Department of Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
  1. City Racing Team
  2. Aerodynamics and Flow Control
  3. Compressor Technology
  1. Building the Car
Department of Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics

Building the Car

The stages to building the car

Stage 1: Development

The first stage of producing the car is either developing and evolving last year’s car or starting the design from scratch.

Stage 2: Design

The next step is designing a 3D model on a computer. All the components are tested on software to ensure that they will survive the forces the engine will be subjected to. All sub-teams combine their knowledge and skills to bring together the different parts for main car.

Stage 3: Manufacturing

The detailed design specifications for each part are given to the technicians who will begin manufacturing. Once the parts are ready, assembly and adjustment can begin.

Stage 4: Testing.

Once contructed, the car will be tested for speed, acceleration, handling and endurance at the Silverstone Circuit.

Sub teams: Collaboration across skillsets

Of course, designing and building a race car requires collaboration across a wide range of skillsets. The tasks are allocated across sub-teams focused on different aspects of the project. These include:

  • Suspension sub-team: members define the suspension geometry. They analyse the vehicle used for the last competition and use the calculations to optimize this year’s car.
  • Powertrain sub-team: each student is responsible for designing a particular component of the engine, such as the cooling system, the exhaust system, the intake manifold, the fuel tank, etc.
  • The Chassis sub-team: the team is responsible for the rear spaceframe and the front monocoque.

What software do we use?

The team uses an array of advanced software programmes for the project. These include:

  • SolidWorks: computer aided design (CAD) software used for designing products and product components.
  • ANSYS Mechanical (FEA software): used for identifying the weak points of the car and whether the components can withstand the subjected loads.
  • Ricardo Wave (engine simulation software): used for simulating the engine and all of the auxiliary components.
  • ANSYS Fluent (CFD software): used for simulating fluid flow within the air intake and exhaust systems.
  • MSC Adams (MBD software): used for suspension modelling and optimisation.

Previous years

2015-16

Specifications

Vehicle typeSingle seat weekend race car
EngineTM Racing / SMX 530 Fi
Peak power/torque38.77 kW @ 9000 RPM, 36.8 Nm @ 6000 RPM
ChassisAluminium Honeycomb Composite Monocoque, TIG welded rear space frame
Dry Weight210 Kg
Wheelbase and track1.607m wheelbase, front track: 1069 mm, rear track: 1207 mm
Suspension FrontUnequal A-Arm, push rod actuated spring and damper
Suspension RearUnequal A-Arm, direct actuated spring and damper
Drive configurationRear wheel, chain drive
Wheels3 Piece Aluminium Rim, 7.2/20.0-13 Avon Tyres

2014-15

Specifications

Vehicle typeSingle seat weekend race car
EngineYamaha 2004 R6 YZF (600cc inline 4)
Peak power/torque70 kW @ 13000 RPM, 63 Nm @ 8000 RPM
ChassisAluminium Honeycomb Composite Monocoque, TIG welded rear space frame
Dry Weight250 Kg
Wheelbase and track1.600 m wheelbase, front track: 1150mm, rear track: 1100 mm
Suspension FrontUnequal A-Arm, pull rod actuated spring and damper
Suspension RearUnequal A-Arm, direct actuated spring and damper
Drive configurationRear wheel, chain drive
Wheels3 Piece Aluminium Rim, 20.5 x 6.5 x 12R25B Hoosier Tyres

2013-14

The CR13 was essentially a good start as the first entry into Formula Student. It gave the CityRacing team a strategic model to work from and for the next entry, an entire re-design was not needed, thus enabling the team to concentrate on improving smaller adaptations that would make the car a better model. To increase performance and drivability of the vehicle, the team focused on weight saving in all areas of the car, refining the chassis layout and extensively tuning the engine.

The team also made the addition of electronic data logging equipment to improve the performance of CR13 and also, to aim to improve future City Racing car models.

Specifications

Vehicle typeSingle seat weekend race car
EngineYamaha 2004 R6 YZF (600cc inline 4)
Peak power/torque68 kW @ 13000 RPM, 61 Nm @ 8000 RPM
ChassisTIG welded steel spaceframe
Dry Weight240 Kg No Aero, 250 Kg with Aero
Wheelbase and track1.575m wheelbase, front track: 1200mm, rear track: 1150 mm
Suspension FrontUnequal A-Arm, pull rod actuated spring and damper
Suspension RearUnequal A-Arm, pull rod actuate spring and damper
Drive configurationRear wheel, chain drive
Wheels3 Piece Aluminium Rim, 20.5 x 6.5 x 12R25B Hoosier Tyres

2012-13

Formula Student car 2013 The CR12 met it's design objectives and essentially was developed as a good base for the City Racing team. The main aim of the next car, CR13 was to develop the solid base and tweak the minor errors that the team encountered at the previous year's competition. As with the previous year, the team focused on the design phase of the CR13 paying critical attention to performance and weight issues.

City Racing has never before been able to complete all of the dynamic events at the Formula Student competition, and this was the team's main aim with CR13

Specifications

Vehicle type Single seat weekend race car
Engine Yamaha 2004 R6 YZF (600cc Incline 4)
Peak power/torque 56 kW @ 9000 RPM, 51.8 Nm @ 8000 RPM
Chassis TIG Welded Steel Spaceframe
Dry weight 252 Kg
Wheelbase and track 1.60m Wheelbase, Front Track: 1200 mm, Rear Track: 1150 m
Suspension Unequal A-Arm, push rod actuated spring and damper Unequal A-Arm, direct actuated spring and damper
Drive configuration Rear wheel, chain drive
Wheels 3 Piece Aluminium Rim, 20.5 x 6.5 x 13R25B Hoosier Tyres

Achievements

Overall 47th Place
Business presentation 55th 43.05/75
Cost and sustainability 43rd 53.01 01/100
Design 55th 72/150
Acceleration 42nd 4.916 secs 21.27/75
Skidpad 46th 6.262 secs 2.5/50
Sprint 44th 68.552 secs 34.88/150
Endurance 25th 17/22 laps, 17/300 points

2011-12

City Racing 12, or 'CR12' was the City Racing team's first entry to Formula Student, providing a critical base upon which the team developed the design for the inaugural car. The car was developed to be reliable, simple, cost effective and appealing to the amateur weekend racer. The number one priority of CR12 was reliability so the team could meet the Formula Student objectives and complete all dynamic events over the race weekend. CR12 moved City Racing into a respectable position reflecting the team's potential and ambitions for the future.

Specifications

Vehicle typeSingle seat weekend race car
EngineYamaha 2004 R6 YZF (600cc inline 4)
Peak power/torque56 kw @ 90000 RPM, 51.8 Nm @ 8000 RPM
ChassisTIG Welded Steel Spaceframe
Dry weight275 Kg
Wheelbase and track1.75m Wheelbase, Front track: 1200mm, rear rack: 1150 mm
Suspension frontUnequal A-Arm, push rod actuated spring and damper
Suspension rearUnequal A-Arm, push rod actuated spring and damper
Drive configurationRear wheel, chain drive
Wheels3 Piece Aluminium rim, 20.5 x 6.5 x 12R25B hoosier tyres

Achievements

Overall86th Place
Business Presentation74th 32.1/75
Cost & sustainability75h 37.6/100
Design90th 20/150

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City, University of London

Northampton Square

London EC1V 0HB

United Kingdom

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City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.