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  1. Centre for Public Health Research
  2. Evidence-based Practice
School of Health Sciences

Evidence-based Practice Group

The evidence-based practice group has a wide range of interests across public health and therefore all the members contribute to many of the other themes. The particular element that brings this group together is the interest in evidence-based practice as a research area per se. For example, to what extent is evidence implemented in practice?; what are the barriers and facilitators of EBP?; what interventions are effective in promoting EBP?; does an evidence-based approach improve patient satisfaction or outcomes?

The members of the EBP group are also committed to undertaking systematic reviews and research synthesis in their own subject areas and many are contributors to the Cochrane and/or Campbell Collaborations.

Staff

Grants

2013-2018. The development and evaluation of enhanced audit and feedback interventions to increase the uptake of evidence-based transfusion practice. NIHR Programme Grants for Applied Research (PGfAR). Canada PRIME plus. : Stanworth S, Foy R, Francis JJ, Prior M, Glidewell L, Farrin A, Grant-Casey J, Michie S, Rowley M, Murphy M, Campbell H. £1,983,232

2012-2015 ECRAN – European Communication on Research Awareness Needs. European Union FP7. Mosconi P. (Istituto Mario Negri), Burls A. €1.1M

2012 Leveraging Social Media to Enhance Understanding of Health Research. Balliol Interdisciplinary Institute. Burton M, Burls A. £3k

2012 Development of a Risk Communication Website for Sandwell PCT Saunders P, Burls A. £3k

2011-13 Curriculum review for evidence-based practice in Australasian optometry. Australian Learning and Teaching Council. Suttle C and Jalbert I. AUD217,000

2011 Enhancing Public Understanding of Health Research. Wellcome Trust. : Burls A, Chalmers I. £30k

2010-2011 PsyWell (Online RCT of CBT for Wellbeing) NHS Choices. Powell J Burls A, (PI) £30k

2009 E-Learning web resource for NHS workforce (To develop eight interactive web-based e-learning modules, covering the key skills and competencies required for evidence-based practice, to improve the capacity and capability of the Public Health Information and Intelligence.) Public Health Action Support Team. Burls A, Brice A. £56K

2010 – 2014. Participation in physical play and leisure in children with motor impairments.MRC (Population Health Scientist Fellowship). Kolehmainen N, Francis J, Owen C, Ramsay C, McKee L. £304,645

2008 Understanding Risk (To develop an online interactive risk communication tool) Health Protection Agency. Burls A. £7,000

2008-2013. Selecting individual and organisational theories for interventions to change clinical practice. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. : Grimshaw J, Brouwers M, Driedger M, Eccles MP, Francis J, Godin G, Hanna S, Hux J, Johnston M, Legare F, Lemyre L, Pomey MP, Sales A, Zwarenstein M. CAD$604,405.

Publications

2013

Cabello J, Burls A, Emparanza J, Bayliss S, Quinn T. (2013) Oxygen therapy for acute myocardial infarction. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD007160. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007160.pub3.

Cabello J, Emparanza J, Burls A. (2013) Una educación para la clínica del siglo xxi: el currículo para la práctica basada en la evidencia. [Clinical teaching in the 21st Century-the curriculum for evidence-based practice] . Medicina Clínica March 2013 DOI 10.1016/j.medcli.2013.01.032

Suttle C, Jalbert I and Alnahedh T (2013) Re: The evidence in evidence-based practice. Why the confusion? Clin Exp Optom. 96(1):130.

2012

Bramis K, Gordon-Weeks AN, Friend PJ, Bastin E, Burls A, Silva MA, Dennison AR. (2012) Systematic review of total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation for chronic pancreatitis. British Journal of Surgery 99(6):761-766 June 2012

Powell J, Hamborg T, Stallard N, Burls A, McSorley J, Bennett K, Griffiths KM, Christensen H. (2012) Effectiveness of a Web-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Tool to Improve Mental Well-being in the General Population: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research December

Powell J, Hamborg T, Stallard N, Burls A, et al (2012) Effectiveness of an internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural aid to improve mental wellbeing: a randomised controlled trial The Lancet 380:S3. Nov 2012 DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60359-1

Suttle, C.M ., Jalbert, I., Alnahedh, T. (2012). Examining the evidence base used by optometrists in Australia and New Zealand. Clinical & Experimental Optometry 95:28-36.

2011

Antoniou E, Draper H, Reed K, Burls A, Southwood T, Zeegers M. (2011) An empirical study on the preferred size of the participant information sheet in research. Journal of Medical Ethics 2011; 37:557-562 DOI:10.1136/jme.2010.041871

Burls A, Cabello J, Emparanza J, Bayliss S, Quinn T.(2011) Oxygen therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Emergency Medical Journal 2011; 28:917-923 DOI:10.1136/emj.2010.103564

Gordon-Weeks A, Snaith A, Petrinic T, Friend P, Burls A, Silva M.(2011) Systematic review of outcome of downstaging hepatocellular cancer before liver transplantation in patients outside the Milan criteria. British Journal of Surgery 2011; 98:1201-1208. DOI:10.1002/bjs.7561

Hossain M, Alexander P, Burls A, Jobanputra P. (2011) Foot orthoses for patellofemoral pain in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011; Issue 1. Art. No.: CD008402. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD008402.pub2.

Mickan S, Burls A, Glasziou P. (2011) Patterns of ‘leakage’ in the utilisation of clinical guidelines: a systematic review. Postgrad Med J 2011; 87:670-679 Published Online First: 29 June 2011 DOI:10.1136/pgmj.2010.116012

Ruiz Garcia V, Jobanputra P, Burls A, Cabello JB, Gálvez Muñoz JG, Saiz Cuenca ESC, Fry-Smith A. (2011) Certolizumab pegol (CDP870) for rheumatoid arthritis in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011; Issue 2. Art. No.: CD007649. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007649.pub2

2010

Burls A, Cabello J, Emparanza J, Bayliss S, Quinn T. (2010) Oxygen therapy in acute MI: role uncertainty. Journal of Paramedic Practice 2010; 2(7):294-295

Burls A, Emparanza J, Quinn T, Cabello J. (2010)Oxygen use in acute myocardial infarction – an online survey of health professionals’ practice and beliefs. Emergency Medical Journal 2010; 27:283-286

Burls A. (2010) AGREE II—improving the quality of clinical care. The Lancet 2010; 376(9747):1128-9

Burls A. (2010) On the resuscitation of clinical freedom. BMC Health Services Research 2010; 10:184 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/184

Cabello J, Burls A, Emparanza J, Bayliss S, Quinn T. (2010) Oxygen therapy for acute myocardial infarction. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010; (6) Art. No. CD007160

Hadley J, Kulier R, Zamora J, Coppus S, Weinbrenner S, Meyerrose B, Desci T, Horvath A, Nagy E, Emparanza J, Arvanitis N, Burls A, Cabello J, Kaczor M, Zanrei G, Pierer K, Kunz R, Wilkie V, Wall D, Mol B, Khan K. (2010) Effectiveness of an e-learning course in evidence-based medicine for foundation (internship) training. Journal Royal Society of Medicine 2010; 103:288–294

Jamtvedt G, Herbert RD, Flottorp S, Odgaard-Jensen J, Håvelsrud K, Barratt A, Mathieu E, Burls A, Oxman A. (2010) A pragmatic randomised trial of stretching before and after physical activity to prevent injury and soreness. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2010; 44:1002-1009.

López-Briz E, Ruiz Garcia V, Cabello J, Bort-Marti S, Carbonell Sanchis R, Burls A. (2010) Heparin versus 0.9% sodium chloride intermittent flushing for prevention of occlusion in central venous catheters in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010; (4). Art. No.: CD008462. (Protocol)

2009

Burls A. (2009) Trust me, I am a policy maker. Journal of Public Health 2009; 31(4):470-471

Cabello J, Emparanza J, Ruiz Garcia V, Burls A.(2009) Oxigenoterapia en el infarto agudo de miocardio: una encuesta-web sobre la práctica y las creencias de los clínicos. [Oxygen therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a web-based survey of physicians' practices and beliefs.] Emergencias 2009; 21:422-428

Crilly M, Glasziou P, Heneghan C, Meats E, Burls A.(2009) Does the current version of Tomorrow's Doctors adequately support the role of Evidence Based Medicine in the undergraduate curriculum? Medical Teacher 2009; 31(10):938–944

Kulier R, Coppus S, Zamora J, Hadley J, Malick S, Das K, Weinbrenner S, Meyerrose B, Decsi T, Horvath A, Nagy E, Emparanza J, Arvanitis T, Burls A, Cabello J, Kaczor M, Zanrei G, Pierer K, Stawiarz K, Kunz R. Mol B, Khan K. (2009) The effectiveness of a clinically integrated e-learning course in evidence-based medicine: A cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Medical Education 2009; 9:21

Kunz R, Nagy E, Coppus S, Emparanza J, Hadley J, Kulier R, Weinbrenner S, Arvanitis N, Burls A, Cabello J, Horvath A, Kaczor M, Zanrei G, Pierer K, Schaffler R, Suter K, Mol B, Khan K. (2009) A European Survey on Post-graduate Courses in Evidence-Based Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2009; 15:1196-1204

Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J.J., Campbell, N.C. (2009). Multiple goals and time constraints: Perceived impact on physicians' performance of evidence-based behaviours. Implementation Science, 4 (1), art. no. 77

Teale A, Desphande S, Burls A. (2009) Analysis – Palivizumab and the importance of cost effectiveness BMJ 2009; 338:b1935

2008

Glasziou P, Burls A, Gilbert R. (2008) Evidence based medicine and the medical curriculum. BMJ 2008; 337:a1253

Kulier R, Hadley J, Weinbrenner S, Meyerrose B, Decsi T, Horvath A, Nagy E, Emparanza J, Coppus S, Arvanitis T, Burls A, Cabello J, Kaczor M, Zanrei G, Pierer K, Stawiarz K, Kunz R, Mol B, Khan K. (2008) Harmonising evidence-based medicine teaching: a study of the outcomes of e-learning in five European countries. BMC Medical Education 2008; 8:27 DOI:10.1186/1472-6920-8-27

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