane, A.J. and Cole, T. (1985). From depression to recession - evidence about the effects of unemployment on mothers' and babies' health 1930s-1980s. In Alliance, M. (Ed.), Born unequal ISBN 978-0-946741-04-5.
  35. Macfarlane, A.J. and Pharaoh, P.O.D. (1982). Recent trends in postneonatal mortality. In Carpenter, R.G., Surveys, G.B.O.O.P.C.A. and Medicine, L.S.O.H.A.T. (Eds.), Studies in sudden infant deaths
  36. Macfarlane, A.J. (1982). Seasonal variation in postneonatal mortality. In Carpenter, R.G., Surveys, G.B.O.O.P.C.A. and Medicine, L.S.O.H.A.T. (Eds.), Studies in sudden infant deaths
  37. Macfarlane, A.J. and Gardner, A. (1982). Day of the week variation in post neonatal mortality. In Carpenter, R.G., Surveys, G.B.O.O.P.C.A. and Medicine, L.S.O.H.A.T. (Eds.), Studies in sudden infant deaths
  38. Macfarlane, A.J. and Chalmers, I. (1981). Problems in the interpretation of perinatal mortality statistics. In Robinson, M.J. and Medicine, U.O.M.F.O. (Eds.), Recent advances in paediatrics
  39. Chalmers, I. and Macfarlane, A.J. (1980). Interpretation of perinatal statistics. In Wharton, B.A. and Group, B.P.P. (Eds.), Topics in perinatal medicine (pp. 1–11).
  40. Macfarlane, A.J. (1980). A note on the cause coding of stillbirth and infant death registrations. In Chalmers, I. and McIlwaine, G. (Eds.), Perinatal audit and surveillance
  41. Macfarlane, A.J. (1980). Some statistical approaches to comparisons between perinatal and mortality rates in small areas. In Chalmers, I. and McIlwaine, G. (Eds.), Perinatal audit and surveillance

Conference Paper/Proceedings

  1. Macfarlane, A., Dattani, N., Mohangoo, A. and Zeitlin, J. (2013). What can the UK learn from international comparisons of routinely collected perinatal data? UK perspectives on the Euro-Peristat project. National Conference on Public Health Science - Dedicated to New Research in Public Health 29 November, UCL Inst Child Hlth, London, ENGLAND.

Internet Publication

  1. Macfarlane, A.J. (2017). Claims female genital mutilation can have evolutionary benefits are unproven and potentially damaging..

Journal Articles (101)

  1. Schroeder, L., Patel, N., Keeler, M., Rocca-Ihenacho, L. and Macfarlane, A.J. (2017). The economic costs of intrapartum care in Tower Hamlets: A comparison between the cost of birth in a freestanding midwifery unit and hospital for women at low risk of obstetric complications. MIDWIFERY, 45, pp. 28–35. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.11.006.
  2. Blondel, B., Cuttini, M., Hindori-Mohangoo, A., Gissler, M., Loghi, M., Prunet, C., Heino, A., Smith, L., van der Pal-de Bruin, K., Macfarlane, A. and Zeitlin, J. (2017). How do late terminations of pregnancy affect comparisons of stillbirth rates in Europe? Analyses of aggregated routine data from the Euro-Peristat Project. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology . doi:10.1111/1471-0528.14767.
  3. Macfarlane, A.J., Blondel, B., Mohangoo, A.D., Cuttini, M., Nijhuis, J., Novak, Z., Ólafsdóttir, H.S. and Zeitlin, J. (2016). Authors' reply re: Wide differences in mode of delivery within Europe: risk-stratified analyses of aggregated routine data from the Euro-Peristat study. BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 123(13), p. 2231. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.14140.
  4. Delnord, M., Szamotulska, K., Hindori-Mohangoo, A.D., Blondel, B., Macfarlane, A.J., Dattani, N., Barona, C., Berrut, S., Zile, I., Wood, R., Sakkeus, L., Gissler, M. and Zeitlin, J. (2016). Linking databases on perinatal health: A review of the literature and current practices in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 26(3), pp. 422–430. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv231.
  5. Heino, A., Gissler, M., Hindori-Mohangoo, A.D., Blondel, B., Klungsøyr, K., Verdenik, I., Mierzejewska, E., Velebil, P., Ólafsdóttir, H.S., Macfarlane, A., Zeitlin, J., Haidinger, G., Alexander, S., Pavlou, P., Mortensen, L., Sakkeus, L., Lack, N., Antsaklis, A., Berbik, I., Bonham, S., Cuttini, M., Misins, J., Jaselioniene, J., Wagener, Y., Gatt, M., Nijhuis, J., Van Der Pal, K., Klungsoyr, K., Szamotulska, K., Barros, H., Horga, M., Cap, J., Mandić, N.T., Bolúmar, F., Gottvall, K., Berrut, S., Klimont, J., Zhang, W.H., Dramaix-Wilmet, M., Van Humbeeck, M., Leroy, C., Minsart, A.F., Van Leeuw, V., Martens, E., De Spiegelaere, M., Verkruyssen, F., Willems, M., Aelvoet, W., Tafforeau, J., Renard, F., Walckiers, D., Cuignet, D., Demoulin, P., Cloots, H., Hendrickx, E., Kongs, A., Stylianou, D., Kyprianou, T., Skordes, N., Roos, J.L., Anderson, A.M.N., Mortensen, L.H., Ritvanen, A., Colle, M.H.B. and Ego, A. (2016). Variations in multiple birth rates and impact on perinatal outcomes in Europe. PLoS ONE, 11(3) . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149252.
  6. Macfarlane, A.J., Blondel, B., Mohangoo, A.D., Cuttini, M., Nijhuis, J., Novak, Z., Ólafsdóttir, H.S. and Zeitlin, J. (2016). Wide differences in mode of delivery within Europe: Risk-stratified analyses of aggregated routine data from the Euro-Peristat study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 123(4), pp. 559–568. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13284.
  7. Zeitlin, J., Mortensen, L., Prunet, C., Macfarlane, A., Hindori-Mohangoo, A.D., Gissler, M., Szamotulska, K., Pal, K., Bolumar, F., Andersen, A.M.N., à lafsdà ttir, H.S., Zhang, W.H., Blondel, B. and Alexander, S. (2016). Socioeconomic inequalities in stillbirth rates in Europe: Measuring the gap using routine data from the Euro-Peristat Project. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16(1) . doi:10.1186/s12884-016-0804-4.
  8. Wolfe, I., Donkin, A., Marmot, M., Macfarlane, A., Cass, H. and Viner, R. (2015). UK child survival in a European context: Recommendations for a national Countdown Collaboration. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100(10), pp. 907–914. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306752.
  9. Hollowell, J., Rowe, R., Townend, J., Knight, M., Li, Y., Linsell, L., Redshaw, M., Brocklehurst, P., Macfarlane, A., Marlow, N., McCourt, C., Newburn, M., Sandall, J. and Silverton, L. (2015). The Birthplace in England national prospective cohort study: further analyses to enhance policy and service delivery decision-making for planned place of birth. Health Services and Delivery Research, 3(36), pp. 1–264. doi:10.3310/hsdr03360.
  10. Wolfe, I., Donkin, A., Marmot, M., Macfarlane, A., Cass, H. and Viner, R. (2015). UK child survival in a European context: Recommendations for a national Countdown Collaboration. Archives of Disease in Childhood . doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306752.
  11. Li, Y., Townend, J., Rowe, R., Brocklehurst, P., Knight, M., Linsell, L., Macfarlane, A., McCourt, C., Newburn, M., Marlow, N., Pasupathy, D., Redshaw, M., Sandall, J., Silverton, L. and Hollowell, J. (2015). Perinatal and maternal outcomes in planned home and obstetric unit births in women at 'higher risk' of complications: Secondary analysis of the Birthplace national prospective cohort study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 122(5), pp. 741–753. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13283.
  12. Li, Y., Townend, J., Rowe, R., Brocklehurst, P., Knight, M., Linsell, L., Macfarlane, A., McCourt, C., Newburn, M., Marlow, N., Pasupathy, D., Redshaw, M., Sandall, J., Silverton, L. and Hollowell, J. (2015). Perinatal and maternal outcomes in planned home and obstetric unit births in women at 'higher risk' of complications: Secondary analysis of the Birthplace national prospective cohort study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 122(5), pp. 741–753. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13283.
  13. Li, Y., Townend, J., Rowe, R., Brocklehurst, P., Knight, M., Linsell, L., Macfarlane, A., Mccourt, C., Newburn, M., Marlow, N., Pasupathy, D., Redshaw, M., Sandall, J., Silverton, L. and Hollowell, J. (2015). Perinatal and maternal outcomes in planned home and obstetric unit births in women at 'higher risk' of complications: Secondary analysis of the Birthplace national prospective cohort study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology . doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13283.
  14. Macfarlane, A.J., Blondel, B., Mohangoo, A.D., Cuttini, M., Nijhuis, J., Novak, Z., Olafsd ottir, H.S., Zeitlin, J. and the Euro-Peristat Scientific Committee, (2015). Wide differences in mode of delivery within Europe: risk-stratified analyses of aggregated routine data from the Euro-Peristat study. BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 123(4), pp. 559–568. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13284.
  15. Gagnon, A.J., De Bruyn, R., Essén, B., Gissler, M., Heaman, M., Jeambey, Z., Korfker, D., McCourt, C., Roth, C., Zeitlin, J., Small, R., Alexander, S., Racapé, J., Arntzen, A., Barros, H., Blondel, B., Merry, L., Glazier, R., Kirby, R., Mohangoo, A., Macfarlane, A., Dattani, N., Nybo Andersen, A.M., Mortensen, L., Villadsen, S., Davey, M.A., Sievers, E., Stray-Pedersen, B., Urquia, M., Janevic, T., Guendelman, S., Bolumar, F., Río Sánchez, M.I., Hjern, A. and Vangen, S. (2014). Development of the Migrant Friendly Maternity Care Questionnaire (MFMCQ) for migrants to Western societies: An international Delphi consensus process. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1) . doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-200.
  16. Macfarlane, A.J., Rocca-Ihenacho, L., Turner, L.R. and Roth, C. (2014). Survey of women׳s experiences of care in a new freestanding midwifery unit in an inner city area of London, England – 1: Methods and women׳s overall ratings of care. Midwifery, 30(9), pp. 998–1008.
  17. Husain, S.M., Wilks, M., Mupita, M., Reddy, S.P., Hennessy, E.M., Macfarlane, A.J. and Millar, M.R. (2014). Diversity and stability of cultured vaginal lactobacilli in pregnant women from a multi-ethnic urban UK population. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 117(1), pp. 258–265. doi:10.1111/jam.12506.
  18. Rowe, R.E., Townend, J., Brocklehurst, P., Knight, M., Macfarlane, A., McCourt, C., Newburn, M., Redshaw, M., Sandall, J., Silverton, L. and Hollowell, J. (2014). Service configuration, unit characteristics and variation in intervention rates in a national sample of obstetric units in England: An exploratory analysis. BMJ Open, 4(5) . doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005551.
  19. Macfarlane, A.J., Rocca-Ihenacho, L. and Turner, L.R. (2014). Survey of women's experiences of care in a new freestanding midwifery unit in an inner city area of London, England: 2. Specific aspects of care. Midwifery, 30(9), pp. 1009–1020. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.05.008.
  20. Rowe, R.E., Townend, J., Brocklehurst, P., Knight, M., Macfarlane, A., McCourt, C., Newburn, M., Redshaw, M., Sandall, J., Silverton, L. and Hollowell, J. (2013). Duration and urgency of transfer in births planned at home and in freestanding midwifery units in England: Secondary analysis of the birthplace national prospective cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13 . doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-224.
  21. Lack, N., Blondel, B., Mohangoo, A.D., Sakkeus, L., Cans, C., Bouvier-Colle, M.H., MacFarlane, A. and Zeitlin, J. (2013). Reporting of perinatal health indicators for international comparisons-enhancing the appearance of geographical plots. European Journal of Public Health, 23(6), pp. 957–963. doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks176.
  22. Zeitlin, J., Mohangoo, A., Macfarlane, A., Cuttini, M., Delnord, M., Gissler, M., Blondel, B., Alexander, S. and Barros, H. (2013). Building a European perinatal health information system: plurality, innovation and realism. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 171(1), pp. 193–194. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.08.019.
  23. Scamell, M., Macfarlane, A., McCourt, C., Rayment, J., Sunderland, J. and Stewart, M. (2013). NICE ON CAESAREAN SECTION NICE says caesarean section is not available on demand unless clinically indicated. BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 347 . doi:10.1136/bmj.f4649.
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  91. Macfarlane, A.J., Hockley, C., Johnson, A., McCandlish, R. and McNiece, R. (2002). Can the General Practice Research Database be used to monitor the health of babies and their mothers? Health Statistics Quarterly pp. 5–15.
  92. Macfarlane, A.J., Rowe, R.E., Garcia, J. and Davidson, L.L. (2002). Improving communication between health professionals and women in maternity care: a structured review. Health Expectations, 5, pp. 63–83.
  93. Blondel, B., Kogan, M.D., Alexander, G.R., Dattani, N., Kramer, M.S., Macfarlane, A.J. and Wen, S.W. (2002). The impact of increasing number of multiple births on the rates of preterm birth and low birthweight: An international study. American Journal of Public Health, 92, pp. 1323–1330.
  94. Macfarlane, A.J., Graafmans, W., Richardus, J.H., Borsboom, G.J.J.M., Bakketeig, L., Langhoff-Roos, J., Bergsjo, P., Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. and Mackenbrach, J.P. (2002). Birthweight and perinatal mortality and seven western European countries. Epidemiology, 13(5), pp. 569–574.
  95. Hawe, E., Macfarlane, A.J. and Bithell, J. (2001). Daily and seasonal variation in live births, stillbirths and infant mortality in England and Wales. Health Statistics Quarterly, 9, pp. 5–15.
  96. Rowe, R.E., Garcia, J., Macfarlane, A.J. and Davidson, L.L. (2001). Does poor communication contribute to stillbirths and infant death? A review. Journal of Public Health Med, 23, pp. 23–34.
  97. Macfarlane, A.J., Graafmans, W.C., Richardus, J.-.H., Rebagliato, M., Blondel, B., Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. and Mackenbach, J.P. (2001). Comparability of published perinatal mortality rates in Western Europe: the quantitative impact of differences in gestational age and birthweight criteria. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 108, pp. 1237–1245.
  98. Butler, R., FitzGibbon, C., Gardner, J., Macfarlane, A., Smalls, M., Draper, D., Galbraith, R., Eastwood, A., Sheldon, T.A., Smith, P., Galbraith, J.I., Copas, J.B., Kapadia, R., Schagen, I., Brand, R., Louis, T.A., Leyland, A.H., Gore, S., Goodhardt, G., Senn, S., Langford, I.H., Bartholomew, D., Longford, N.T., Diamond, I., Steele, F., Normand, S.L., McKee, M., Abrams, K.R., Lambert, P.C., Chatfield, C., Christiansen, C.L., Ecob, R., Fielding, A., Harrell, F.E., Kendrick, S., Muxworthy, D., Russell, D., Russell, I., Snijders, T.A.B., Spencer, N.H. and TarnowMordi, W. (1996). League tables and their limitations: Statistical issues in comparisons of institutional performance - Discussion. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 159, pp. 409–443.
  99. MOORE, P.G., SMITH, T.M.F., FIENBERG, S.E., WROE, D., WYNN, H.P., MARKLESS, R., MACLEAN, I., MACFARLANE, A., BOREHAM, J., LIEVESLEY, D., PLEWIS, I., BRADLEY, B.A., GORE, S.M., ALLIN, P., STIBBARD, P., BURNHILL, P., WHITEHEAD, F.E., LANDAU, N., BIBBY, J., FISK, P.R., HARDEN, I. and RENFERN, P. (1992). A NATIONAL STATISTICAL COMMISSION. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 155, pp. 5–28. doi:10.2307/2982666.
  100. BOREHAM, J., BARNABY, F., WEBBER, P., MACFARLANE, A., GREENE, O., FINKELSTEIN, L., SHEPHARD, R.W., CUNDY, J.M., ROSENBAUM, S., HARTHMAN, J.P., CAPLIN, A.D. and JACKSON, F. (1989). A REVISED SET OF BLAST CASUALTY RATES FOR CIVIL DEFENSE USE - AN OVERVIEW - COMPUTER-MODELS OF THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR ATTACK ON BRITAIN - THE HOME-OFFICE AND ITS CRITICS - DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 152, pp. 167–175.
  101. Rocca-Ihenacho, , macfarlane, A.J. and Brigante, L. What are the maternal and neonatal clinical outcomes for healthy women experiencing an uncomplicated pregnancy, who opt for freestanding midwifery unit care? A systematic review. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology .

Reports (13)

  1. Macfarlane, A.J. and Dorkenoo, E. (2015). Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales: National and local estimates. London: City University London. ISBN 978-1-900804-93-6.
  2. Macfarlane, A.J. and Dorkenoo, E. (2014). Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales: Updated statistical estimates of the numbers of affected women living in England and Wales and girls at risk Interim report on provisional estimates. London: City University London. ISBN 978-1-900804-92-9.
  3. Schroeder, L., Petrou, S., Patel, N., Hollowell, J., Puddicombe, D., Redshaw, M., Brocklehurst, P., Birthplace in England Collaborative Group, , McCourt, C. and Macfarlane, A. (2011). Birthplace cost-effectiveness analysis of planned place of birth: individual level analysis Birthplace in England research programme: final report part 5. HMSO.
  4. Hollowell, J., Puddicombe, D., Rowe, R., Linsell, L., Hardy, P., Stewart, M., Redshaw, M., Newburn, M., McCourt, C., Sandall, J., Macfarlane, A., Silverton, L. and Brocklehurst, P. (2011). The Birthplace national prospective cohort study: perinatal and maternal outcomes by planned place of birth Birthplace in England research programme. Final report part 4. HMSO.
  5. Hollowell, J., The Birthplace in England Collaborative Group, , Mccourt, and macfarlane, (2011). Birthplace programme overview: background, component studies and summary of findings. Southampton: HMSO.
  6. Rowe, R., The Birthplace in England Collaborative Group, , McCourt, C. and Macfarlane, (2011). Birthplace terms and definitions: consensus process Birthplace in England research programme. HMSO.
  7. Twamley, K., Irvine, P., Procter, S. and Macfarlane, A.J. (2006). An evaluation of maternity care provided in three Sure Start Local Programmes in Islington. Final report. London: City University London. ISBN 978-1-900804-02-8.
  8. Twamley, K., Irvine, P., Procter, S. and Macfarlane, A.J. (2006). An evaluation of maternity care provided in three Sure Start Local Programmes in Islington. Summary report. London: City University London. ISBN 978-1-900804-02-8.
  9. Drey, N., Ahmed, S., Macfarlane, A.J. and Roth, C. (2006). Sure Start Collingwood and Stepney Local Programme Midwifery Project Evaluation. London: City University London. ISBN 978-1-900804-07-3.
  10. Macfarlane, A.J., Grant, J., Hancock, J., Hilder, L., Lyne, M., Costeloe, K. and Hird, M. (2005). Early life mortality in East London: a feasibility study. Summary report. Fetal and Infant Death in East London. London: City University London. ISBN 1-900804-34-4.
  11. Ahmed, S. and Macfarlane, A.J. (2002). Evaluation of Sure Start on the Ocean bilingual breastfeeding support work. Final report. London: City University London.
  12. Macfarlane, A.J. European Perinatal Health Report, Volume 2. To be published in May 2013..
  13. Hilder, L., Ahmed, S. and Macfarlane, A.J. Child Health Information in the South East Region.. ISBN 1-900804-35-2.

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City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.